261 Works

Trypanosoma evansi evades host innate immunity by releasing extracellular vesicles to activate TLR2-AKT signaling pathway

Ran Wei, Xin Li, Xiaocen Wang, Nan Zhang, Yuru Wang, Xichen Zhang, Pengtao Gong & Jianhua Li
Surra, one of the most important animal diseases with economic consequences in Asia and South America, is caused by Trypanosoma evansi. However, the mechanism of immune evasion by T. evansi has not been extensively studied. In the present study, T. evansi extracellular vesicles (TeEVs) were characterized and the role of TeEVs in T. evansi infection were examined. The results showed that T. evansi and TeEVs could activate TLR2-AKT pathway to inhibit the secretions of IL-12p40,...

Yiguanjian decoction inhibits macrophage M1 polarization and attenuates hepatic fibrosis induced by CCl4/2-AAF

Ying Xu, Wen Xu, Wei Liu, Gaofeng Chen, Shili Jiang, Jiamei Chen, Xun Jian, Hua Zhang, Ping Liu & Yongping Mu
Our previous studies indicated that Yiguanjian decoction (YGJ) has an anti-hepatic-fibrosis effect and could regulate macrophage status. To elucidate the mechanism of YGJ in regulating macrophages. Liver cirrhosis was induced by CCl4 for 12 weeks combined with 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) for the last 4 weeks in male Wistar rats. YGJ (3.56 mg/kg) orally administered in the last 4 weeks, and SORA (1 mg/kg) as control. In vitro, RAW264.7 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) to induce...

Whole-transcriptome analysis of rat cavernosum and identification of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks to investigate nerve injury erectile dysfunction pathogenesis

Jie Huang, Jianxiong Ma, Jie Wang, Ke Ma, Kang Zhou, Wenjie Huang, Fan Zhao, Bodong Lv & Qing Hu
There is growing evidence that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a vital role in many kinds of diseases, including erectile dysfunction (ED). Nevertheless, the role of circRNAs in cavernous nerve-damaging ED (CNI-ED) is unknown. Here, we aimed to discover novel circRNAs, probed their potential role in the CNI-ED, and construct a ceRNA network of circRNAs. Twelve male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups by us: bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and control groups....

Optimization, reconstruction and heterologous expression of the gene cluster encoding toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase from Pseudomonas stutzeri in Escherichia coli and its successive hydroxylation of toluene and benzene

Bo Wang, Feng Gao, Jing Xu, Jianjie Gao, Zhenjun Li, Lijuan Wang, Fujian Zhang, Yu Wang, Yongsheng Tian, Rihe Peng & Quanhong Yao
Biological treatment is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly technique for treating toluene. However, this process is limited by the type and quantity of toluene degraders that can be applied to different environments and methods. It is a feasible solution to constructing new genetic engineering organisms for toluene degradation through biotechnology. To facilitate genetic manipulation and improve gene expression, the toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase locus from Pseudomonas stutzeri was reconstructed and artificially synthesized. All six genes were optimized...

Trypanosoma evansi evades host innate immunity by releasing extracellular vesicles to activate TLR2-AKT signaling pathway

Ran Wei, Xin Li, Xiaocen Wang, Nan Zhang, Yuru Wang, Xichen Zhang, Pengtao Gong & Jianhua Li
Surra, one of the most important animal diseases with economic consequences in Asia and South America, is caused by Trypanosoma evansi. However, the mechanism of immune evasion by T. evansi has not been extensively studied. In the present study, T. evansi extracellular vesicles (TeEVs) were characterized and the role of TeEVs in T. evansi infection were examined. The results showed that T. evansi and TeEVs could activate TLR2-AKT pathway to inhibit the secretions of IL-12p40,...

Orientin mediates protection against MRSA-induced pneumonia by inhibiting Sortase A

Li Wang, Shisong Jing, Han Qu, Kai Wang, Yajing Jin, Ying Ding, Lin Yang, Hangqian Yu, Yan Shi, Qianxue Li & Dacheng Wang
Drug-resistant pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has severely threatened human health and arouses widespread concern. Sortase A (SrtA) is an essential virulence factor of S. aureus, which is responsible for the covalent anchoring of a variety of virulence-related proteins to the cell wall. SrtA has always been regarded as an ideal pharmacological target against S. aureus infections. In this research, we have determined that orientin, a natural compound isolated from various medicinal plants, can effectively...

