154 Works

Initial application of the noise-sorted scanning clustering algorithm to the analysis of composition-dependent organic aerosol thermal desorption measurements

Christopher Cappa, Ziyue Li, Emma D'Ambro, Siegfried Schobesberger, John Shilling, Felipe Lopez-Hilfiker, Jiumeng Liu, Cassandra Gaston & Joel Thornton
The FIGAERO-CIMS (Filter Inlet for Gases and AEROsols + chemical ionization mass spectrometer) measures thermal desorption profiles for individual ions evolved from evaporation of organic aerosol components. Often, hundreds of individual thermograms are obtained, reflecting the compositional complexity of organic aerosol. We have developed a novel clustering algorithm, Noise-Sorted Scanning Clustering (NSSC), that provides a robust, reproducible analysis of the FIGAERO temperature-dependent mass spectral data. The NSSC allows for determination of thermal profiles for compositionally...

Dynamic effects of insect herbivory and climate on tundra shrub growth: roles of browsing and ramet age

Adam Clark, Risto Virtanen, Michael Den Herder & Heikki Roininen
1. To predict shrub responses under climate change in tundra, we need to understand how thermal conditions and herbivory contribute to growth. We hypothesise that shrub growth increases with thermal conditions and precipitation, but that this increase is counteracted by insect herbivory, and that these climate-insect herbivory relationships are modified by both browsing and plant age. 2. We use empirical dynamic modelling (EDM) to analyse a 20-year time series on willow (Salix phylicifolia) shoot growth,...

Imprints of latitude, host taxon and decay stage on fungus-associated arthropod communities

Janne Koskinen, Nerea Abrego, Eero Vesterinen, Torsti Schulz, Tomas Roslin & Tommi Nyman
Interactions among fungi and insects involve hundreds of thousands of species. While insect communities on plants have formed some of the classic model systems in ecology, fungus-based communities and the forces structuring them remain poorly studied by comparison. We characterize the arthropod communities associated with fruiting bodies of eight mycorrhizal basidiomycete fungus species from three different orders along a 1200-km latitudinal gradient in northern Europe. We hypothesized that—matching the pattern seen for most insect taxa...

Data from: Herbivore-induced volatiles induce increases in net photosynthesis and reduce plant susceptibility to oviposition in wild and cultivated plants

Agnes Brosset
Despite the growing body of studies demonstrating that herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPV) induce and prime receiver plant defences, few studies have investigated the effect of HIPVs on primary metabolism of receiver plants and whether responses to HIPVs are consistent across wild and cultivated plant varieties. Here we investigated the effect of HIPVs on net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, volatile emissions, and number of eggs laid by female Plutella xylostella on receiver plants in two wild and...

Supplementary Figure S5 from Mu-opioid receptor system modulates responses to vocal bonding and distress signals in humans

Lihua Sun, Lasse Lukkarinen, Vesa Putkinen, Henry Karlsson, Jussi Hirvonen, Jari Tiihonen, Hannu Lauerma, Sophie Scott & Lauri Nummenmaa
Figure S5. Correlation matrix for ROI-level MOR levels and ROI-level BOLD response to crying. ACC = anterior cingulate cortex, M1 = primary motor cortex, M2 = secondary motor cortex, OFC = orbitofrontal cortex, PCC = posterior cingulate cortex, S1 = primary somatosensory cortex, S2 = secondary somatosensory cortex.

Circum-Arctic distribution of chemical anti-herbivore compounds arctic shrubs

Elin Lindén, Mariska Te Beest, Ilka Abreu, Thomas Moritz, Maja Sundqvist, Isabel C Barrio, Julia Boike, John Bryant, Kari Anne Bråthen, Agata Buchwal, Guillermo Bueno, Alain Cuerrier, Dagmar Egelkraut, Bruce Forbes, Martin Hallinger, Monique Heijmans, Luise Hermanutz, David S Hik, Annika Hofgaard, Milena Holmgren, Diane C Huebner, Toke Hoye, Ingibjörg Jónsdóttir, Elina Kaarlejärvi, Emilie Kissler … & Johan Olofsson
Spatial variation in plant chemical defence towards herbivores can help us understand variation in herbivore top-down control of shrubs in the Arctic and possibly also shrub responses to global warming. Less defended, non-resinous shrubs could be more influenced by herbivores than more defended, resinous shrubs. However, sparse field measurements limit our current understanding of how much of the circum-Arctic variation in defence compounds is explained by taxa or defence functional groups (resinous/non-resinous). We measured circum-Arctic...

