53 Works

RDM training @ UGent (2017-2019)

Myriam Mertens
Training materials used for RDM workshops & information sessions by Ghent University Library (2017-2019).

Data from: Fear of the dark? contrasting impacts of humans vs lynx on diel activity of roe deer across Europe

Nadège C. Bonnot, Ophélie Couriot, Anne Berger, Francesca Cagnacci, Simone Ciuti, Johannes De Groeve, Benedikt Gehr, Marco Heurich, Petter Kjellander, Max Kröschel, Nicolas Morellet, Leif Sönnichsen & A.J. Mark Hewison
Humans, as super predators, can have strong effects on wildlife behaviour, including profound modifications of diel activity patterns. Subsequent to the return of large carnivores to human-modified ecosystems, many prey species have adjusted their spatial behaviour to the contrasting landscapes of fear generated by both their natural predators and anthropogenic pressures. The effects of predation risk on temporal shifts in diel activity of prey, however, remain largely unexplored in human-dominated landscapes. We investigated the influence...

Priming Autonomous and Controlling Motivation and Effects on Persistence

Stephen Murphy
The present studies investigated whether priming autonomous motivation facilitated persistence and plans to do exercise

Female need for paternal care shapes variation in extra-pair paternity in a cooperative breeder

Laurence Cousseau, Dries Van De Loock, Mwangi Githiru, Carl Vangestel & Luc Lens
Socially-monogamous females regularly mate with males outside the pair bond. The prevailing explanation for this behavior is that females gain genetic benefits resulting from increased fitness of extra-pair offspring. Furthermore, because of the risk of reduced paternal care in response to cuckoldry, females are expected to seek extra-pair copulations when they can rear offspring with little help from their social partner (“constrained female” hypothesis). We tested these hypotheses and analyzed variation in paternal care in...

Tree diversity is key for promoting the diversity and abundance of forest‐associated taxa in Europe

Eric Allan, Evy Ampoorter, Luc Barbaro, Hervé Jactel, Lander Baeten, Johanna Boberg, Monique Carnol, Bastien Castagneyrol, Yohan Charbonnier, Seid Muhie Dawud, Marc Deconchat, Pallieter De Smedt, Hans De Wandeler, Virginie Guyot, Stephan Hättenschwiler, François‐Xavier Joly, Julia Koricheva, Harriet Milligan, Bart Muys, Diem Nguyen, Sophia Ratcliffe, Karsten Raulund‐Rasmussen, Michael Scherer‐Lorenzen, Fons Plas, J. Van Keer … & Lars Vesterdal
Plant diversity is an important driver of diversity at other trophic levels, suggesting that cascading extinctions could reduce overall biodiversity. Most evidence for positive effects of plant diversity comes from grasslands. Despite the fact that forests are hotspots of biodiversity, the importance of tree diversity, in particular its relative importance compared to other management related factors, in affecting forest‐associated taxa is not well known. To address this, we used data from 183 plots, located in...

Saturated solute transport micro-CT dataset in sintered glass and Bentheimer sandstone

Stefanie Van Offenwert, Tom Bultreys & Veerle Cnudde
This dataset was used in the study of Van Offenwert et al. (2019). It contains time-resolved laboratory-based micro-CT images of saturated solute injection experiments in sintered glass and Bentheimer sandstone. Based on the grey values in the resolved pore space, pore-scale concentration fields can be quantified. To estimate its uncertainty, calibration scans where the pores were saturated with a known tracer (CsCl) concentration were performed at 12 s per scan with a voxel size of...

Adapting the Type of Indoor Route Instruction to the Decision Point

Laure De Cock, Kristien Ooms, Nico Van de Weghe & Philippe De Maeyer

WordCrowd – A Location-Based Application to Explore the City based on Geo-Social Media and Semantics

Kenzo Milleville, Dilawar Ali, Francisco Porras-Bernardez, Steven Verstockt, Nico Van de Weghe & Georg Gartner

Data from: Comparative crystallography suggests maniraptoran theropod affinities for latest Cretaceous European ‘geckoid’ eggshell

Seung Choi, Edina Prondvai, Miguel Moreno‐Azanza, Zoltán Csiki‐Sava & Yuong‐Nam Lee
Thin fossil eggshells from Upper Cretaceous deposits of Europe, characterized by nodular ornamentation similar to modern gekkotan eggshells, have mostly been interpreted as gekkotan (=‘geckoid’) in origin. However, in some cases, like the oogenus Pseudogeckoolithus, their theropod affinity was also suggested. The true affinity of these fossil ‘geckoid’ eggshells remained controversial due to the absence of analytical methods effective in identifying genuine gecko eggshells in the fossil record. In this study, we apply electron backscatter...

