4,639 Works

Hepatoprotective mechanism of Silybum marianum on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease based on network pharmacology and experimental verification

Guoyan Jiang, Chunhong Sun, Xiaodong Wang, Jie Mei, Chen Li, Honghong Zhan, Yixuan Liao, Yongjun Zhu & Jingxin Mao
The study aimed to identify the key active components in Silybum marianum (S. marianum) and determine how they protect against nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). TCMSP, DisGeNET, UniProt databases, and Venny 2.1 software were used to identify 11 primary active components, 92 candidate gene targets, and 30 core hepatoprotective gene targets in this investigation, respectively. The PPI network was built using a string database and Cytoscape 3.7.2. The KEGG pathway and GO biological process enrichment,...

Uric acid, as a double-edged sword, affects the activity of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells by regulating aging process

Yuan Li, Linru Zhao & Wufang Qi
Uric acid (UA) is the main metabolite of the human body. Although UA is only a product of metabolism, it is important biological regulator. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) has important biological functions. However, so far, the effect of UA on EGF’s activity has not been revealed. For this, in the current study, we systematically studied the effect of OA on the biological activity of EGF. Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) were used as an...

Identification of circular RNAs and functional competing endogenous RNA networks in human proximal tubular epithelial cells treated with sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor dapagliflozin in diabetic kidney disease

Yi Song, Feng Guo, Yifan Liu, Fengjuan Huang, Xunjie Fan, Lin Zhao & Guijun Qin
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is a serious diabetes complication. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are novel anti-diabetes drugs that confer clinical renal protection. However, the molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here, human proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) were treated with normal glucose, high glucose, and anti-diabetes agents, including SGLT2i (dapagliflozin), metformin, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i, vildagliptin) and microarray analysis was performed. Firstly, a total of 2,710 differentially expressed circular RNAs (circRNAs) were identified. Secondly,...

Phosphorus in water: A review on the speciation analysis and species specific removal strategies

Yuqian Jia, Shuhui Sun, Shu Wang, Xing Yan, Jieshu Qian & Bingcai Pan
Elemental phosphorus (P) is key to all life forms on earth. Efficient P management and control in natural environments especially in water bodies is of paramount importance to the balance and stability of the ecosystem on both local and global scales. In the past decades, there have been numerous efforts devoted to the P analysis as well as on its efficient removal in water. However, natural occurrence of P species is in diverse forms with...

Stability of Ceylon spinach (Basella alba L.) seed protein extract and its effect on the microbiological, chemical and sensory quality of sturgeon fillets stored at 4 °C

Ying Zhang, Qing Zhang, Liang Gao, Kang Zhou, Shang Wu, Jiawei Han & Meng Gui
The antimicrobial activity and preservative effect of Ceylon spinach (Basella alba L.) seed protein extract on sturgeon fillets stored at 4°C were investigated in this study. The results showed that Ceylon spinach seed protein extract (CSSPE) had inhibitory effect on 33 microorganisms, including 1 fungus and 32 bacteria (25 gram-negative bacteria and 7 gram-positive bacteria). In addition, CSSPE inhibited bacterial growth (total viable counts, Pseudomonas, Aeromonas and psychrotrophs), suppressed ATP degradation and retained good-quality characteristic...

Comprehensive comparative analysis and expression profiles and effects on physiological response of DEAD-box RNA helicase genes in Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt under cold stress

LuLu Hao, Ying Zhang, Yin Li, Linxia Bai, Danfei Yue, Huiyu Zhang & Chunfang Zheng
The DEAD-box family has been shown to play an important role in a variety of abiotic stresses, but little is known in studies of mangrove plants. Here, the effects of cold stress on various physiological changes and the role of the DEAD-box RNA helicase family in response to cold stress were determined. First, we identified 73 DEAD-box RNA helicase family members in L. littorea. Second, the evolutionary relationships between the DEAD family in L. littorea...

Additional file 1 of A successful hybrid deep learning model aiming at promoter identification

Ying Wang, Qinke Peng, Xu Mou, Xinyuan Wang, Haozhou Li, Tian Han, Zhao Sun & Xiao Wang
Additional file 1. Supplementary Material for a Successful Hybrid Deep Learning Model aiming at Promoter Identification.

