3,335 Works

Network pharmacology and in vitro experimental verification to explore the mechanism of Sanhua decoction in the treatment of ischaemic stroke

Wei Zhang, Li Zhang, Wen jun Wang, Shanbo Ma, Mingming Wang, Minna Yao, Ruili Li, Wei wei Li, Xian Zhao, Dongmei Hu, Yi Ding & Jingwen Wang
Stroke is an illness with high morbidity, disability and mortality that presents a major clinical challenge. Sanhua decoction (SHD) has been widely used to treat ischaemic stroke in the clinic. However, the potential mechanism of SHD remains unknown. To elucidate the multitarget mechanism of SHD in ischaemic stroke through network pharmacology and bioinformatics analyses. Network pharmacology and experimental validation approach was used to investigate the bioactive ingredients, critical targets and potential mechanisms of SHD against...

Long non-coding RNA terminal differentiation-induced non-coding RNA regulates cisplatin resistance of choroidal melanoma by positively modulating extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 via sponging microRNA-19b-3p

Wei Li, Aiqin Nie, Longyu Jin, Yubo Cui, Ning Xie & Gaohua Liang
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of long non-coding RNA terminal differentiation-induced non-coding RNA (TINCR) in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of choroidal melanoma (CM) and the potential molecular mechanisms. CM and non-CM tissues were collected from 60 CM patients. DDP-resistant CM cells were obtained by selection with linearly increased DDP treatment. The expression levels of TINCR, microR-19b-3p (miR-19b-3p), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK-2) were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Cholecystokinin octapeptide...

Network pharmacology and in vitro experimental verification to explore the mechanism of Sanhua decoction in the treatment of ischaemic stroke

Wei Zhang, Li Zhang, Wen jun Wang, Shanbo Ma, Mingming Wang, Minna Yao, Ruili Li, Wei wei Li, Xian Zhao, Dongmei Hu, Yi Ding & Jingwen Wang
Stroke is an illness with high morbidity, disability and mortality that presents a major clinical challenge. Sanhua decoction (SHD) has been widely used to treat ischaemic stroke in the clinic. However, the potential mechanism of SHD remains unknown. To elucidate the multitarget mechanism of SHD in ischaemic stroke through network pharmacology and bioinformatics analyses. Network pharmacology and experimental validation approach was used to investigate the bioactive ingredients, critical targets and potential mechanisms of SHD against...

One novel naphthalene derivative and other constituents with anti-complementary activities from the aerial parts of Dracocephalum moldavica

Jia-Ming Wang, Jin-Feng Sun, Long Jin, Meng-Jie Wang, Yan-Yan Huang, Mei Jin, Wei Zhou & Gao Li
One novel naphthalene derivative, 2-octa-2′,4′,6′-atriynenaphthalene (1), together with eighteen known compounds (2–19) were isolated from the aerial parts of Dracocephalum moldavica L. Compounds 2, 8, 10, 13, 15–17 and 19 were obtained from the family Lamiaceae for the first time, and compounds 11 and 18 were firstly identified from the genus of Dracocephalum. All the isolates were evaluated for anti-complementary activities through the classical and alternative pathways, and the targets of the most active compounds...

Hyperthermia inhibits growth of nasopharyngeal carcinoma through degradation of c-Myc

Xiaole Li, Shichao Duan, Yingjuan Zheng, Yongqiang Yang, Lei Wang, Xinqiang Li, Qing Zhang, Rick F. Thorne, Wencai Li & Daoke Yang
Hyperthermia is a widely used adjunct treatment for different cancers including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The protooncogene c-Myc is up-regulated in NPC and its expression is associated with poor prognosis. We hypothesized that c-Myc constitutes an important hyperthermia treatment target, and we investigated its contribution to hyperthermia responses in NPC. The growth of the human NPC cell lines CNE1 and CNE2 was analyzed using CCK-8 and clonogenicity assays after 43 °C hyperthermia, knockdown or overexpression of...

Genome-wide analysis of the GRF gene family and their expression profiling in peach (Prunus persica)

Li Liu, Xiu-jie Li, Bo Li, Ming-yue Sun & Shao-xuan Li
Growth-regulating factors (GRFs) are plant-specific transcription factors with vital roles in multiple biological processes. Although GRFs have been identified in various plant species, a comprehensive analysis of GRF genes in peach (Prunus persica) has not yet been reported. In this study, 10 PpGRF genes distributed on 6 chromosomes were identified in peach genome and their properties were analyzed systematically. Expression pattern analysis suggested that most PpGRFs were preferentially expressed in young tissues. Multiple types of...

