562 Works

Genomic time-series data show that gene flow maintains high genetic diversity despite substantial genetic drift in a butterfly species

Zachariah Gompert, Amy Springer, Megan Brady, Samridhi Chaturvedi & Lauren Lucas
Effective population size affects the efficacy of selection, rate of evolution by drift, and neutral diversity levels. When species are subdivided into multiple populations connected by gene flow, evolutionary processes can depend on global or local effective population sizes. Theory predicts that high levels of diversity might be maintained by gene flow, even very low levels of gene flow, consistent with species long-term effective population size, but tests of this idea are mostly lacking. Here,...

Risk perceptions of extreme heat events at the state, county, and census tract level in the U.S.

Peter Howe, Jennifer R. Marlon, Xinran Wang & Anthony Leiserowitz
Project summary, description or abstract: This dataset contains model estimates of how Americans perceive the health risks of extreme heat events at the state, county, and census tract level in the U.S. Estimates are produced using a statistical model based on national survey data. These data are associated with the following publication: Howe, Peter D., Jennifer R. Marlon, Xinran Wang, and Anthony Leiserowitz. “Public perceptions of the health risks of extreme heat across U.S. states,...

Data from: Stability, electronic, and optical properties of two-dimensional phosphoborane

Alexander Boldyrev & Nikolay Tkachenko

Data from: Novel Strongly Correlated Europium Superhydrides

Alexander Boldyrev & Nikolay Tkachenko

Dataset for \"Attributes of Phragmites australis in response to climate change using a common garden study\"

Steve Young
The response of plant species to environmental change, including climate, is based on phenotypic plasticity. Empirical research can help in understanding how invasive plants adapt to changing conditions for successful establishment. Our goal was to assess the effect of environment of origin and ecotypic variation on phenotypic response of native and invasive Phragmites australis using morphological and ecophysiological measurements. We established a common garden study using seeds collected from Southwest, Midwest, and Great Lakes regions...

Data from: Boron-Made N2: Realization of a BB Triple Bond in the B2Al3- Cluster

Alexander Boldyrev & Nikita Fedik
Project reports B2Al3- cluster, which mimics triple bond N2 molecule.

Grand Staircase Escalante Economic Effects Data

Paul Jakus & Sherzod Akhundjanov
The designation of landscape-scale national monuments has generated intense debate as to whether their regional economic effects are positive or negative. National monuments can restrict land uses, thus favoring economic development based on the low-wage tourism industry relative to higher-wage extractive industries. Utah’s Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument has been managed for landscape-scale conservation whilst protecting existing valid uses. We assess post-designation trends in the ranching, mining, and tourism industries, after which pre- and post-designation paths...

Thirteen years of vegetation chronosequence data in ex-arable and undisturbed fields near Winthrop, Washington, USA

andrew kulmatiski & Karen Beard
Non-native plants have invaded much of the western United States over the past 100 years. Most of these invasive species are early-successional, yet they appear to persist for decades. The goal of this research was to describe non-native and native plant abundance in ex-arable and adjacent undisturbed fields over time.

GenBank 16S rDNA Sequences for Ca. Annandia pinicola, Ca. Gillettellia cooleyia, Ca. Hartigia pinicola, Ca. Profftia spp., Ca. Pseudomonas adelgestsugas from Taiwan, and Ca. Vallotia spp.

Carol von Dohlen, Usha Spaulding, Kistie B. Patch, Kathryn Weglarz, Robert G. Foottit, Nathan P. Havill & Gaelen R. Burke
The attached .csv file contains accession number, definition, and GenBank URL for 28 rDNA sequences: MF077637–MF077640 and MF098761 (‘Ca. Annandia pinicola’), MF077633–MF077636 (‘Ca. Gillettellia cooleyia’), MF077641–MF077645 (‘Ca. Hartigia pinicola’), MF108835-MF108838 (‘Ca. Profftia spp.’), MF098762 (‘Ca. Pseudomonas adelgestsugas from Taiwan), MF063340- MF063348 (‘Ca. Vallotia spp.’).

Impact of basal diet on obesity phenotype of recipient mice following fecal microbiome transfer from obese or lean human donors. Appendix D. Microbiome sequencing data

Daphne Rodriguez, Abby Benninghoff & Korry Hintze
The complete data set generated by 16S rRNA sequencing of all fecal samples analyzed is provided as a digital data .biom file accessible.

DNA methylation in lung tissues of mouse offspring exposed in utero to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Appendix E. Results of gene ontology analysis for differentially methylated genes

Trevor Fish & Abby Benninghoff
This Microsoft Excel document provides complete results for AgriGo gene ontology analyses of differentially methylated genes in the form of three tables, as follows: Table 1. AgriGO GO Slim Results for Biological Process, Molecular Function and Cellular Compartment for Sham, AdjDBC and TumDBC Tissues Table 2. AgriGO GO Slim Results for Biological Process, Molecular Function and Cellular Compartment for Sham, AdjBaP and TumBaP Tissues Table 3. AgriGO GO Slim Results for Biological Process, Molecular Function...

