5 Works

Mammals adjust diel activity across gradients of urbanization

Travis Gallo, Mason Fidino, Brian Gerber, Adam Ahlers, Julia Angstmann, Max Amaya, Amy Concilio, David Drake, Danielle Gray, Elizabeth Lehrer, Maureen Murray, Travis Ryan, Colleen St. Clair, Carmen Salsbury, Heather Sander, Theodore Stankowich, Jaque Williamson, Amy Belaire, Kelly Simone & Seth Magle
Time is a fundamental component of ecological processes. How animal behavior changes over time has been explored through well-known ecological theories like niche partitioning and predator-prey dynamics. Yet, changes in animal behavior within the shorter 24-hour light-dark cycle have largely gone unstudied. Understanding if an animal can adjust their temporal activity to mitigate or adapt to environmental change has become a recent topic of discussion and is important for effective wildlife management and conservation. While...

Connectivity strategy mapping in California

D. Richard Cameron, Carrie Schloss, David Theobald & Scott Morrison
Protecting or restoring habitat connectivity in landscapes undergoing rapid environmental change requires multiple conservation and restoration strategies. These strategies have different risk profiles, costs, and require various types of technical expertise to conduct. This diversity in landscape context and strategic approach requires more nuance and flexibility than traditional connectivity conservation plans have supported. We present a novel, spatially-explicit framework for developing connectivity conservation priorities and strategies based on Omniscape, an adaptation of Circuitscape, a common...

Ventenata Dubia Cover, forb diversity and forb richness

Scott Lukas, Brogan Watson, Lesley Morris, Sandra DeBano, Joshua Leffler & Heidi Schmalz
Questions: Grassland degradation due to agriculture, changing fire regimes, and invasive species negatively affects forb communities. Conserving forbs and the services they provide requires a better understanding of their responses to interacting disturbances. Although fire and livestock grazing are important disturbances, their effect on forb communities in the Pacific Northwest Bunchgrass Prairies is not fully understood. Our objectives were to: 1) determine how prescribed fire and livestock grazing influence forb community composition, cover, species richness,...

Bird predation and landscape context shape arthropod communities on broccoli

Joseph Taylor, Olivia Smith, William Snyder, Jeb Owen, Erin Wilson-Rankin, Max Edworthy, Christina Kennedy, Chris Latimer & William Snyder
Birds increase crop yields via consumption of pests in some contexts but disrupt pest control via intraguild predation in others. Landscape complexity acts as an inconsistent mediator, sometimes increasing, decreasing, or not impacting pest control. Here, we examined how landscape context and seasonal variation mediate the impact of birds on arthropod pests and natural enemies, leaf damage, and yields of broccoli (Brassica oleracea) on highly diversified farms that spanned the USA West Coast. Our study...

Data from: Spatial variation in the biotic and abiotic filters of oyster recruitment: Implications for restoration

Juan Ramon Esquivel-Muelbert, Brendan Lanham, Francisco Martinez-Baena, Katherine Dafforn, Paul Gribben & Melanie Bishop
Attempts to restore marine ecosystems are increasing, but the success of projects remains variable. For marine invertebrates, the establishment of self-sustaining populations requires a larval supply as well as conditions that permit recruitment. Abiotic and biotic conditions that determine recruitment can vary across environmental gradients and have opposing or reinforcing effects. We assessed how predation and tidal inundation influence recruitment of the reef-forming oyster, Saccostrea glomerata, at 15 sites, 5 estuaries and 8 degrees of...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    5

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    5

Affiliations

  • The Nature Conservancy
    5
  • California State University, Long Beach
    1
  • Lincoln Park Zoo
    1
  • University of Georgia
    1
  • Oregon State University
    1
  • University of Rhode Island
    1
  • South Dakota State University
    1
  • University of Alberta
    1
  • University of Nevada Reno
    1
  • Macquarie University
    1