2,353 Works

Anti-gastric cancer effect of Salidroside through elevating miR-99a expression

Lin Yang, Yanan Yu, Qi Zhang, Xiaoyu Li, Cuiping Zhang, Tao Mao, Siliang Liu & Zibin Tian
Salidroside is an active ingredient extracted from Rhodiola rosea that has anti-tumor activities. The current paper attempted to assess the impact of Salidroside on gastric cancer (GC) and explore the potential mechanism. GC cell lines (SNU-216 and MGC803) and gastric epithelial cell line GES-1 were treated with Salidroside. CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry and Transwell assay were respectively performed to evaluate GC cells phenotype. qRT-PCR and western blot were conducted to reveal the...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

Status of occupational protection in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China

Min Zhang, Lili Wang, Siyuan Yu, Guixin Sun, Han Lei & Wenjuan Wu
Staff and employees “Zero infection” has been achieved during the whole medical activities in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China. This study analyses the personnel and environmental protection status of the East–West Lake Fangcang Shelter Hospital. The HCWs were mostly composed of national medical rescue teams, from different provinces in China. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, 82.64% of the HCWs had already known the proper procedure of wearing masks and other personal protective equipment...

Status of occupational protection in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China

Min Zhang, Lili Wang, Siyuan Yu, Guixin Sun, Han Lei & Wenjuan Wu
Staff and employees “Zero infection” has been achieved during the whole medical activities in the COVID-19 Fangcang Shelter Hospital in Wuhan, China. This study analyses the personnel and environmental protection status of the East–West Lake Fangcang Shelter Hospital. The HCWs were mostly composed of national medical rescue teams, from different provinces in China. Before the COVID-19 outbreak, 82.64% of the HCWs had already known the proper procedure of wearing masks and other personal protective equipment...

Protein transduction domain-mediated influenza NP subunit vaccine generates a potent immune response and protection against influenza virus in mice

Yuan Yin, BeiBei Li, Linting Zhou, Jian Luo, Xueying Liu, Shilei Wang, Qun Lu, Wensong Tan & Ze Chen
The nucleoprotein (NP) is a highly conserved internal protein of the influenza virus, a major target for universal influenza vaccine. Our previous studies have proven NP-based subunit vaccine can provide partial protection in mice. It is reported that the protein transduction domain (PTD) TAT protein from human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is able to penetrate cells when added exogenous protein and could effectively enhance the immune response induced by the exogenous protein. In present study, the...

Evaluation of cesarean delivery rates in different levels of hospitals in Jiangsu Province, China, using the 10-Group classification system

Ning Gu, Yimin Dai, Dan Lu, Tingmei Chen, Muling Zhang, Tao Huang, Yalan Qi, Xinning Han, Lihua Xie, Jishi Yang, Chengling Fan, Yunhua Yan, Anhong Zhang, Xiaoping Weng, Huiling Zhang, Li Su, Yingyan Li & Yali Hu
To compare cesarean delivery (CD) rates in referral and non-referral hospitals in Maternal Safety Collaboration in Jiangsu province, China. Sixteen participants (4 referral hospitals, 12 non-referral hospitals) from Drum Tower Hospital Collaboration for Maternal Safety reported CD rates in 2019 using ten-group classification system and maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality. A total of 22,676 CDs were performed among 52,499 deliveries and the average CD rate was 43.2% (range 34.8–69.6%). CD rate in non-referral hospitals (44.7%) was...

sj-xlsx-1-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-xlsx-1-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Background:Intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) has been shown to be inversely associated with immune infiltration in several cancers including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), but it remains unclear whether ITH is associated with response to immunotherapy (e.g. PD-1 blockade) in ccRCC.Methods:We quantified ITH using mutant-allele tumor heterogeneity, investigated the association of ITH with immune parameters in patients with ccRCC (n = 336) as well as those with papillary RCC (pRCC, n = 280) from The Cancer...

Quasispecies of SARS-CoV-2 revealed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis

Rongsui Gao, Wenhong Zu, Yang Liu, Junhua Li, Zeyao Li, Yanling Wen, Haiyan Wang, Jing Yuan, Lin Cheng, Shengyuan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shuye Zhang, Weilong Liu, Xun Lan, Lei Liu, Feng Li & Zheng Zhang
New SARS-CoV-2 mutants have been continuously indentified with enhanced transmission ever since its outbreak in early 2020. As an RNA virus, SARS-CoV-2 has a high mutation rate due to the low fidelity of RNA polymerase. To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) dynamics of SARS-CoV-2, 158 SNPs with high confidence were identified by deep meta-transcriptomic sequencing, and the most common SNP type was C > T. Analyses of intra-host population diversity revealed that intra-host quasispecies’...

Vinegar-processed Curcuma phaeocaulis promotes anti-angiogenic activity and reduces toxicity in zebrafish and rat models

Wan Liao, Yi Chen, Zongping Zhu, Jiao Chen, Tianhui Gao, Boonjai Limsila, Yenchit Techadamrongsin, Lei Wang, Jiali Yu, Chaomei Fu & Rui Li
Processing with vinegar could enhance the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton. (Zingiberaceae), a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. This study investigated the vinegar processing effects by evaluating anti-angiogenic effect and toxicity of C. phaeocaulis through zebrafish and rat models. Zebrafish embryos (AB and FLk-GFP strain) were applied to evaluate toxicity, cardiotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity of volatile oil, and water decoction of the raw and vinegar-processed C. phaeocaulis. Meanwhile,...

