154 Works

Data from: De novo transcriptome assemblies of four accessions of the metal hyperaccumulator plant Noccaea caerulescens

Daniel Blande, Pauliina Halimaa, Arja I. Tervahauta, Mark G. M. Aarts & Sirpa O. Kärenlampi
Noccaea caerulescens of the Brassicaceae family has become the key model plant among the metal hyperaccumulator plants. Populations/accessions of N. caerulescens from geographic locations with different soil metal concentrations differ in their ability to hyperaccumulate and hypertolerate metals. Comparison of transcriptomes in several accessions provides candidates for detailed exploration of the mechanisms of metal accumulation and tolerance and local adaptation. This can have implications in the development of plants for phytoremediation and improved mineral nutrition....

Data from: Breeding bird species diversity across gradients of land use from forest to agriculture in Europe

Matti J. Koivula, Dan E. Chamberlain, Robert J. Fuller, Stephen C. F. Palmer, Attila Bankovics, Fintan Bracken, Tom Bolger, Eduardo De Juana, Marc Montadert, Renato Neves, Rui Rufino, Angel Sallent, Luís Lopes Da Silva, Pedro J. Leitão, Manfred Steffen & Allan D. Watt
Loss, fragmentation and decreasing quality of habitats have been proposed as major threats to biodiversity world-wide, but relatively little is known about biodiversity responses to multiple pressures, particularly at very large spatial scales. We evaluated the relative contributions of four landscape variables (habitat cover, diversity, fragmentation and productivity) in determining different components of avian diversity across Europe. We sampled breeding birds in multiple 1-km2 landscapes, from high forest cover to intensive agricultural land, in eight...

Data from: Widespread introgression of mountain hare genes into Fennoscandian brown hare populations

Riikka Levänen, Carl-Gustaf Thulin, Göran Spong, Jaakko L.O. Pohjoismäki & Jaakko L. O. Pohjoismäki
In Fennoscandia, mountain hare (Lepus timidus) and brown hare (Lepus europaeus) hybridize and produce fertile offspring, resulting in gene flow across the species barrier. Analyses of maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) show that introgression occur frequently, but unavailability of appropriate nuclear DNA markers has made it difficult to evaluate the scale- and significance for the species. The extent of introgression has become important as the brown hare is continuously expanding its range northward, at the...

Data from: Metabolic rate associates with, but does not generate covariation between, behaviours in western stutter-trilling crickets, Gryllus integer

Indrikis A. Krams, Petri T. Niemelä, Giedrius Trakimas, Ronalds Krams, Gordon M. Burghardt, Tatjana Krama, Aare Kuusik, Marika Mand, Markus J. Rantala, Raivo Mand, Jukka Kekäläinen, Ilkka Sirkka, Severi Luoto, Raine Kortet & Indrikis Krams
The causes and consequences of among-individual variation and covariation in behaviours are of substantial interest to behavioural ecology, but the proximate mechanisms underpinning this (co)variation are still unclear. Previous research suggests metabolic rate as a potential proximate mechanism to explain behavioural covariation. We measured the resting metabolic rate (RMR), boldness and exploration in western stutter-trilling crickets, Gryllus integer, selected differentially for short and fast development over two generations. After applying mixed-effects models to reveal the...

Data from: Early wasp plucks the flower: disparate extant diversity of sawfly superfamilies (Hymenoptera: 'Symphyta') may reflect asynchronous switching to angiosperm hosts

Tommi Nyman, Renske E. Onstein, Daniele Silvestro, Saskia Wutke, Andreas Taeger, Niklas Wahlberg, Stephan Blank & Tobias Malm
The insect order Hymenoptera originated during the Permian nearly 300 million years ago. Ancestrally herbivorous hymenopteran lineages today make up the paraphyletic suborder 'Symphyta,' which encompasses circa 8200 species with very diverse host-plant associations. We used phylogeny-based statistical analyses to explore drivers of diversity dynamics within the 'Symphyta,' with a particular focus on the hypothesis that diversification of herbivorous insects has been driven by the explosive radiation of angiosperms during and after the Cretaceous. Our...

