The influence of statistical significance and spin on readers’ perception of clinical trial abstracts: a randomized trialSofyan Jankowski, Isabelle Boutron & Mike Clarke
Objectives: To assess the influence of a) the reported p-value being above or below 0.05 and b) the presence of spin on readers’ interpretation of the results presented in the abstract for a hypothetical trial. Setting: Health and research students or professionals from universities and health institutions in France and in the UK. Participants: 404 participants blinded to the study hypothesis were randomized to four groups using a 18.104.22.168 ratio, 297 completed the study. Interventions:...
1. Carrion is a frequent but overlooked source of nutrients to the soil. The decomposition of carrion is accelerated by invertebrate scavengers but the impact of the scavengers on below-ground biota and its functions is scarcely known. 2. We conducted a laboratory experiment to investigate the effects of the burying beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides on the soil community of a temperate broadleaved forest. We assembled microcosms from soil collected from an oak woodland and treated them...
How do children and adolescents experience healthcare professionals? Scoping review and interpretive synthesisGail Davison
Objective Explore children’s and adolescents’ (CADs’) lived experiences of healthcare professionals (HCPs). Eligibility criteria Research articles containing direct first-person quotations by CADs (aged 0-18 years inclusive) describing how they experienced HCPs. Scoping review methodology provided a six-step framework to, first, identify and organise existing evidence. Interpretive phenomenology provided methodological principles for, second, an interpretive synthesis of the life-worlds of CADs receiving healthcare, as represented by verbatim accounts of their experiences. Five key databases (Ovid MEDLINE,...
Building an ecologically-founded disease risk prioritization framework for migratory species based on contact with livestockMunib Khanyari, Sarah Robinson, Eric Morgan, Tony Brown, Navinder Singh, Albert Salemgareyev, Steffen Zuther, Richard Kock & E Milner-Gulland
1. Shared use of rangelands by livestock and wildlife can lead to disease transmission. To align agricultural livelihoods with wildlife conservation, a multi-pronged and interdisciplinary approach for disease management is needed, particularly in data-limited situations with migratory hosts. Migratory wildlife and livestock can range over vast areas, and opportunities for disease control interventions are limited. Predictive frameworks are needed which can allow for identification of potential sites and timings of interventions. 2. We developed an...
Sea freshening may drive the ecological impacts of emerging and existing invasive alien species datasetJames Dickey, Ross Cuthbert, Gregor Steffen, Jaimie Dick & Elizabeta Briski
Aim: The spread of invasive non-native species (INNS) will pose major threats to global biodiversity over the coming decades. However, predicting how key effects of climate change will influence the abilities of INNS to establish and exert ecological impact is a major challenge. One overlooked aspect of global change is the expected freshening of certain marine systems, which may interact with INNS and lead to drastic effects on community structure and stability. Location: Baltic Sea,...
Predation is a critical ecological process that directly and indirectly mediates population stabilities, as well as ecosystem structure and function. The strength of interactions between predators and prey may be mediated by multiple density-dependences concerning numbers of predators and prey. In temporary wetland ecosystems in particular, fluctuating water volumes may alter predation rates through differing search space and prey encounters rates. Using a functional response approach, we examined the influence of predator and prey densities...
Data from: A bird’s eye view on turbulence: Seabird foraging associations with evolving surface flow featuresLilian Lieber, Roland Langrock & William Alex Michael Nimmo-Smith
Understanding physical mechanisms underlying seabird foraging is fundamental to predict responses to coastal change. For instance, turbulence in the water arising from natural or anthropogenic structures can affect foraging opportunities in tidal seas. Yet, identifying ecologically important localised turbulence features (e.g. upwellings ~10-100 m) is limited by observational scale and this knowledge gap is magnified in volatile predators. Here, using a drone-based approach, we present the tracking of surface-foraging terns (143 trajectories belonging to three...
This dataset contains invertebrate and plant survey data described in the paper: "Arnott, A., Riddell, G., Emmerson, M., Caruso, T., Reid, N. (2021) Upland grassland habitats and agri-environment schemes change soil microarthopod abundance. J. Appl. Ecol" This study tested the effects of agri-environment scheme (AES) management of upland grasslands on soil microarthopod communities using a large-scale factorial field experiment across 90 field sites. Invertebrate families were extracted using Tullgren funnels, plant species were identified from...
This file contains the raw data and R-scripts used for the analysis published in the research article: "In utero accumulated steroids predict neonate anti‐predator response in a wild mammal" (https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13790). A full and detailed description of the methods can be found in the manuscript, or at request from the author (BA). The R-scripts can be used to follow all the steps taken in the analysis and fully reproduce the effects reported. The file contains data...
Biometric conversion factors as a unifying platform for comparative assessment of invasive freshwater bivalvesNeil Coughlan, Eoghan Cunningham, Ross Cuthbert, Patrick Joyce, Pedro Anastacio, Filipe Banha, Nicolás Bonel, Stephanie Bradbeer, Elizabeta Briski, Vincent Butitta, Zuzana Čadková, Jaimie Dick, Karel Douda, Lawrence Eagling, Noé Ferreira-Rodríguez, Leandro Hünicken, Mattias Johansson, Louise Kregting, Anna Labecka, Deliang Li, Florencia Liquin, Jonathan Marescaux, Todd Morris, Patrycja Nowakowska, Małgorzata Ożgo … & Francisco Sylvester
1. Invasive bivalves continue to spread and negatively impact freshwater ecosystems worldwide. As different metrics for body size and biomass are frequently used within the literature to standardise bivalve related ecological impacts (e.g. respiration and filtration rates), the lack of broadly applicable conversion equations currently hinders reliable comparison across bivalve populations. To facilitate improved comparative assessment amongst studies originating from disparate geographic locations, we report body size and biomass conversion equations for six invasive freshwater...
Limitations of using surrogates for behaviour classification of accelerometer data: refining methods using random forest models in CapridsEleanor Dickinson, Joshua Twining, Rory Wilson, Philip Stephens, Jennie Westander, Nikki Marks & Michael Scantlebury
Animal-attached devices can be used on cryptic species to measure their movement and behaviour, enabling unprecedented insights into fundamental aspects of animal ecology and behaviour. However, direct observations of subjects are often still necessary to translate biologging data accurately into meaningful behaviours. As many elusive species cannot easily be observed in the wild, captive or domestic surrogates are typically used to calibrate data from devices. However, the utility of this approach remains equivocal. Here, we...
Foams have frequently been used as systems for the delivery of cosmetic and therapeutic molecules; however, there is high variability in the foamability and long-term stability of synthetic foams. The development of pharmaceutical foams that exhibit desirable foaming properties, delivering appropriate amounts of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and that have excellent biocompatibility is of great interest. The production of stable foams is rare in the natural world; however, certain species of frogs have adopted...
Queen's University Belfast15
GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel3
Technological University Dublin2
University College Dublin2
Bernardino Rivadavia Natural Sciences Museum1
University of North Georgia1
Water Research Institute1
South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity1
National University of Salta1