136 Works

Data from: A significant component of ageing (DNA damage) is reflected in fading breeding colors: an experimental test using innate antioxidant mimetics in painted dragon lizards

Mats Michael Olsson, Michael Tobler, Mo Healey, Cecile Perrin & Mark Wilson
A decade ahead of their time, von Schantz and coworkers united sexual selection and free radical biology by identifying causal links between deep-rooted physiological processes that dictate resistance to toxic waste from oxidative metabolism (reactive oxygen species), and phenotypic traits, such as ornaments. Ten years later, these ideas have still only been tested with indirect estimates of free radical levels (oxidative stress) subsequent to the action of innate and dietary antioxidants. Here we measure net...

Data from: Climate-driven range shifts explain the distribution of extant gene pools and predict future loss of unique lineages in a marine brown alga

Jorge Assis, Ester Serrão, Bruno Claro, Cécile Perrin & Gareth A. Pearson
The climate-driven dynamics of species ranges is a critical research question in evolutionary ecology. We ask whether present intra-specific diversity is determined by the imprint of past climate. This is an ongoing debate requiring interdisciplinary examination of population genetic pools and persistence patterns across global ranges. Previously, contrasting inferences and predictions have resulted from distinct genomic coverage and/or geographical information. We aim to describe and explain the causes of geographical contrasts in genetic diversity and...

Data from: Transgenerational plasticity of reproduction depends on rate of warming across generations

Jennifer M. Donelson, Marian Wong, David J. Booth & Philip L. Munday
Predicting the impacts of climate change to biological systems requires an understanding of the ability for species to acclimate to the projected environmental change through phenotypic plasticity. Determining the effects of higher temperatures on individual performance is made more complex by the potential for environmental conditions experienced in previous and current generations to independently affect phenotypic responses to high temperatures. We used a model coral reef fish (Acanthochromis polyacanthus) to investigate the influence of thermal...

Data from: Female choice for related males in wild red-backed toadlets (Pseudophryne coriacea)

Daniel M. O'Brien, J. Scott Keogh, Aimee J. Silla & Phillip G. Byrne
Mate choice for genetic benefits is assumed to be widespread in nature, yet very few studies have comprehensively examined relationships between female mate choice and male genetic quality in wild populations. Here, we use exhaustive sampling and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to provide a partial test of the “good genes as heterozygosity” hypothesis and the “genetic compatibility” hypothesis in an entire population of terrestrial breeding red-backed toadlets, Pseudophryne coriacea. We found that successful males did...

Data from: Sex- and tissue-specific differences in telomere length in a reptile

Nicky Rollings, Christopher R. Friesen, Camilla M. Whittington, Rasmus Johansson, Richard Shine & Mats Olsson
The usage of telomere length (TL) in blood as a proxy for the TL of other tissues relies on the assumption that telomere dynamics across all tissues are similar. However, telomere attrition can be caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) which may vary with metabolic rate, which itself varies across organs depending upon the life history strategy of an organism. Thus we chose to measure the telomeres of various cell types in juvenile painted dragon...

Data from: Effects of male telomeres on probability of paternity in sand lizards

Angela Pauliny, Emily Miller, Nicky Rollings, Erik Wapstra, Donald Blomqvist, Christopher Friesen, Mats Olsson & Chris R. Friesen
Standardized swim-up trials are used in IVF clinics to select particularly motile spermatozoa in order to increase the probability of a successful fertilization. Such trials demonstrate that sperm with longer telomeres have higher motility and lower levels of DNA damage. Regardless of whether sperm motility, and successful swim-up to fertilization sites, is a direct or correlational effect of telomere length or DNA damage, covariation between telomere length and sperm performance predicts a relationship between telomere...

Influence of genetic compatibility on offspring fitness in the red-backed toadlet

Phillip Byrne
Presented are data from a manipulative study investigating the influence of parental genetic compatibility on offspring viability in the red backed toadlet (Pseudophryne coriacea). The study used artificial fertilisation techniques combined with a cross-classified breeding design (North Carolina type II) to control parentage and partition sources of genetic and phenotypic variance in offspring fitness. The study also tested the influence of parental genetic similarity on offspring viability. Quantitative genetic analysis of the data revealed no...