Data for: Phytochemical shift from condensed tannins to flavonoids in transgenic Betula pendula decreases consumption and growth but improves growth efficiency of Epirrita autumnata larvae

Paula Thitz, Lauri Mehtätalo, Panu Välimäki, Tendry Randriamanana, Mika Lännenpää, Ann E. Hagerman, Tommi Andersson, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto & Tommi Nyman
Despite active research, antiherbivore activity of specific plant phenolics remains largely unresolved. We constructed silver birch (Betula pendula) lines with modified phenolic metabolism to study the effects of foliar flavonoids and condensed tannins on consumption and growth of larvae of a generalist herbivore, the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata). We conducted a feeding experiment using birch lines in which expression of dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR), anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) or anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) had been decreased by RNA...

Decreased ultraviolet radiation and decomposer biodiversity inhibit litter decomposition under continuous nitrogen inputs

Bin Wei, Dianye Zhang, Dan Kou, Guibiao Yang, Futing Liu, Yunfeng Peng & Yuanhe Yang
Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition has altered biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem functioning. As a key process involved in carbon and nutrient cycles in terrestrial ecosystems, litter decomposition is sensitive to external N inputs. However, it remains unclear how the interactions of ultraviolet (UV) radiation, soil biodiversity (bacteria, fungi and invertebrates) and conventional drivers (e.g., litter chemistry and microbial activities) regulate the responses of litter decomposition to continuous N inputs. Based on an N-addition experimental platform, we...

Data from: Climate warming leads to advanced fruit development period of temperate woody species but divergent changes in its length

Qianqian Ma, Heikki Hänninen, Frank Berninger, Xiaobo Li & Jian-Guo Huang
Climate warming has significantly altered the phenology of plants in recent decades. However, in contrast to the widely reported warming-induced extension of vegetative growing season, the response of fruit development period (FDP) from flowering to fruiting remains largely unexplored, particularly for woody plants. Analyzing >560,000 in situ observations of both flowering and fruiting dates for six temperate woody species across 2958 European phenological observations sites during 1980 – 2013, we found that in all species...

High levels of inbreeding with spatial and host-associated structure in lice of an endangered freshwater seal

Stephany Virrueta Herrera, Tommi Nyman, Kevin Johnson, Andrew Sweet, Eeva Ylinen & Mervi Kunnasranta
Host-specialist parasites of endangered large vertebrates are in many cases more endangered than their hosts. In particular, low host population densities and reduced among-host transmission rates are expected to lead to inbreeding within parasite infrapopulations living on single host individuals. Furthermore, spatial population structures of directly-transmitted parasites should be concordant with those of their hosts. Using population genomic approaches, we investigated inbreeding and population structure in a host-specialist seal louse (Echinophthirius horridus) infesting the Saimaa...

Supplementary Figure S5 from Mu-opioid receptor system modulates responses to vocal bonding and distress signals in humans

Lihua Sun, Lasse Lukkarinen, Vesa Putkinen, Henry Karlsson, Jussi Hirvonen, Jari Tiihonen, Hannu Lauerma, Sophie Scott & Lauri Nummenmaa
Figure S5. Correlation matrix for ROI-level MOR levels and ROI-level BOLD response to crying. ACC = anterior cingulate cortex, M1 = primary motor cortex, M2 = secondary motor cortex, OFC = orbitofrontal cortex, PCC = posterior cingulate cortex, S1 = primary somatosensory cortex, S2 = secondary somatosensory cortex.

Supplementary Figure S1 from Mu-opioid receptor system modulates responses to vocal bonding and distress signals in humans

Lihua Sun, Lasse Lukkarinen, Vesa Putkinen, Henry Karlsson, Jussi Hirvonen, Jari Tiihonen, Hannu Lauerma, Sophie Scott & Lauri Nummenmaa
Figure S1. Positive correlations with regional MOR and brain BOLD response to crying sounds. No positive correlations were found for laughter. Results are FDR-thresholded at p < 0.05.