Asynchronous Saturation of the Carbon Sink in African and Amazonian tropical forests

Wannes Hubau, Simon Lewis, Oliver Phillips, Kofi Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Hans Hans Beeckman, Aida Cuni-Sanchez, Corneille Ewango, Sophie Fauset, Douglas Sheil, Bonaventure Sonké, Martin Sullivan, Terry Sunderland, Sean Thomas, Katharine Abernethy, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Christian Amani, Timothy Baker, Lindsay Banin, Fidèle Baya, Serge Begne, Amy Bennett, Fabrice Benedet, Robert Bitariho & Yannick Bocko
Data and R-code from Hubau W et al. 2020. 'Asynchronous Saturation of the Carbon Sink in African and Amazonian tropical forests'. Nature 579, 80-87. 2020. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2035-0. ABSTRACT: Structurally intact tropical forests sequestered ~50% of global terrestrial carbon uptake over the 1990s and early 2000s, offsetting ~15% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions1-3. Climate-driven vegetation models typically predict that this tropical forest ‘carbon sink’ will continue for decades4,5. However, recent inventories of intact Amazonian forests show declining...

Data from: Establishment of wildflower fields in poor quality landscapes enhances micro-parasite prevalence in wild bumble bees

Niels Piot, Ivan Meeus, David Kleijn, Jeroen Scheper, Theo Linders & Guy Smagghe
The current worldwide pollinator decline is caused by the interplay of different drivers. Several strategies have been undertaken to counteract or halt this decline, one of which is the implementation of wildflower fields. These supplementary flowers provide extra food resources and have proven their success in increasing pollinator biodiversity and abundance. Yet such landscape alterations could also alter the host–pathogen dynamics of pollinators, which could affect the populations. In this study, we investigated the influence...

Go/No-Go Training on Candy Choices (October-November, 2016)

Zhang Chen
This experiment investigates the influence of Go/No-Go training on fast candy choices, with participants assigned to either the 10-block or 14-block training condition. Potential long-term effect (one to two weeks after training) will also be explored.

Instructed and acquired contingencies in response-inhibition tasks

Maisy Best, Ian McLaren & Frederick Verbruggen
Behavioural and eye-tracking data, and R scripts (analyses) related to the paper 'Instructed and Acquired Contingencies in Response-Inhibition Tasks'. In the 'Documentation' folder, there is a file that briefly describes the main project, experiment & procedures, and the content of the data files.

Data from: Which frugivory‐related traits facilitated historical long‐distance dispersal in the custard apple family (Annonaceae)?

Renske E. Onstein, W. Daniel Kissling, Lars W. Chatrou, Thomas L. P. Couvreur, Hélène Morlon & Hervé Sauquet
Aim Long-distance dispersal has contributed to the disjunct biogeographical distribution of rain forest plants – something that has fascinated biogeographers since Humboldt’s time. However, the dispersal ‘agent’ for these tropical plant lineages remains puzzling. Here, we investigate which frugivory-related traits may have facilitated past intercontinental long-distance dispersal in the custard apple family (Annonaceae), a major vertebrate-dispersed tropical plant family. We hypothesize that long-distance dispersal was associated with the evolution of traits related to dispersal by...

The impact of instructed statistical US-CS contingency and co-occurrence on evaluative and fear learning (Study 1 & 2)

Simone Mattavelli, Jan De Houwer & Pieter Van Dessel
In this study we examine the impact of instructed statistical US-CS contingency and co-occurrence on evaluative and fear learning

analysis

Yoann Stussi, Aude Ferrero, Gilles Pourtois & David Sander

Achievement motivation modulates Pavlovian aversive conditioning to goal-relevant stimuli (CONGREL)

Yoann Stussi, Aude Ferrero, Gilles Pourtois & David Sander
This project aimed to investigate whether enhanced Pavlovian aversive conditioning can occur to stimuli that are relevant to the organism’s concerns beyond biological and evolutionary considerations, and whether such enhanced emotional learning is modulated by inter-individual differences in affect and motivation.