Vinegar-processed Curcuma phaeocaulis promotes anti-angiogenic activity and reduces toxicity in zebrafish and rat models

Wan Liao, Yi Chen, Zongping Zhu, Jiao Chen, Tianhui Gao, Boonjai Limsila, Yenchit Techadamrongsin, Lei Wang, Jiali Yu, Chaomei Fu & Rui Li
Processing with vinegar could enhance the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton. (Zingiberaceae), a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. This study investigated the vinegar processing effects by evaluating anti-angiogenic effect and toxicity of C. phaeocaulis through zebrafish and rat models. Zebrafish embryos (AB and FLk-GFP strain) were applied to evaluate toxicity, cardiotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity of volatile oil, and water decoction of the raw and vinegar-processed C. phaeocaulis. Meanwhile,...

Research articleHemolysis in human erythrocytes by Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin requires activation of P2 receptors

Jie Gao, Wenwen Xin, Jing Huang, Bin Ji, Shan Gao, Liang Chen, Lin Kang, Hao Yang, Xin Shen, Baohua Zhao & Jinglin Wang
Epsilon-toxin (ETX) is produced by types B and D strains of Clostridium perfringens, which cause fatal enterotoxaemia in sheep, goats and cattle. Previous studies showed that only a restricted number of cell lines are sensitive to ETX and ETX-induced hemolysis has not previously been reported. In this study, the hemolytic ability of ETX was examined using erythrocytes from 10 species including murine, rabbit, sheep, monkey and human. We found that ETX caused hemolysis in human...

Hemolysis in human erythrocytes by Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin requires activation of P2 receptors

Jie Gao, Wenwen Xin, Jing Huang, Bin Ji, Shan Gao, Liang Chen, Lin Kang, Hao Yang, Xin Shen, Baohua Zhao & Jinglin Wang
Epsilon-toxin (ETX) is produced by types B and D strains of Clostridium perfringens, which cause fatal enterotoxaemia in sheep, goats and cattle. Previous studies showed that only a restricted number of cell lines are sensitive to ETX and ETX-induced hemolysis has not previously been reported. In this study, the hemolytic ability of ETX was examined using erythrocytes from 10 species including murine, rabbit, sheep, monkey and human. We found that ETX caused hemolysis in human...

Structural insights into dpCoA-RNA decapping by NudC

Wei Zhou, Zeyuan Guan, Fen Zhao, Yage Ye, Fang Yang, Ping Yin & Delin Zhang
Various kinds of cap structures, such as m7G, triphosphate groups, NAD and dpCoA, protect the 5′ terminus of RNA. The cap structures bond covalently to RNA and affect its stability, translation, and transport. The removal of the caps is mainly executed by Nudix hydrolase family proteins, including Dcp2, RppH and NudC. Numerous efforts have been made to elucidate the mechanism underlying the removal of m7G, triphosphate group, and NAD caps. In contrast, few studies related...

Data from: Abnormal thalamo-cortical network dynamics in migraine

Yiheng Tu, Zening Fu, Fang Zeng, Nasim Maleki, Lei Lan, Zhengjie Li, Joel Park, Georgia Wilson, Yujie Gao, Mailan Liu, Vince Calhoun, Fanrong Liang & Jian Kong
Objective: To investigate the dynamic functional connectivity of thalamo-cortical networks in interictal migraine patients and whether clinical features are associated with abnormal connectivity. Methods: We investigated dynamic functional network connectivity (dFNC) of the migraine brain in 89 interictal migraine patients and 70 healthy controls. We focused on the temporal properties of thalamocortical connectivity using sliding window cross-correlation, clustering state analysis, and graph-theory methods. Relationships between clinical symptoms and abnormal dFNC were evaluated using a multivariate...

Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) mediates signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3)-drived resistance of breast cancer to doxorubicin

Yan Wang, Zhiqiang Cheng, Jing Xu, Meina Lai, Liming Liu, Min Zuo & Lin Dang
Excessive activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is implicated in breast cancer (BC) chemoresistance, but its underlying mechanism is not fully understood. There are STAT3 binding sites in fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) promoter region, thus STAT3 may regulate the transcription of FTO. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between FTO and STAT3 in BC chemoresistance. Herein, FTO and STAT3 were highly expressed in doxorubicin-resistant BC (BC-DoxR) cells. CHIP...

Long non-coding RNA RP11-283G6.5 confines breast cancer development through modulating miR-188-3p/TMED3/Wnt/β-catenin signaling

Jing Pei, Shengquan Zhang, Xiaowei Yang, Chunguang Han, Yubo Pan, Jun Li, Zhaorui Wang, Chenyu Sun & Jing Zhang
The contributions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) to breast cancer are critical areas of investigation. In this study, we identified a novel lncRNA RP11-283G6.5 which was lowly expressed in breast cancer and whose low expression was correlated with poor overall survival and disease-free survival of breast cancer patients. Functional experiments revealed that ectopic expression of RP11-283G6.5 confined breast cancer cellular growth, migration, and invasion, and promoted cellular apoptosis. Conversely, RP11-283G6.5 silencing facilitated...