Comprehensive comparative analysis and expression profiles and effects on physiological response of DEAD-box RNA helicase genes in Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt under cold stress

LuLu Hao, Ying Zhang, Ying Li, Linxia Bai, Danfei Yue, Huiyu Zhang & Chunfang Zheng
The DEAD-box family has been shown to play an important role in a variety of abiotic stresses, but little is known in studies of mangrove plants. Here, the effects of cold stress on various physiological changes and the role of the DEAD-box RNA helicase family in response to cold stress were determined. First, we identified 73 DEAD-box RNA helicase family members in L. littorea. Second, the evolutionary relationships between the DEAD family in L. littorea...

Stachydrine is effective and selective against blast phase chronic myeloid leukaemia through inhibition of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases

Ruixin Gu, Wei Zhang & Dandan Xu
Resistance to BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is the cause of treatment failure in blast phase chronic myeloid leukaemia (BP-CML). Agents that act synergistically with BCR-ABL TKI are required to improve response. This work investigated the effects of stachydrine in CML. CML cells were treated with control or stachydrine at 20, 40 and 80 µM. Proliferation and apoptosis were examined after 72 h treatment. Combination studies were performed in four groups: control, TKI, stachydrine and...

Transcriptional Regulation of the Chicken ASMT Gene- A Preliminary Analysis

Jun Teng, Dan Wang, Wenwen Wang, Chao Ning, Qin Zhang & Hui Tang
1. Melatonin is an indole hormone that, among its myriad biological functions, regulates circadian and seasonal rhythms in animals. The ASMT gene plays an essential role in melatonin synthesis. However, in chickens, little is known about the regulatory elements governing its transcription. 2. The following study identified the transcription start site of the chicken ASMT gene by 5’-RACE. Then, the proximal minimal promoter was identified using a series of 5′ truncations of the ASMT promoter...

Vertical fate of Cd in soil under phytoremediation by Indian mustard and tall fescue

Hong Niu, Hang Wu, Xiaoya Wei, Ke Chen & Zixuan Pan
Soil columns were designed to investigate the vertical migration of Cd in Indian mustard (IM) and tall fescue (TF). The TF biomass was greater than the IM biomass, and the Cd content in IM was higher in the shoots but lower in the roots than that in TF. Both IM and TF released N and absorbed P and K during outdoor growth, differing from the results of the previous experiment in which plants were grown...

A short report of novel RARG-HNRNPM fusion gene in resembling acute promyelocytic leukemia

Yang Song, Jiangxue Hou, Li Wan, Kaiqi Liu, Chunlin Zhou, Shuning Wei, Guangji Zhang, Dong Lin, Yan Li, Qiuyun Fang, Yuntao Liu, Benfa Gong, Xiaoyuan Gong, Ying Wang, Hui Wei, Jianxiang Wang & Yingchang Mi
Resembling acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a unique subtype of APL who sharing clinical, morphological, and immunophenotypic features with typical APL, but lacking evidence of PML-RARA fusion gene and usually insensitive to arsenic trioxide (ATO) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). For years, RARA, RARB and RARG rearrangement were found in resembling APL continually. The confirmed partner genes of RARG rearrangement included CPSF6, NUP98, NPM1, PML, and HNRNPC. These patients were a group of resembling APL...

Epg5 deficiency leads to primary ovarian insufficiency due to WT1 accumulation in mouse granulosa cells

Wenwen Liu, Min Chen, Chao Liu, Liying Wang, Huafang Wei, Ruidan Zhang, Zhengxing Ren, Yinghong Chen, Mengcheng Luo, Jianguo Zhao, Hongwei Jiang, Fei Gao & Wei Li
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), also known as premature ovarian failure, is an ovarian defect in humans characterized by the premature depletion of ovarian follicles before the age of 40. However, the mechanisms underlying POI remain largely unknown. Here, we show that knockout of Epg5 (ectopic P-granules autophagy protein 5 homolog (C. elegans)) results in subfertility in female mice, which exhibit a POI-like phenotype. Single-cell RNA sequencing analysis revealed that the knockout of Epg5 affected the...

Mucosal-associated invariant T cells predict increased acute graft-versus-host-disease incidence in patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Zhao Wang, Sudong Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Li Liu, Lukun Zhou, Yuyan Shen, Rongli Zhang, Yi He, Donglin Yang, Erlie Jiang, Xiaoming Feng, Jiaxi Zhou, Tao Cheng, Mingzhe Han & Sizhou Feng
Abstract Background Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are innate-like T cells, some studies have reported that the number of circulating MAIT cells reduced in patients with acute graft-versus-host-disease (aGVHD) development. However, the role of donor MAIT cells on aGVHD development and subsequent functional change still remain unclear. Methods The study recruited 86 patients with hematological malignancies who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from May 1, 2018 to June 30, 2019. MAIT cells, their subset,...

