19 Works

Data from: A synthetic, catalytic and theoretical investigation of an unsymmetrical SCN pincer palladacycle

Gavin W. Roffe, Sarote Boonseng, Christine B. Baltus, Simon J. Coles, Iain J. Day, Rhiannon N. Jones, Neil J. Press, Mario Ruiz, Graham J. Tizzard, Hazel Cox & John Spencer
The SCN ligand 2-{3-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]phenyl}pyridine, 1, has been synthesized starting from an initial Suzuki–Miyaura (SM) coupling between 3-((hydroxymethyl)phenyl)boronic acid and 2-bromopyridine. The C–H activation of 1 with in situ formed Pd(MeCN)4(BF4)2 has been studied and leads to a mixture of palladacycles, which were characterized by X-ray crystallography. The monomeric palladacycle LPdCl 6, where L-H = 1, has been synthesized, and tested in SM couplings of aryl bromides, where it showed moderate activity. Density functional theory and...

Data from: Masking of an auditory behaviour reveals how male mosquitoes use distortion to detect females

Patricio M. V. Simões, Robert Ingham, Gabriella Gibson & Ian J. Russell
The mating behaviour of many mosquito species is mediated essentially by sound: males follow and mate with a female mid-flight by detecting and tracking the whine of her flight-tones. The stereotypical rapid frequency modulation (RFM) male behaviour, initiated in response to the detection of the female's flight-tones, has provided a means of investigating these auditory mechanisms while males are free-flying. Mosquitoes hear with their antennae, which vibrate to near-field acoustic excitation. The antennae generate nonlinear...

Past deforestation (2000-2018) and future deforestation probability (2019-2053) for Wallacea

M. Voigt, J. Supriatna, N.J. Deere, A. Kastanya, S.L. Mitchell, I.M.D. Rosa, T. Santika, R. Siregar, J.S. Tasirin, A. Widyanto, N.L. Winarni, Z. Zakaria, S. Mumbunan, Z.G. Davies & M.J. Struebig
Primary forest cover and forest cover loss in Wallacea for the years 2000-2018 to train a deforestation model and produce maps of projected probability of deforestation until 2053.

Educational Buildings as Educational Buildings: Can sustainable architecture help support sustainability in the curriculum?

Claire Speedie & Mark Mulville
This paper explores whether the architectural design of educational buildings - by incorporating an expression of the sustainable design - helps to educate users towards adoption of sustainable practices. Utilising observational studies from primary schools incorporating sustainable design measures, the research explored their impact on the curriculum. School buildings accommodate the educational process but design briefs do not require that buildings educate their users. The paper demonstrated that sustainable features of the buildings were not...

Audio and 3D flight-track recordings of mosquito responses to opposite-sex sound-stimuli

Lionel Feugère, Gabriella Gibson & Olivier Roux
This dataset is the collection of audio and 3D-tracked flight responses of free-flying, swarming, Anopheles coluzzii, male and female mosquitoes to the played-back sound of opposite-sex, free-flying, swarming, Anopheles coluzzii and Anopheles gambiae s.s. mosquitoes.

FM, Risk and Climate Change Adaptation

Keith Jones,, Mark Mulville & Adele Brooks
Improving the sustainability of built assets in the light of uncertain futures is a major challenge facing the Facilities Management profession. A changing climate poses significant challenges to the performance of built assets in-use and could potentially render many built assets prematurely obsolete. How business clients plan for such changes formed the focus of a research project undertaken by the authors. This paper presents the findings of a 12 month Action Research project that sought...

Women’s Experiences in Religious Tourism: An Investigation into Women’s Involvement in Sabarimala Pilgrimage, Kerala

Shyju P.J., A. Vinodan, S. Meera & Jithendran Kokkranikal

Data from: Adaptive strategies in nocturnally migrating insects and songbirds: contrasting responses to wind

Jason W. Chapman, Cecilia Nilsson, Ka S. Lim, Johan Bäckman, Donald R. Reynolds, Thomas Alerstam & Don R. Reynolds
1. Animals that use flight as their mode of transportation must cope with the fact that their migration and orientation performance is strongly affected by the flow of the medium they are moving in, i.e. by the winds. Different strategies can be used to mitigate the negative effects and benefit from the positive effects of a moving flow. The strategies an animal can use will be constrained by the relationship between the speed of the...