Prenylaromadendrane-type diterpenoids from the gum resin of Boswellia sacra flueck and their cytotoxic effects

Jia-Jia Wang, Xin-Yue Suo, Hao-Ran Sun, Xue Wang, Ming-Bao Lin, Jin-Hua Wang, Jian-Dong Jiang & Teng-Fei Ji
Two new prenylaromadendrane-type diterpenoids, and three known analogues, were isolated from the ethanol extract of the gum resin of B. sacra Flueck. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated using 1 D and 2 D NMR spectroscopic analyses, mass spectrometric data, circular dichroism spectra, and comparison with the other compounds in the literature. One diterpenoid represents the first example of an acetoxyl-substituted prenylaromadendranoid in frankincense. All compounds exhibited notable cytotoxicity against human malignant glioma...

Prenylaromadendrane-type diterpenoids from the gum resin of Boswellia sacra flueck and their cytotoxic effects

Jia-Jia Wang, Xin-Yue Suo, Hao-Ran Sun, Xue Wang, Ming-Bao Lin, Jin-Hua Wang, Jian-Dong Jiang & Teng-Fei Ji
Two new prenylaromadendrane-type diterpenoids, and three known analogues, were isolated from the ethanol extract of the gum resin of B. sacra Flueck. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated using 1 D and 2 D NMR spectroscopic analyses, mass spectrometric data, circular dichroism spectra, and comparison with the other compounds in the literature. One diterpenoid represents the first example of an acetoxyl-substituted prenylaromadendranoid in frankincense. All compounds exhibited notable cytotoxicity against human malignant glioma...

A novel immune-related long non-coding RNA signature improves the prognosis prediction in the context of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

Lin Chen, Zhimou Cai, Kexing Lyu, Zhiwei Cai & Wenbin Lei
The tumor immune microenvironment plays an important role in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Reliable prognostic signatures able to accurately predict the immune landscape and survival rate of HNSCC patients are crucial to ensure an individualized/effective treatment. Here, we used HNSCC transcriptomic and clinical data retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas and identified differentially expressed immune-related long non-coding RNAs (DEirlncRNAs). DEirlncRNA pairs were recognized using univariate analysis. Cox and Lasso regression analyses were...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

Circulating microRNA profile unveils mechanisms of action of acitretin for psoriasis vulgaris

Lin Chen, Jie Li, Ying Yao, Shanlong Wang, Shuangjin Zheng, Xinggang Ju & Bin Zhang
Psoriasis vulgaris is a common chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. In clinical practice, acitretin is the first-line treatment drug for psoriasis vulgaris. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the initiation and development of psoriasis vulgaris. However few studies focused on the mechanisms of acitretin in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris from the perspective of miRNAs. Here, the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs in the plasma of 12 patients with psoriasis vulgaris before and...

Hemolysis in human erythrocytes by Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin requires activation of P2 receptors

Jie Gao, Wenwen Xin, Jing Huang, Bin Ji, Shan Gao, Liang Chen, Lin Kang, Hao Yang, Xin Shen, Baohua Zhao & Jinglin Wang
Epsilon-toxin (ETX) is produced by types B and D strains of Clostridium perfringens, which cause fatal enterotoxaemia in sheep, goats and cattle. Previous studies showed that only a restricted number of cell lines are sensitive to ETX and ETX-induced hemolysis has not previously been reported. In this study, the hemolytic ability of ETX was examined using erythrocytes from 10 species including murine, rabbit, sheep, monkey and human. We found that ETX caused hemolysis in human...

Kazak faecal microbiota transplantation induces short-chain fatty acids that promote glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion by regulating gut microbiota in db/db mice

Xue Han, Ye Wang, Peipei Zhang, Manli Zhu, Ling Li, Xinmin Mao, Xiaoting Sha & Linlin Li
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from Kazak individuals with normal glucose tolerance (KNGT) significantly reduces plasma glycolipid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus db/db mice. However, the mechanism behind this effect has not been reported. To study the mechanism of improved glycolipid disorders in db/db mice by FMT from a KNGT donor. The normal diet group consisted of db/m mice orally administered 0.2 mL phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (db/m + PBS). For the db/db + PBS...

Identification of the key genes and pathways involved in B cells in primary Sjögren’ s syndrome

Shizhen Lei & Yi Zhang
Primary Sjögren’ s syndrome (pSS) is a relatively common autoimmune disease, which mainly involves the exocrine glands, causing dry eye, dryness of mouth, fatigue and pain in the joints, thus severely affecting the normal lives of patients. B cell populations are considered to play an important role in their pathogenesis and pSS patients are generally characterized by exhibiting biological signs of B cell activation. Moreover, another important characterized change in the peripheral blood of pSS...

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