23 Works

LT-Brazil: A database of leaf traits across biomes and vegetation types in Brazil

Eduardo Mariano, Taciana Gomes, Silvia Lins, Adibe Abdalla-Filho, Amin Soltangheisi, Maria Araújo, Rodrigo Almeida, Fernanda Augusto, Luiza Canisares, Siglea Chaves, Cristiane Costa, Thaís Diniz-Reis, Leonardo Galera, Melissa Martinez, Maristela Morais, Elen Perez, Lucas Reis, Carla Simon, Silvia Mardegan, Tomas Domingues, Raquel Miatto, Rafael Oliveira, Carla Reis, Gabriela Nardoto, Jens Kattge … & Luiz Martinelli
Motivation: Leaf traits represent an important component of plant functional strategies, and those related to carbon fixation and nutrient acquisition form the leaf economics spectrum. However, observations of functional leaf traits are underrepresented in tropical regions in comparison with those in temperate areas. Brazil, a country with continental scale and vast biodiversity is a timely example, where many biomes are impacted by human activities and climate change. However, leaf traits relevant to understand vegetation responses...

Vowel Harmony Viewed as Error-Correcting Code

Yvo Meeres & Tommi A. Pirinen

Hamburg Open Science 2018 - 2020

Stefan Thiemann

Towards a stable global Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) taxonomy

Kevin Keegan, Jadranka Rota, Reza Zahiri, Alberto Zilli, Niklas Wahlberg, B. Christian Schmidt, J. Donald Lafontaine, Paul Goldstein & David Wagner
The family Noctuidae is one of the world’s most diverse, ecologically successful, and economically important animal lineages; with over 12,000 species in ~1150 genera. We inferred a phylogeny based on eight protein-coding genes (>6,400 base pairs) for the global fauna, greatly expanding upon previous attempts to stabilize the higher classification of Noctuidae by sampling 70 of the 76 widely recognized family-group taxa: 20 of the 21 subfamilies, 32 of the 35 tribes, and 18 of...

Evaluating species delimitation methods in radiations: The land snail Albinaria cretensis complex on Crete

Sonja Bamberger, Jie Xu & Bernhard Hausdorf
Delimiting species in radiations is notoriously difficult because of the small differences between the incipient species, the star-like tree with short branches between species, incomplete lineage sorting, and the possibility of introgression between several of the incipient species. Next generation sequencing data may help to overcome some of these problems. We evaluated methods for species delimitation based on genome-wide markers in a land snail radiation on Crete. Species delimitation in the Albinaria cretensis group was...

Primordial GATA6 macrophages function as extravascular platelets in sterile injury

Joel Zindel, Moritz Peiseler, Mokarram Hossain, Carsten Deppermann, Woo Yong Lee, Beat Haenni, Bas Surewaard, Daniel Candinas & Paul Kubes
Most multicellular organisms have a major body cavity that harbors immune cells. In primordial species like purple sea urchins, these cells perform phagocytic functions but are also crucial in repairing injuries. In mammals, the peritoneal cavity contains large numbers of resident GATA6+ macrophages, which may play a similar role. It is unclear how cavity macrophages suspended in the fluid phase (peritoneal fluid) identify and migrate towards injuries, however. Here, we show that cavity macrophages in...

Plant diversity across small-scale boundaries

Pia Maria Eibes, Jens Oldeland, Severin David Howard Irl, Alina Twerski, Nicole Kühne & Ute Schmiedel
Questions: Habitat islands are often characterized by the presence of more or less sharp boundaries to adjacent matrix habitats. However, knowledge on boundaries of natural habitat islands is scarce, especially regarding patterns of beta diversity and its two underlying components: species turnover and nestedness. We therefore aim to quantify the effects of fine-scaled and sharp boundaries of quartz islands (quartz-gravel covered soils) on the different components of plant beta diversity and how they are linked...

Context-dependent dispersal determines relatedness and genetic structure in a patchy amphibian population

Bianca Unglaub, Hugo Cayuela, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Kathleen Preißler, Julian Glos & Sebastian Steinfartz
Dispersal is a central process in ecology and evolution with far reaching consequences for the dynamics and genetics of spatially structured populations (SSPs). Individuals can adjust their decisions to disperse according to local fitness prospects, resulting in context-dependent dispersal. By determining dispersal rate, distance, and direction, these individual-level decisions further modulate the demography, relatedness, and genetic structure of SSPs. Here, we examined how context-dependent dispersal influences the dynamics and genetics of a Great Crested Newt...

Supplementary data to “Alternative reproductive tactics are associated with sperm performance in invasive round goby from two different salinity environments”

Leon Green, Jan Niemax, Jens‐Peter Herrmann, Axel Temming & Charlotta Kvarnemo
During male-male competition, evolution can favor alternative reproductive tactics. This often results in a dominant morph that holds a resource, such as a nest for egg laying, competes with a smaller sneaker morph that reproduces by stealing fertilizations. The salinity environment can influence male growth rates, e.g. via osmoregulatory costs, which in turn may influence the use of sneaker tactics for small males competing for mating opportunities. Salinity can also affect sperm directly; however, little...

