Homogeneous horizontal and vertical seismic barriers: mathematical foundations and dimensional analysisV.A. Bratov, A.V. Ilyashenko, S.V. Kuznetsov, T.-K. Lin & N.F. Morozov
The concept of a vertical barrier embedded in soil to protect from seismic waves of the Rayleigh type is discussed. Horizontal barriers are also analyzed. The principle idea for such a barrier is to reflect and scatter energy of an oncoming wave by the barrier, thus decreasing the amplitude of surface vibrations beyond the barrier. Numerical FE simulations of a plane model are presented and discussed.
Digital elevation models (DEMs) are extensively used in hydrological modelling and deriving the geomorphological properties of catchments. Recently, hydrologists have shown interest in researching the effects of DEMs from different sources on simulated outputs. As part of these efforts, this study aimed at evaluating the effects of DEM and algorithm selection on geomorphologic instantaneous unit hydrographs (GIUH)-Nash model based direct surface runoff predictions from ungauged Debarwa river catchment in Eritrea. Four open-source DEMs and two...