Cenozoic rifting and inversion of Beibuwan Basin and its linkage with the strike-slip movement along the Ailao Shan-Red River Shear Zone

Yanjun Cheng, Zhiping Wu, Jie Zhang, Yuqing Liu, Zhengkai Wang & Yining Dai
The Cenozoic Beibuwan Basin is located along the eastern margin of the Ailao Shan Red River Shear Zone (ASRRSZ). The rifting and inversion processes of this basin provide important clues to the mechanism by which extrusion tectonics drive continental rifting and inversion development. However, the rifting and inversion of this basin remain ambiguous. Here, we employ seismic data, information about the time and displacement of faulting, syn-rift fault and isopach maps to analyse the Cenozoic...

Taberdines L and M, two new alkaloids from Tabernaemontana divaricata

Lingling Han, Kepu Huang, Chen Chen, Wentao Zhu, Yehan Ma, Xiaojiang Hao, Hongping He & Yu Zhang
Two new alkaloids, taberdines L (1) and M (2), together with six known alkaloids, were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Tabernaemontana divaricata. Taberdine L (1) represents the first optically active natural member of the allo iboga class of alkaloids with the ethyl side chain in a bridgehead position. Their structures including absolute configuration were elucidated by a combination of MS, NMR, and ECD calculation. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of 1 and 2...

The significant immune escape of pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron

Li Zhang, Qianqian Li, Ziteng Liang, Tao Li, Shuo Liu, Qianqian Cui, Jianhui Nie, Qian Wu, Xiaowang Qu, Weijin Huang & Youchun Wang
The emergence of Omicron/BA.1 has brought new challenges to fight against SARS-CoV-2. A large number of mutations in the Spike protein suggest that its susceptibility to immune protection elicited by the existing COVID-19 infection and vaccines may be altered. In this study, we constructed the pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron. The sensitivity of 28 serum samples from COVID-19 convalescent patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 original strain was tested against pseudotyped Omicron as well as the other variants...

Protective effect of Qingre Huoxue decoction against myocardial infarction via PI3K/Akt autophagy pathway based on UPLC-MS, network pharmacology, and in vivo evidence

Zheng Jin, Wenbo Zhang, Yuan Luo, Xiushen Li, Lijin Qing, Qiang Zuo, Junfeng Fang & Wei Wu
Qingre Huoxue (QRHX) decoction, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used to prevent and treat myocardial infarction (MI). This study elucidates the possible mechanisms of QRHX in preventing or treating MI in a rat model. The chemical constituents of QRHX were identified by UPLC-MS. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the Sham (normal saline), Model (normal saline), QRHX-L, QRHX-M and QRHX-H group (n = 10 per group). QRHX decoction was administered by gavage to...

Cell membrane-anchored anti-HIV single-chain antibodies and bifunctional inhibitors targeting the gp41 fusion protein: new strategies for HIV gene therapy

Yue Chen, Hongliang Jin, Xiaoran Tang, Li Li, Xiuzhu Geng, Yuanmei Zhu, Huihui Chong & Yuxian He
Emerging studies indicate that infusion of HIV-resistant cells could be an effective strategy to achieve a sterilizing or functional cure. We recently reported that glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored nanobody or a fusion inhibitory peptide can render modified cells resistant to HIV-1 infection. In this study, we comprehensively characterized a panel of newly isolated HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies as GPI-anchored inhibitors. Fusion genes encoding the single-chain variable fragment (scFv) of 3BNC117, N6, PGT126, PGT128, 10E8, or 35O22 were constructed with...

The effects of different parity and delivery mode on wheezing disorders in the children—a retrospective cohort study in Fujian, China

Haiyan Gao, Chong Miao, Haibo Li, Meng Bai, Huijie Zhang, Zhengqin Wu, Wei Li, Wenjuan Liu, Libo Xu, Guanghua Liu & Yibing Zhu
The relationship between childbirth delivery methods and the risk of wheezing in children remains controversial. Few studies have explored it under different maternal conditions. To explore the influence of childbirth delivery method on the onset of wheezing in children of different parity. A total of 21716 patients were included in this retrospective observational study. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between childbirth delivery method and wheezing in children under 18 years of...