Additional file 11 of Circular RNA circPVT1 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via the β-TrCP/c-Myc/SRSF1 positive feedback loop

Yongzhen Mo, Yumin Wang, Yian Wang, Xiangying Deng, Qijia Yan, Chunmei Fan, Shuai Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Zhaojian Gong, Lei Shi, Qianjin Liao, Can Guo, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Weihong Jiang, Wei Xiong & Bo Xiang
Additional file 11: Figure S2. circPVT1 promotes the migration and invasion of NPC in vitroand metastasis of NPCin vivo. A-B. The expression of circPVT1 were measured in CNE2 and 5-8F cells after transfection with the circPVT1 overexpression vector or circPVT1 siRNA. PVT1 expression was not affected in CNE2 and 5-8F cells after overexpresion or knockdown of circPVT. All experiments were repeated at least three times. Data were represented as mean ± SD. ***, p <...

Additional file 11 of Circular RNA circPVT1 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via the β-TrCP/c-Myc/SRSF1 positive feedback loop

Yongzhen Mo, Yumin Wang, Yian Wang, Xiangying Deng, Qijia Yan, Chunmei Fan, Shuai Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Zhaojian Gong, Lei Shi, Qianjin Liao, Can Guo, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Weihong Jiang, Wei Xiong & Bo Xiang
Additional file 11: Figure S2. circPVT1 promotes the migration and invasion of NPC in vitroand metastasis of NPCin vivo. A-B. The expression of circPVT1 were measured in CNE2 and 5-8F cells after transfection with the circPVT1 overexpression vector or circPVT1 siRNA. PVT1 expression was not affected in CNE2 and 5-8F cells after overexpresion or knockdown of circPVT. All experiments were repeated at least three times. Data were represented as mean ± SD. ***, p <...

Additional file 12 of Circular RNA circPVT1 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via the β-TrCP/c-Myc/SRSF1 positive feedback loop

Yongzhen Mo, Yumin Wang, Yian Wang, Xiangying Deng, Qijia Yan, Chunmei Fan, Shuai Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Zhaojian Gong, Lei Shi, Qianjin Liao, Can Guo, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Weihong Jiang, Wei Xiong & Bo Xiang
Additional file 12: Figure S3. circPVT1 promotes the migration and invasion of NPC cells through binding to β-TrCP. A. The secondary ion flow diagram of β-TrCP identified by mass spectrometry according to the peptide sequence (DFITALPAR) of β -TrCP.B. Schematic diagram of binding sites betweent circPVT1 and β-TrCP using the catRAPID website.The 230-280 nt of circPVT1 was predicted to bind to β-TrCP protein with high interaction score.C. The secondary structure of circPVT1 changed when 230-280...

Additional file 13 of Circular RNA circPVT1 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via the β-TrCP/c-Myc/SRSF1 positive feedback loop

Yongzhen Mo, Yumin Wang, Yian Wang, Xiangying Deng, Qijia Yan, Chunmei Fan, Shuai Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Zhaojian Gong, Lei Shi, Qianjin Liao, Can Guo, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Weihong Jiang, Wei Xiong & Bo Xiang
Additional file 13: Figure S4. The WD40 repeat domain of β-TrCP interacts with circPVT1. A. The functional domain of the of β-TrCP proteins are illustrated (top), including the F-box domain and the WD40 domain. The expressing plasmids for full-length β-TrCP or truncated fragments (F-box and WD40) were constructed and confirmed using anti-Flag antibody. B. Wound healing assay showed that overexpression of β-TrCP inhibited NPC cells migration. Data were represented as mean ± SD. ***, p...

Additional file 14 of Circular RNA circPVT1 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via the β-TrCP/c-Myc/SRSF1 positive feedback loop

Yongzhen Mo, Yumin Wang, Yian Wang, Xiangying Deng, Qijia Yan, Chunmei Fan, Shuai Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Zhaojian Gong, Lei Shi, Qianjin Liao, Can Guo, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Weihong Jiang, Wei Xiong & Bo Xiang
Additional file 14: Figure S5. c-Myc is ubiquitinated substrate of β-TrCP. A. The expression of β-TrCP was examined in CNE2 and 5-8F cells after overexpression or knockdown of circPVT1 using western blotting.B. The β-TrCP binding proteins were identified in CNE2 cells by immunoprecipitation followed by LC-MS/MS.C. The interaction of c-Myc and β-TrCP was predicted by Molecular Docking ( http://hdock.phys.hust.edu.cn/ ). The blue part is the WD40 repeat domain of β-TrCP.D. The expression of c-Myc was...

