375 Works

Homeobox A5 activates p53 pathway to inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of adrenocortical carcinoma cells by inducing Aldo-Keto reductase family 1 member B10 expression

Danyan Chen, Zhaonan Shen, Xi Cheng, Qi Wang, Junlin Zhou, Fang Ren, Yue Sun, Hongman Wang & Rongxi Huang
Aldo-Keto Reductase Family 1 Member B10 (AKR1B10) and Homeobox A5 (HOXA5) are both down-regulated in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), and HOXA5 is predicted to bind to the promoter of AKR1B10. We aimed to investigate whether HOXA5 could bind to AKR1B10 to regulate ACC cells proliferation and apoptosis. The expression of AKR1B10 and HOXA5 in ACC patients and the relationship of their expression between ACC prognosis were evaluated by searching database. Then, NCI-H295R cells were overexpressed to...

Down-regulation of HLA-DRs and HLA-DPs reflects the deficiency of antigen-presenting cells in endometrium from infertile women with and without ovarian endometriosis

Li Jiang, Xi Wang, Tingting Zhang, Huan Chen, Zhangming Wei, Tianjiao Li, Yuqing Wu, Zeying Li & Xiaoling Fang
This study aimed to explore common molecular changes in the infertile endometrium from women with and without endometriosis (EM). By analyzing the dataset GSE120103 from Gene Expression Omnibus, a total of 3252 shared differentially expressed genes were identified between ovarian EM in infertile vs. fertile endometrium and EM-free infertile vs. fertile endometrium. In addition, the gene annotation and pathway analysis of the shared differentially expressed genes with the same expression trend indicated that the pathway...

A pilot study of thiamin and folic acid in hemodialysis patients with cognitive impairment

Renhua Lu, Yan Fang, Yijun Zhou, Miaolin Che, Jianxiao Shen, Qian Liu, Haifen Zhang, Shuting Pan, Yan Lin, Qin Wang, Shan Mou, Zhaohui Ni & Leyi Gu
This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of thiamin and folic acid supplementation on the improvement of the cognitive function in patients with maintenance hemodialysis. In the present study, we randomly assigned patients undergoing hemodialysis who had the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score lower than 26 to treatment group (n = 25, thiamin 90 mg/day combined with folic acid 30 mg/day) or control group (n = 25, nonintervention). All subjects were followed up for 96...

Quasispecies of SARS-CoV-2 revealed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis

Rongsui Gao, Wenhong Zu, Yang Liu, Junhua Li, Zeyao Li, Yanling Wen, Haiyan Wang, Jing Yuan, Lin Cheng, Shengyuan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shuye Zhang, Weilong Liu, Xun Lan, Lei Liu, Feng Li & Zheng Zhang
New SARS-CoV-2 mutants have been continuously indentified with enhanced transmission ever since its outbreak in early 2020. As an RNA virus, SARS-CoV-2 has a high mutation rate due to the low fidelity of RNA polymerase. To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) dynamics of SARS-CoV-2, 158 SNPs with high confidence were identified by deep meta-transcriptomic sequencing, and the most common SNP type was C > T. Analyses of intra-host population diversity revealed that intra-host quasispecies’...

Amniotic fluid and urine metabolomic alterations associated with pregnant women with Down syndrome fetuses

Xiaohang Chen, Liang Hu, Jinjiang Su, Xiaoyi Liu, Xiaojin Luo, Yuanyuan Pei, Yushan Gao & Fengxiang Wei
Down syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal disorder caused by a third copy of all or part of chromosome 21. Clinical observations and preclinical studies both suggest that DS may be associated with significant metabolic and bioenergetic alterations. But the metabolic alterations in pregnant women carrying DS fetuses still remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the characteristic metabolomics and lipidomics changes during fetal development of DS. The AF and random urine specimens were selected from...

Cement Catalyzed Valorization of Rice Straw into Upgraded Bio-Oil and Fuel Gases Using Pyrolysis Reactions

Ikram Uddin, Guijin Wang, Deyang Gao, Ning Li, Zahid Hussain & Baolin Hou
Rice straw is one of the major agricultural residues that is generated enormously in Asian countries. Thus, it is critical to develop an efficient process of converting this residue into valuable compounds in replacing fossil-based products. Herein, we developed an economically viable cement catalyst to pyrolyze the rice straw into bio-oil and fuel gas in a batch-type reactor. Under the optimized conditions, the maximum bio-oil yield of 41.07 wt.%, and gas yield of 30.53 wt.%...

