3 Works

Data from: Locomotory abilities and habitat of the Cretaceous bird Gansus yumenensis inferred from limb length proportions

Robert L. Nudds, Jessie Atterholt, Xia Wang, H. L. You, Gareth J. Dyke & H.-L. You
The relative length proportions of the three bony elements of the pelvic (femur, tibiotarsus and tarsometatarsus) and pectoral (humerus, ulna and manus) limbs of the early Cretaceous bird Gansus yumenensis, a well-represented basal ornithuromorph from China are investigated and compared to those of extant taxa. Ternary plots show that the pectoral limb length proportions of Gansus are most similar to Apodiformes (swifts and hummingbirds), which plot away from all other extant birds. In contrast, the...

Data from: Contrasting dynamics of a mutator allele in asexual populations of differing size

Yevgeniy Raynes, Matthew R. Gazzara & Paul D. Sniegowski
Mutators have been shown to hitchhike in asexual populations when the anticipated beneficial mutation supply rate of the mutator subpopulation, NU_b (for subpopulation of size N and beneficial mutation rate U_b) exceeds that of the wild-type subpopulation. Here, we examine the effect of total population size on mutator dynamics in asexual experimental populations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Although mutators quickly hitchhike to fixation in smaller populations, mutator fixation requires more and more time as population size...

Data from: Evidence for repeated loss of selective constraint in rhodopsin of amblyopsid cavefishes (Teleostei: Amblyopsidae)

Matthew Lance Niemiller, Benjamin Minault Fitzpatrick, Premal Shah, Lars Schmitz & Thomas J. Near
The genetic mechanisms underlying regressive evolution—the degeneration or loss of a derived trait—are largely unknown, particularly for complex structures such as eyes in cave organisms. In several eyeless animals, the visual photoreceptor rhodopsin appeared to retain functional amino-acid sequences. Hypotheses to explain apparent maintenance of function include weak selection for retention of light-sensing abilities and its pleiotropic roles in circadian rhythms and thermotaxis. In contrast, we show that there has been repeated loss of functional...

Registration Year

  • 2012
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • University of Pennsylvania
    3
  • Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology
    1
  • Scripps College
    1
  • University of Southampton
    1
  • University of Tennessee at Knoxville
    1
  • University of Manchester
    1
  • Yale University
    1
  • University College Dublin
    1