Supplementary Figure S3 from Mu-opioid receptor system modulates responses to vocal bonding and distress signals in humans

Lihua Sun, Lasse Lukkarinen, Vesa Putkinen, Henry Karlsson, Jussi Hirvonen, Jari Tiihonen, Hannu Lauerma, Sophie Scott & Lauri Nummenmaa
Figure S3. Cumulative maps indicating the number of ROIs (out of 17) whose [11C]carfentanil BPND was correlated with BOLD responses to scrambled sounds (i.e. scrambled laughter > scrambled crying sound) in each voxel.

Supplementary material from \"Mu-opioid receptor system modulates responses to vocal bonding and distress signals in humans\"

Lihua Sun, Lasse Lukkarinen, Vesa Putkinen, Henry Karlsson, Jussi Hirvonen, Jari Tiihonen, Hannu Lauerma, Sophie Scott & Lauri Nummenmaa
Laughter is a contagious prosocial signal that conveys bonding motivation; adult crying conversely communicates desire for social proximity by signalling distress. Endogenous mu-opioid receptors (MORs) modulate sociability in humans and non-human primates. In this combined PET–fMRI study (n = 17), we tested whether central MOR tone is associated with regional brain responses to social signals of laughter and crying sounds. MOR availability was measured with positron emission tomography using high-affinity agonist radioligand [11C]carfentanil. Haemodynamic responses...

Evaluation of baseline pediatric readiness of emergency departments in Manitoba, Canada

Alex Aregbesola, Oana Florescu, Clara Tam, Amanda Coyle, Lisa Knisley, Kaitlin Hogue, Darcy Beer, Scott Sawyer & Terry P. Klassen
Abstract Background Data on the readiness of the general emergency departments (EDs) in Canada to care for children requiring emergency care are limited. Recent evidence suggests an inverse association between pediatric readiness of the general ED and mortality. Objectives To assess the baseline pediatric readiness of the general EDs in the province of Manitoba, Canada, to care for acutely ill and injured children. Methods This was a cross-sectional survey study conducted between 2019 and 2020....

Molecular phenotyping uncovers differences in basic housekeeping functions among closely related species of hares (Lepus spp., Lagomorpha: Leporidae)

Kateryna Gaertner, Craig Michell, Riikka Tapanainen, Steffi Goffart, Sina Saari, Manu Soininmäki, Eric Dufour & Jaakko Pohjoismäki
Speciation is a fundamental evolutionary process, which results in genetic differentiation of populations and manifests as discrete morphological, physiological as well as behavioral differences. Each species has had its own evolutionary trajectory, formed by many types of selection pressures and random drift, making it extremely complicated to associate genetic differences between the species with the phenotypic differences. In the present study, we have used an in vitro model to analyze in depth the genetic and...

sj-docx-2-sjp-10.1177_14034948221130150 – Supplemental material for Validity of the Finnish Care Register for Social Welfare in a nationwide cohort of people with Alzheimer’s disease

Virva Hyttinen, Kirsikka Selander, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Riikka Väyrynen, Lasse Mielikäinen, Ismo Linnosmaa & Sirpa Hartikainen
Supplemental material, sj-docx-2-sjp-10.1177_14034948221130150 for Validity of the Finnish Care Register for Social Welfare in a nationwide cohort of people with Alzheimer’s disease by Virva Hyttinen, Kirsikka Selander, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Riikka Väyrynen, Lasse Mielikäinen, Ismo Linnosmaa and Sirpa Hartikainen in Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Additional file 2 of The effect of shunt surgery on corticospinal excitability in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study

Jani Sirkka, Laura Säisänen, Petro Julkunen, Mervi Könönen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Ville Leinonen & Nils Danner
Additional file 2. Individual follow-up data of shunted and not shunted patients.