A test for plasticity in sperm motility activation

Phillip Byrne, Zara Anastas & Aimee Silla
Evolutionary theory predicts that selection will favour phenotypic plasticity in sperm traits that maximise fertilisation success in dynamic fertilisation environments. In species with external fertilisation, osmolality of the fertilisation medium is known to play a critical role in activating sperm motility, but evidence for osmotic-induced sperm plasticity is limited to euryhaline fish and marine invertebrates. Whether this capacity extends to freshwater taxa remains unknown. Here, we provide the first test for plasticity in sperm-motility activation...

OCTOPUS Database v.2: The SahulSed Aeolian TL collection

Tim Cohen, Xiao Fu, Paul Hesse, David Price, Xue Rui, Rosaria Saktura, Henry Munack & Alexandru Codilean
Database of published thermoluminescence (TL) ages for aeolian sedimentary records from Sahul. Spatial data includes sample locations (point) and uses the WGS84/Pseudo-Mercator (EPSG: 3857) projected coordinate reference system. Sample metadata is comprehensive and includes bibliographic, contextual, and sample preparation and measurement related information.

TCCON data from Bremen (DE), Release GGG2020.R0

J. Notholt, C. Petri, T. Warneke & M. Buschmann
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This is the GGG2020 data release of observations from the TCCON station at Bremen, Germany

sj-docx-1-tcn-10.1177_10436596221129228 – Supplemental material for Saudi Women’s Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Salma Alahmed, Shahla Meedya, Abbas Al Mutair & Ritin Fernandez
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-tcn-10.1177_10436596221129228 for Saudi Women’s Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis by Salma Alahmed, Shahla Meedya, Abbas Al Mutair and Ritin Fernandez in Journal of Transcultural Nursing

sj-docx-2-tcn-10.1177_10436596221129228 – Supplemental material for Saudi Women’s Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Salma Alahmed, Shahla Meedya, Abbas Al Mutair & Ritin Fernandez
Supplemental material, sj-docx-2-tcn-10.1177_10436596221129228 for Saudi Women’s Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis by Salma Alahmed, Shahla Meedya, Abbas Al Mutair and Ritin Fernandez in Journal of Transcultural Nursing

sj-docx-5-tcn-10.1177_10436596221129228 – Supplemental material for Saudi Women’s Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Salma Alahmed, Shahla Meedya, Abbas Al Mutair & Ritin Fernandez
Supplemental material, sj-docx-5-tcn-10.1177_10436596221129228 for Saudi Women’s Breastfeeding Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis by Salma Alahmed, Shahla Meedya, Abbas Al Mutair and Ritin Fernandez in Journal of Transcultural Nursing

Additional file 1 of An integrated skin cancer education program in renal transplant recipients and patients with glomerular disease

Zaw Thet, Alfred King-yin Lam, Shu-Kay Ng, Soe Yu Aung, Thin Han, Dwarakanathan Ranganathan, Stephanie Newsham, Jennifer Borg, Christine Pepito & Tien K. Khoo
Additional file 1: Survey Questionary 1. Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge (SCSK) Scale Items. Survey Questionary 2. Outdoor activities, Sun Protection and Skin Examination.

Additional file 3 of Prevalence and factors associated with depression among older adults in the case of a low-income country, Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ayele Semachew Kasa, Shu-Chun Lee & Hui-Chen (Rita) Chang
Supplementary Material 3. Egger’s test

Additional file 5 of Prevalence and factors associated with depression among older adults in the case of a low-income country, Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ayele Semachew Kasa, Shu-Chun Lee & Hui-Chen (Rita) Chang
Supplementary Material 5. (No formal edu)

Additional file 7 of Prevalence and factors associated with depression among older adults in the case of a low-income country, Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ayele Semachew Kasa, Shu-Chun Lee & Hui-Chen (Rita) Chang
Supplementary Material 7. (Social support)

Additional file 6 of Prevalence and factors associated with depression among older adults in the case of a low-income country, Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ayele Semachew Kasa, Shu-Chun Lee & Hui-Chen (Rita) Chang
Supplementary Material 6. (Chronic ds)

Additional file 1 of ‘Beyond the Bump’: an online wellbeing and lifestyle pilot program during COVID-19 for first year postpartum mothers: a research article

Hannah E. Christie, Lauren A. Roach, Meredith Kennedy, Kassia Beetham, Barbara J. Meyer, Danielle Schoenaker & Monique Francois
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table 1. Identified themes for needs analysis and evaluation of a postpartum community program.

