2,523 Works

Protein disulfide isomerases (PDIs) negatively regulate ebolavirus structural glycoprotein expression in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via the autophagy-lysosomal pathway

Bin Wang, Jing Zhang, Xin Liu, Qingqing Chai, Xiaoran Lu, Xiaoyu Yao, Zhichang Yang, Liangliang Sun, Silas F. Johnson, Richard C Schwartz & Yong-Hui Zheng
Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) causes a severe hemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates with high morbidity and mortality. EBOV infection is dependent on its structural glycoprotein (GP), but high levels of GP expression also trigger cell rounding, detachment, and downregulation of many surface molecules that is thought to contribute to its high pathogenicity. Thus, EBOV has evolved an RNA editing mechanism to reduce its GP expression and increase its fitness. We now report that the...

ETS Proto-Oncogene 1-activated muskelin 1 antisense RNA drives the malignant progression of hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting miR-22-3p to upregulate ETS Proto-Oncogene 1

Guozheng Pan, Jian Zhang, Faping You, Tao Cui, Peng Luo, Shuling Wang, Xiaomei Li & Qingzhong Yuan
Long noncoding RNA muskelin 1 antisense RNA (MKLN1-AS) acted as an oncogenic regulator in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study was performed to investigate the functional mechanism of MKLN1-AS. MKLN1-AS, microRNA-22-3p (miR-22-3p) and ETS Proto-Oncogene 1 (ETS1) levels were examined using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase-chain reaction. Protein expression was detected by Western blot. The target relation was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay and RNA pull-down assay. Cell proliferation ability was determined through cell counting...

Hyperthermia inhibits growth of nasopharyngeal carcinoma through degradation of c-Myc

Xiaole Li, Shichao Duan, Yingjuan Zheng, Yongqiang Yang, Lei Wang, Xinqiang Li, Qing Zhang, Rick F. Thorne, Wencai Li & Daoke Yang
Hyperthermia is a widely used adjunct treatment for different cancers including nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The protooncogene c-Myc is up-regulated in NPC and its expression is associated with poor prognosis. We hypothesized that c-Myc constitutes an important hyperthermia treatment target, and we investigated its contribution to hyperthermia responses in NPC. The growth of the human NPC cell lines CNE1 and CNE2 was analyzed using CCK-8 and clonogenicity assays after 43 °C hyperthermia, knockdown or overexpression of...

Long non-coding RNA TRPM2 antisense RNA as a potential therapeutic target promotes tumorigenesis and metastasis in esophageal cancer

Wei Wang, Yukai Dai, Xin Yang & Xinming Xiong
Esophageal cancer (EC) is one type of aggressive gastrointestinal cancers. The treatment of EC is challenging. Effective therapeutic targets require development. Long non-coding RNA TRPM2 antisense RNA (LncRNA TRPM2-AS) is considering a novel biomarker and therapeutic target for various types of cancer. However, the role of lncRNA TRPM2-AS in EC remains unknown. This study aimed to illustrate effects of LncRNA TRPM2-AS on EC growth and metastasis and potential underlying molecular mechanisms. LncRNA TRPM2-AS expression was...

Origin of the volcanic rocks in Dianzhong Formation, central Lhasa Terrane, Tibet: implication for the genesis of syn-collisional magmatism and Neo-Tethyan slab roll-back

Yutong Zhang, Feng Huang, Jifeng Xu, Yunchuan Zeng, Baodi Wang, Mingda Lv, Le Zhang, Mingjian Li, Zhao Zhang, Ye Tian, Qian Liu & Liying Zhang
The origin and formation of the continental collision-related magmas remain elusive. The volcanic rocks erupted during India-Asia continental collision offer an ideal opportunity to explore their genesis and geodynamic process. Here, we report new zircon U-Pb dating results and Hf isotope, whole-rock element and Sr-Nd isotope data of volcanic rocks in Linzhou Basin, central Lhasa Terrane, southern Tibet. These volcanic rocks are mainly comprised of andesites and belong to Dianzhong Formation. The timing of their...

RTN4/Nogo-A-S1PR2 negatively regulates angiogenesis and secondary neural repair through enhancing vascular autophagy in the thalamus after cerebral cortical infarction

Peiyi Xiao, Jinmin Gu, Wei Xu, Xingyang Niu, Jian Zhang, Jingjing Li, Yicong Chen, Zhong Pei, Jinsheng Zeng & Shihui Xing
Cerebral infarction induces angiogenesis in the thalamus and influences functional recovery. The mechanisms underlying angiogenesis remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of RTN4/Nogo-A in mediating macroautophagy/autophagy and angiogenesis in the thalamus following middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). We assessed secondary neuronal damage, angiogenesis, vascular autophagy, RTN4 and S1PR2 signaling in the thalamus. The effects of RTN4-S1PR2 on vascular autophagy and angiogenesis were evaluated using lentiviral and pharmacological approaches. The results showed that...