Calcineurin-mediated intracellular organelle calcium homeostasis is required for the survival of fungal pathogens upon extracellular calcium stimuli

Chi Zhang, Yiran Ren, Huiyu Gu, Lu Gao, Yuanwei Zhang & Ling Lu
In eukaryotes, calcium not only is an essential mineral nutrient but also serves as an intracellular second messenger that is necessary for many physiological processes. Previous studies showed that the protein phosphatase-calcineurin protects fungi from toxicity caused by the extracellular calcium; however, little is known about how calcineurin mediates the cellular physiology process for this function. In this study, by monitoring intracellular calcium, particularly by tracking vacuolar calcium dynamics in living cells through a novel...

Comparison of the accelerating effect of graphene oxide and graphene on anaerobic transformation of bisphenol F by Pseudomonas sp. LS

Hong Lu, Jingyi Li, Ze Fu, Xiaolei Wang, Jiti Zhou & Jing Wang
It was found that bisphenol F (BPF) could be anaerobically transformed to 4,4-dihydroxybenzophenone using nitrate as an electron acceptor by Pseudomonas sp. LS. However, BPF removal was a slow process under anaerobic conditions. In the present study, effects of graphene oxide (GO) and graphene on the anaerobic transformation of BPF were studied in detail. Results showed that GO (2-10 mg/L) and graphene (2-20 mg/L) could increase anaerobic biotransformation rate of BPF. For GO-mediated system, GO...

Comparison of the accelerating effect of graphene oxide and graphene on anaerobic transformation of bisphenol F by Pseudomonas sp. LS

Hong Lu, Jingyi Li, Ze Fu, Xiaolei Wang, Jiti Zhou & Jing Wang
It was found that bisphenol F (BPF) could be anaerobically transformed to 4,4-dihydroxybenzophenone using nitrate as an electron acceptor by Pseudomonas sp. LS. However, BPF removal was a slow process under anaerobic conditions. In the present study, effects of graphene oxide (GO) and graphene on the anaerobic transformation of BPF were studied in detail. Results showed that GO (2–10 mg/L) and graphene (2–20 mg/L) could increase the anaerobic biotransformation rate of BPF. For GO-mediated system,...

Efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for treating advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis of phase II and III randomized controlled trials

Tianyao Gong, Lei Liu, Yufei Liu, Ke Liu, Yang Yang, Liuying Li & Chuantao Zhang
We conducted a meta-analysis to systematically review the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for advanced NSCLC. Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) treated with pembrolizumab till July 2021. Seven RCTs and 3988 patients were included. Our analysis suggests that pembrolizumab was more effective at improving PFS (HR, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.43–0.79; p = 0.0005), OS (HR, 0.65; 95% CI: 0.55–0.76; p < 0.00001) and ORR (RR, 1.85; 95% CI: 1.64–2.09; p < 0.00001)...

A novel genetic variant potentially altering the expression of MANBA in the cerebellum associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Han Chinese children

Xinzhen Chen, Ting Yao, Jinliang Cai, Qi Zhang, Shanyawen Li, Huiru Li, Xihang Fu & Jing Wu
To obtain additional insight into the genetic factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). First, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) integrating human cerebellum-specific variant-expression/splicing correlations to identify ADHD susceptibility genes. Then, the associations between expression/splicing quantitative trait loci (eQTLs/sQTLs) of the transcriptome-wide significant genes and ADHD were observed in a case-control study of Han Chinese children. Furthermore, dual luciferase reporter gene assays were performed to validate the regulatory function of ADHD risk variants....

Cerclage placement in twin pregnancies with cervical dilation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Jingjing Su, Dan Li, Yuanyuan Yang, Yunxia Cao & Zongzhi Yin
Existing guidelines and studies on the benefits of cerclage in twin pregnancies with a dilated cervix have low reliability and inconsistent conclusions. New randomized control trials and cohort studies focusing on twin pregnancies with cervical insufficiency were published recently. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to compare outcomes of cerclage placement and expectant treatment in twin pregnancies with a dilated cervix using recent data. We screened the PubMed, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cochrane Library databases to...