Additional file 1 of Biomarkers for isolated congenital heart disease based on maternal amniotic fluid metabolomics analysis

Xuelian Yuan, Lu Li, Hong Kang, Meixian Wang, Jing Zeng, Yanfang Lei, Nana Li, Ping Yu, Xiaohong Li & Zhen Liu
Additional file 1: Table S1. Characteristics of the cases. Table S2. The list of 118 differential metabolites. Figure S1. The PCA and clustering heat maps of two groups. Fig. A, Cluster map of all samples. Fig. B, Repeated correlation assessment results. Fig. C The volcano map for differential metabolites screening. Figure S2. The out of bag error of random forest model with different number of variables contained in each decision tree. Figure S3. The out...

Biomarkers for isolated congenital heart disease based on maternal amniotic fluid metabolomics analysis

Xuelian Yuan, Lu Li, Hong Kang, Meixian Wang, Jing Zeng, Yanfang Lei, Nana Li, Ping Yu, Xiaohong Li & Zhen Liu
Abstract Introduction Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most prevalent birth defects in the world. The pathogenesis of CHD is complex and unclear. With the development of metabolomics technology, variations in metabolites may provide new clues about the causes of CHD and may serve as a biomarker during pregnancy. Methods Sixty-five amniotic fluid samples (28 cases and 37 controls) during the second and third trimesters were utilized in this study. The metabolomics of...

Data from: Direct evidence for encoding of motion streaks in human visual cortex

Deborah Apthorp, D. Samuel Schwarzkopf, Christian Kaul, Bahador Bahrami, David Alais & Geraint Rees
Temporal integration in the visual system causes fast-moving objects to generate static, oriented traces (‘motion streaks’), which could be used to help judge direction of motion. While human psychophysics and single-unit studies in non-human primates are consistent with this hypothesis, direct neural evidence from the human cortex is still lacking. First, we provide psychophysical evidence that faster and slower motions are processed by distinct neural mechanisms: faster motion raised human perceptual thresholds for static orientations...

Data from: Impacts and recovery from Severe Tropical Cyclone Yasi on the Great Barrier Reef

Roger J. Beeden, Jeffrey Maynard, Marjetta Puotinen, Paul Marshall, Jen Dryden, Jeremy Goldberg, Gareth Williams & Roger Beeden
Full recovery of coral reefs from tropical cyclone (TC) damage can take decades, making cyclones a major driver of habitat condition where they occur regularly. Since 1985, 44 TCs generated gale force winds (≥17 metres/second) within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP). Of the hurricane strength TCs (≥H1—Saffir Simpson scale; ≥ category 3 Australian scale), TC Yasi (February, 2011) was the largest. In the weeks after TC Yasi crossed the GBRMP, participating researchers, managers...

Data from: Curvilinear telomere length dynamics in a squamate reptile

Beata Ujvari, Peter A. Biro, Jordan E. Charters, Gregory Brown, Kim Heasman, Christa Beckman, Thomas Madsen & Christa Beckmann
The lack of consensus concerning the impact of telomere length (TL) dynamics on survival emphasizes the need for additional studies to evaluate the effect of TL on key life-history processes. Using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data, we therefore explored age-specific TL dynamics in a squamate reptile: the frillneck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Our cross-sectional analyses revealed that young lizards had short TL, TL increased in medium-aged lizards, but TL decreased in older age cohorts, revealing a...

Data from: Positive severity feedback between consecutive fires in dry eucalypt forests of southern Australia

James W. Barker & Owen F. Price
Fire regimes have long-term effects on ecosystems which can be subtle, requiring study at a large spatial scale and temporal scale to fully appreciate. The way in which multiple fires interact to create a fire regime is poorly understood, and the relationship between the severities of consecutive fires has not been studied in Australia. By overlaying remotely sensed severity maps, our study investigated how the severity of a fire is influenced by previous fire severity....

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Affiliations

  • University of Wollongong
    134
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  • Taipei Medical University
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