Proteotoxic stress disrupts epithelial integrity by inducing MTOR sequestration and autophagy overactivation

Xiaoxiang Cheng, Pei Zhang, Hongyu Zhao, Hui Zheng, Kai Zheng, Hong Zhang & Hongjie Zhang
Macroautophagy/autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved degradation system, serves to clear intracellular components through the lysosomal pathway. Mounting evidence has revealed cytoprotective roles of autophagy; however, the intracellular causes of overactivated autophagy, which has cytotoxic effects, remain elusive. Here we show that sustained proteotoxic stress induced by loss of the RING and Kelch repeat-containing protein C53A5.6/RIKE-1 induces sequestration of LET-363/MTOR complex and overactivation of autophagy, and consequently impairs epithelial integrity in C. elegans. In C53A5.6/RIKE-1-deficient animals, blocking...

Long non-coding RNA-PCGEM1 contributes to prostate cancer progression by sponging microRNA miR-129-5p to enhance chromatin licensing and DNA replication factor 1 expression

Qiao Fu, Fangfang Wang, Jun Yang, Wei Sun, Zhi Hu, Lv Xu, Hao Chu, Xiao Wang & Wei Zhang
PCGEM1 facilitates prostate cancer (PCa) progression. This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism of action of PCGEM1 in PCa. The expression of PCGEM1, microRNA miR-129-5p, chromatin licensing, and DNA replication factor 1 (CDT1) was detected by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR). A series of function experiments including cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), caspase-3 activity, and cell cycle assays were performed to evaluate the influence of PCGEM1, miR-129-5p, and CDT1 on the biological processes of PCa cells. CyclinD1,...

Expression status and prognostic value of autophagy-related lncRNAs in prostate cancer

Guo Chen, Xiaoping Qin, Yu Wang, Biyun Gao, Muan Ling, Wenjun Yin, Yutong Li & Bin Pan
LncRNAs involve in the autophagy to regulate prostate cancer (PCA) initiation and progression. Therefore, it urges to explore more significant AR-lncRNAs in PCa. mRNA data and clinical information of PCa were achieved from TCGA database, and ARGs were obtained from the HADb. AR-lncRNAs were identified by correlation analysis of DE ARGs and lncRNAs. Univariate Cox regression, LASSO regression, and multivariate Cox regression were used to identify the prognostic AR-lncRNA signature and constructed a risk model....

Abdominal or pelvic enhanced CT images within 10 days before surgery of 230 patients with stage II colorectal cancer

Tong Tong & Menglei Li
This dataset includes abdominal or pelvic enhanced CT images within 10 days before surgery of 230 patients with stage II colorectal cancer (CRC). The inclusion criteria were as follows: (i) patients with radical surgery for CRC (complete removal of the original tumor and regional lymphadenectomy); (ii) patients with stage II CRC confirmed by histology and pathology; (iii) abdominal or pelvic enhanced CT examination was performed within 10 days before surgery, with complete CT enhanced scan...

RT-LAMP assay for rapid detection of the R203M mutation in SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant

Jianing Yang, Xuejiao Hu, Wenzhuo Wang, Yujing Yang, Xinqiang Zhang, Wei Fang, Lei Zhang, Shan Li & Bing Gu
The highly infectious Delta variant strain of SARS-CoV-2 remains globally dominant and undermines COVID-19 vaccines. Rapid detection of the Delta variant is crucial for the identification and quarantine of infected individuals. In this study, our aim was to design and validate a genotyping RT-LAMP method to detect Delta variants specifically. R203M in the N gene of SARS-CoV-2 was chosen as the Delta variant-specific mutation for genotyping. To target the R203M-harboring region and the conserved sequence...

A critical review of uranium in the soil-plant system: Distribution, bioavailability, toxicity, and bioremediation strategies

Qingliang Cui, Zhiqin Zhang, Jingzi Beiyuan, Yongxing Cui, Li Chen, Hansong Chen & Linchuan Fang
Increasing uranium (U) content in soils due to anthropogenic U contamination causes accumulation of U in plants, which greatly increases human health risks. This review identified the diverse sources of soil U contamination and their significant spatial variations in surface soils globally based on 789 soil sampling sites collected from 76 studies. The relationships between U biogeochemical transformation and its bioavailability in soil are significantly affected by soil redox potential, pH, metal (hydr)oxides, organic matter,...

