225 Works

High levels of health-related quality of life five years after curative treatment of prostate cancer with HDR-brachytherapy and external beam radiation

Marie Hjälm-Eriksson, Anders Ullén, Sten Nilsson, Hemming Johansson, Josef Nilsson, Enrique Castellanos & Yvonne Brandberg
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate long-term health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in men with prostate cancer treated 2002–2008 with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) combined with high dose-rate brachytherapy (HDRBT), Cohort A, and to compare these data with age-adjusted normative data. In addition, differences in HRQoL following adjustments of the brachytherapy technique in 2001 were investigated by comparing Cohort A with men treated at the same clinic from 1998-2000, Cohort B. Cohort...

Incidence, mortality and relative survival of patients with cancer of the bladder and upper urothelial tract in the Nordic countries between 1990 and 2019

Eemil Karttunen, Petteri Hervonen, Abolfazl Hosseini Aliabad, Jan Oldenburg, Helle Pappot, Jukka Sairanen, Henrik Støvring, Juan Luis Vásquez, Suzanne Bergman, Gry Magnussen, Pernille Norremark, Steinar Thoresen & Anders Ullén
To understand the potential impact of new treatment options for urinary tract cancer, recent population trends in incidence, mortality and survival should be elucidated. This study estimated changes in the incidence, mortality and relative survival of urinary tract cancer in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) between 1990 and 2019. Annual counts of incident cases and deaths due to urinary tract cancer (International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification codes C65–C68,...

Association between brain volume and disability over time in multiple sclerosis

Thomas Moridi, Leszek Stawiarz, Kyla A McKay, Benjamin V Ineichen, Russell Ouellette, Daniel Ferreira, J-Sebastian Muehlboeck, Eric Westman, Ingrid Kockum, Tomas Olsson, Fredrik Piehl, Jan Hillert, Ali Manouchehrinia & Tobias Granberg
BackgroundMost previous multiple sclerosis (MS) brain atrophy studies using MS impact scale 29 (MSIS-29) or symbol digit modalities test (SDMT) have been cross-sectional with limited sets of clinical outcomes.ObjectivesTo investigate which brain and lesion volume metrics show the strongest long-term associations with the expanded disability status scale (EDSS), SDMT, and MSIS-29, and whether MRI-clinical associations vary with age.MethodsWe acquired MRI and clinical data from a real-world Swedish MS cohort. FreeSurfer and SPM Lesion Segmentation Tool...

Integrating network pharmacology and experimental validation to decipher the mechanism of the Chinese herbal prescription JieZe-1 in protecting against HSV-2 infection

Tong Liu, Qingqing Shao, Wenjia Wang, Yonggui Ma, Tianli Liu, Ximing Jin, Jianguo Fang, Guangying Huang & Zhuo Chen
The Chinese herbal prescription JieZe-1 (JZ-1) is effective against HSV-2 (Herpes simplex virus type 2) infection. However, its mechanism remains unclear. To explore the mechanism of JZ-1 in protecting against HSV-2 infection. Using the methods of network pharmacology, the hub components and targets were screened and functionally enriched. We established a genital herpes (GH) mouse model and observe the disease characteristics. Then, the GH mice in different groups (10 per/group) were treated with 20 μL...

Autophagy loss impedes cancer-associated fibroblast activation via downregulating proline biosynthesis

Jingru Bai, Tong Liu, Bo Tu, Meng Yuan, Zhaoqi Shu, Minghe Fan, Sihan Huo, Yuyao Guo, Lina Wang, Hua Wang & Ying Zhao
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are considered one of the most critical stromal cells that interact with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and promote tumor growth, metastasis, and treatment resistance. Previous studies illustrated macroautophagy/autophagy contributes to CAF activation during tumor progression. Here in our study, we found that autophagy deficiency in CAFs impedes CAF activation by inhibiting proline biosynthesis and collagen production. Furthermore, we uncovered that autophagy promotes proline biosynthesis through mitophagy-mediated regulation of NADK2 (NAD kinase 2,...