Identification and validation of long non-coding RNA associated ceRNAs in intrauterine adhesion

Jingni Zhang, Peng Jiang, Yuan Tu, Ning Li, Yuzhen Huang, Shan Jiang, Wei Kong & Rui Yuan
Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is an endometrial fibrotic disease with unclear pathogenesis. Increasing evidence suggested the important role of competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) in diseases. This study aimed to identify and verify the key long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) associated-ceRNAs in IUA. The lncRNA/mRNA expression file was obtained by transcriptome sequencing of IUA and normal samples. The microRNAs expression date was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differential expressions of mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs were analyzed...

Loneliness Among Chinese Older Adults: The Role of Grandparenthood and Grandparental Childcare by Gender

Jing Zhang, Tineke Fokkema & Bruno Arpino
This study examines the influence of grandparenthood and grandparental childcare on loneliness among Chinese older adults. Using longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of 9240 individuals from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), we applied logistic regression to examine the relationship between various grandparental statuses and loneliness with a focus on gender. The grandparental role is a protective factor for loneliness. Providing care to grandchildren was associated with a lower likelihood of...

sj-pdf-1-jfi-10.1177_0192513X211041992 – Supplemental Material for Loneliness Among Chinese Older Adults: The Role of Grandparenthood and Grandparental Childcare by Gender

Jing Zhang, Tineke Fokkema & Bruno Arpino
Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-jfi-10.1177_0192513X211041992 for Loneliness Among Chinese Older Adults: The Role of Grandparenthood and Grandparental Childcare by Gender by Jing Zhang, Tineke Fokkema and Bruno Arpino in Journal of Family Issues

A pan-cancer analysis of the prognostic and immunological role of β-actin (ACTB) in human cancers

Yuxi Gu, Shouyi Tang, Zhen Wang, Luyao Cai, Haosen Lian, Yingqiang Shen & Yu Zhou
Beta-actin (ACTB), a highly conserved cytoskeleton structural protein, has been regarded as a common housekeep gene and used as a reference gene for years. However, accumulating evidence indicates that ACTB is abnormally expressed in multiple cancers and hence changes the cytoskeleton to affect the invasiveness and metastasis of tumors. This study aimed to investigate the function and clinical significance of ACTB in pan-cancer. The role of ACTB for prognosis and immune regulation across 33 tumors...

Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 02570 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma progression by adsorbing microRNA miR-4649-3p thereby upregulating both sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, and fatty acid synthase

Fei Liu, Jiazhang Wei, Yanrong Hao, Jiao Lan, Wei Li, Jingjin Weng, Min Li, Cheng Su, Bing Li, Mingzheng Mo, Fengzhu Tang, Yongli Wang, Yong Yang, Wei Jiao & Shenhong Qu
Our previous studies have elucidated a possible connection between long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2570 (LINC02570) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the precise mechanism by which LINC02570 promotes NPC remains unknown. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect LINC02570 expression in nasopharyngeal cell lines, NPC tissues, and chronic rhinitis tissues. Subcellular LINC02570 localization was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The effects of LINC02570 stable knockdown and overexpression on viabillity, proliferation, migration,...

Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 02570 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma progression by adsorbing microRNA miR-4649-3p thereby upregulating both sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, and fatty acid synthase

Fei Liu, Jiazhang Wei, Yanrong Hao, Jiao Lan, Wei Li, Jingjin Weng, Min Li, Cheng Su, Bing Li, Mingzheng Mo, Fengzhu Tang, Yongli Wang, Yong Yang, Wei Jiao & Shenhong Qu
Our previous studies have elucidated a possible connection between long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2570 (LINC02570) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the precise mechanism by which LINC02570 promotes NPC remains unknown. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect LINC02570 expression in nasopharyngeal cell lines, NPC tissues, and chronic rhinitis tissues. Subcellular LINC02570 localization was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The effects of LINC02570 stable knockdown and overexpression on viabillity, proliferation, migration,...

Neferine hinders choriocarcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion through repression of long noncoding RNA-CHRF

Gang Wang, Ping Wang, Xiaojun Yan & Jing Liu
The comprehensive pathological peculiarities of Neferine (NEF) have been testified in disparate diseases. But, the functions of NEF in choriocarcinoma progression remain unexplored. The research endeavoured to uncover the anti-tumour action of NEF in choriocarcinoma cells. NEF at diverse doses was employed to dispose JEG-3 and HTR-8 cells, and cell viability assessment adopted CCK-8 assay. After 60 μg/mL NEF management, BrdU-positive cells, apoptosis, migration, invasion and correlative factors were assessed. CHRF expression in choriocarcinoma tumour...