The effect of face masks and sunglasses on identity and expression recognition with super-recognisers and typical observers

Eilidh Noyes, Josh P. Davis, Nikolay Petrov, Katie L.H. Gray & Kay L. Ritchie
Face masks present a new challenge to face identification and emotion recognition in Western cultures. Here we present the results of three experiments that test the effect of masks, and also the effect of sunglasses (an occlusion that individuals tend to have more experience with) on 1) familiar face matching, 2) unfamiliar face matching, and 3) emotion recognition. Occlusion reduced accuracy in all three tasks, with most errors in the mask condition, however, there was...

Microbiome diversity and reproductive incompatibility induced by the prevalent endosymbiont Arsenophonus in two species of African cassava Bemisia tabaci whiteflies

Hajar El Hamss, Maruthi Gowda, Helene Delatte, Saptarshi Ghosh, M. N. Maruthi, Hélène Delatte & John Colvin
This dataset contains data from two-part experiments described in the paper: “El Hamss, H., Ghosh, S., M. N., M., Delatte, H., & Colvin, J. (2021). Microbiome diversity and reproductive incompatibility induced by the prevalent endosymbiont Arsenophonus in two species of African cassava Bemisia tabaci whiteflies. Ecology and Evolution, 00, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.840”. The experiment investigates the effects of Arsenophonus on whitefly reproduction and microbiome diversity. In the first experiment (“crossing experiment”), the effect of Arsenophonus is...

Data from: Disease where you dine: plant species and floral traits associated with pathogen transmission in bumble bees

Lynn S. Adler, Kristen M. Michaud, Stephen P. Ellner, Scott H. McArt, Phillip C. Stevenson, Rebecca E. Irwin & Philip C. Stevenson
Hotspots of disease transmission can strongly influence pathogen spread. Bee pathogens may be transmitted via shared floral use, but the role of plant species and floral trait variation in shaping transmission dynamics is almost entirely unexplored. Given the importance of pathogens for the decline of several bee species, understanding whether and how plant species and floral traits affect transmission could give us important tools for predicting which plant species may be hotspots for disease spread....

Data from: Plant toxin levels in nectar vary spatially across native and introduced populations

Paul A. Egan, Phillip C. Stevenson, Erin Jo Tiedeken, Geraldine A. Wright, Fabio Boylan & Jane C. Stout
Secondary compounds in nectar can function as toxic chemical defences against floral antagonists, but may also mediate plant-pollinator interactions. Despite their ecological importance, few studies have investigated patterns of spatial variation in toxic nectar compounds in plant species, and none outside their native range. Grayanotoxin I (GTX I) occurs in nectar of invasive Rhododendron ponticum where it is toxic to honeybees and some solitary bee species. We examined (i) geographic variation in the composition of...

Data from: Evidence for a pervasive ‘idling-mode’ activity template in flying and pedestrian insects

Andrew M. Reynolds, Hayley B. C. Jones, Jane K. Hill, Aislinn J. Pearson, Kenneth Wilson, Stephan Wolf, Ka S. Lim, Donald R. Reynolds & Jason W. Chapman
Understanding the complex movement patterns of animals in natural environments is a key objective of ‘movement ecology’. Complexity results from behavioural responses to external stimuli but can also arise spontaneously in their absence. Drawing on theoretical arguments about decision-making circuitry, we predict that the spontaneous patterns will be scale-free and universal, being independent of taxon and mode of locomotion. To test this hypothesis, we examined the activity patterns of the European honeybee, and multiple species...