Characteristics and outcome of traumatic cardiac arrest at a level 1 trauma centre over 10 years in Sweden

Daniel Ohlén, Magnus Hedberg, Paula Martinsson, Erik von Oelreich, Therese Djärv & Malin Jonsson Fagerlund
Abstract Background Historically, resuscitation in traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA) has been deemed futile. However, recent literature reports improved but varying survival. Current European guidelines emphasise the addressing of reversible aetiologies in TCA and propose that a resuscitative thoracotomy may be performed within 15 min from last sign of life. To improve clinician understanding of which patients benefit from resuscitative efforts we aimed to describe the characteristics and 30-day survival for traumatic cardiac arrest at a...

Additional file 1 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 1. Supporting methods documents. PRISMA-P and PRISMA-IPD checklists, database search strategies, manuscript screening form, risk of bias instrument, and strength of evidence tool.

Italian translation of the JAVELIN Bladder 100 study: avelumab maintenance treatment for advanced urothelial cancer

Nuno Costa, Petros Grivas, John A. Blake-Haskins, Bo Huang, Robert J. Laliberte, Daniel P. Petrylak, Jeanny B. Aragon-Ching, Joaquim Bellmunt, Cora N. Sternberg, Evgeny Kopyltsov, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Srikala S. Sridhar, Yohann Loriot, Anders Ullén, Wim Demey, Sinisa Radulović, Haralabos Kalofonos, Howard Gurney, Begoña P. Valderrama, Claudia Caserta, Eric Voog, Se Hoon Park & Thomas Powles
Italian translation of the JAVELIN Bladder 100 study: avelumab maintenance treatment for advanced urothelial cancer

German translation of the JAVELIN Bladder 100 study: avelumab maintenance treatment for advanced urothelial cancer

Petros Grivas, John A. Blake-Haskins, Nuno Costa, Bo Huang, Robert J. Laliberte, Daniel P. Petrylak, Jeanny B. Aragon-Ching, Joaquim Bellmunt, Cora N. Sternberg, Evgeny Kopyltsov, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Srikala S. Sridhar, Yohann Loriot, Anders Ullén, Wim Demey, Sinisa Radulović, Haralabos Kalofonos, Howard Gurney, Begoña P. Valderrama, Claudia Caserta, Eric Voog, Se-Hoon Park & Thomas Powles
German translation of the JAVELIN Bladder 100 study: avelumab maintenance treatment for advanced urothelial cancer

Arabic translation

Petros Grivas, John A. Blake-Haskins, Nuno Costa, Bo Huang, Robert J. Laliberte, Daniel P. Petrylak, Jeanny B. Aragon-Ching, Joaquim Bellmunt, Cora N. Sternberg, Evgeny Kopyltsov, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Srikala S. Sridhar, Yohann Loriot, Anders Ullén, Wim Demey, Sinisa Radulović, Haralabos Kalofonos, Howard Gurney, Begoña P. Valderrama, Claudia Caserta, Eric Voog, Se Hoon Park & Thomas Powles
Arabic translation of the JAVELIN Bladder 100 study: avelumab maintenance treatment for advanced urothelial cancer

Comparison of emergency surgical cricothyroidotomy and percutaneous cricothyroidotomy by experienced airway providers in an obese, in vivo porcine hemorrhage airway model

Tomas Karlsson, Andreas Brännström, Mikael Gellerfors, Jenny Gustavsson & Mattias Günther
Abstract Background Emergency front-of-neck airway (eFONA) is a life-saving procedure in “cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate” (CICO). The fastest and most reliable method of eFONA has not been determined. We compared two of the most advocated approaches: surgical cricothyroidotomy and percutaneous cricothyroidotomy, in an obese, in vivo porcine hemorrhage model, designed to introduce real-time physiological feedback, relevant and high provider stress. The primary aim was to determine the fastest method to secure airway. Secondary aims were...

Additional file 1 of Comparison of emergency surgical cricothyroidotomy and percutaneous cricothyroidotomy by experienced airway providers in an obese, in vivo porcine hemorrhage airway model

Tomas Karlsson, Andreas Brännström, Mikael Gellerfors, Jenny Gustavsson & Mattias Günther
Additional file 1: The ARRIVE guidelines.