Tumor-associated neutrophils activated by tumor-derived CCL20 (C-C motif chemokine ligand 20) promote T cell immunosuppression via programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) in breast cancer

Louis Boafo Kwantwi, Shujing Wang, Wenjun Zhang, Weidong Peng, Zeyu Cai, Youjing Sheng, Han Xiao, Xian Wang & Qiang Wu
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women despite the significant improvement in diagnosis and treatment. Tumor-associated neutrophils have been shown to suppress antitumor functions of the host. However, how breast cancer tumor microenvironment influences the phenotype and functions of neutrophils to potentiate T cell immunosuppression is unknown. Herein, neutrophils isolated from peripheral blood of healthy donors were treated with supernatants from breast cancer cell lines or recombinant human CCL20. PD-L1 expression...

Identification of a 3-gene signature based on differentially expressed invasion genes related to cancer molecular subtypes to predict the prognosis of osteosarcoma patients

Yue Wan, Ning Qu, Yang Yang, Jing Ma, Zhe Li & Zhenyu Zhang
Invasion is a critical pathway leading to tumor metastasis. This study constructed an invasion-related polygenic signature to predict osteosarcoma prognosis. We initially determined two molecular subtypes of osteosarcoma, Cluster1 (C1) and Cluster2 (C2).. A 3 invasive-gene signature was established by univariate Cox analysis and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) Cox regression analysis of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the two subtypes, and was validated in internal and two external data sets (GSE21257...

The microRNA-451a/chromosome segregation 1-like axis suppresses cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and induces apoptosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Yi Luo, Xiu Qu, Dan Kan & Binlin Cai
MicroRNA-451a (miR-451a) has been implicated in the initiation and progression of multiple cancers. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying its function in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are poorly understood. Thus, we investigated in detail the role of the microRNA-451a/chromosome segregation 1-like (miR-45a/CSE1L) axis and its regulatory mechanism in NPC. We examined the levels of miR-451a and CSE1L in NPC, and assessed the effects of miR-451a and CSE1L on NPC by cell functional experiments. Furthermore, we elucidated the...

Gene mining to discover pumpkin response genes to gummy stem blight infection caused by Stagonosporopsis cucurbitacearum

Qian Zhao, Zhenping Gong, Shukun Jiang, Zhugang Li, Liyan Zhang, Lizhi Wang, Xianli Yang, Mingxian Li, Zhongjie Li, Liyong Chi, Rui Li, Chao Yan, Yongcai Lai & Jianzhong Wu
Pumpkin is one of the region’s main cashcrops in northeast China cultivated for its edible seed and sarcocarp. Gummy stem blight (GSB), caused by the main pathogenic fungus of Stagonosporopsis cucurbitacearum (Sc.) which was identified in our previous study, has hampered pumpkin industry development with the affection of its reduced biological yield and edible quality. To clear the plant immune response mechanisms against Sc. infection, RNA-seq technology was employed to sequence pumpkin leaf transcriptome, the...

Identification and validation of long non-coding RNA associated ceRNAs in intrauterine adhesion

Jingni Zhang, Peng Jiang, Yuan Tu, Ning Li, Yuzhen Huang, Shan Jiang, Wei Kong & Rui Yuan
Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is an endometrial fibrotic disease with unclear pathogenesis. Increasing evidence suggested the important role of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in diseases. This study aimed to identify and verify the key long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) associated-ceRNAs in IUA. The lncRNA/mRNA expression file was obtained by transcriptome sequencing of IUA and normal samples. The microRNAs expression date was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differential expressions of mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs were analyzed...

The significant immune escape of pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron

Li Zhang, Qianqian Li, Ziteng Liang, Tao Li, Shuo Liu, Qianqian Cui, Jianhui Nie, Qian Wu, Xiaowang Qu, Weijin Huang & Youchun Wang
The emergence of Omicron/BA.1 has brought new challenges to fight against SARS-CoV-2. A large number of mutations in the Spike protein suggest that its susceptibility to immune protection elicited by the existing COVID-19 infection and vaccines may be altered. In this study, we constructed the pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron. The sensitivity of 28 serum samples from COVID-19 convalescent patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 original strain was tested against pseudotyped Omicron as well as the other variants...

The microRNA-451a/chromosome segregation 1-like axis suppresses cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and induces apoptosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Yi Luo, Xiu Qu, Dan Kan & Binlin Cai
MicroRNA-451a (miR-451a) has been implicated in the initiation and progression of multiple cancers. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying its function in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) are poorly understood. Thus, we investigated in detail the role of the microRNA-451a/chromosome segregation 1-like (miR-45a/CSE1L) axis and its regulatory mechanism in NPC. We examined the levels of miR-451a and CSE1L in NPC, and assessed the effects of miR-451a and CSE1L on NPC by cell functional experiments. Furthermore, we elucidated the...

