212 Works

Cryogenian crustal evolution in western Nigeria shield: whole-rock geochemistry, Sr-Nd and zircon U-Pb-Hf isotopic evidence from Bakoshi-Gadanya granites

Safiyanu Muhammad Elatikpo, Huan Li, Han Zheng, Musa Bala Girei, Jinghua Wu & Abdulgafar Kayode Amuda
The Bakoshi-Gadanya area, with widespread Neoproterozoic granites, is located within the Pan-African Trans-Sahara Belt, sandwiched between the West African and the Sahara metacraton. The whole-rock geochemistry, Sr-Nd isotope systematics and LA-(MC)-ICP-MS U-Pb-Hf isotopes of zircon were analysed to shed light on the age and genesis of the Bakoshi-Gadanya granites in the Precambrian basement of the northern western Nigeria shield. The granites are silicic (SiO2: 72.8–77.2 wt.%), ferroan, high-K, calc-alkalic to alkali-calcic in composition, with A-type...

Foliar nutrient diagnosis norms for litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn. cv. Feizixiao) in South China

Donglin Luo, Wei Wang, Cuihua Bai, Luwei Zhu, Huan Li, Changmin Zhou, Quanmin Qiu & Lixian Yao
Foliar nutrient diagnosis is a potent tool for nutrient management in crops. Litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) plantation in China dominates the worldwide litchi cultivation, and Feizixiao is the most widely cultivated species in China. Herein, 538 leaf samples were collected at fruit swelling stage and the terminal shoot maturing stage during 2016–2017, and the fruit yields of all the sampled trees were recorded. The suitability of four nutrient diagnosis methods including critical value approach (CVA),...

The effects of ground cover management on fruit yield and quality: a meta-analysis

Linfa Fang, Xiaojun Shi, Yong Zhang, Yehua Yang, Xueliang Zhang, Xiaozhong Wang & Yuting Zhang
An important management strategy for the development of sustainable agriculture in orchards is the management of ground cover. However, there is a knowledge gap regarding the effects of ground cover on fruit yield and quality. We performed a meta-analysis of 580 observations collected from 116 peer-reviewed field studies, to assess the effects of ground cover on fruit yield and quality indicators. Overall, ground cover significantly increased fruit yield, soluble solid content, sugar content, and vitamin...

The synergistic antitumor activity of 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs) and anti-PD-L1 antibody inducing immunogenic cell death

Xiao-Chuan Duan, Li-Yuan Peng, Xin Yao, Mei-Qi Xu, Hui Li, Shuai-Qiang Zhang, Zhuo-Yue Li, Jing-Ru Wang, Zhen-Han Feng, Guang-Xue Wang, Ai Liao, Ying Chen & Xuan Zhang
Cancer immunotherapy is a strategy that is moving to the frontier of cancer treatment in the current decade. In this study, we show evidence that 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs), act as immunogenic cell death (ICD) inducers, stimulating an antitumor response which results in synergistic antitumor activity by combining anti-PD-L1 antibody (aPD-L1) in vivo. To investigate the antitumor immunity induced by NPPA-PTX NPs, the expression of both ICD marker calreticulin (CRT) and high mobility...

Early Cretaceous mafic enclaves from the Jiaodong Peninsula of NNE China and what they reveal about lithospheric melts and granodiorite genesis: the Yashan example

Kadio Aka D. Koua, Huashan Sun, Huan Li, Zhanke Li, Hui Yang, Qingming Sun, Ohouo Rebecca Mondah & Koffi Alexis N’dri
Mafic microgranular enclaves (MMEs) are hosted by the Early Cretaceous granitic plutons from the Jiaodong Peninsula and are crucial for constraining the petrogenesis of these plutons and understanding the lithospheric evolution in the eastern North China Craton (NCC). This paper presents new geochronological, bulk-rock geochemistry, and Sr-Nd-Hf isotope data for Yashan granodiorite and its MMEs in an effort to build an integrated model of the geodynamic setting during the Early Cretaceous. Zircon U–Pb dating indicates...

Huge sedimentary hiatus in the southern margin of the North China Craton from mid-Mesoproterozoic to Neoproterozoic

Pengfei Zuo, Yu Li, Haihua Cheng, Christopher J. Spencer, Fengbo Sun, Shiyan Wang & Deshun Zheng
The Meso- to Neoproterozoic Eras were characterized by environmental, evolutionary, and lithospheric stability in the North China Craton (NCC). It is controversial that huge uplift(s) occurred in the North China Craton during this period. The southern NCC developed early terrestrial deposition in the late-Paleoproterozoic and glacial sequence in the late Neoproterozoic record integrated geological history of the NCC in the intervening interval. Geochemistry compositions of mid-Mesoproterozoic carbonaceous slates (ca. 1330 Ma) show similar provenances to...

