8 Works

Data from: Night reveals individuality in a shoaling fish

Laura Härkönen, Nico Alioravainen, Anssi Vainikka & Pekka Hyvärinen
Many animals rely heavily on visual cues from their environment, and therefore show circadian rhythmicity in their behavioral activities. In group-living animals, individuals’ activity rhythms must be synchronized not only with diel light-dark cycle but also with other group members. Increasing evidence has recently shown that circadian behaviors of animals are consistent within individuals and different between individuals, but the sources and consistency of diel activity variation in social context are less known. Using radio...

Data from: Host plants of the non-swarming edible bush cricket Ruspolia differens

Robert Opoke, Philip Nyeko, Geoffrey M. Malinga, Karlmax Rutaro, Heikki Roininen & Anu Valtonen
The edible Ruspolia differens (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) is a widely-consumed insect in East Africa but surprisingly little is known of its host plant use in the field. We studied host plants used by non-swarming R. differens for 15 months, in central Uganda. In particular, we assessed the use of host plant species with respect to host cover in the field and host parts used by R. differens, also recording their sex, developmental stages, and colour morph....

Data from: Effects of undergrowth removal and edge proximity on ground beetles and vascular plants in urban boreal forests

Matti Koivula, Tiina Virta, Markku Kuitunen & Elisa Vallius
Urban forests are regularly managed for human safety and aesthetic reasons, but they are crucial habitat for many species. Removals of undergrowth occur commonly in these forests, yet the ecological consequences of these operations are poorly understood. We sampled ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and vascular plants along 20-m edge gradients in Finnish urban forests, in five stands treated 0.5−2.5 years earlier with undergrowth removal and in five untreated stands. We hypothesized that undergrowth removal and...

Data from: Size‐dependent stress response in juvenile Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) under prolonged predator conditioning

Raine Kortet, Mika V.M. Laakkonen, Jouni Tikkanen, Anssi Vainikka & Heikki Hirvonen
Predator conditioning can be used to improve post-release antipredator recognition of hatchery-reared salmonids. However, possible negative stress-related effects of prolonged predator conditioning on juvenile fish physiology are poorly understood. We studied the effects of prolonged (91 days) predator odour exposure on whole-body cortisol level and spleen size in six full-sib families of juvenile hatchery-bred Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus). Chemical cues from water containing charr-fed pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) were used as the predator exposure stimuli, and...

Data from: Carbon dioxide and methane fluxes from different surface types in a created urban wetland

Xuefei Li, Outi Wahlroos, Sami Haapanala, Jukka Pumpanen, Harri Vasander, Anna Ojala1, Timo Vesala & Ivan Mammarella
Many wetlands have been drained due to urbanization, agriculture, forestry or other purposes, which has resulted in losing their ecosystem services. To protect receiving waters and to achieve services such as flood control and stormwater quality mitigation, new wetlands are created in urbanized areas. However, our knowledge of greenhouse gas exchange in newly created wetlands in urban areas is currently limited. In this paper we present measurements carried out at a created urban wetland in...

Data from: Early wasp plucks the flower: disparate extant diversity of sawfly superfamilies (Hymenoptera: 'Symphyta') may reflect asynchronous switching to angiosperm hosts

Tommi Nyman, Renske E. Onstein, Daniele Silvestro, Saskia Wutke, Andreas Taeger, Niklas Wahlberg, Stephan Blank & Tobias Malm
The insect order Hymenoptera originated during the Permian nearly 300 million years ago. Ancestrally herbivorous hymenopteran lineages today make up the paraphyletic suborder 'Symphyta,' which encompasses circa 8200 species with very diverse host-plant associations. We used phylogeny-based statistical analyses to explore drivers of diversity dynamics within the 'Symphyta,' with a particular focus on the hypothesis that diversification of herbivorous insects has been driven by the explosive radiation of angiosperms during and after the Cretaceous. Our...

Data for: Phytochemical shift from condensed tannins to flavonoids in transgenic Betula pendula decreases consumption and growth but improves growth efficiency of Epirrita autumnata larvae

Paula Thitz, Lauri Mehtätalo, Panu Välimäki, Tendry Randriamanana, Mika Lännenpää, Ann E. Hagerman, Tommi Andersson, Riitta Julkunen-Tiitto & Tommi Nyman
Despite active research, antiherbivore activity of specific plant phenolics remains largely unresolved. We constructed silver birch (Betula pendula) lines with modified phenolic metabolism to study the effects of foliar flavonoids and condensed tannins on consumption and growth of larvae of a generalist herbivore, the autumnal moth (Epirrita autumnata). We conducted a feeding experiment using birch lines in which expression of dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR), anthocyanidin synthase (ANS) or anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) had been decreased by RNA...

Initial application of the noise-sorted scanning clustering algorithm to the analysis of composition-dependent organic aerosol thermal desorption measurements

Christopher Cappa, Ziyue Li, Emma D'Ambro, Siegfried Schobesberger, John Shilling, Felipe Lopez-Hilfiker, Jiumeng Liu, Cassandra Gaston & Joel Thornton
The FIGAERO-CIMS (Filter Inlet for Gases and AEROsols + chemical ionization mass spectrometer) measures thermal desorption profiles for individual ions evolved from evaporation of organic aerosol components. Often, hundreds of individual thermograms are obtained, reflecting the compositional complexity of organic aerosol. We have developed a novel clustering algorithm, Noise-Sorted Scanning Clustering (NSSC), that provides a robust, reproducible analysis of the FIGAERO temperature-dependent mass spectral data. The NSSC allows for determination of thermal profiles for compositionally...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    8

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    8

Affiliations

  • University of Eastern Finland
    8
  • University of Oulu
    2
  • University of Helsinki
    2
  • Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research
    2
  • University of Turku
    2
  • University of Washington
    1
  • Lund University
    1
  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
    1
  • University of Gothenburg
    1
  • Tofwerk (Switzerland)
    1