Trans-generational viral transmission and immune priming are dose-dependent

Kenneth Wilson, David Grzywacz, Jenny Cory, Philip Donkersley & Robert Graham
It is becoming increasingly apparent that trans-generational immune priming (i.e. the transfer of the parental immunological experience to its progeny resulting in offspring protection from pathogens that persist across generations) is a common phenomenon not only in vertebrates, but also invertebrates. Likewise, it is known that covert pathogenic infections may become ‘triggered’ into an overt infection by various stimuli, including exposure to heterologous infections. Yet rarely have both phenomena been explored in parallel. Using as...

Cocoa mirid attractiveness by different colour of trap

Hermine Mahot, Joseph R. Mahob, David R. Hall, Sarah E.J. Arnold, Apollin K. Fotso, Gertrude Membang, Nathalie Ewane, Adolph Kemga, Komi K.M. Fiaboe, Charles F.B. Bilong & Rachid Hanna
Cocoa mirids, Sahlbergella singularis and Distantiella theobroma, are the most economically important insect pests of cocoa in West and Central Africa, where they can cause up to 40% losses in cocoa yields. Sahlbergella singularis is the most common species in Cameroon and was therefore targeted in this study. During a two-year trial in 15 cocoa plantations in Ayos and Konye, in the Centre and Southwest regions of Cameroon respectively, the most effective colour – white,...

Data from: Plant-mediated effects on mosquito capacity to transmit human malaria

Domonbabele F. D. S. Hien, Kounbobr R. Dabiré, Benjamin Roche, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Rakiswende S. Yerbanga, Anna Cohuet, Bienvenue Yameogo, Louis-Clément Gouagna, Richard J. Hopkins, Georges A Ouedraogo, Frederic Simard, Jean-Bosco Ouedraogo, Rickard Ignell, Thierry Lefèvre & Bienvenue K. Yameogo
The ecological context in which mosquitoes and malaria parasites interact has received little attention, compared to the genetic and molecular aspects of malaria transmission. Plant nectar and fruits are important for the nutritional ecology of malaria vectors, but how the natural diversity of plant-derived sugar sources affects mosquito competence for malaria parasites is unclear. To test this, we infected Anopheles coluzzi, an important African malaria vector, with sympatric field isolates of Plasmodium falciparum, using direct...

Data from: NMDA receptor antagonists and pain relief: a meta-analysis of experimental trials

Trevor Thompson, Fiona Whiter, Katy Gallop, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Paul Newton & Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a meta-analysis of controlled trials that used experimental models of acute pain and hyperalgesia to examine the analgesic effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists. METHODS: Six major databases were systematically searched (to 03/2018) for studies using human evoked pain models to compare NMDAR antagonists with no-intervention controls. Pain outcome data were analyzed with random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: Searches identified 70 eligible trials (N=1069). Meta-analysis found that low-dose ketamine (<1 mg/kg) produced a decrease...

We are what we eat, plus some per mill: Using stable isotopes to estimate diet composition in Gyps vultures over space and time

Allan Baino, Grant Hopcraft, Corinne Kendall, Linus Munishi, Abdelkader Behdenna, Jason Newton & Thomas Morrison
1. Dietary studies in birds of prey involve direct observation and examination of food remains at resting and nesting sites. Although these methods accurately identify diet in raptors, they are time consuming, resource intensive and associated with biases that stem from the feeding ecology of raptors like Gyps vultures (Gyps africanus and Gyps rueppelli). Our study set out to estimate diet composition in Gyps vultures informed by stable isotopes that provide a good representation of...

Academic Careers in Pakistan

Denise Hawkes
Driven to improve the quality of higher education as an Engine of Growth and Socio-Economic Development within Pakistan for 20 years, the Higher Education Commission in Pakistan has focused on linking academics and professional services staff with their counterparts in various countries, including the UK, US, and Australia. In collaboration with the British Council, the PAK-UK initiative has been launched to offer deeper linkages between the academics and universities in the UK and Pakistan. This...

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