Additional file 8 of Temporal expression study of miRNAs in the crown tissues of winter wheat grown under natural growth conditions

Menglei Wang, Chenhui Yang, Kangning Wei, Miao Zhao, Liqiang Shen, Jie Ji, Li Wang, Daijing Zhang, Junqiang Guo, Yun Zheng, Juanjuan Yu, Mo Zhu, Haiying Liu & Yong-Fang Li
Additional file 8: Table S5. Sequence of primers used in this study.

Additional file 2 of Data integration and evolutionary analysis of long non-coding RNAs in 25 flowering plants

Shiye Sang, Wen Chen, Di Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Wenjing Yang & Changning Liu
Additional file 2. Conserved lncRNAs ratios for each species.

Transcriptional dynamics of transposable elements when converting fibroblast cells of Macaca mulatta to neuroepithelial stem cells

Dahai Liu, Li Liu, Kui Duan, Junqiang Guo, Shipeng Li, Zhigang Zhao, Xiaotuo Zhang, Nan Zhou & Yun Zheng
Abstract Background Transposable elements (TE) account for more than 50% of human genome. It has been reported that some types of TEs are dynamically regulated in the reprogramming of human cell lines. However, it is largely unknown whether some TEs in Macaca mulatta are also regulated during the reprogramming of cell lines of monkey. Results Here, we systematically examined the transcriptional activities of TEs during the conversion of Macaca mulatta fibroblast cells to neuroepithelial stem...

MicroRNA-146b-3p regulates the dysfunction of vascular smooth muscle cells via repressing phosphoinositide-3 kinase catalytic subunit gamma

Xijing Zhuang, Feng Gao, Lei Shi, Wei Liu, Wenjun Wang, Xuezhi He & Yang Gao
MicroRNAs are crucial regulators in the phenotype switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nonetheless, the role of miR-146b-3p in VSMCs remains unclear. In the present study, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at different concentrations was employed to stimulate VSMCs for different times, to establish the model of VSMC dysfunction. The relative expression of miR-146b-3p was quantified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The proliferation of VSMCs was measured by BrdU assay. Flow cytometry analysis...

Circular RNA erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 assuages ultraviolet irradiation-induced apoptosis of lens epithelial cells by stimulating 5’-bisphosphate nucleotidase 1 in a miR-24-3p-dependent manner

Cuiyun Zhou, Xiaoqiong Huang, Xia Li & Yan Xiong
Apoptosis of lens epithelial cells contributed to the formation of age-related cataract (ARC), and previous data revealed that circular RNA (circRNA) was responsible for the underneath mechanism. The study was organized to explore the role of circular RNA erythrocyte membrane protein band 4.1 (circ_EPB41) in ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-induced apoptosis of lens epithelial cells. SRA01/04 cells were irradiated with UV to mimic the ARC cell model. The RNA levels of circ_EPB41, microRNA-24-3p (miR-24-3p), and 3ʹ(2ʹ), 5ʹ-bisphosphate...

Hypoxia promotes the proliferation of mouse liver sinusoidal endothelial cells: miRNA–mRNA expression analysis

Zhe Qing, Hanfei Huang, Qun Luo, Jie Lin, Shikun Yang, Tao Liu, Zhong Zeng & Tingfeng Ming
During the initial stage of liver regeneration (LR), hepatocytes and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) initiate regeneration in a hypoxic environment. However, the role of LSECs in liver regeneration in hypoxic environments and their specific molecular mechanism is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the miRNA–mRNA network that regulates the proliferation of LSECs during hypoxia. In this study, first, we found that the proliferation ability of primary LSECs treated with hypoxia was enhanced compared...

Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 02570 promotes nasopharyngeal carcinoma progression by adsorbing microRNA miR-4649-3p thereby upregulating both sterol regulatory element binding protein 1, and fatty acid synthase

Fei Liu, Jiazhang Wei, Yanrong Hao, Jiao Lan, Wei Li, Jingjin Weng, Min Li, Cheng Su, Bing Li, Mingzheng Mo, Fengzhu Tang, Yongli Wang, Yong Yang, Wei Jiao & Shenhong Qu
Our previous studies have elucidated a possible connection between long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 2570 (LINC02570) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). However, the precise mechanism by which LINC02570 promotes NPC remains unknown. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) to detect LINC02570 expression in nasopharyngeal cell lines, NPC tissues, and chronic rhinitis tissues. Subcellular LINC02570 localization was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The effects of LINC02570 stable knockdown and overexpression on viabillity, proliferation, migration,...

