79 Works

Wind Tunnel Mosquito Trajectory Data

Jeff Riffell
Mosquitoes track odors, locate hosts, and find mates visually. The color of a food resource, such as a flower or warm-blooded host, can be dominated by long wavelengths of the visible light spectrum (green to red for humans) and is likely important for object recognition and localization. However, little is known about the hues that attract mosquitoes or how odor affects mosquito visual search behaviors. We use a real-time 3D tracking system and wind tunnel...

Genotypes for herring samples collected from Chinook salmon gut contents

Eleni Petrou, Joshua Chamberlin, Will Duguid, Russel Barsh, Francis Juanes, Jessica Qualley & Lorenz Hauser
Dynamic prey resources influence foraging opportunities for consumers. In coastal food webs, forage fish abundance and seasonal reproduction mediate foraging opportunities for mobile consumers. Recent declines in Chinook salmon productivity have prompted efforts to determine whether poormarine survival is caused by limited feeding opportunities. To establish the importance of phenological diversity in Pacific herring for Chinook salmon, we used genetic stock identification to assign individual herring collected from the guts of juvenile and adult Chinook...

Data from: New approaches to ceramic use and discard: cooking pottery from the Peruvian Andes in ethnoarchaeological perspective

John A. Hildebrand & Melissa B. Hagstrum
Ethnoarchaeological data from contemporary Wanka villages in the Mantaro Valley of the Peruvian Andes provide new perspectives on the use and discard of ceramic cooking vessels. We present a regional survey of ceramic vessel use and discard with household consumption as the focus of study. A mathematical model determines vessel uselife from the age distribution of in-use vessels. We examine the number of vessels per household, their volume, their uselife, and their reported discard. A...

Flatfish exon-capture

Calder Atta
This dataset contains alignments used to study phylogenetic relationships of flatfishes based on exon-capture data. The samples in this dataset represent 89 species: 86 flatfishes and 3 outgroup Carangidae. 57 samples were extracted and assembled from tissues collected for this project, while 39 were sourced from previously assembled data that were prepared as part of the FishLife project. For this study we targeted 4,434 markers developed by Jiang et al. (2019) for capture efficiency in...

T cell characteristics associated with toxicity to immune checkpoint blockade

Alexander X Lozano, Aadel A Chaudhuri, Aishwarya Nene & Aaron M Newman
A supplementary resource for “T cell characteristics associated with toxicity to immune checkpoint blockade in patients with melanoma”.

Wildfire smoke affects detection of birds in Washington state

Olivia Sanderfoot
Wildfire smoke is likely to have direct health effects on birds, as well as influence movement, vocalization, and other avian behaviors. These behavioral changes may affect if and how birds are observed in the wild, although research on the effects of wildfire smoke on bird behavior is limited. To evaluate how wildfire smoke affects detection of birds, we combined data from eBird, an online community science program, with data from an extensive network of air...

Shifting trends: detecting changes in cetacean population dynamics in shifting habitat

Charlotte Boyd & Andre Punt
The ability to monitor population dynamics and detect major changes in population trend is essential for wildlife conservation and management. However, this is often challenging for cetaceans as surveys typically cover only a portion of a population’s range and conventional stock assessment methods cannot then distinguish whether apparent changes in abundance reflect real changes in population size or shifts in distribution. We developed and tested methods for estimating population size and trend and detecting changes...

Data from: Effects of Bark Beetle Outbreaks on Forest Landscape Pattern in the Southern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A.

Kyle Rodman, Robert Andrus, Cori Butkiewicz, Teresa Chapman, Nathan Gill, Brian Harvey, Dominik Kulakowski, Niko Tutland, Thomas Veblen & Sarah Hart
Since the late 1990s, extensive outbreaks of native bark beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) have affected coniferous forests throughout Europe and North America, driving changes in carbon storage, wildlife habitat, nutrient cycling, and water resource provisioning. Remote sensing is a crucial tool for quantifying the effects of these disturbances across broad landscapes. In particular, Landsat time series (LTS) are increasingly used to characterize outbreak dynamics, including the presence and severity of bark beetle-caused tree mortality, though broad-scale...

Data to replicate: Forecasting community reassembly using climate-linked spatio-temporal ecosystem models

James Thorson, Mayumi Arimitsu, Lewis Barnett, Wei Cheng, Lisa Eisner, Alan Haynie, Albert Hermann, Kirstin Holsman, David Kimmel, Mike Lomas, Jon Richar & Elizabeth Siddon
Ecosystems are increasingly impacted by human activities, altering linkages among physical and biological components. Spatial community reassembly occurs when these human impacts modify the spatial overlap between system components, and there is need for practical tools to forecast spatial community reassembly at landscape scales using monitoring data. To illustrate a new approach, we extend a generalization of empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, which involves a spatio-temporal ecosystem model that approximates coupled physical, biological, and human...

