13 Works

Tracking the Near East origins and European dispersal of the house mouse

Thomas CUCCHI, Katerina Papayianni, Sophie Cersoy, Laetitia Aznar-Cormano, Antoine Zazzo, Régis Debruyne, Rémi Berthon, Adrian Bălășescu, Alan Simmons, François Valla, Yannis Hamilakis, Fanis Mavridis, Marjan Mashkour, Jamshid Darvish, Roohollah Siahsarvi, Fereidoun Biglari, Cameron A. Petrie, Lloyd Weeks, Alireza Sardari, Sepideh Maziar, Christiane Denys, David Orton, Emma Jenkins, Melinda Zeder, Jeremy B. Searle … & Jean-Denis Vigne
The house mouse (Mus musculus) is one of the most invasive mammals and an evolutionary model. However, the timing and components of its origin and dispersal remain poorly documented. To track its synanthropisation and subsequent biological invasion during the develoment of complex human societies, we analyzed 829 Mus specimens from 43 archaeological contexts in Southwestern Asia and Southeastern Europe, dating between 40,000 and 3,000 cal. BP, combining geometric morphometris numerical taxonomy with ancient mitochondrial DNA...

A study of the local entropy generation rate in a porous media burner

I. Mohammadi, J.A. Esfahani & K.C. Kim
In this paper, the work and performance of the premixed methane-air porous axisymmetrical burner have firstly been simulated numerically using the CFD tools. For this purpose the set of governing equations has been enriched by an additional energy equation in porous solid, and the chemical species transport has been extended onto the multi-step mechanism (GRI-2-11). This numerical model has been verified on the base of available benchmark experiments. Next, we have studied the local entropy...

Data from: Eurasian house mouse (Mus musculus L.) differentiation at microsatellite loci identifies the Iranian plateau as a phylogeographic hotspot

Emilie A. Hardouin, Annie Orth, Meike Teschke, Jamshid Darvish, Diethard Tautz & Francois Bonhomme
Background The phylogeography of the house mouse (Mus musculus L.), an emblematic species for genetic and biomedical studies, is only partly understood, essentially because of a sampling bias towards its most peripheral populations in Europe, Asia and the Americas. Moreover, the present-day phylogeographic hypotheses stem mostly from the study of mitochondrial lineages. In this article, we complement the mtDNA studies with a comprehensive survey of nuclear markers (19 microsatellite loci) typed in 963 individuals from...

Data from: Divergent clades or cryptic species? Mito-nuclear discordance in a Daphnia species complex

Anne Thielsch, Alexis Knell, Ali Mohammadyari, Adam Petrusek & Klaus Schwenk
Background: Genetically divergent cryptic species are frequently detected by molecular methods. These discoveries are often a byproduct of molecular barcoding studies in which fragments of a selected marker are used for species identification. Highly divergent mitochondrial lineages and putative cryptic species are even detected in intensively studied animal taxa, such as the crustacean genus Daphnia. Recently, eleven such lineages, exhibiting genetic distances comparable to levels observed among well-defined species, were recorded in the D. longispina...

Data from: Ecomorphological adaptation in three mudskippers (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Gobiidae) from the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman

Gianluca Polgar, Mehdi Ghanbarifardi, Salvatore Milli, Ainhoa Agorreta, Mansour Aliabadian, Hamid Reza Esmaeili & Tsung Fei Khang
We hypothesise that the body shapes of three mudskipper species (Boleophthalmus dussumieri, Periophthalmus waltoni, and Scartelaos tenuis) are ecomorphological adaptations to different epi- and infaunal habitats. We investigated: (i) the association between burrow density and selected ecological variables; (ii) the phylogenetic relationships among these species, based on two mtDNA and one nDNA markers; (iii) their geometric morphometrics and ancestral shape reconstructions, based on two-dimensional landmark configurations; and (iv) their body surface-to-volume ratios (SAV), based on...

The Study of Land Cover Changes in Iran Using Satellite Imagery of 2007 and 2017

Ali Gholami

Data from: Ostracods from the end-Permian mass extinction in the Aras Valley section (Northwest Iran)

Jana Gliwa, Marie-Béatrice Forel, Sylvie Crasquin, Abbas Ghaderi & Dieter Korn
The Aras Valley section (NW Iran) exposes a sedimentary succession that allows to study ostracod diversity patterns during/across the end-Permian mass extinction because of its ubiquitous fossil record. For the present study, 59 samples were investigated for their ostracod abundances, which ranged from 4 to 31500 specimens per 500 g. In 45 sample horizons, the ostracods were identified to the species-level. In total, 3,425 specimens were determined and 62 species were identified, of which one...