Homeobox A5 activates p53 pathway to inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of adrenocortical carcinoma cells by inducing Aldo-Keto reductase family 1 member B10 expression

Danyan Chen, Zhaonan Shen, Xi Cheng, Qi Wang, Junlin Zhou, Fang Ren, Yue Sun, Hongman Wang & Rongxi Huang
Aldo-Keto Reductase Family 1 Member B10 (AKR1B10) and Homeobox A5 (HOXA5) are both down-regulated in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), and HOXA5 is predicted to bind to the promoter of AKR1B10. We aimed to investigate whether HOXA5 could bind to AKR1B10 to regulate ACC cells proliferation and apoptosis. The expression of AKR1B10 and HOXA5 in ACC patients and the relationship of their expression between ACC prognosis were evaluated by searching database. Then, NCI-H295R cells were overexpressed to...

Transcriptomic analysis of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit T2 plus line provides insights in host responses resist Pectobacterium carotovorum infection

Fuxing Shu, Jing Han, Jean Pierre Ndayambaje, Qi Jia, Surendra Sarsaiya, Archana Jain, Minglei Huang, Minghong Liu & Jishuang Chen
Transcriptome is used to determine the induction response of Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit T2 plus line (abbreviated as PT2P line) infected with Pectobacterium carotovorum. The main objective of the study was to deal with the transcriptome database of PT2P line resistance to soft rot pathogens to provide a new perspective for identifying the resistance-related genes and understanding the molecular mechanism. Results indicated that water soaking and tissue collapse started at 20 h after PT2P line...

Special electromagnetic field-treated water and far-infrared radiation alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome in rats by regulating haptoglobin

Changyong Luo, Yan Li, Xu Liang, Yifan Chen, Qiao Zou, Yurong Kong, Zhengguang Guo, Wei Sun & Xin Wang
Special electromagnetic field-treated water (SEW) and far-infrared radiation (FIR) can reduce acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats inflicted by lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). However, little is known about its underlying molecular mechanism. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) of SEW and FIR interventions were obtained from a proteomics database. A total of 89 DEPs were identified. Enrichment analysis of DEPs was performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery. These DEPs were associated with the responses...

Azilsartan protects against hyperglycemia-induced hyperpermeability of the blood-brain barrier

Jing Han, Hua Tang, Longfei Yao, Erliang Jin, Wanxi Pan & Shaojun Chen
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex metabolic disease with significant neurological complications and is reported to be closely related to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. Azilsartan is an antagonist of the Angiotensin II receptor developed for the treatment of hypertension, and it has been recently reported to have neuroprotective effects. The present study aims to investigate the protective effect of Azilsartan against hyperglycemia-induced BBB disruption and its underlying mechanism. Male db/db mice were treated with...

Four new polyprenylated acylphloroglucinol derivatives from Hypericum beanii

Xin-Yue Suo, Xiao-Yu Liu, Xiao-Wei Liu, Xiao-Xiu Li, Ting-Ting Zhu, Teng-Fei Ji & Bo Liu
Two new polycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs), hyperbeanins P-Q (1-2), and two new biosynthetic precursors, hyperbeanins R-S (3-4), were isolated from Hypericum beanii, together with three known analogs (5-7). Compound 1 was one of type A PPAPs featured with unusual bicyclo[5.3.1]hendecane core. The structures of isolates were established by NMR spectroscopic methods, experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra and comparisons with known compounds. Compounds 5 and 6 showed obvious hepatoprotective activity at 10 µM against paracetamol-induced...

A seven-gene signature and the C–C motif chemokine receptor family genes are the sarcoma-related immune genes

Jiarui Chen, Tuo Liang, Jiemei Cen, Jie Jiang, Shixin Pan, Shengsheng Huang, Liyi Chen, Xuhua Sun, Hao Li, Tianyou Chen, Wei Liang, Shian Liao, Chaojie Yu, Yuanlin Yao, Zhen Ye, Wuhua Chen, Hao Guo, Xinli Zhan & Chong Liu
Cells of the tumor microenvironment exert a vital influence on sarcoma prognosis. This study aimed to analyze and identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to immunity and their significance as immune biomarkers for the accurate prediction of overall survival of patients with sarcoma. The Cancer Genome Atlas was adopted for obtaining sarcoma gene microarray and corresponding clinical information. ESTIMATE algorithm was used to calculate tumor immune microenvironment indices. Immune-associated DEGs were identified using the limma...