Genomic and immunogenic changes of Piscine novirhabdovirus (Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus) over its evolutionary history in the Laurentian Great Lakes

Carol Stepien, Megan Niner, Carol Stepien, Douglas W. Leaman & Bartolomeo Gorgoglione
A unique and highly virulent subgenogroup (VHSV-IVb) of Piscine novirhabdovirus, also known as Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus (VHSV), suddenly appeared in the Laurentian Great Lakes, causing large mortality outbreaks in 2005 and 2006, and affecting >32 freshwater fish species to date. Periods of apparent dormancy have punctuated smaller and more geographically-restricted outbreaks in 2007, 2008, and 2017. In this study, we conduct the largest whole genome sequencing analysis of VHSV-IVb to date, evaluating its evolutionary...

Data from: On the comparative biology of mammalian telomeres: telomere length co-evolves with body mass, lifespan and cancer risk

Michael Le Pepke & Dan T. A. Eisenberg
Telomeres, the short repetitive DNA sequences that cap the ends of linear chromosomes, shorten during cell division and are implicated in senescence in most species. Telomerase can rebuild telomeres but is repressed in many mammals that exhibit replicative senescence, presumably as a tumor suppression mechanism. It is therefore important to understand the co-evolution of telomere biology and life-history traits that has shaped the diversity of senescence patterns across species. Gomes et al. (2011) produced a...

Neonatal exposure to BPA, BDE-99, and PCB produces persistent changes in hepatic transcriptome associated with gut dysbiosis in adult mouse livers

Joe Lim, Moumita Dutta, Joseph Dempsey, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, James MacDonald, Theo Bammler, Cheryl Walker, Terrance Kavanagh, Haiwei Gu, Sridhar Mani & Julia Cui
Background. Recent evidence suggests that multigenic and complex environmentally modulated diseases result from early life exposure to toxicants at least partly via gut microbial influences. Environmental toxicants, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are breast milk-enriched persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and thus remain a continuing threat to human health despite being banned from production. Recent findings focused on the liver developmental reprogramming capabilities from neonatal BPA exposure; however, little is known on how...

Data from: The utility of climatic water balance for ecological inference depends on vegetation physiology assumptions

Derek Young, Sean Jeronimo, Derek Churchill, Van Kane & Andrew Latimer
This repository contains the data and code supporting the analyses in the corresponding paper in Global Ecology and Biogeography (GEB). The abstract of the paper is as follows: Background: In modeling and explaining spatial vegetation patterns, ecologists have increasingly favored the use of climatic water balance variables, including actual evapotranspiration (AET) and climatic water deficit (CWD), for representing the hydrologic and energetic environment experienced by plants. Much of the interest in these variables lies in...

Essays on Language Skills and Labour Market Outcomes

Svetlana Ridala

Deer GPS and animal-borne camera data showing effects of gray wolves on niche overlap between mule and white-tailed deer in eastern Washington state

Aaron Wirsing
Predators may alter niche overlap between prey species by eliciting divergent anti-predator behavior. Accordingly, we exploited heterogeneous gray wolf (Canis lupus) presence in Washington, USA, to contrast patterns of resource and dietary overlap between mule (Odocoileus hemionus) and white-tailed deer (O. virginianus) at sites with and without resident packs. Mule deer run (stot) in a way that is less effective as a means of fleeing from predators than the galloping gait of white-tailed deer. Consequently,...

Appendices interview formats

Una Cunningham, Aoife De Brún, Willgerodt Mayumi, Erin Blakeney & Eilish McAuliffe
Background: Literature on multi-disciplinary healthcare team interventions to improve quality and safety of care in acute hospital contexts tends to focus on evaluating the success of the intervention by assessing patient outcomes. In contrast, there is little focus on the team who delivered the intervention, how the team worked to deliver the intervention or the context in which it was delivered. In practice, there is a poor understanding of why some interventions work and are...

Data from: Functional genetic diversity in an exploited marine species and its relevance to fisheries management

Eleni L. Petrou
The timing of reproduction influences key evolutionary and ecological processes in wild populations. Variation in reproductive timing may be an especially important evolutionary driver in the marine environment, where the high mobility of many species and few physical barriers to migration provide limited opportunities for spatial divergence to arise, and where many species synchronize their reproduction to seasonal cycles of planktonic productivity. Using genomic data collected from spawning aggregations of Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) across...

Comparing diversification rates in lakes, rivers, and the sea

Elizabeth Miller
The diversity of species inhabiting freshwater relative to marine habitats is striking, given that freshwater habitats encompass <1% of Earth’s water. The most commonly proposed explanation for this pattern is that freshwater habitats are more fragmented than marine habitats, allowing more opportunities for allopatric speciation and thus increased diversification rates in freshwater. However, speciation may be generally faster in sympatry than in allopatry, as illustrated by lacustrine radiations such as African cichlids. Differences between rivers...