Prevalence and risk factors for sexual dysfunction in young women following a cancer diagnosis – a population-based study

Lena Wettergren, Lars E. Eriksson, Charlotta Bergström, Christel Hedman, Johan Ahlgren, Karin E. Smedby, Kristina Hellman, Roger Henriksson & Claudia Lampic
Self-reported sex problems among women diagnosed with reproductive and nonreproductive cancers before the age of 40 are not fully understood. This study aimed to determine sexual dysfunction in young women following a cancer diagnosis in relation to women of the general population. Furthermore, to identify factors associated with sexual dysfunction in women diagnosed with cancer. A population-based cross-sectional study with 694 young women was conducted 1.5 years after being diagnosed with cancer (response rate 72%)....

Additional file 1 of Potential living kidney donors’ positive experiences of an information letter from healthcare: a descriptive qualitative study

Eva Lagging, Kjerstin Larsson, Jonas Wadström, Linda Gyllström Krekula & Annika Tibell
English translation of LD-letter.

Additional file 1 of Low-abundance populations distinguish microbiome performance in plant cell wall deconstruction

Lauren M. Tom, Martina Aulitto, Yu-Wei Wu, Kai Deng, Yu Gao, Naijia Xiao, Beatrice Garcia Rodriguez, Clifford Louime, Trent R. Northen, Aymerick Eudes, Jenny C. Mortimer, Paul D. Adams, Henrik V. Scheller, Blake A. Simmons, Javier A. Ceja-Navarro & Steven W. Singer
Additional file 1: Supplementary Fig. 1. Residual dry weight biomass after a 56-day incubation. The figure shows that three incubations diverge in terms of biomass degradation. Supplementary Fig. 2. Phylogenetic tree reconstructed based on 49 core universal genes defined by Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COGs) using maximum likelihood. The tree was reconstructed on KBase. Supplementary Fig. 3. Gene proportion per MAG for selected GHs. MAGs with a completeness above 30% and contamination level lower than...

Additional file 1 of PredictCBC-2.0: a contralateral breast cancer risk prediction model developed and validated in ~ 200,000 patients

Daniele Giardiello, Maartje J. Hooning, Michael Hauptmann, Renske Keeman, B. A. M. Heemskerk-Gerritsen, Heiko Becher, Carl Blomqvist, Stig E. Bojesen, Manjeet K. Bolla, Nicola J. Camp, Kamila Czene, Peter Devilee, Diana M. Eccles, Peter A. Fasching, Jonine D. Figueroa, Henrik Flyger, Montserrat García-Closas, Christopher A. Haiman, Ute Hamann, John L. Hopper, Anna Jakubowska, Floor E. Leeuwen, Annika Lindblom, Jan Lubiński, Sara Margolin … & Marjanka K. Schmidt
Additional file 1. Supplementary methods also including the following tables and figures Table S2. List of BCAC studies (including ABCS source) with the corresponding country and geographic area. Table S4: Clinical utility of the 5-year contralateral breast cancer risk prediction models (PredictCBC-1A with PredictCBC-2.0A and PredictCBC-1B with PredictCBC-2.0B). Figure S1. Visual assessment of calibration through calibration plots in the internal–external cross-validation at 5 years for the PredictCBC-2.0A model. Figure S2. Visual assessment of calibration through...

Additional file 3 of NKD2 is correlated with the occurrence, progression and prognosis of thyroid carcinoma

Yu Gao, Yiwei Wang & Rende Guo
Additional file 3. The original results of western blot.

Additional file 3 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 3. Code and data. IPD from co-authors who agreed to share it, results of all analyses presented in the paper, and R code files necessary to reproduce the analysis and figures.

Additional file 4 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 4. Concentration and forest plots for each individual immune mediator. Concentration plots - Each symbol shows the concentration of the indicated immune mediator in a single sample. Each study is plotted separately. Lines connect samples from the same participant; in some cases participants provided multiple samples in the same phase, in which case multiple symbols within the same phase may be connected. Pale grey symbols are below the lower limit of detection and...