Additional file 3 of The effect of shunt surgery on corticospinal excitability in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study

Jani Sirkka, Laura Säisänen, Petro Julkunen, Mervi Könönen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Ville Leinonen & Nils Danner
Additional file 3. Data of good responders and limited responders at baseline, TAP and follow-up.

Additional file 1 of The effect of shunt surgery on corticospinal excitability in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study

Jani Sirkka, Laura Säisänen, Petro Julkunen, Mervi Könönen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Ville Leinonen & Nils Danner
Additional file 1. Data of shunted and not shunted patients at baseline, at TAP and at follow-up.

Additional file 1 of Mode of treatments and achievement of treatment targets among type 2 diabetes patients with different comorbidities – a register-based retrospective cohort study in Finland

Nazma Akter Nazu, Katja Wikström, Marja-Leena Lamidi, Jaana Lindström, Hilkka Tirkkonen, Päivi Rautiainen & Tiina Laatikainen
Supplementary Material 1

Additional file 1 of Economic evaluation of infliximab, synthetic triple therapy and methotrexate in the treatment of newly diagnosed juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Maarit Tarkiainen, Pirjo Tynjälä, Paula Vähäsalo, Kristiina Aalto, Liisa Kröger, Katariina Rebane, Pekka Lahdenne & Janne Martikainen
Additional file 1. Resource use during the first year treatment of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

Pregnancy and delivery after traumatic brain injury: a nationwide population-based cohort study in Finland

Matias Vaajala, Ilari Kuitunen, Lauri Nyrhi, Ville Ponkilainen, Maiju Kekki, Teemu Luoto & Ville M. Mattila
Few studies have assessed pregnancies and deliveries after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We report the incidence of TBIs and TBI-related surgeries in fertile-aged females and investigate subsequent pregnancy outcomes. All fertile-aged (15–49) women with TBI diagnosis during our study period (1998–2018) were retrieved from the Care Register for Health Care and combined with data from the National Medical Birth Register. TBIs were categorized into three subgroups based on the length of the hospitalization period and...

Additional file 3 of Use of antibiotics and risk of type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study and the national FINRISK study

Joel Nuotio, Teemu Niiranen, Tomi T. Laitinen, Jessica Miller, Matthew A. Sabin, Aki S. Havulinna, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi P. Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, David P. Burgner & Markus Juonala
Additional file 3.

Additional file 2 of Use of antibiotics and risk of type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study and the national FINRISK study

Joel Nuotio, Teemu Niiranen, Tomi T. Laitinen, Jessica Miller, Matthew A. Sabin, Aki S. Havulinna, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi P. Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, David P. Burgner & Markus Juonala
Additional file 2.

Additional file 3 of Use of antibiotics and risk of type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity: the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study and the national FINRISK study

Joel Nuotio, Teemu Niiranen, Tomi T. Laitinen, Jessica Miller, Matthew A. Sabin, Aki S. Havulinna, Jorma S. A. Viikari, Tapani Rönnemaa, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Tomi P. Laitinen, Päivi Tossavainen, Veikko Salomaa, Olli T. Raitakari, David P. Burgner & Markus Juonala
Additional file 3.

Registration Year

  • 2022
    100
  • 2021
    4
  • 2020
    6
  • 2019
    8
  • 2018
    5
  • 2017
    9
  • 2016
    5
  • 2015
    9
  • 2014
    7
  • 2013
    1

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    85
  • Text
    36
  • Collection
    24
  • Image
    7
  • Book
    1
  • Other
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Eastern Finland
    154
  • University of Helsinki
    45
  • University of Turku
    31
  • University of Oulu
    28
  • Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare
    20
  • Kuopio University Hospital
    19
  • Tampere University
    16
  • Karolinska Institute
    13
  • Oulu University Hospital
    12
  • Tampere University Hospital
    11