Genetic differentiation between two species of buckwheat (Eriogonum)

Paul G. Wolf & Jenessa B. Lemon
Discovering the extent of genetic differentiation between closely related taxa facilitates decisions regarding species protection under the Endangered Species Act. Here, we analyze genotype data to explore the relatedness of two buckwheat species: Eriogonum soredium Reveal- a narrow endemic under consideration for protection, and a widespread close relative, Eriogonum shockleyi S. Watson. Eriogonum soredium grows only on Ordovician limestone outcroppings in west central Utah, whereas the range of E. shockleyi is broad, spanning the western...

Developmental Trajectories of Aggression from Toddlerhood to Early Adolescence in Boys and Girls: Exploring Early Predictors and Later Outcomes

SuJung Park
Early behavior problems, such as childhood aggression, emerge in the second year of life and decrease prior to school entry for typically developing children. However, some children show frequent and persistent aggression and may be at risk for subsequent difficulties that lead to poor school and life outcomes. The current study aimed to identify aggression patterns in children from toddlerhood to early adolescence for boys and girls together and separately. This study also explored early...

Machine Learning Techniques as Applied to Discrete and Combinatorial Structures

Samuel David Schwartz
Machine Learning Techniques have been used on a wide array of input types: images, sound waves, text, and so forth. In articulating these input types to the almighty machine, there have been all sorts of amazing problems that have been solved for many practical purposes. Nevertheless, there are some input types which don’t lend themselves nicely to the standard set of machine learning tools we have. Moreover, there are some provably difficult problems which are...

The Rise of Populist Rhetoric and the Mainstreaming of a Party? Testing the Rhetorical Shifts Between Front National’s Presidents Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen

Muriel C. McGregor
Populist movements have been on the rise across Europe and the Americas. In France, the far right-wing party, Le Front National, has experienced recent growth in electoral success. Scholars of the Front National have in part attributed the party’s success to its increased use of populist rhetoric. This thesis examines the populist rhetoric used between the Front National’s past president Jean-Marie Le Pen and current president Marine Le Pen in order to test these scholarly...

Computational and Experimental Studies on Energy Storage Materials and Electrocatalysts

Jared B. Moss
With the growing global population comes the ever-increasing consumption of energy in powering cities, electric vehicles, and portable devices such as cell-phones. While the power grid is used to distribute energy to consumers, the energy sources needed to power the grid itself are unsustainable and inefficient. The primary energy sources powering the grid, being fossil fuels, natural gas, and nuclear, are unsustainable as the economically-accessible reserves are continually depleted in exchange for detrimental emissions and...

Crypto-Jewish Identity in the Inquisition of Mexico City

Suzanne E. Skinner
This thesis studies identity among a group of Roman Catholic converts and accused heretics in Mexico City, called Crypto-Jews. The areas of identity that were examined in depth were, religious identity, gender identity, and racial identity. The records that exist for Crypto-Jews in Mexico City are limited but can be found among the records of the Holy Office of the Inquisition. In order to study the documents of the Office of the Inquisition in Mexico...

Quantifying the Predictability of Evolution at the Genomic Level in Lycaeides Butterflies

Samridhi Chaturvedi
Stephen Jay Gould, a great scientist and evolutionary biologist, suggested that if we could replay the tape of life, we would not have observed similar course of events because evolution is stochastic and is affected by several events. Since then, the possibility that evolution is repeatable or predictable has been debated. Studies using large-scale evolution experiments, long-term data for individual populations, and controlled experiments in nature, have demonstrated phenotypic and genetic convergence in several taxa....

Newspaper Representations of Homelessness: A Temporal Comparative Analysis

Sarah Werman
This research focuses on the ways in which homelessness is discussed in two newspapers in a major city in the intermountain United States. I analyzed newspaper articles with the goal of understanding public discourse in two ideologically distinct newspaper venues. I examined the news media portrayal of the homeless in 752 articles in these two newspapers during two distinct six­-month time periods, one during which the city was nationally recognized as a major advocate for...

Couple Recovery from Problematic Pornography Use: A Phenomenological Study of Change Moments and Common Factors

Travis J. Spencer
Pornography use has been reported to have harmful effects on relationships and individuals. However, research on effective treatment for problematic pornography use (PPU) is limited. This manuscript reviews the previous treatment literature for PPU and highlights the gaps that need further study. Then, I discuss how I performed a qualitative study of 11 couples who had successfully been treated for PPU in order to analyze the key mechanisms of change that were employed in their...

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