Abietane diterpenoids with neuroprotective activities from Phlegmariurus carinatus

Yang Liu, Qiang Wang, Dong-Kun Zheng, De Zhang, Zhen Xie, Jia-Wei Hu, Xin-Hua Xie, Jing Li & Shu-Ping Jiang
Two new abietane diterpenoids, phlecarinatone A (1) and phlecarinatone B (2), along with two known analogues (3 and 4), were isolated from Phlegmariurus carinatus. The structures of 1 − 4 were unambiguously elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses. Abietane diterpenoids were isolated from the plant for the first time. All isolates were tested for their neuroprotective activities against H2O2-induced SH-SY5Y cells injury, and compound 2 showed moderate effect at the concentrations ranging from 5 ∼ 20...

Stachydrine is effective and selective against blast phase chronic myeloid leukaemia through inhibition of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases

Ruixin Gu, Wei Zhang & Dandan Xu
Resistance to BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is the cause of treatment failure in blast phase chronic myeloid leukaemia (BP-CML). Agents that act synergistically with BCR-ABL TKI are required to improve response. This work investigated the effects of stachydrine in CML. CML cells were treated with control or stachydrine at 20, 40 and 80 µM. Proliferation and apoptosis were examined after 72 h treatment. Combination studies were performed in four groups: control, TKI, stachydrine and...

Human parainfluenza 3 and respiratory syncytial viruses detected in pangolins

Tengcheng Que, Jing Li, Yugan He, Panyu Chen, Wei Lin, Meihong He, Lei Yu, Aiqiong Wu, Luohao Tan, Yingjiao Li, Yanling Hu & Yigang Tong
Pangolins have gained increasing global attention owing to their public health significance as potential zoonotic hosts since the identification of SARS-CoV-2-related viruses in them. Moreover, these animals could carry other respiratory viruses. In this study, we investigated the virome composition of 16 pangolins that died in 2018 with symptoms of pneumonia using metagenomic approaches. A total of eight whole virus sequences belonging to the Paramyxoviridae or Pneumoviridae families were identified, including one human parainfluenza virus...

Customizable process design for collaborative geographic analysis

Zaiyang Ma, Min Chen, Zhong Zheng, Songshan Yue, Zhiyi Zhu, Beichen Zhang, Jin Wang, Fengyuan Zhang, Yongning Wen & Guonian Lü
Collaborative geographic analysis can lead to better outcomes but requires complicated interactions among participants, support resources and analytic tools. A process expression with explicit structure and content can help coordinate and guide these interactions. For different geographic problems, the structure and content of collaborative geographic analysis are generally distinct. Since the process structure embodies the pathway of problem-solving and the process content contains the information flow and internal interactions, both the structure and the content...

The efficacy and safety of acupuncture and nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Qingsheng Wang, Runjing Dai, Hailiang Zhang, Xiaomei Jiang, Xiaojing Ma, Xiangrong Zhang, Shisan Bao, Dong Ren & Jingchun Fan
Abstract Introduction Tobacco hazard is one of the most serious public health problems, accounting for up to 6 million deaths worldwide p.a. We aim to determine the efficacy and safety of acupuncture and/or nicotine replacement therapy on smoking cessation. Methods We will recruit 96 participants who are willing to quit smoking by acupuncture and/or nicotine replacement therapy in Chengguan, Xigu and Heping Districts, Lanzhou city, for multicenter randomized, double-blind, double-dummy controlled clinical trial. Following obtained...

Additional file 1 of The efficacy and safety of acupuncture and nicotine replacement therapy for smoking cessation: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Qingsheng Wang, Runjing Dai, Hailiang Zhang, Xiaomei Jiang, Xiaojing Ma, Xiangrong Zhang, Shisan Bao, Dong Ren & Jingchun Fan
Supplementary file 1. SPIRIT Checklist for Trials.

Efficacy of heterologous boosting against SARS-CoV-2 using a recombinant interferon-armed fusion protein vaccine (V-01): a randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled phase III trial

Xuan-Yi Wang, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Fang Jin, Wee Kooi Cheah, Muhammad Ahmad, Mian Amjad Sohail, Waheed Ahmad, Vijaya K. Suppan, Muneeba Ahsan Sayeed, Shobha Luxmi, Aik-Howe Teo, Li Yuan Lee, Yang-Yang Qi, Rong-Juan Pei, Wei Deng, Zhong-Hui Xu, Jia-Ming Yang, Yan Zhang, Wu-Xiang Guan & Xiong Yu
Waning of neutralizing titres along with decline of protection efficacy after the second dose of COVID-19 vaccines was observed, including China-made inactivated vaccines. Efficacy of a heterologous boosting using one dose of a recombinant SARS-CoV-2 fusion protein vaccine (V-01) in inactivated vaccine-primed population was studied, aimed to restore the immunity. A randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled phase III trial was conducted in healthy people aged 18 years or older in Pakistan and Malaysia. Each eligible participant...