Evaluation of baseline pediatric readiness of emergency departments in Manitoba, Canada

Alex Aregbesola, Oana Florescu, Clara Tam, Amanda Coyle, Lisa Knisley, Kaitlin Hogue, Darcy Beer, Scott Sawyer & Terry P. Klassen
Abstract Background Data on the readiness of the general emergency departments (EDs) in Canada to care for children requiring emergency care are limited. Recent evidence suggests an inverse association between pediatric readiness of the general ED and mortality. Objectives To assess the baseline pediatric readiness of the general EDs in the province of Manitoba, Canada, to care for acutely ill and injured children. Methods This was a cross-sectional survey study conducted between 2019 and 2020....

5-(Sulfamoyl)thien-2-yl 1,3-oxazole inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase II with hydrophilic periphery

Stanislav Kalinin, Alexander Kovalenko, Annika Valtari, Alessio Nocentini, Maxim Gureev, Arto Urtti, Mikhail Korsakov, Claudiu T. Supuran & Mikhail Krasavin
Hydrophilic derivatives of an earlier described series of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors have been designed, prepared and profiled against a panel of carbonic anhydrase isoforms, including the glaucoma-related hCA II. For all hydrophilic derivatives, computational prediction of intraocular permeability routes showed the predominance of conjunctival rather than corneal absorption. The potentially reactive primary or secondary amine periphery of these compounds makes them suitable candidates for bioconjugation to polymeric drug carriers. As was shown previously, the most...

Dataset from: A curated DNA barcode reference library for parasitoids of northern European cyclically outbreaking geometrid moths

Tommi Nyman, Saskia Wutke, Elina Koivisto, Tero Klemola, Mark Shaw, Tommi Andersson, Håkon Haraldseide, Snorre Hagen, Ryosuke Nakadai & Kai Ruohomäki
Large areas of forests are annually damaged or destroyed by outbreaking insect pests. Understanding the factors that trigger and terminate such population eruptions has become crucially important, as plants, plant-feeding insects, and their natural enemies may respond differentially to the ongoing changes in the global climate. In northernmost Europe, climate-driven range expansions of the geometrid moths Epirrita autumnata and Operophtera brumata have resulted in overlapping and increasingly severe outbreaks. Delayed density-dependent responses of parasitoids are...

The values for the proxy variable estimated for poultry trade flows among 318 prefecture-level cities in mainland China

Lingcai Kong, Xuan Zhou, Mengwei Duan, Xinyi Yang, Caifeng Zhou & Yilan Liao
The dataset presents values for a proxy variable for poultry trade flows among 318 prefecture-level mainland China cities, estimated with modified radiation model.

A dataset of proxy variables for poultry trade flows in China

Lingcai Kong, Xuan Zhou, Mengwei Duan, Xinyi Yang, Caifeng Zhou & Yilan Liao
The poultry production output and consumption data for each prefecture-level city in mainland China 2015 were stored in the file Suplement_V1_Poultry_Data.csv. The values for the proxy variable estimated with modified radiation model for poultry trade flows among prefecture-level cities in mainland China 2015 were stored in the file Suplement_V2_Poultry_Trade_Flows.csv.

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic shoulder and elbow score in Finnish-speaking overhead athletes

Maria Sukanen, Jesse Pajari, Sami Äyrämö, Juha Paloneva, Benjamin Waller, Arja Häkkinen & Juhani Multanen
Abstract Background The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic Shoulder and Elbow score (KJOC) is developed to evaluate the shoulder and elbow function in overhead athletes. To date, the score has not been adapted into Finnish language. The aim of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic Shoulder and Elbow score (KJOC) into Finnish language and evaluate its validity, reliability, and responsiveness in overhead athletes. Methods Forward–backward translation method was followed in...