A defective lysophosphatidic acid-autophagy axis increases miscarriage risk by restricting decidual macrophage residence

Hui-Li Yang, Zhen-Zhen Lai, Jia-Wei Shi, Wen-Jie Zhou, Jie Mei, Jiang-Feng Ye, Tao Zhang, Jian Wang, Jian-Yuan Zhao, Da-Jin Li & Ming-Qing Li
Massive infiltrated and enriched decidual macrophages (dMφ) have been widely regarded as important regulators of maternal-fetal immune tolerance and trophoblast invasion, contributing to normal pregnancy. However, the characteristics of metabolic profile and the underlying mechanism of dMφ residence remain largely unknown. Here, we observe that dMφ display an active glycerophospholipid metabolism. The activation of ENPP2-lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) facilitates the adhesion and retention, and M2 differentiation of dMφ during normal pregnancy. Mechanistically, this process is mediated...

A defective lysophosphatidic acid-autophagy axis increases miscarriage risk by restricting decidual macrophage residence

Hui-Li Yang, Zhen-Zhen Lai, Jia-Wei Shi, Wen-Jie Zhou, Jie Mei, Jiang-Feng Ye, Tao Zhang, Jian Wang, Jian-Yuan Zhao, Da-Jin Li & Ming-Qing Li
Massive infiltrated and enriched decidual macrophages (dMφ) have been widely regarded as important regulators of maternal-fetal immune tolerance and trophoblast invasion, contributing to normal pregnancy. However, the characteristics of metabolic profile and the underlying mechanism of dMφ residence remain largely unknown. Here, we observe that dMφ display an active glycerophospholipid metabolism. The activation of ENPP2-lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) facilitates the adhesion and retention, and M2 differentiation of dMφ during normal pregnancy. Mechanistically, this process is mediated...

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of dianilinopyrimidines as EGFR inhibitors

Longjia Yan, Qin Wang, Li Liu & Yi Le
This paper described our efforts to develop dianilinopyrimidines as novel EGFR inhibitors. All the target compounds were tested for inhibitory effects against wild type EGFR (EGFRwt) and three tumour cells, including A549, PC-3, and HepG2. Some of the compounds performed well in antitumor activities. Especially, compound 4c 2-((2-((4-(3-fluorobenzamido)phenyl)amino)-5-(trifluoromethyl) pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-N-methylthiophene-3-carboxamide showed higher anti-tumour activities than Gefitinib. The IC50 values of compound 4c against A549, PC-3, and HepG2. reached 0.56 μM, 2.46 μM, and 2.21 μM, respectively....

Therapeutic targeting of the USP2-E2F4 axis inhibits autophagic machinery essential for zinc homeostasis in cancer progression

Wenjing Xiao, Jianqun Wang, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Cai, Yanhua Guo, Lin Ye, Dan Li, Anpei Hu, Shikai Jin, Boling Yuan, Yi Zhou, Qilan Li, Qiangsong Tong & Liduan Zheng
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved cellular process associated with tumorigenesis and aggressiveness, while mechanisms regulating expression of autophagic machinery genes in cancers still remain elusive. Herein, we identified E2F4 (E2F transcription factor 4) as a novel transcriptional activator of cytoprotective autophagy crucial for zinc homeostasis in cancer cells. Gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that E2F4 promoted autophagy in a cell cycle-dependent manner, resulting in facilitated degradation of MT (metallothionein) proteins, elevated distribution of Zn2+ within autophagosomes,...

Therapeutic targeting of the USP2-E2F4 axis inhibits autophagic machinery essential for zinc homeostasis in cancer progression

Wenjing Xiao, Jianqun Wang, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Cai, Yanhua Guo, Lin Ye, Dan Li, Anpei Hu, Shikai Jin, Boling Yuan, Yi Zhou, Qilan Li, Qiangsong Tong & Liduan Zheng
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved cellular process associated with tumorigenesis and aggressiveness, while mechanisms regulating expression of autophagic machinery genes in cancers still remain elusive. Herein, we identified E2F4 (E2F transcription factor 4) as a novel transcriptional activator of cytoprotective autophagy crucial for zinc homeostasis in cancer cells. Gain- and loss-of-function studies showed that E2F4 promoted autophagy in a cell cycle-dependent manner, resulting in facilitated degradation of MT (metallothionein) proteins, elevated distribution of Zn2+ within autophagosomes,...

Knockdown of lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein-1 ameliorates alcoholic cardiomyopathy via inactivating the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway

Yifan Zhang, Ruiqi Zhang, Lan Lu, Na Zhou, Xiaoyan Lv, Xin Wang & Zhanbin Feng
LOX-1 triggers myocardial fibrosis, but its roles and mechanisms in alcoholic cardiomyopathy and the involvement of the downstream signaling pathways had not been fully reported. We planned to explore how LOX-1 facilitated myocardial fibrosis in alcoholic cardiomyopathy. The in vitro and in vivo alcoholic cardiomyopathy model was established by alcohol treatment to rats’ cardiac fibroblasts and rats, respectively. Masson staining was conducted to observe the collagen deposition and the IHC assay was executed to evaluate...