A novel fusion circular RNA F-circBA1 derived from the BCR-ABL fusion gene displayed an oncogenic role in chronic myeloid leukemia cells

Yuan Tan, Zhenglan Huang, Xin Wang, Hongdan Dai, Guoyun Jiang & Wenli Feng
The BCR-ABL fusion gene plays a crucial role in the leukemogenesis of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). The BCR-ABL oncoprotein encoded by this fusion gene has been extensively studied. However, research on whether BCR-ABL also affects circular RNAs (circRNAs) is limited. This study aimed to explore the new fusion circRNAs produced by BCR-ABL and their role in CML cells. In this study, we identified a novel fusion circRNA, named F-circBA1, originating from BCR-ABL in K562 and...

Complete genome sequence of the Clostridium difficile LCL126

Jianfeng Wang, Chu Yang, Chao Zhang, Xiaoyan Mao & An Lizhe
Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a kind of obligate anaerobic gram-positive Bacillus related with intestinal diseases and antibiotic treatment. In present study, the C. difficile genome was studied employing met genomic technology. Genome sequencing identified C. difficile LCL126 has total size of 4,301,949 bp with a 27.97% of GC content. Specifically, 4119 predicted coding genes, 188 repeat sequences, 13 prophages and 8 gene islands were detected. Additionally, gene function analysis aspect of the function annotation,...

Vinegar-processed Curcuma phaeocaulis promotes anti-angiogenic activity and reduces toxicity in zebrafish and rat models

Wan Liao, Yi Chen, Zongping Zhu, Jiao Chen, Tianhui Gao, Boonjai Limsila, Yenchit Techadamrongsin, Lei Wang, Jiali Yu, Chaomei Fu & Rui Li
Processing with vinegar could enhance the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton. (Zingiberaceae), a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. This study investigated the vinegar processing effects by evaluating anti-angiogenic effect and toxicity of C. phaeocaulis through zebrafish and rat models. Zebrafish embryos (AB and FLk-GFP strain) were applied to evaluate toxicity, cardiotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity of volatile oil, and water decoction of the raw and vinegar-processed C. phaeocaulis. Meanwhile,...

Vinegar-processed Curcuma phaeocaulis promotes anti-angiogenic activity and reduces toxicity in zebrafish and rat models

Wan Liao, Yi Chen, Zongping Zhu, Jiao Chen, Tianhui Gao, Boonjai Limsila, Yenchit Techadamrongsin, Lei Wang, Jiali Yu, Chaomei Fu & Rui Li
Processing with vinegar could enhance the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton. (Zingiberaceae), a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. This study investigated the vinegar processing effects by evaluating anti-angiogenic effect and toxicity of C. phaeocaulis through zebrafish and rat models. Zebrafish embryos (AB and FLk-GFP strain) were applied to evaluate toxicity, cardiotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity of volatile oil, and water decoction of the raw and vinegar-processed C. phaeocaulis. Meanwhile,...

Aucubin slows the development of osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoclast differentiation via the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2-mediated antioxidation pathway

Yongfeng Zhang, Xin Liu, Yangyang Li, Minkai Song, Yutong Li, Anhui Yang, Yaqin Zhang, Di Wang & Min Hu
Osteoporosis (OP) is a metabolic disease. We have previously demonstrated that aucubin (AU) has anti-OP effects that are due to its promotion of the formation of osteoblasts. To investigate the mechanisms of anti-OP effects of AU. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, 30 mg/kg Dex-induced OP group (OP model group, 15 μg/kg oestradiol-treated positive control group, 5 or 45 mg/kg AU-treated group), and 45 mg/kg AU-alone-treated group. The administration lasted for 7 weeks....

B7 family member H4 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition and promotes the proliferation, migration and invasion of colorectal cancer cells

Yuzhen Yin, Lili Shi, Jing Yang, Hui Wang, Hang Yang & Qiang Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract, which has the second highest incidence among gastrointestinal tumors. At present, due to the limitations of current CRC treatment strategies, there is an urgent need for developing more effective therapies. B7 family member H4 (B7-H4) is associated with the progression of a wide spectrum of cancers, but its functional role in CRC is unknown. The purpose of this study is to clarify the role...

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