Additional file 1 of Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic shoulder and elbow score in Finnish-speaking overhead athletes

Maria Sukanen, Jesse Pajari, Sami Äyrämö, Juha Paloneva, Benjamin Waller, Arja Häkkinen & Juhani Multanen
Additional file 1. Back-translation of the Finnish KJOC score.

sj-docx-2-sjp-10.1177_14034948221130150 – Supplemental material for Validity of the Finnish Care Register for Social Welfare in a nationwide cohort of people with Alzheimer’s disease

Virva Hyttinen, Kirsikka Selander, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Riikka Väyrynen, Lasse Mielikäinen, Ismo Linnosmaa & Sirpa Hartikainen
Supplemental material, sj-docx-2-sjp-10.1177_14034948221130150 for Validity of the Finnish Care Register for Social Welfare in a nationwide cohort of people with Alzheimer’s disease by Virva Hyttinen, Kirsikka Selander, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Riikka Väyrynen, Lasse Mielikäinen, Ismo Linnosmaa and Sirpa Hartikainen in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Additional file 1 of Mode of treatments and achievement of treatment targets among type 2 diabetes patients with different comorbidities – a register-based retrospective cohort study in Finland

Nazma Akter Nazu, Katja Wikström, Marja-Leena Lamidi, Jaana Lindström, Hilkka Tirkkonen, Päivi Rautiainen & Tiina Laatikainen
Supplementary Material 1

Pregnancy and delivery after traumatic brain injury: a nationwide population-based cohort study in Finland

Matias Vaajala, Ilari Kuitunen, Lauri Nyrhi, Ville Ponkilainen, Maiju Kekki, Teemu Luoto & Ville M. Mattila
Few studies have assessed pregnancies and deliveries after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We report the incidence of TBIs and TBI-related surgeries in fertile-aged females and investigate subsequent pregnancy outcomes. All fertile-aged (15–49) women with TBI diagnosis during our study period (1998–2018) were retrieved from the Care Register for Health Care and combined with data from the National Medical Birth Register. TBIs were categorized into three subgroups based on the length of the hospitalization period and...

Use of antibiotics and risk of type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study and the national FINRISK study

Joel Nuotio, Teemu Niiranen, Tomi T. Laitinen, Jessica Miller, Matthew A. Sabin, Aki S. Havulinna, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi P. Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, David P. Burgner & Markus Juonala
Abstract Purpose To investigate whether exposure to systemic antibiotics influences the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and overweight/obesity. Methods The study sample comprised 2209 (110 with incident diabetes) participants from the population-based Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS) aged 24–39 years in 2001. The exposure was national linked register data on purchased antibiotic courses between 1993 and 2001. Clinical examinations including BMI were conducted in 2001, 2007 and 2011. Participants with prevalent diabetes...

Additional file 1 of Use of antibiotics and risk of type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study and the national FINRISK study

Joel Nuotio, Teemu Niiranen, Tomi T. Laitinen, Jessica Miller, Matthew A. Sabin, Aki S. Havulinna, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi P. Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, David P. Burgner & Markus Juonala
Additional file 1.

Additional file 1 of The integration of large-scale public data and network analysis uncovers molecular characteristics of psoriasis

Antonio Federico, Alisa Pavel, Lena Möbus, David McKean, Giusy del Giudice, Vittorio Fortino, Hanna Niehues, Joe Rastrick, Kilian Eyerich, Stefanie Eyerich, Ellen van den Bogaard, Catherine Smith, Stephan Weidinger, Emanuele de Rinaldis & Dario Greco
Additional file 1. Additional material including supplemetary figures and tables.