Linc00152 promotes malignant progression of glioma stem cells by regulating miR-103a-3p/FEZF1/CDC25A pathway

Mingjun Yu, Yixue Xue, Jian Zheng, Xiaobai Liu, Hai Yu, Libo Liu, Zhen Li & Yunhui Liu
Abstract Background Glioma is one of the most frequent intracranial malignant tumors. LncRNAs have been identified as new modulators in the origination and progression of glioma. Methods Quantitative real-time PCR were conducted to evaluate the expression of linc00152 and miRNA-103a-3p in glioma tissues and cells. Western blot were used to determine the expression of FEZF1 and CDC25A in glioma tissues and cells. Stable knockdown of linc00152 or over-expression of miR-103a-3p in glioma stem cells (GSCs)...

CircRIMKLB promotes myoblast proliferation and inhibits differentiation by sponging miR-29c to release KCNJ12

Jian Wang, Yifan Wen, Jiawei Xu, Binglin Yue, Jialin Zhong, Li Zheng, Chuzhao Lei, Hong Chen & Yongzhen Huang
Muscle development is a complex process that was regulated by many factors, among which non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play a vital role in regulating multiple life activities of muscle cells. Circular RNA (circRNA), a type of non-coding RNA with closed-loop structure, has been reported to affect multiple life processes. However, the roles of circRNAs on muscle development have not been fully elucidated. The present study aimed to determine whether and how circRIMKLB affects muscle development. Our...

Effect of acute acidic stress on survival and metabolic activity of zooplankton from Lake Biwa, Japan

Huanan Gao, Xin Liu & Syuhei Ban
Acute acidic stress from sources such as acid rain might impact on lake ecosystems in many aspects. Because zooplankton is sensitive to environmental change, it could be a good biotic indicator of the effects of acidification. We investigated survival and metabolic rates of three dominant zooplankton taxa in Lake Biwa, the cladoceran Daphnia pulicaria, and the copepods Eodiaptomus japonicus and Cyclopoida spp., when subjected to different pH values (pH 4.0−8.0) at low (10 °C) and...

ATG7-mediated autophagy facilitates embryonic stem cell exit from naive pluripotency and marks commitment to differentiation

Jilong Zhou, Hainan He, Jing-Jing Zhang, Xin Liu, Wang Yao, Chengyu Li, Tian Xu, Shu-Yuan Yin, Dan-Ya Wu, Cheng-Li Dou, Qiao Li, Jiani Xiang, Wen-Jing Xiong, Li-Yan Wang, Jun-ming Tang, Zhouyiyuan Xue, Xia Zhang & Yi-Liang Miao
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a conserved cellular mechanism to degrade unneeded cytoplasmic proteins and organelles to recycle their components, and it is critical for embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal and somatic cell reprogramming. Whereas autophagy is essential for early development of embryos, no information exists regarding its functions during the transition from naive-to-primed pluripotency. Here, by using an in vitro transition model of ESCs to epiblast-like cells (EpiLCs), we find that dynamic changes in ATG7-dependent autophagy are...

Circ_KCNQ5 participates in the progression of childhood acute myeloid leukemia by enhancing the expression of RAB10 via binding to miR-622

Xiaoyan Hu, Jiaojiao Yin, Rui He, Rong Chao & Shengdong Zhu
: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is regarded as a haematological malignancy and seriously threatens the public’s health. Circular RNA (circRNA) is gradually confirmed to be involved in the development of AML. The purpose of this study was to disclose the role of circRNA Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily Q Member 5 (circ_KCNQ5) in AML. : Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) and western blot were used for expression analysis. Colony formation assay, EdU assay and MTT assay were...

Development of a multi-view and geo-event-driven real-time collaborative GIS

Sun Yaqin, Xu Chen, Wu Jinxiong, Yuan Hang, Shi Haibo, Zhan Xiumei & Zhang Lin
Supporting distributed real-time collaborative work has become an important development trend in GIS. It enables group users to cooperate and improve the use of scientific data and collaboration technologies. Real-time collaborative GIS (RCGIS) provides a platform for supporting synchronous collaboration using geospatial data in various forms. Traditional RCGIS generally works on a single map view, which has the disadvantage of collaborative interface confusion. The traditional system-driven mechanism of RCGIS is a computer-interaction event that has...