The Cauchy Combination Test under Arbitrary Dependence Structures

Mingya Long, Zhengbang Li, Wei Zhang & Qizhai Li
Combining individual p-values to perform an overall test is often encountered in statistical applications. The Cauchy combination test (CCT) (Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2020, 115, 393–402) is a powerful and computationally efficient approach to integrate individual p-values under arbitrary dependence structures for sparse signals. We revisit this test to additionally show that (i) the tail probability of the CCT can be approximated just as well when more relaxed assumptions are imposed on individual...

Management guideline for the off-label use of medicine in China (2021)

Wei Zuo, Yajia Sun, Rongji Liu, Liping Du, Nan Yang, Wenjuan Sun, Ping Wang, Xiaowan Tang, Yunlan Liu, Yuanyuan Ma, Min Meng, Ruobing Lei, Xuelian Yan, Hua Peng, Qing Chang, Hui Pan, Bo Zhang, Yaolong Chen & Shuyang Zhang
Off-label drug use embodies a thorough clinical diagnosis and evaluation of treatment needs and should not be confused with unreasonable drug use, but it also faces potential risks with drug safety and legal issues. We first established a guideline working group. Following the guideline development process recommended by the World Health Organization Handbook and the Chinese Medical Association, the key questions were determined through literature searches of PubMed, CNKI (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure) and other...

Management guideline for the off-label use of medicine in China (2021)

Wei Zuo, Yajia Sun, Rongji Liu, Liping Du, Nan Yang, Wenjuan Sun, Ping Wang, Xiaowan Tang, Yunlan Liu, Yuanyuan Ma, Min Meng, Ruobing Lei, Xuelian Yan, Hua Peng, Qing Chang, Hui Pan, Bo Zhang, Yaolong Chen & Shuyang Zhang
Off-label drug use embodies a thorough clinical diagnosis and evaluation of treatment needs and should not be confused with unreasonable drug use, but it also faces potential risks with drug safety and legal issues. We first established a guideline working group. Following the guideline development process recommended by the World Health Organization Handbook and the Chinese Medical Association, the key questions were determined through literature searches of PubMed, CNKI (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure) and other...

A CT-based nomogram for predicting the risk of adenocarcinomas in patients with subsolid nodule according to the 2021 WHO classification

Qilong Song, Biao Song, Xiaohu Li, Bin Wang, Yuan Li, Wu Chen, Zhaohua Wang, Xu Wang, Yongqiang Yu, Xuhong Min & Dongchun Ma
Abstract Purpose To establish a nomogram for predicting the risk of adenocarcinomas in patients with subsolid nodules (SSNs) according to the 2021 WHO classification. Methods A total of 656 patients who underwent SSNs resection were retrospectively enrolled. Among them, 407 patients were assigned to the derivation cohort and 249 patients were assigned to the validation cohort. Univariate and multi-variate logistic regression algorithms were utilized to identity independent risk factors of adenocarcinomas. A nomogram based on...

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Sevoflurane suppresses migration and invasion of glioma cells by regulating miR-146b-5p and MMP16

Le Zhang, Jun Wang, Zhijie Fu, YanQiu Ai, Yanrong Li, Ying Wang & Yanping Wang
We, the Editors and Publisher of the journal Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, have retracted the following article: Le Zhang, Jun Wang, Zhijie Fu, YanQiu Ai, Yanrong Li, Ying Wang & Yanping Wang (2019) Sevoflurane suppresses migration and invasion of glioma cells by regulating miR-146b-5p and MMP16. Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology, 47:1, 3306–3314, DOI: 10.1080/21691401.2019.1648282 Since publication, concerns have been raised about the integrity of the data in the article. When approached for an...

Probability of Study Success (PrSS) Evaluation Based on Multiple Endpoints in Late Phase Oncology Drug Development

Zhen Zhang, Yong Lin & Jingyi Liu
Phase 2 Oncology clinical trials are increasingly designed with multiple primary endpoints, such as progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). While this gives a clearer picture of treatment benefit than trials with a single endpoint, it complicates the decision to begin a registration (phase 3) trial following a phase 2 trial. Methods for calculating the probability of study success (PrSS) assume the distribution of OS is well understood, but rarely consider the case of...

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