Resource allocation to a structural biomaterial: induced production of byssal threads decreases growth of a marine mussel

Emily Roberts, Laura Newcomb, Michelle McCartha, Katie Harrington, Sam LaFramboise, Emily Carrington & Kenneth Sebens
1. Specialized mechanical structures produced by organisms provide crucial fitness advantages. The energetic cost associated with producing these structural materials and the resulting energetic trade-off with growth, however, is rarely quantified. We evaluate resource allocation to structural material production within the context of an energetic framework by combining an experimental manipulation with an energetic model. 2. Mytilid bivalves produce byssus, a network of collagen-like threads that tethers individuals to hard substrate. We hypothesized that a...

Long-term change in the parasite burden of shore crabs (Hemigrapsus oregonensis and H. nudus) on the northwestern Pacific coast of North America

Jessica Quinn, Sarah Lee, Duncan Greeley, Alyssa Gehman, Armand Kuris & Chelsea Wood
The abundances of free-living species have changed dramatically in recent decades, but little is known about change in the abundance of parasitic species. We investigated whether populations of several parasites have shifted over time in two shore crab hosts, Hemigrapsus oregonensis and H. nudus, by comparing the prevalence and abundance of three parasite taxa in a historical dataset (1969–1970) to contemporary parasite abundance (2018–2020) for hosts collected from 11 intertidal sites located from Oregon, USA...

Heterogeneous genetic basis of age at maturity in salmonid fishes

Charles Waters, Anthony Clemento, Tutku Aykanat, John Garza, Kerry-Ann Naish, Shawn Narum & Craig Primmer
Understanding the genetic basis of repeated evolution of the same phenotype across taxa is a fundamental aim in evolutionary biology and has applications to conservation and management. However, the extent to which interspecific life-history trait polymorphisms share evolutionary pathways remains under-explored. We address this gap by studying the genetic basis of a key life-history trait, age at maturity, in four species of Pacific salmon (genus Oncorhynchus) that exhibit intra- and interspecific variation in this trait...

Supplemental Tables for Heal et al: Marine community metabolomes carry fingerprints of phytoplankton community composition

Katherine Heal
Phytoplankton transform inorganic carbon into thousands of biomolecules that represent an important pool of fixed carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur in the surface ocean. Metabolite production differs between phytoplankton, and the flux of these molecules through the microbial food web depends on compound-specific bioavailability to members of a wider microbial community. Yet relatively little is known about the diversity or concentration of metabolites within marine plankton. Here we compare 313 polar metabolites in 21 cultured phytoplankton...

COMSOL models of fluid flow in the sarcomere

Sage Malingen, Kaitlyn Hood, Eric Lauga, Anette Hosoi & Thomas Daniel
A highly organized and densely packed lattice of molecular machinery within the sarcomeres of muscle cells powers contraction. Although many of the proteins that drive contraction have been studied extensively, the mechanical impact of fluid shearing within the lattice of molecular machinery has received minimal attention. It was recently proposed that fluid flow augments substrate transport in the sarcomere, however, this analysis used analytical models of fluid flow in the molecular machinery that could not...

Phylogeny of Citharexyleae

Laura Frost, Nataly O'Leary, Laura Lagomarsino, David Tank & Richard Olmstead
As a family of Neotropical origin and primarily Neotropical distribution, the Verbenaceae are a good but understudied system with which to understand Neotropical evolution. Tribe Citharexyleae comprises three genera: Baillonia, Citharexylum—one of the largest genera in Verbenaceae—and Rehdera. A molecular phylogenetic approach was taken to resolve intergeneric relationships in Citharexyleae and infrageneric relationships in Citharexylum. The phylogeny is used to elucidate character evolution in a widespread, morphologically diverse Neotropical genus. Seven plastid regions, two nuclear...

Data from: Latitudinal embryonic thermal tolerance and plasticity shape the vulnerability of oviparous species to climate change

Bao-Jun Sun, Liang Ma, Yang Wang, Chun-Rong Mi, Lauren Buckley, Ofir Levy, Hong-Liang Lu & Wei-Guo Du
Heat tolerance at the immobile embryonic stage is expected to be critical in determining species vulnerability to climate change. However, how the mean and developmental plasticity of embryonic heat tolerance vary geographically, and how these geographic variations affect species’ vulnerability under climate change remain unknown. We experimentally determined the mean and developmental plasticity of embryonic acute heat tolerance (EAHT, i.e., heat shock temperature at which embryonic heartbeats ceased) for three latitudinally-distributed populations of an oviparous...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    79

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    76
  • Interactive Resource
    1
  • Journal Article
    1
  • Text
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Washington
    79
  • Stanford University
    4
  • University of Cambridge
    3
  • University of California, Berkeley
    3
  • University of California, Santa Barbara
    3
  • University of British Columbia
    3
  • The Nature Conservancy
    2
  • University of Glasgow
    2
  • The University of Texas at Arlington
    2
  • Occidental College
    2