Recent advances in improving the remediation performance of microbial electrochemical systems for contaminated soil and sediments

Ruixiang Li, Jinning Wang, Tian Li & Qixing Zhou
Remediation of contaminated soil and sediments has been drawing our attention, efficient and eco-friendly technologies are urgently needed for the removal of pollutants in soil and sediments. Although conventional remediation technologies have been in application for decades and have achieved great performance, the significant drawbacks limit their application (e.g., complicated operation and secondary pollution). Microbial electrochemical system (MES) has been intensively studied as a promising technology for soil/sediment remediation. Compared with other technologies, soil/sediment MES...

Primary graft failure following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: risk factors, treatment and outcomes

Juan Chen, Aiming Pang, Yuanqi Zhao, Li Liu, Runzhi Ma, Jialin Wei, Xin Chen, Yi He, Donglin Yang, Rongli Zhang, Weihua Zhai, Qiaoling Ma, Erlie Jiang, Mingzhe Han, Jiaxi Zhou & Sizhou Feng
Graft failure (GF) is an intractable complication of transplantation, which can severely affect the efficacy of the graft; however, the characteristics, incidence, and risk factors of primary GF have not been well described. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors and outcomes of primary GF to swiftly identify high-risk patients for GF. We performed a case-control study with a case-control ratio of 1:4 with 869 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT)...

Melatonin affects hypoxia-inducible factor 1α and ameliorates delayed brain injury following subarachnoid hemorrhage via H19/miR-675/HIF1A/TLR4

Zhijian Xu, Fengduo Zhang, Hu Xu, Fan Yang, Gezhi Zhou, Minfeng Tong, Yaqiang Li & Song Yang
This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of how melatonin (MT) interferes with hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1A) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression, which is implicated in the management of delayed brain injury (DBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Luciferase assay, real-time PCR, Western-blot analysis and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assays were utilized to explore the interaction among H19, miR-675, HIF1A and TLR4, and to evaluate the effect of MT on the expression of above transcripts in...

Hyperthermia promotes exosome secretion by regulating Rab7b while increasing drug sensitivity in adriamycin-resistant breast cancer

Di Xu, Wen-Juan Tang, Yi-Zhi Zhu, Zhen Liu, Kai Yang, Ming-Xing Liang, Xiu Chen, Yang Wu, Jin-Hai Tang & Wei Zhang
To investigate the mechanism through which hyperthermia promotes exosome secretion and drug sensitivity in adriamycin-resistant breast cancer. We first evaluated the effect of hyperthermia on adriamycin-resistant breast cancer viability and used transmission electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis, and a bicinchoninic acid kit to validate the effect of hyperthermia on exosome secretion. The effective targeting molecules and pathways changed by hyperthermia were explored by RNA microarray and verified in vitro. The adriamycin-resistant MCF-7/ADR cells co-incubated with...

Morphology and phylogeny of two new Thalassiosiroid taxa (Bacillariophyceae), with two marginal rimoportulae

Biaobiao Niu, Yaqiong Guo, Nina Lundholm & Yang Li
Thalassiosira and related taxa i.e. the taxa within Thalassiosirales are among the most abundant and widespread diatoms. The vast majority have one marginal rimoportula, but very few always have two. The knowledge on Thalassiosiroid taxa in Chinese waters is restricted, and to explore the diversity, monoclonal strains were established from southern Chinese coastal waters. Morphological data were based on light and scanning electron microscopy. The D1‒D3 region of the ribosomal large subunit (LSU) and the...

Regulation of microRNA miR-197-3p/CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B (CKS1B) axis by Circular RNA hsa_circ_0000285 promotes glioma progression

Tao Deng, Yang Liu, Yanlong Yang, Leyong Yuan, Fangfang Liu, Xiaobo Wang, Qiuying Zhang & Mingshui Xie
Circular RNA circ_0000285 is differentially expressed in several malignancies; however, its role in gliomas is under investigation. Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was conducted to evaluate the expression of circ_0000285, miR-197-3p, and CDC28 protein kinase regulatory subunit 1B (CKS1B) in glioma tissues and cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 and Transwell invasion assays coupled with Western blotting analysis using anti-Bax and anti-Bcl-2 antibodies were performed to evaluate cell proliferation, invasion, and apoptosis. Luciferase reporter and AGO2...

Sevoflurane reduces lipopolysaccharide-induced apoptosis and pulmonary fibrosis in the RAW264.7 cells and mice models to ameliorate acute lung injury by eliminating oxidative damages

Fushuang Zheng, Xiuying Wu, Jin Zhang, Zhiling Fu & Yan Zhang
Sevoflurane is identified as an effective candidate drug for acute lung injury (ALI) treatment, but its curing effects and detailed mechanisms have not been fully disclosed. The present study was designed to resolve this academic issue. The ALI mice models were established, and Hematoxylin-eosin staining assay was performed to examine tissue morphologies. Cell viability was determined by CCK-8 assay, and Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining assay was used to examine cell apoptosis. The expression levels of...

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