Data from: Sex differences in morphology across an expanding range edge in the flightless ground beetle, Carabus hortensis

Elisabeth Yarwood, Claudia Drees, Jeremy Niven, Marisa Gawel & Wiebke Schuett
Many species experience range shifts, contractions, and/or expansions. Often, morphological traits that increase movement capacity are observed in higher frequencies at the edge of an expanding or shifting range. Although traits observed at the range edge may differ between the sexes, sex differences in the distribution of morphological traits across species’ changing ranges are rarely studied. Here, we report pronotum width (as a proxy for body size) and body condition data from individual Carabus hortensis...

Data from: Strategic pheromone signalling by mate searching females of the sexually cannibalistic spider Argiope bruennichi

Katharina Weiss & Jutta M. Schneider
Reproduction often requires finding a mating partner. To this end, females of many arthropods advertise their presence to searching males via volatile chemical signals. Such pheromones are considered low-cost signals, although this notion is based on little evidence and has recently been challenged. Even when utilizing comparatively low-cost signals, females should signal as little as possible to minimize costs while still ensuring mate attraction. Here we test the strategic-signalling hypothesis using Argiope bruennichi. In this...

Survival data of five artificial morphs with different transparency characteritics

Mónica Arias, Lucie Leroy, Clément Madec, Louane Matos, Cynthia Tedore, Marianne Elias & Doris Gomez
Fieldwork data of artificial prey survival of five different morphs with differences in their transparent element characteristics: O (opaque, 0 transparency), SW (small transparent windows), LW (large transparent windows), BE (large windows touching one prey edge) and B3E (large windows touching 3 prey edges). The experiment was performed in in two forests in southern France with evergreen and white oaks as predominant tree vegetation: La Rouvière forest (43.65°N, 3.64°E) and a large natural wooded area...

Macronutritional composition of Swedish moose rumen samples collected 2014/15

Annika Felton, Hilde Wam, Adam Felton, Stephen Simpson, Caroline Stolter, Per-Ola Hedwall, Jonas Malmsten, Torsten Eriksson, Mulualem Tigabu & David Raubenheimer
At northern latitudes, large spatial and temporal variation in the nutritional composition of available foods poses challenges to wild herbivores trying to satisfy their nutrient requirements. Studies conducted in mostly captive settings have shown that animals from a variety of taxonomic groups deal with this challenge by adjusting the amounts and proportions of available food combinations to achieve a target nutrient balance. In this study, we used proportions-based nutritional geometry to analyse the nutritional composition...

De novo genome assembly of Leptodactylus fuscus

Lu Yang, Peter Andolfatto, Andrew Crawford, Santiago Herrera-Álvarez, Maríadel Pilar Rodríguez-Ordoñez, Julie Peng, Shabnam Mohammadi, Jay Storz, Arbel Harpak & Susanne Dobler
This presents a de novo genome assembly of Leptodactylus fuscus. High molecular weight DNA was extracted from a L. fuscus embryo which had been preserved in ethanol upon collection in Garzón, Huila, Colombia. The library was prepared and sequenced with 10X Genomics Chromium. Linked reads were processed by Long Ranger basic v2.2.2 and assembled with Supernova v2.1.1. The assembled genome is 2.42 Gb with 16,530 scaffolds >=10 kb, and scaffold N50 = 363 kb. The...

Data from: Concerted evolution reveals co-adapted amino acid substitutions in Na+K+ ATPase of frogs that prey on toxic toads

Shabnam Mohammadi, Lu Yang, Arbel Harpak, Santiago Herrera-Álvarez, María Del Pilar Rodríguez-Ordoñez, Julie Peng, Karen Zhang, Jay Storz, Susanne Dobler, Andrew Crawford & Peter Andolfatto
Gene duplication is an important source of evolutionary innovation, but the functional distinction between duplicates can be opposed by ongoing gene conversion between them. Here we document a tandem duplication of Na+,K+-ATPase subunit α1 (ATP1A1) sharedby frogs in the genus Leptodactylus,a group of species that feeds on toxic toads. One ATP1A1 paralog evolved resistance to toad toxins while the other paralog retained ancestral susceptibility. Frequent non-allelic gene conversion homogenized most of the paralog sequences,yet the...

Phylogenomic analysis reveals dispersal-driven speciation and divergence with gene flow in Lesser Sunda Flying Lizards (Genus Draco)

Sean Reilly, Alexander Stubbs, Evy Arida, Benjamin Karin, Umilaela Arifin, Hinrich Kaiser, Ke Bi, Djoko Iskandar & Jimmy McGuire
The Lesser Sunda Archipelago offers exceptional potential as a model system for studying the dynamics of dispersal-driven diversification. The geographic proximity of the islands suggests the possibility for successful dispersal, but this is countered by the permanence of the marine barriers and extreme intervening currents that are expected to hinder gene flow. Phylogenetic and species delimitation analyses of flying lizards (genus Draco) using single mitochondrial genes, complete mitochondrial genomes, and exome-capture data sets identified 9–11...

