14 Works

Dataset for: Intercontinental analysis of temperate steppe stream food webs reveals consistent autochthonous support of fishes

Emily Arsenault, James Thorp, Michael Polito, Mario Minder, Walter Dodds, Flavia Tromboni, Alain Maasri, Mark Pyron, Bud Mendsaikhan, Amarbat Otgonganbat, Solongo Altangerel, Sudeep Chandra, Robert Shields, Caleb Artz & Hayat Bennadji
Quantifying the trophic basis of production for freshwater metazoa at broad spatial scales is key to understanding ecosystem function and has been a research priority for decades. However, previous lotic food web studies have been limited by geographic coverage or methodological constraints. We used compound-specific stable carbon isotope analysis of amino acids to estimate basal resource contributions to fish consumers in streams spanning grassland, montane, and semi-arid ecoregions of the temperate steppe biome on two...

Human mobility and COVID-19 transmission: a systematic review and future directions

Mengxi Zhang, Siqin Wang, Tao Hu, Xiaokang Fu, Xiaoyue Wang, Yaxin Hu, Briana Halloran, Zhenlong Li, Yunhe Cui, Haokun Liu, Zhimin Liu & Shuming Bao
Without a widely distributed vaccine, controlling human mobility has been identified and promoted as the primary strategy to mitigate the transmission of COVID-19. Many studies have reported the relationship between human mobility and COVID-19 transmission by utilizing the spatial-temporal information of mobility data from various sources. To better understand the role of human mobility in the pandemic, we conducted a systematic review of articles that measure the relationship between human mobility and COVID-19 in terms...

Antipredator responses of embryos and larval fathead minnows

Jessica Ward & Chris Crowder
Most research on embryonic learning and behavior in aquatic vertebrates has focused on fitness benefits after hatching, but the ability of embryos to perceive and respond to environmental stimuli may also have immediate adaptive value. Here, we examined whether fathead minnow embryos, Pimephales promelas, detect and respond to cues indicative of predation risk, and whether the embryonic environment influences behavior after hatching. We compared the behavior of 5-day post-fertilization (dpf) embryos reared in the presence...

Heavy-load exercise in older adults activates vasculogenesis and has a stronger impact on muscle gene expression than in young adults

Kaare M. Gautvik, Ole K. Olstad, Ulrika Raue, Vigdis T. Gautvik, Karl J. Kvernevik, Tor P. Utheim, Solveig Ravnum, Camilla Kirkegaard, Håvard Wiig, Garan Jones, Luke C. Pilling, Scott Trappe, Truls Raastad & Sjur Reppe
Abstract Background A striking effect of old age is the involuntary loss of muscle mass and strength leading to sarcopenia and reduced physiological functions. However, effects of heavy-load exercise in older adults on diseases and functions as predicted by changes in muscle gene expression have been inadequately studied. Methods Thigh muscle global transcriptional activity (transcriptome) was analyzed in cohorts of older and younger adults before and after 12–13 weeks heavy-load strength exercise using Affymetrix microarrays....

An introduction to the analysis of ranked response data

Holmes Finch
Researchers in many disciplines work with ranking data. This data type is unique in that it is often deterministic in nature (the ranks of items k-1 determine the rank of item k), and the difference in a pair of rank scores separated by k units is equivalent regardless of the actual values of the two ranks in the pair. Given its unique qualities, there are specific statistical analyses and models designed for use with ranking...

Additional file 1 of Heavy-load exercise in older adults activates vasculogenesis and has a stronger impact on muscle gene expression than in young adults

Kaare M. Gautvik, Ole K. Olstad, Ulrika Raue, Vigdis T. Gautvik, Karl J. Kvernevik, Tor P. Utheim, Solveig Ravnum, Camilla Kirkegaard, Håvard Wiig, Garan Jones, Luke C. Pilling, Scott Trappe, Truls Raastad & Sjur Reppe
Addiitional file 1: Figure S1. Comparison of transcript signal levels between os ilium–associated muscle and thigh muscle. Figure S2. Genes within the Diseases and Function category Vasculogenesis with increased (red) or reduced (green) expression end vs start of the training period in elderly as compared to young. Table S1. Common annotated genes changed in elderly in both Oslo and BSU cohorts at Q-value<0.1.

Additional file 1 of Minimization and optimization of α-amylase terminator for heterologous protein production in Bacillus licheniformis

Yi Rao, Jingyao Yang, Jiaqi Wang, Xinyuan Yang, Mengxi Zhang, Yangyang Zhan, Xin Ma, Dongbo Cai, Zhangqian Wang & Shouwen Chen
Additional file1: Table S1. Strains and plasmids used in this study. Table S2. Primers used in this study. Table S3. The effects of GC content at the bottom of stem-loop structure, Gibbs free energy ΔG, U-tract length on terminator performances. Table S4. The sequences of different terminators plasmids used in this study. Table S5. Comparison of termination efficiency of different terminators in Bacillus. Figure S1. The secondary structure map of TamyL with a size of...