Additional file 5 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 5: Figure S1. Assessment of publication bias. A Funnel plots. Symbols show the effect of the menstrual cycle (x-axis) and the standard error of that effect (y-axis, reversed). Each symbol shows an individual study. Vertical solid line shows no effect. Vertical dashed line shows the meta-estimate of effect. Diagonal dashed lines enclose the region expected to include 95% of studies based on the estimated meta-effect and the standard errors. B Results of Egger’s...

Additional file 1 of High-frequency electrical stimulation attenuates neuronal release of inflammatory mediators and ameliorates neuropathic pain

Huan Yang, Timir Datta-Chaudhuri, Sam J. George, Bilal Haider, Jason Wong, Tyler D. Hepler, Ulf Andersson, Michael Brines, Kevin J. Tracey & Sangeeta S. Chavan
Additional file 1: Supplementary Figure 1. Light activated sensory neurons release inflammatory mediators. DRG sensory neurons harvested from Vglut2-Cre/ChR2-eYFP mice were cultured for 48–72 h and then stimulated with blue light (470 nm) at 20 Hz, 10% duty cycle for 15 min. Supernatant was harvested at indicated time points, and levels of HMGB1 (A), substance P (B) and CGRP (C) were quantified. N = 4-5 per group. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P <...

Additional file 3 of High-frequency electrical stimulation attenuates neuronal release of inflammatory mediators and ameliorates neuropathic pain

Huan Yang, Timir Datta-Chaudhuri, Sam J. George, Bilal Haider, Jason Wong, Tyler D. Hepler, Ulf Andersson, Michael Brines, Kevin J. Tracey & Sangeeta S. Chavan
Additional file 3: Supplementary Figure 3. Acute optogenetic stimulation does not induce hyperalgesia or the release of inflammatory mediators in wild type mice or primary sensory neurons. Wild type (C57BL/6) mice were anesthetized and subjected to optogenetic stimulation using 470 nm LED (blue) or 595 nm LED (yellow light) for 15 min on the dorsum of the right hind paw. (A) Mechanical hypersensitivity was assessed 5 h later, using von Frey filaments. Blue or yellow...

High-frequency electrical stimulation attenuates neuronal release of inflammatory mediators and ameliorates neuropathic pain

Huan Yang, Timir Datta-Chaudhuri, Sam J. George, Bilal Haider, Jason Wong, Tyler D. Hepler, Ulf Andersson, Michael Brines, Kevin J. Tracey & Sangeeta S. Chavan
Abstract Background Neuroinflammation is an important driver of acute and chronic pain states. Therefore, targeting molecular mediators of neuroinflammation may present an opportunity for developing novel pain therapies. In preclinical models of neuroinflammatory pain, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P and high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) are molecules synthesized and released by sensory neurons which activate inflammation and pain. High-frequency electrical nerve stimulation (HFES) has achieved clinical success as an analgesic modality, but...

Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Abstract Background Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle play a key role in shaping immunity in the cervicovaginal tract. Cervicovaginal fluid contains cytokines, chemokines, immunoglobulins, and other immune mediators. Many studies have shown that the concentrations of these immune mediators change throughout the menstrual cycle, but the studies have often shown inconsistent results. Our understanding of immunological correlates of the menstrual cycle remains limited and could be improved by meta-analysis of the available evidence. Methods...

sj-docx-3-msc-10.1177_09691413221126677 - Supplemental material for Availability of data for cost-effectiveness comparison of child vision and hearing screening programmes

Jan Kik, Eveline A.M. Heijnsdijk, Allison R. Mackey, Gwen Carr, Anna M Horwood, Maria Fronius, Jill Carlton, Helen J Griffiths, Inger M Uhlén & Huibert Jan Simonsz
Supplemental material, sj-docx-3-msc-10.1177_09691413221126677 for Availability of data for cost-effectiveness comparison of child vision and hearing screening programmes by Jan Kik, Eveline A.M. Heijnsdijk, Allison R. Mackey, Gwen Carr, Anna M Horwood, Maria Fronius, Jill Carlton, Helen J Griffiths, Inger M Uhlén, Huibert Jan Simonsz and Country-Committees Joint-Partnership of the EUSCREEN Study Consortium in Journal of Medical Screening

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  • Karolinska University Hospital
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  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
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