Herkunftsbestimmung von Keramik aus der Siedlung Taganrog am unteren Don durch Neutronenaktivierungsanalyse

Sabine Huy, Hans Mommsen & Ortwin Dally
Auf Basis von makroskopisch gebildeten Fabrikatsgruppen wurden aus dem Fundmaterial der Siedlung von Taganrog (Russische Föderation) 203 Keramikfragmente für eine Herkunftsbestimmung mittels der Neutronenaktivierungsanalyse (NAA) ausgewählt. Die Ergebnisse erweiterten die Erkenntnisse von bereits bekannten Herkunftsgruppen. Insbesondere zu Produktionsregionen von archaisch ostgriechischen Transportamphoren erzielten die NAA aus Taganrog neue Resultate. Das Verfahren bezeugte auch die Güte der angewandten Methode zur makroskopischen Analyse der Keramikfunde.

Data from: Sperm performance limits the reproduction of an invasive fish in novel salinities

Leon Green, Jan Niemax, Jens-Peter Herrmann, Axel Temming, Jane W. Behrens, Jonathan N. Havenhand, Erica Leder & Charlotta Kvarnemo
Aim: The few fish species able to reproduce across wide osmotic ranges either plastically acclimate sperm performance to, or are locally adapted to, different salinities. The invasive round goby (Neogobius melanostomus) is spreading in Eurasia and the Americas, into both fresh and brackish water. We aim to understand if reproduction in different salinities is affected an ability to acclimate. Location: Brackish and freshwater systems of northern Europe and the Baltic Sea. Methods: We cross-exposed round...

How to render species comparable taxonomic units through deep time: A case study on intraspecific osteological variability in extant and extinct Lacertid lizards

Emanuel Tschopp, James Napoli, Lukardis Wencker, Massimo Delfino & Paul Upchurch
Generally, the species is considered to be the only naturally occurring taxon. However, species recognised and defined using different species delimitation criteria cannot readily be compared, impacting studies of biodiversity through Deep Time. This comparability issue is particularly marked when comparing extant with extinct species, because the only available data for species delimitation in fossils is derived from their preserved morphology, which is generally restricted to osteology in vertebrates. Here, we quantify intraspecific, intrageneric, and...

Development time, adult body weight and fecundity of female Trichonephila senegalensis spiders

Nelli Lissowsky, Simona Kralj-Fišer & Jutta M. Schneider
Variation in life history traits within a population is caused by genetic, maternal and environmental factors. We explore high variability in development time, adult body weight and fecundity in females of the sexually-size dimorphic spider Trichonephila senegalensis. While their mothers originated from two habitats – strongly seasonal Namibia and mildly seasonal South Africa, we reared F1 females under standardized laboratory conditions. We find that a considerable part of the variability in recorded life-history traits is...

Different combinations of insect Na,K-ATPase α- and β-subunits enable fine-tuned adaptation to host plant toxins and tissue specific needs

Marlena Winter, Safaa Dalla, Vera Wagschal, Rohin Turjalei, Marlies Heiser & Susanne Dobler
Background Cardiac glycosides are known to fatally inhibit the Na,K-ATPase throughout the animal kingdom. Several animals, however, evolved target-site insensitivity by substitutions in the otherwise highly conserved cardiac glycoside binding pocket located on the Na,K-ATPase α-subunit. The minimal functional enzyme consist of an α- and a β-subunit, the latter considered mainly as a chaperone responsible for correct folding and membrane integration. We here analyze resistance to cardiac glycosides and kinetic properties of different Na,K-ATPase α/β-combinations...

Breaking force Spekia

Wencke Krings, Alexander Kovalev & Stanislav N. Gorb
One molluscan autapomorphy is the radula, the organ used for feeding. Here, for the first time, the performance and failure of taenioglossan radular teeth were tested in a biomechanical experiment which in turn allowed building hypotheses about tooth functionalities. Shear load was applied to tooth cusps with a force transducer until structural failure occurred, the broken area was measured, and finally breaking stress was calculated. These experiments were carried out under dry and wet conditions....

Data from: A brief history and popularity of methods and tools used to estimate micro-evolutionary forces

Jonathan Kidner, Panagiotis Theodorou, Martin Husemann, Jan Engler & Martin Taubert
Population genetics is a field of research that predates the current generations of sequencing technology. Those approaches, that were established before massively parallel sequencing methods, have been adapted to these new marker systems (in some cases involving the development of new methods) that allow genome-wide estimates of the four major micro-evolutionary forces – mutation, gene flow, genetic drift and selection. Nevertheless, classic population genetic markers are still commonly used and a plethora of analysis methods...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    23

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    20
  • Text
    2
  • Report
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Hamburg
    12
  • Universität Hamburg
    12
  • The University of Texas at Austin
    2
  • Columbia University
    2
  • Princeton University
    2
  • University of Gothenburg
    2
  • University of Chicago
    2
  • University of Paris-Saclay
    2
  • Universidad de Los Andes
    2
  • Wellcome Sanger Institute
    2