6 Works

Species-rich grasslands of the Apuseni Mts (Romania):role of traditional farming and local ecological knowledge

Monika Janišová, Alina Biro, Anamaria Iuga, Pavel Širka & Iveta Škodová
Traditional low-intensity farming died out in almost all European countries but is well maintained in the Romanian Carpathians. The main aim of our interdisciplinary study was to document traditional farming systems and local ecological knowledge in the colline and sub-montane zone of the Apuseni Mts and to relate this information to recent grassland plant diversity. We performed a detailed botanical and ethnological research at two sites within the Dobrești (site Dobrești) and Bratca (site Ponoară)...

Data from: Disturbance history is a key driver of tree lifespan in temperate primary forests

Jakob Pavlin, Thomas A. Nagel, Marek Svitok, Joseph L. Pettit, Krešimir Begović, Stjepan Mikac, Abdulla Dikku, Elvin Toromani, Momchil Panayotov, Tzvetan Zlatanov, Ovidiu Haruta, Sorin Dorog, Oleh Chaskovskyy, Martin Mikoláš, Pavel Janda, Michal Frankovič, Ruffy Rodrigo, Ondřej Vostarek, Michal Synek, Martin Dušátko, Tomáš Kníř, Daniel Kozák, Ondrej Kameniar, Radek Bače, Vojtěch Čada … & Miroslav Svoboda
AIMS We examined differences in lifespan among the dominant tree species (spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.), fir (Abies alba Mill.), beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), and maple (Acer pseudoplatanus L.)) across primary mountain forests of Europe. We ask how disturbance history, lifetime growth patterns, and environmental factors influence lifespan. LOCATIONS Balkan mountains, Carpathian mountains, Dinaric mountains. METHODS Annual ring widths from 20,600 cores from primary forests were used to estimate tree life spans, growth trends,...

Eiders, nutrients and eagles: Bottom-up and top-down population dynamics in a marine bird_dataset

Federico Morelli, Karsten Laursen, Marek Svitok, Yanina Benedetti & Anders Pape Møller
The main objective of this long-term study (1978-2016) was to find the underlying factors behind the declining trends of eider Somateria mollissima in the Baltic/Wadden Sea. Specifically, we aimed at quantifying the bottom-up effect of nutrients, through mussel stocks, on reproduction and abundance of eider, and the top-down effects caused by white-tailed eagle Haliaeetus albicilla predation. Bottom-up effects increase marine primary productivity with subsequent effects on food availability for a major mussel predator. Top-down effects...

Data from: Thermal differences between juveniles and adults increased over time in European forest trees

Maria Mercedes Caron, Florian Zellweger, Kris Verheyen, Lander Baeten, Radim Hédl, Bernhardt-Römermann Markus, Imre Berki, Jörg Brunet, Guillaume Decocq, Sandra Díaz, Thomas Dirnböck, Tomasz Durak, Thilo Heinken, Bogdan Jaroszewicz, Martin Kopecký, Jonathan Lenoir, Martin Macek, Malicki Marek, František Máliš, Thomas Nagel, Michael Perring, Petr Petřík, Kamila Reczyńska, Remigiusz Pielech, Wolfgang Schmidt … & Pieter De Frenne
Woody species’ requirements and environmental sensitivity change from seedlings to adults, a process referred to as ontogenetic shift. Such shifts can be increased by climate change. To assess the changes in the difference of temperature experienced by seedlings and adults in the context of climate change, it is essential to have reliable climatic data over long periods that capture the thermal conditions experienced by the individuals throughout their life cycle. Here we used a unique...

Vegetation classification of acidophilous oak forests in Slovakia

Michal Slezák, Milan Valachovič, Drahoš Blanár, František Máliš, Dusan Senko & Hubert Žarnovičan
Acidophilous oak forests are species-poor forest plant communities usually growing on mineral-poor geological and soil substrates. We compiled a large data set of 263 phytosociological relevés assigned to the Quercion roboris alliance in Slovakia to produce the first syntaxonomical revision at national level. Modified Twinspan algorithm was applied for numerical classification and identifica-tion of basic vegetation units. To find main environmental gradients governing species composition, unconstrained ordination method (Detrended Correspondence analysis; DCA) was used. Floristic...

Natural disturbance impacts on trade-offs and co-benefits of forest biodiversity and carbon

Martin Mikoláš, Marek Svitok, Radek Bače, Garrett Meigs, William Keeton, Heather Keith, Arne Buechling, Volodymyr Trotsiuk, Kurt Bollmann, Krešimir Begovič, Vojtěch Čada, Oleh Chaskovskyy, Dheeraj Ralhan, Martin Dušátko, Matej Ferenčík, Michal Frankovič, Rhiannon Gloor, Jeňýk Hofmeister, Pavel Janda, Ondrej Kameniar, Daniel Kozák, Jana Lábusová, Linda Majdanová, Thomas Nagel, Jakob Pavlin … & Miroslav Svoboda
With accelerating environmental change, understanding the influence of forest disturbances and trade-offs between biodiversity and carbon dynamics is of high socio-economic importance. Most studies, however, have assessed immediate or short-term effects of disturbance, while long-term impacts remain poorly understood. Here, using a tree-ring-based approach, we modelled the effect of 250 years of disturbances on present-day biodiversity indicators and carbon dynamics in well-preserved European temperate primary forests. Our results indicated that disturbance legacies spanning centuries shaped...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    6

Resource Types

  • Dataset
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  • Text
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Affiliations

  • Technical University of Zvolen
    6
  • Czech University of Life Sciences Prague
    3
  • Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
    3
  • Ukrainian National Forestry University
    2
  • Slovak Academy of Sciences
    2
  • University of Ljubljana
    2
  • Ghent University
    1
  • Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution
    1
  • University of Zagreb
    1
  • Forest Research Institute
    1