Data from: Signatures of human-commensalism in the house sparrow genome

Mark Ravinet, Tore Oldeide Elgvin, Cassandra Trier, Mansour Aliabadian, Andrey Gavrilov & Glenn-Peter Sætre
House sparrows (Passer domesticus) are a hugely successful anthrodependent species; occurring on nearly every continent. Yet, despite their ubiquity and familiarity to humans, surprisingly little is known about their origins. We sought to investigate the evolutionary history of the house sparrow and identify the processes involved in its transition to a human-commensal niche. We used a whole genome resequencing dataset of 120 individuals from three Eurasian species, including three populations of Bactrianus sparrows, a non-commensal,...

Does the intensive grazing and aridity change the relations between the dominant shrub Artemisia kopetdaghensis and plants under its canopies?

Soroor Rahmanian, Hamid Ejtehadi, Mohammad Farzam, Martin Hejda, Farshid Memariani & Petr Pysek
The inter-specific plant interactions along grazing and aridity stress gradients represent a major research issue in plant ecology. However, the combined effects of these two factors on plant-plant interactions have been poorly studied in the northeast of Iran. To fill this knowledge gap, 144 plots were established in 12 study sites with different grazing intensity (high vs. low) and climatic characteristics (arid vs. semi-arid) in northeastern Iran. A dominant shrub, Artemisia kopetdaghensis, was selected as...

Data from: Parallel plumage color evolution and introgressive hybridization in wheatears

Manuel Schweizer, Vera Warmuth, Niloofar Alaei Kakhki, Mansour Aliabadian, Marc Förschler, Hadoram Shirihai, Alexander Suh & Reto Burri
Genetic and phenotypic mosaics, in which various phenotypes and different genomic regions show discordant patterns of species or population divergence, offer unique opportunities to study the role of ancestral and introgressed genetic variation in phenotypic evolution. Here, we investigated the evolution of discordant phenotypic and genetic divergence in a monophyletic clade of four songbird taxa – pied wheatear (O. pleschanka), Cyprus wheatear (O. cypriaca), and western and eastern subspecies of black-eared wheatear (O. h. hispanica...

Regionally divergent drivers of historical diversification in the late Quaternary in a widely distributed generalist species, the common pheasant Phasianus colchicus

Yang Liu, Simin Liu, Edouard Jelen, Mansour Alibadian, Cheng-Te Yao, Xintong Li, Nasrin Kayvanfar, Yutao Wang, Farhad Vahidi, Jianlin Han, Gombobaatar Sundev, Zhengwang Zhang & Manuel Schweizer
Aim: Pleistocene climate and associated environmental changes have influenced phylogeographic patterns of many species. These not only depend on a species’ life history but also vary regionally. Consequently, populations of widespread species that occur in several biomes might display different evolutionary trajectories. We aimed to identify regional drivers of diversification in the common pheasant, a widely distributed ecological generalist. Study location Asia Taxon common pheasant Phasianus colchicus Methods Using a comprehensive geographic sampling of 204...

Genetic divergence, admixture and subspecific boundaries in a peripheral population of great tit, Parus major (Aves, Paridae)

Sahar Javaheri Tehrani, Laura Kvist, Omid Mirshamsi, Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri & Mansour Aliabadian
Secondary contact zones have been formed between several pairs of avian species and subspecies in northern and northeastern Iran during the post-Pleistocene and Holocene times. Three subspecies groups out of the four in the great tit (Parus major), namely, major, bokharensis and cinereus are supposed to have come into local or regional secondary contact in northeastern Iran. Parus major intermedius known from this region, has long been suggested to have a hybrid origin, stemming from...

Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness

Lauchlan H. Fraser, Jason Pither, Anke Jentsch, Marcelo Sternberg, Martin Zobel, Diana Askarizadeh, Sandor Bartha, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Jonathan A. Bennett, Alex Bittel, Bazartseren Boldgiv, Ilsi I. Boldrini, Edward Bork, Leslie Brown, Marcelo Cabido, James Cahill, Cameron N. Carlyle, Giandiego Campetella, Stefano Chelli, Ofer Cohen, Anna-Maria Csergo, Sandra Diaz, Lucas Enrico, David Ensing, Alessandra Fidelis … & Szilárd Szentes
The search for predictions of species diversity across environmental gradients has challenged ecologists for decades. The humped-back model (HBM) suggests that plant diversity peaks at intermediate productivity; at low productivity few species can tolerate the environmental stresses, and at high productivity a few highly competitive species dominate. Over time the HBM has become increasingly controversial, and recent studies claim to have refuted it. Here, by using data from coordinated surveys conducted throughout grasslands worldwide and...

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