45 Works

Domestication phenotype linked to vocal behavior in marmoset monkeys

Asif Ghazanfar, Lauren Kelly, Daniel Takahashi, Sandra Winters, Rebecca Terrett & James Higham
The domestication syndrome refers to a set of traits that are the incidental by-products of artificial selection for increased tolerance towards humans. One hypothesis is that some species like humans and bonobos “self domesticated”, that they have been under selection for that same suite of domesticated phenotypes. However, the evidence for this has been largely circumstantial. Here, we provide evidence that in marmoset monkeys, the size of a domestication phenotype—a white facial fur patch—is linked...

Larval site characteristics of mosquito Aedes aegypti in La Lope, Gabon

Siyang Xia, Hany K. M. Dweck, Joel Lutomiah, Rosemary Sang, Carolyn S. McBride, Noah H. Rose, Diego Ayala & Jeffrey R. Powell
This dataset is described and analyzed in the paper: "Xia, S., Dweck, H. K. M., Lutomiah, J., Sang, R., McBride, C. S., Rose, N. H., Ayala, D., & Powell, J. R. (2021). Larval sites of the mosquito Aedes aegypti formosus in forest and domestic habitats in Africa and the potential association with oviposition evolution. Ecology and Evolution, 00, 1– 17. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8332" The mosquito Ae. aegypti is a major vector of several arboviral diseases. In Africa,...

Imaginary Dostoyevsky «The House of the Dead» and American Prison Literature

Ilya Vinitsky
This essay focuses on the origins and mythologization of one of the most famous quotes which has been attributed to Fyodor Dostoevsky in the United States starting from the late 1960s. It has been cited, very often as an epigraph or a closing remark, by numerous American activists, lawyers, senators, judges, writers, journalists, and scholars (but tellingly, not by Dostoevsky experts). Borrowed, as it is believed, from Dostoevsky’s semi-autobiographical prison novel Notes from the Dead...

Shakespeare and Company Project Dataset: Lending Library Books

Joshua Kotin, Rebecca Sutton Koeser, Carl Adair, Serena Alagappan, Jean Bauer, Oliver J. Browne, Nick Budak, Harriet Calver, Jin Chow, Ian Davis, Gissoo Doroudian, Currie Engel, Elspeth Green, Benjamin Hicks, Madeleine E. Joelson, Carolyn Kelly, Sara Krolewski, Xinyi Li, Ellie Maag, Cate Mahoney, Jesse D. McCarthy, Mary Naydan, Isabel Ruehl, Sylvie Thode, Camey VanSant … & Clifford E. Wulfman
This dataset includes information about approximately 6,000 books and other items with bibliographic data as well as summary information about when the item circulated in the Shakespeare and Company lending library and the number of times an item was borrowed or purchased.

Shakespeare and Company Project Dataset: Lending Library Events

Joshua Kotin, Rebecca Sutton Koeser, Carl Adair, Serena Alagappan, Jean Bauer, Oliver J. Browne, Nick Budak, Harriet Calver, Jin Chow, Ian Davis, Gissoo Doroudian, Currie Engel, Elspeth Green, Benjamin Hicks, Madeleine E. Joelson, Carolyn Kelly, Sara Krolewski, Xinyi Li, Ellie Maag, Cate Mahoney, Jesse D. McCarthy, Mary Naydan, Isabel Ruehl, Sylvie Thode, Camey VanSant … & Clifford E. Wulfman
The events dataset includes information about approximately 33,700 lending library events including membership activities such as subscriptions, renewals and reimbursements and book-related activities such as borrowing and purchasing. For events related to lending library cards that are available as digital surrogates, IIIF links are provided.

New experimental support for long standing concepts of polygenic genetics implies that the Mendelian genetic paradigm needs to be revised

Diethard Tautz, Richard Reeves & Luisa F Pallares
The field of Genetics started flourishing after the rediscovery of the Mendelian laws of inheritance at the beginning of the 20th century. These laws are based on a discrete classification of phenotypes and their causative genes. Such a Mendelian way of thinking forms the foundation of modern molecular biology, with its experimental paradigm that a gene function is inferred from the knock-out of the gene. However, most phenotypes are not discrete. Human height, for example,...