Additional file 1 of Minimization and optimization of α-amylase terminator for heterologous protein production in Bacillus licheniformis

Yi Rao, Jingyao Yang, Jiaqi Wang, Xinyuan Yang, Mengxi Zhang, Yangyang Zhan, Xin Ma, Dongbo Cai, Zhangqian Wang & Shouwen Chen
Additional file1: Table S1. Strains and plasmids used in this study. Table S2. Primers used in this study. Table S3. The effects of GC content at the bottom of stem-loop structure, Gibbs free energy ΔG, U-tract length on terminator performances. Table S4. The sequences of different terminators plasmids used in this study. Table S5. Comparison of termination efficiency of different terminators in Bacillus. Figure S1. The secondary structure map of TamyL with a size of...

Human mobility and COVID-19 transmission: a systematic review and future directions

Mengxi Zhang, Siqin Wang, Tao Hu, Xiaokang Fu, Xiaoyue Wang, Yaxin Hu, Briana Halloran, Zhenlong Li, Yunhe Cui, Haokun Liu, Zhimin Liu & Shuming Bao
Without a widely distributed vaccine, controlling human mobility has been identified and promoted as the primary strategy to mitigate the transmission of COVID-19. Many studies have reported the relationship between human mobility and COVID-19 transmission by utilizing the spatial-temporal information of mobility data from various sources. To better understand the role of human mobility in the pandemic, we conducted a systematic review of articles that measure the relationship between human mobility and COVID-19 in terms...

Fish assemblages on two continents

Mark Pyron
Aim: Fish assemblages –whether defined by taxonomy or functional traits—respond to regional and local habitat variation. We sampled rivers of Mongolia and the western United States (US) to determine the scale at which habitat could predict fish assemblage variation, classified by taxonomy or functional traits. Our hypothesis was that fish assemblages could be predicted using valley-scale hydrogeomorphology and reach-scale hydrology. We further predicted that if valley-scale variables explained high variation in fish assemblages then reach-scale...

Minimization and optimization of α-amylase terminator for heterologous protein production in Bacillus licheniformis

Yi Rao, Jingyao Yang, Jiaqi Wang, Xinyuan Yang, Mengxi Zhang, Yangyang Zhan, Xin Ma, Dongbo Cai, Zhangqian Wang & Shouwen Chen
Abstract Terminators serve as the regulatory role in gene transcription termination; however, few researches about terminator optimization have been conducted, which leads to the lack of available and universal terminator for gene expression regulation in Bacillus. To solve this problem and expand synthetic biology toolbox of Bacillus licheniformis, the terminator T1 of endogenous α-amylase gene (amyL) was characterized in this research, with a termination efficiency of 87.81%. Then, we explored and optimized the termination strength...

Minimization and optimization of α-amylase terminator for heterologous protein production in Bacillus licheniformis

Yi Rao, Jingyao Yang, Jiaqi Wang, Xinyuan Yang, Mengxi Zhang, Yangyang Zhan, Xin Ma, Dongbo Cai, Zhangqian Wang & Shouwen Chen
Abstract Terminators serve as the regulatory role in gene transcription termination; however, few researches about terminator optimization have been conducted, which leads to the lack of available and universal terminator for gene expression regulation in Bacillus. To solve this problem and expand synthetic biology toolbox of Bacillus licheniformis, the terminator T1 of endogenous α-amylase gene (amyL) was characterized in this research, with a termination efficiency of 87.81%. Then, we explored and optimized the termination strength...

Heavy-load exercise in older adults activates vasculogenesis and has a stronger impact on muscle gene expression than in young adults

Kaare M. Gautvik, Ole K. Olstad, Ulrika Raue, Vigdis T. Gautvik, Karl J. Kvernevik, Tor P. Utheim, Solveig Ravnum, Camilla Kirkegaard, Håvard Wiig, Garan Jones, Luke C. Pilling, Scott Trappe, Truls Raastad & Sjur Reppe
Abstract Background A striking effect of old age is the involuntary loss of muscle mass and strength leading to sarcopenia and reduced physiological functions. However, effects of heavy-load exercise in older adults on diseases and functions as predicted by changes in muscle gene expression have been inadequately studied. Methods Thigh muscle global transcriptional activity (transcriptome) was analyzed in cohorts of older and younger adults before and after 12–13 weeks heavy-load strength exercise using Affymetrix microarrays....

Additional file 1 of Heavy-load exercise in older adults activates vasculogenesis and has a stronger impact on muscle gene expression than in young adults

Kaare M. Gautvik, Ole K. Olstad, Ulrika Raue, Vigdis T. Gautvik, Karl J. Kvernevik, Tor P. Utheim, Solveig Ravnum, Camilla Kirkegaard, Håvard Wiig, Garan Jones, Luke C. Pilling, Scott Trappe, Truls Raastad & Sjur Reppe
Addiitional file 1: Figure S1. Comparison of transcript signal levels between os ilium–associated muscle and thigh muscle. Figure S2. Genes within the Diseases and Function category Vasculogenesis with increased (red) or reduced (green) expression end vs start of the training period in elderly as compared to young. Table S1. Common annotated genes changed in elderly in both Oslo and BSU cohorts at Q-value<0.1.

Registration Year

  • 2022
    14

Resource Types

  • Text
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    4
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    3
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • Ball State University
    14
  • Sichuan University
    6
  • Fudan University
    6
  • Hubei University
    6
  • Xuzhou Medical College
    6
  • Changchun Normal University
    4
  • Stanford University
    4
  • Oslo University Hospital
    4
  • Jilin University
    4
  • Sørlandet Hospital Arendal
    4