Data from: Testing the divergent adaptation of two congeneric tree species on a rainfall gradient using eco-physio-morphological traits

Anaïs-Pasiphaé Gorel, Kathy Steppe, Hans Beeckman, Niels J.F. De Baerdemaeker, Jean-Louis Doucet, Gauthier Ligot, Kasso Daïnou & Adeline Fayolle.
In tropical Africa, evidence of widely distributed genera transcending biomes or habitat boundaries has been reported. The evolutionary processes that allowed these lineages to disperse and adapt into new environments are far from being resolved. To better understand these processes, we propose an integrated approach, based on the eco-physio-morphological traits of two sister species with adjacent distributions along a rainfall gradient. We used wood anatomical traits, plant hydraulics (vulnerability to cavitation, wood volumetric water content...

Automatic imitation of multiple agents: A computational model

Emiel Cracco & Richard Cooper
Model, empirical and simulated data, and output scripts

Because You Had a Bad Day: General and Daily Relations between Reactive Temperament, Emotion Regulation, and Depressive Symptoms in Youth

Marie-Lotte Van Beveren, Sofie Kuppens, Benjamin Hankin & Caroline Braet
Negative emotionality (NE) and positive emotionality (PE) have repeatedly shown to act as vulnerability factors for youth depression. Less research examined the mechanisms through which these reactive temperament traits may differently confer vulnerability to depression. Based on recent integrated models of depression proposing emotion regulation as a key underlying mechanism, the current study aimed to clarify the general and day-to-day relations among temperament, emotion regulation strategies, and depressive symptoms in Dutch-speaking youth (35% boys; M_age...

Replication: Revisiting Tversky and Shafir’s (1992) Disjunction Effect with an extension comparing between and within subject designs

Ignazio Ziano, Chit Liu, Hong Kim, ManFai Kong, Wong Chai, Boley Cheng & Gilad Feldman

Data from: Induced phenological avoidance: a neglected defense mechanism against seed predation in plants

Bram Sercu, Iris Moeneclaey, Dries Bonte & Lander Baeten
1. Flowering phenology is an important life history trait affecting plant reproductive performance and is influenced by various abiotic and biotic factors. Pre-dispersal seed predation and pollination are expected to impose counteracting selection pressure on flowering phenology, with pre-dispersal seed predation expected to favor off-peak flowering and pollination to favor synchronous flowering. 2. Here we studied the effect of pre-dispersal seed predation by the beetle Byturus ochraceus, a specialist seed herbivore, on the flowering phenology...

A preliminary field trial to compare control techniques for invasive Berberis aquifolium in Belgian coastal dunes

Tim Adriaens, Pieter Verschelde, Emma Cartuyvels, Bram D'hondt, Edward Vercruysse, Wouter Van Gompel, Evy Dewulf & Sam Provoost
Non-native Berberis aquifolium is notoriously invasive in Belgian coastal dunes. With its strong clonal growth through suckers, this evergreen shrub outcompetes native species and affects dune succession. To prevent further secondary spread and mitigate its impact, there was an urgent need for knowledge on the effectiveness of control measures, both at the plant and habitat level. Here, we report on a first control experiment. Individual B. aquifolium clones were subjected to one of four treatments...

Impact of ownership on liking and value: Replications and extensions of three ownership effect experiments

Ignazio Ziano, Jingdan YAO, Yajing Gao & Gilad Feldman

Go/No-Go Training on Candy Choices - Long-term effect (September, 2016)

Zhang Chen

Registration Year

  • 2019
    53

Resource Types

  • Text
    28
  • Dataset
    25

Affiliations

  • Ghent University
    29
  • Universiteit Gent
    24
  • Royal Museum for Central Africa
    3
  • University of Antwerp
    2
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
    2
  • University of Liège
    2
  • Research Institute for Nature and Forest
    2
  • University of Freiburg
    2
  • University of Zurich
    2
  • Emory University
    2