Archives and Special Collections Linked Data: Navigating between Notes and Nodes

Erin Blake, Itza A. Carbajal, Regine Heberlein, Sarah Horowitz, Jason Kovari, VANESSA LACEY, Cory Lampert, Holly Mengel, Cory Nimer, Maria Oldal, Merrilee Proffitt, Nathan Putnam, Arielle Rambo, Elizabeth Roke, Eric de Ruijter, Dan Santamaria, Karen Smith-Yoshimura, Weatherly Stephan, Bruce Washburn & Chela Weber

Fluorescence Reconstruction Microscopy Data: MDCK (20x) DIC to Nuclei (DAPI) and E-Cadherin (RFP)

Julienne LaChance & Daniel Cohen
The data provided in this DataSpace consists of sample training data to be used for Fluorescence Reconstruction Microscopy (FRM) testing. We provide a subset of the MDCK (20x magnification) dataset used in our paper, in which interested parties may find more complete information about our data collection methods. Matched pairs of DIC and fluorescent images are given. The cells stably expressed E-cadherin:RFP which enabled imaging of junctional fluorescence, while the nuclei were stained using Hoechst...

The Molino Suite of Galaxy Mock Catalogs

CHANGHOON HAHN
The Molino suite contains 75,000 galaxy mock catalogs designed to quantify the information content of any cosmological observable for a redshift-space galaxy sample. They are constructed from the Quijote N-body simulations (Villaescusa-Navarro et al. 2020) using the standard Zheng et al. (2007) Halo Occupation Distribution (HOD) model. The fiducial HOD parameters are based on the SDSS high luminosity samples. The suite contains 15,000 mocks at the fiducial cosmology and HOD parameters for covariance matrix estimation....

Femtosecond X-ray Diffraction of Laser-shocked Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) to 122 GPa

DONGHOON KIM, Sally June Tracy, Raymond F. Smith, Arianna Gleason, Cynthia Bolme, Vitali Prakapenka, Karen Appel, Sergio Speziable, June Wicks, Eleanor Berryman, Sirus Han, Markus O. Schoelmerich, Hae Ja Lee, Bob Nagler, Eric F. Cunningham, Minta C. Akin, Paul Asimow, Jon H. Eggert & Thomas Duffy
The behavior of forsterite, Mg2SiO4, under dynamic compression is of fundamental importance for understanding its phase transformations and high-pressure behavior. Here, we have carried out an in situ X-ray diffraction study of laser-shocked poly- and single-crystal forsterite (a-, b-, and c- orientations) from 19 to 122 GPa using the Matter in Extreme Conditions end-station of the Linac Coherent Light Source. Under laser-based shock loading, forsterite does not transform to the high-pressure equilibrium assemblage of MgSiO3...

Data from: Spatial patterning of soil microbial communities created by fungus-farming termites

Christopher Baker, Jessica Castillo Vardaro, Daniel Doak, Johan Pansu, Jérémy Puissant, Robert Pringle & Corina Tarnita
Spatially overdispersed mounds of fungus-farming termites (Macrotermitinae) are hotspots of nutrient availability and primary productivity in tropical savannas, creating spatial heterogeneity in communities and ecosystem functions. These termites influence the local availability of nutrients in part by redistributing nutrients across the landscape, but the links between termite ecosystem engineering and the soil microbes that are the metabolic agents of nutrient cycling are little understood. We used DNA metabarcoding of soils from Odontotermes montanus mounds to...

Data from: Nonlinearities between inhibition and T-type calcium channel activity bidirectionally regulate thalamic oscillations

Adam Lu, Christine Lee, Max Kleiman-Weiner, Brian Truong, Megan Wang, John Huguenard & Mark Beenhakker
Absence seizures result from 3-5 Hz generalized thalamocortical oscillations that depend on highly regulated inhibitory neurotransmission in the thalamus. Efficient reuptake of the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA is essential, and reuptake failure worsens seizures. Here, we show that blocking GABA transporters (GATs) in acute brain slices containing key parts of the thalamocortical seizure network modulates epileptiform activity. As expected, we found that blocking either GAT1 or GAT3 prolonged oscillations. However, blocking both GATs unexpectedly suppressed oscillations....