Additional file 1 of Circular RNA circPVT1 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma metastasis via the β-TrCP/c-Myc/SRSF1 positive feedback loop

Yongzhen Mo, Yumin Wang, Yian Wang, Xiangying Deng, Qijia Yan, Chunmei Fan, Shuai Zhang, Shanshan Zhang, Zhaojian Gong, Lei Shi, Qianjin Liao, Can Guo, Yong Li, Guiyuan Li, Zhaoyang Zeng, Weihong Jiang, Wei Xiong & Bo Xiang
Additional file 1: Supplemental Table 1. Clinicopathological data of 60 NPC and 26 NPE tissues measured by qRT-PCR.

Additional file 1 of Metabolic differences in women with premature ovarian insufficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Wang-Yu Cai, Xi Luo, Wei Wu, Jianyuan Song, Ning-Ning Xie, Cuicui Duan, Xiao-Ke Wu & Jian Xu
Additional file 1: Supplementary Figure 1. Funnel plot in themeta-analysis on the association of waist circumference between prematureovarian insufficiency and control group. Supplementary Figure 2. Funnel plot in the meta-analysis on the association of systolic blood pressure betweenpremature ovarian insufficiency and control group. Supplementary Figure 3. Funnel plot in the meta-analysis on the association of diastolic blood pressurebetween premature ovarian insufficiency and control group. Supplementary Figure 4. Funnel plot in the meta-analysis on the association...

Additional file 2 of Metabolic differences in women with premature ovarian insufficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Wang-Yu Cai, Xi Luo, Wei Wu, Jianyuan Song, Ning-Ning Xie, Cuicui Duan, Xiao-Ke Wu & Jian Xu
Additional file 2: Supplementary table 1. PRISMA 2022 checklist.

AADAC protects colorectal cancer liver colonization from ferroptosis through SLC7A11-dependent inhibition of lipid peroxidation

Rongquan Sun, Zhifei Lin, Xiangyu Wang, Lu Liu, Meisi Huo, Rui Zhang, Jing Lin, Chao Xiao, Yitong Li, Wenwei Zhu, Lu Lu, Jubo Zhang & Jinhong Chen
Abstract Background Oxidative stress is a highly active metabolic process in the liver, that poses great threats to disseminated tumor cells during their colonization. Here, we aimed to investigate how colorectal cancer (CRC) cells overcome lipid peroxidation to sustain their metastatic colonization in the liver. Methods Orthotopic colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) and CRC liver colonization mouse models were constructed to determine the roles of lipid peroxidation and AADAC in CRC liver colonization. The levels of...

A novel subtype to predict prognosis and treatment response with DNA driver methylation–transcription in ovarian cancer.

Yan Hou, Kang Li, Liuying Wang, Shuang Li, Min Zhang,, Yue Huang, Meng Wang, Liuchao Zhang & Zhenyi Xu
TableS1. Clinical data of ovarian cancer patients from TCGA and ICGC.
TableS2.Identified DNA driver methylation (DNAme) in TCGA, ICGC and GSE146556.
TableS3. The correlation between DNAme and corresponding mRNA expression in TCGA, ICGC and GSE146556. TableS4.Analysis of pathway enrichment (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) of DNAme-associated mRNA in TCGA.
TableS5. Univariate Cox regression analysis of DNAme-associated mRNA. (P < 0.05)
TableS6. Analysis of pathway enrichment (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) of...

Additional file 1 of Genomic Architecture of Yield Performance of an Elite Rice Hybrid Revealed by its Derived Recombinant Inbred Line and Their Backcross Hybrid Populations

Fan Zhang, Conghe Zhang, Xiuqin Zhao, Shuangbing Zhu, Kai Chen, Guixiang Zhou, Zhichao Wu, Min Li, Tianqing Zheng, Wensheng Wang, Zhi Yan, Qinyong Fei, Zhikang Li, Jinjie Chen & Jianlong Xu
Additional file 1: Table S1. Phenotypic performance and heterosis of traits in Q9311B/WSSM RILs and backcross F1s (Q9311A × RIL).

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