Overlapping functions of RBBP4 and RBBP7 in regulating cell proliferation and histone H3.3 deposition during mouse preimplantation development

Lieying Xiao, Yanna Dang, Bingjie Hu, Lei Luo, Panpan Zhao, Shaohua Wang & Kun Zhang
Preimplantation development is critical for reproductive successes in mammals. Thus, it is important to understand how preimplantation embryogenesis is regulated. As a key event of preimplantation development, epigenetic reprogramming has been widely studied, yet how epigenetic complexes regulate preimplantation development remains largely unknown. Retinoblastoma binding protein 4 (RBBP4) and 7 (RBBP7) are integral components of epigenetic complexes including SIN3A, NuRD, and CoREST. Here, we demonstrate that double knockdown of Rbbp4 and 7, but not individually,...

Optimization, reconstruction and heterologous expression of the gene cluster encoding toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase from Pseudomonas stutzeri in Escherichia coli and its successive hydroxylation of toluene and benzene

Bo Wang, Feng Gao, Jing Xu, Jianjie Gao, Zhenjun Li, Lijuan Wang, Fujian Zhang, Yu Wang, Yongsheng Tian, Rihe Peng & Quanhong Yao
Biological treatment is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly technique for treating toluene. However, this process is limited by the type and quantity of toluene degraders that can be applied to different environments and methods. It is a feasible solution to constructing new genetic engineering organisms for toluene degradation through biotechnology. To facilitate genetic manipulation and improve gene expression, the toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase locus from Pseudomonas stutzeri was reconstructed and artificially synthesized. All six genes were optimized...

The significant immune escape of pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron

Youchun Wang, Li Zhang, Qianqian Li, Ziteng Liang, Tao Li, Shuo Liu, Qianqian Cui, Jianhui Nie, Qian Wu, Xiaowang Qu & Weijin Huang
The emergence of Omicron/BA.1 has brought new challenges to fight against SARS-CoV-2. A large number of mutations in the Spike protein suggest that its susceptibility to immune protection elicited by the existing COVID-19 infection and vaccines may be altered. In this study, we constructed the pseudotyped SARS-CoV-2 variant Omicron. The sensitivity of 28 serum samples from COVID-19 convalescent patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 original strain was tested against pseudotyped Omicron as well as the other variants...

Efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for treating advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis of phase II and III randomized controlled trials

Tianyao Gong, Lei Liu, Yufei Liu, Ke Liu, Yang Yang, Liuying Li & Chuantao Zhang
We conducted a meta-analysis to systematically review the efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab for advanced NSCLC. Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) treated with pembrolizumab till July 2021. Seven RCTs and 3988 patients were included. Our analysis suggests that pembrolizumab was more effective at improving PFS (HR, 0.59; 95% CI: 0.43–0.79; p = 0.0005), OS (HR, 0.65; 95% CI: 0.55–0.76; p < 0.00001) and ORR (RR, 1.85; 95% CI: 1.64–2.09; p < 0.00001)...

M. tuberculosis CRISPR/Cas proteins are secreted virulence factors that trigger cellular immune responses

Jianjian Jiao, Nan Zheng, Wenjing Wei, Joy Fleming, Xingyun Wang, Zihui Li, Lili Zhang, Yi Liu, Zongde Zhang, Adong Shen, Li Chuanyou, Lijun Bi & Hongtai Zhang
The role of prokaryotic CRISPR/Cas system proteins as a defensive shield against invasive nucleic acids has been studied extensively. Non-canonical roles in pathogenesis involving intracellular targeting of certain virulence-associated endogenous mRNA have also been reported for some Type I and Type II CRISPR/Cas proteins, but no such roles have yet been established for Type III system proteins. Here, we demonstrate that M. tuberculosis (Type III-A system) CRISPR/Cas proteins Csm1, Csm3, Csm5, Csm6, and Cas6 are...

Considering lightness: how the lightness of app icon backgrounds affects consumers’ download intention through risk perception

Ming Chen, Shih-Heng Yu & Yu Gao
The number of mobile apps has rapidly increased in recent years, but the distribution of app downloads is uneven. As the first and only visual image of apps before downloading, app icons are vital tools through which app publishers promote their apps. Thus, identifying the elements of app icons that can increase consumers’ download intention is crucial. This research examines how the distribution of the lightness of yellow colour in app icon backgrounds influences consumers’...

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  • Jilin University
    261
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  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
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