Two types of immune infiltrating cells and six hub genes can predict the occurrence of myasthenia gravis in patients with thymoma

Ziyou Tao, Chao Lu, Shuai Gao, Peng Zhang, Yuan Chen, Yuanguo Wang, Zhaoyu Yang, Kai Xiong & Yuxin Liu
Thymoma is the most common primary mass in anterior mediastinum. Although associated with low malignancy, it is often accompanied by myasthenia gravis resulting in poor prognosis. Due to the dual factors of tumor immune tolerance and autoimmune reaction, it is urgent to understand the immune status of MG with thymoma. In this study, RNA sequencing data were obtained from the TCGA and GEO cohorts to identify differentially expressed messenger RNAs and infiltrated immune cells. A...

Circular RNA erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 assuages ultraviolet irradiation-induced apoptosis of lens epithelial cells by stimulating 5’-bisphosphate nucleotidase 1 in a miR-24-3p-dependent manner

Cuiyun Zhou, Xiaoqiong Huang, Xia Li & Yan Xiong
Apoptosis of lens epithelial cells contributed to the formation of age-related cataract (ARC), and previous data revealed that circular RNA (circRNA) was responsible for the underneath mechanism. The study was organized to explore the role of circular RNA erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 (circ_EPB41) in ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-induced apoptosis of lens epithelial cells. SRA01/04 cells were irradiated with UV to mimic ARC cell model. The RNA levels of circ_EPB41, microRNA-24-3p (miR-24-3p) and 3ʹ(2ʹ), 5ʹ-bisphosphate nucleotidase...

Up-regulation of S100P predicts the poor long-term survival and construction of prognostic signature for survival and immunotherapy in patients with pancreatic cancer

Wenbo Zou, Lincheng Li, Zizheng Wang, Nan Jiang, Fei Wang, Minggen Hu & Rong Liu
Pancreatic cancer is associated with a high mortality rate, and the prognosis is positively related to immune status. In this study, we constructed a prognostic signature from survival- and immune-related genes (IRGs) to guide treatment and assess prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. The transcriptomic data were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, and IRGs were extracted from the ImmPort database. Univariate and LASSO regression analysis were used to obtain survival-related IRGs. Finally,...

Understanding the molecular mechanism of the effect of ginkgo folium on the treatment of IgA nephropathy using network pharmacology and molecular docking

Xue Ru, Yi Zhang, Yan Gao & Huaikun Wang
This work focused on identifying the molecular target of Ginkgo Folium (GF) for treating IgA nephropathy and underlying mechanism through network pharmacology (NP). The active components and targets of GF and targets associated with IgAN were obtained by TCMSP database, DrugBank etc. The key targets of GF against IgAN were searched by network topology. The drug-disease intersection targets were performed GO functional annotation as well as KEGG pathway analysis, and molecular docking (MD) was conducted...

Understanding the molecular mechanism of the effect of ginkgo folium on the treatment of IgA nephropathy using network pharmacology and molecular docking

Xue Ru, Yi Zhang, Yan Gao & Huaikun Wang
This work focused on identifying the molecular target of Ginkgo Folium (GF) for treating IgA nephropathy and underlying mechanism through network pharmacology (NP). The active components and targets of GF and targets associated with IgAN were obtained by TCMSP database, DrugBank etc. The key targets of GF against IgAN were searched by network topology. The drug-disease intersection targets were performed GO functional annotation as well as KEGG pathway analysis, and molecular docking (MD) was conducted...

Site-specific SUMOylation of viral polymerase processivity factor: a way of localizingtoND10 subnuclear domains for restricted and self-controlled reproduction of herpesvirus

Shuyan Lai, Mengqiong Xu, Yaohao Wang, Ruilin Li, Chuan Xia, Sisi Xia & Jun Chen
Lytic replication of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a member of β-herpesvirus, is a highly complicated and organized process that requires its DNA polymerase processivity factor, UL44, the first-reported HCMV replication protein subjected to SUMO post-translational modification (PTM). SUMOylation plays a pleiotropic role in protein functions of host cells and infecting viruses. Particularly, formation of herpesviral replication compartments (RCs) upon infection is induced in proximity to ND10 subnuclear domains, the host cell’s intrinsic antiviral immune devices and...

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