5 Works

Morphological and isotope data on three passerines in Taiwan

Pei-Jen Shaner & Yu‐Cheng Hsu
The niche variation hypothesis (NVH) predicts that populations with wider niches exhibit greater morphological variation through increased inter-individual differences in both niche and morphology. In this study, we examined niche-trait relationships in three passerine species (Cyanoderma ruficeps, Sinosuthora webbiana, Zosterops simplex). A total of 289 C. ruficeps from 7 sites, 259 S. webbiana from 8 sites, and 144 Z. simplex from 6 sites were sampled along an elevation gradient (0-2,700 m) in Taiwan from 2009...

Extra high superoxide dismutase in host tissue upgrades bleaching resistance in the “thermal adapted” and Durusdinium trenchii-associating coral

Jih-Terng Wang, Yu-Ting Wang, Allen Chen, Pei-Jei Meng, Kwee Siong Tew, Pei-Wen Chiang & Sen-Lin Tang
Global warming threatens reef-building corals with large scale bleaching events. Before being too late, uncovering potential adaptive capabilities to increasing temperature becomes one of the major thinking of saving corals. This study presents two coral species (Platygyra verweyi and Isopora palifera) surviving from a reef with regular hot water influx via a nearby nuclear power plant exhibited completely different bleaching susceptibility to acute thermal stress, even though both species shared several so-called “winner” characteristics (e.g.,...

Closing the life cycle of forest trees: The difficult dynamics of seedling-to-sapling transitions in a subtropical rain forest

Chia-Hao Chang-Yang, Jessica Needham, Chia-Ling Lu, Chang-Fu Hsieh, I-Fang Sun & Sean McMahon
1. Experimental and observational studies on seedling dynamics posit mechanisms that can influence forest diversity, structure, and function. However, high mortality and slow growth of seedlings make it difficult to evaluate the importance of this life-history filter to total tree life history. Quantifying the duration and transition of the seedling phase would help us understand this ‘black box’ in tree population biology. 2. We used a 16-year dataset of comprehensive seedling-to-sapling demography from a subtropical...

Species packing and the latitudinal gradient in local beta-diversity

Ke Cao, Richard Condit, Xiangcheng Mi, Lei Chen, Wubing Xu, David F. R. P. Burslem, Chunrong Cai, Min Cao, Li-Wan Chang, Chengjin Chu, Hu Du, Sisira Ediriweera, C. S. V. Gunatilleke, I. U. A. N. Gunatilleke, Zhanqing Hao, Jinbo Li, Guangze Jin, Buhang Li, Yankun Liu, Yide Li, Michael J. O'Brien, Xiujuan Qiao, Hongwei Ni, Guochun Shen, Xihua Wang … & Jens-Christian Svenning
The decline in species richness at higher latitudes is among the most fundamental patterns in ecology. Whether changes in species composition across space (beta-diversity) contribute to this gradient of overall local species richness (gamma diversity) remains hotly debated. Previous studies that failed to resolve the issue suffered from a well-known tendency for small samples in areas with high gamma-diversity to have inflated measures of beta-diversity. We provide here a novel analytical test, using beta-diversity metrics...

Registration Year

  • 2021
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Affiliations

  • National Dong Hwa University
    5
  • National Sun Yat-sen University
    3
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    1
  • Zhejiang University
    1
  • Guangxi Institute of Botany
    1
  • Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences
    1
  • University of Indonesia
    1
  • University of Aberdeen
    1
  • Morton Arboretum
    1
  • Aarhus University
    1