Data from: Soil microbes generate stronger fitness differences than stabilization among California annual plants

Gaurav Kandlikar, Xinyi Yan, Jonathan Levine & Nathan Kraft
Soil microorganisms influence a variety of processes in plant communities. Many theoretical and empirical studies have shown that dynamic feedbacks between plants and soil microbes can stabilize plant coexistence by generating negative frequency-dependent plant population dynamics. However, inferring the net effects of soil microbes on plant coexistence requires also quantifying the degree to which they provide one species an average fitness advantage, an effect that has received little empirical attention. We conducted a greenhouse study...

Data from: Higher dominance rank is associated with lower glucocorticoids in wild female baboons: A rank metric comparison

Emily Levy, Laurence Gesquiere, Emily McLean, Mathias Franz, J Kinyua Warutere, Serah Sayialel, Raphael Mututua, Tim Wango, Vivian Oudu, Jeanne Altmann, Elizabeth Archie & Susan Alberts
In vertebrates, glucocorticoid secretion occurs in response to energetic and psychosocial stressors that trigger the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Measuring glucocorticoid concentrations can therefore shed light on the stressors associated with different social and environmental variables, including dominance rank. Using 14,172 fecal samples from 237 wild female baboons, we test the hypothesis that high-ranking females experience fewer psychosocial and/or energetic stressors than lower-ranking females. We predicted that high-ranking females would have lower fecal glucocorticoid (fGC) concentrations...

Supplemental Data for N management paper

Yixin Guo & Denise Mauzerall

Data from: Social bonds do not mediate the relationship between early adversity and adult glucocorticoids in wild baboons

Stacy Rosenbaum, Shuxi Zeng, Fernando Campos, Laurence Gesquiere, Jeanne Altmann, Susan Alberts, Fan Li & Elizabeth Archie
In humans and other animals, harsh conditions in early life can have profound effects on adult physiology, including the stress response. This relationship may be mediated by a lack of supportive relationships in adulthood. That is, early life adversity may inhibit the formation of supportive social ties, and weak social support is itself often linked to dysregulated stress responses. Here we use prospective, longitudinal data from wild baboons in Kenya to test the links between...

Larval site characteristics of mosquito Aedes aegypti in Rabai, Kenya

Siyang Xia, Hany K. M. Dweck, Joel Lutomiah, Rosemary Sang, Carolyn S. McBride, Noah H. Rose, Diego Ayala & Jeffrey R. Powell
This dataset is described and analyzed in the paper: "Xia, S., Dweck, H. K. M., Lutomiah, J., Sang, R., McBride, C. S., Rose, N. H., Ayala, D., & Powell, J. R. (2021). Larval sites of the mosquito Aedes aegypti formosus in forest and domestic habitats in Africa and the potential association with oviposition evolution. Ecology and Evolution, 00, 1– 17. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.8332" The mosquito Ae. aegypti is a major vector of several arboviral diseases. In Africa,...

Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

Sue Ann Koay
Condensed neural and behavioral data, included secondary results from model fits and analyses. This dataset contains all information required to recreate figures from the paper.

LAMMPS simulations scripts for the manuscript \"A granular-physics-based view of fault friction experiments\"

Behrooz Ferdowsi & Allan M. Rubin
Rate- and State-dependent Friction (RSF) equations are commonly used to describe the time-dependent frictional response of fault gouge to perturbations in sliding velocity. Among the better-known versions are the Aging and Slip laws for the evolution of state. Although the Slip law is more successful, neither can predict all the robust features of lab data. RSF laws are also empirical, and their micromechanical origin is a matter of much debate. Here we use a granular-physics-based...

Data from: Low-dimensional spatio-temporal dynamics underlie cortex-wide neural activity

Timothy Buschman & Camden MacDowell
Cognition arises from the dynamic flow of neural activity through the brain. To capture these dynamics, we used mesoscale calcium imaging to record neural activity across the dorsal cortex of awake mice. We found that the large majority of variance in cortex-wide activity (~75%) could be explained by a limited set of ~14 ‘motifs’ of neural activity. Each motif captured a unique spatio-temporal pattern of neural activity across the cortex. These motifs generalized across animals...

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