Supplemental Material - The Association of Metformin, Other Antidiabetic Medications, and Statins With the Prognosis of Colon Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Sami Erkinantti, Ari Hautakoski, Reijo Sund, Martti Arffman, Elina Urpilainen, Ulla Puistola, Arja Jukkola, Karihtala Peeter & Esa Läärä
Supplemental Material for The Association of Metformin, Other Antidiabetic Medications, and Statins With the Prognosis of Colon Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Cohort Study by Sami Erkinantti, Ari Hautakoski, Reijo Sund, Martti Arffman, Elina Urpilainen, Ulla Puistola, Arja Jukkola, Peeter Karihtala, and Esa Läärä in Cancer Control

Supplemental Material - The Association of Metformin, Other Antidiabetic Medications, and Statins With the Prognosis of Colon Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Sami Erkinantti, Ari Hautakoski, Reijo Sund, Martti Arffman, Elina Urpilainen, Ulla Puistola, Arja Jukkola, Karihtala Peeter & Esa Läärä
Supplemental Material for The Association of Metformin, Other Antidiabetic Medications, and Statins With the Prognosis of Colon Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Retrospective Cohort Study by Sami Erkinantti, Ari Hautakoski, Reijo Sund, Martti Arffman, Elina Urpilainen, Ulla Puistola, Arja Jukkola, Peeter Karihtala, and Esa Läärä in Cancer Control

Data from: Molecular identification of cryptic bumblebee species from degraded samples using PCR-RFLP approach

Salla-Riikka Vesterlund, Jouni Sorvari & Anti Vasemägi
The worldwide decline and local extinctions of bumblebees has raised a need for fast and accurate tools for species identification. Morphological characters are often not sufficient and molecular methods have been increasingly used for reliable identification of bumblebee species. Molecular methods often require high quality DNA which makes them less suitable for analysis of low quality or older samples. We developed an efficient PCR-RFLP identification method for four bumblebee species of the subgenus Bombus s....

Data from: Causes and consequences of fine-scale population structure in a critically endangered freshwater seal

Mia Valtonen, Jukka U. Palo, Jouni Aspi, Minna Ruokonen, Mervi Kunnasranta & Tommi Nyman
Saimaa_ringed_seal_microsatSaimaa ringed seal genotypes based on 17 microsatellite loci. Individuals sampled between the years 1980-2008 from five regions of Lake Saimaa; Northern Saimaa (1st pop), Kolovesi (2nd pop), Main Haukivesi area (3rd pop), Pihlajavesi area (4th pop) and Southern Saimaa (5th pop). The data is in GenePop format.Saimaa_ringed_seal_sample_infoCollection information on the individual Saimaa ringed seals included in the study.

Data from: Outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and subsequent self-reported life satisfaction

Paula Kuivasaari-Pirinen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Maritta Hippeläinen, Kaisa Raatikainen & Seppo Heinonen
Objective: To compare life satisfaction between women with successful or unsuccessful outcome after assisted reproductive treatment (ART) by taking into account the time since the last ART. Design: Cohort study. Setting: Tertiary hospital. Patients: A total of 987 consecutive women who had undergone ART during 1996–2007 were invited and altogether 505 women participated in the study. Interventions: A postal enquiry with a life satisfaction scale. Main Outcome Measure: Self-reported life satisfaction in respect to the...

Data from: Determinants of parasitoid communities of willow-galling sawflies: habitat overrides physiology, host plant, and space

Tommi Nyman, Sanna A. Leppänen, Gergely Várkonyi, Mark R. Shaw, Reijo Koivisto, Trond Elling Barstad, Veli Vikberg & Heikki Roininen
Studies on the determinants of plant–herbivore and herbivore–parasitoid associations provide important insights into the origin and maintenance of global and local species richness. If parasitoids are specialists on herbivore niches rather than on herbivore taxa, then alternating escape of herbivores into novel niches and delayed resource tracking by parasitoids could fuel diversification at both trophic levels. We used DNA barcoding to identify parasitoids that attack larvae of seven Pontania sawfly species that induce leaf galls...

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Affiliations

  • University of Eastern Finland
    154
  • University of Helsinki
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