10 Works

Searching down the fisheries information web: An initial reflection

Janet Webster, Jean Collins & Patricia Merrikin
Co-authored together with Patricia Merrikin and Jean Collins, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. - The complex web of information ranges from pure science to applied techniques to management policies. All are important, yet have varying levels of accessibility and authority. Often the apex of the peer reviewed journal article is considered the most important level discouraging scientists and managers, especially those in developing countries, from populating the other layers of the web...

A worldwide assessment of soil macroinvertebrate communities

Patrick Lavelle, Jerome Mathieu, Alister Spain, George Brown, Carlos Fragoso, Emmanuel Lapied, Adriana De Aquino, Isabelle Barois, Edmundo Barrios, Eleusa Barros, Juan Camilo Bedano, Eric Blanchart, Mark Caulfield, Yamileth Chagueza, Jun Dai, Thibaud Decaens, Anahi Domninquez, Yamileth Dominquez, Alex Feijoo, Patricia Folgaraiti, Steven Fonte, Norma Gorosito, Esperanza Huerta, Juan Jose Jimenez, Courtland Kelly … & Cesar Botero
Soil macroinvertebrate communities have been assessed worldwide using the standard ISO/TSBF sampling procedure. The Macrofauna database currently comprises 3694 sites distributed throughout 41 countries, from 55º S latitude to 57ºN, sea level to over 4000m in elevation, in total annual total rainfall regimes between 500 and >3000mm and 5 to 32ºC mean temperature. These communities are significantly influenced by climatic parameters, soil texture and vegetation cover. Abundance and diversity were highest in tropical rain forests...

Increasing the availability of West African Grey Literature to improve marine fisheries management

Tamsin Vicary, Maria Kalentsits, Daryl Superio & Arame Keyta
The Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic (CECAF) seeks to promote the sustainable utilization of the living marine resources across the Eastern Central Atlantic between Cape Spartel and the Congo river through informed development of fisheries management actions. Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA) is contributing to the CECAF-PESCAO project “Improved Regional Fisheries Governance in Western Africa”, by developing a comprehensive inventory of marine fisheries research covering both primary literature (available online on both...

Nitrogen budget data

Tan Zou, Xin Zhang, Luis Lassaletta, Nathaniel Mueller, Francesco Tubiello, Matthew Lisk, Chaoqun Lu, Richard Conant, Christopher Dorich, James Gerber, Hanqin Tian, Tom Bruulsema, Tai Maaz, Kazuya Nishina, Benjamin Bodirsky, Alexander Popp, Lex Bouwman, Arthur Beusen, Jinfeng Chang, Petr Havlík, David Leclère, Josep Canadell, Robert Jackson, Patrick Heffer, Nathan Wanner … & Eric Davidson
Input-output estimates of nitrogen (N) on cropland are essential for improving N management and better understanding the global N cycle. Here, we compare 13 N budget datasets covering 115 countries and regions over 1961-2015. Though most datasets showed similar spatiotemporal patterns, some annual estimates varied widely among them, resulting in large ranges and uncertainty. In 2010, global medians (in Tg N yr-1) and associated min-max ranges were 73 (64-84) for global harvested crop N; 161...

E-LIS between old and new forms of Grey Literature encompasses new forms of relationship between librarians in different countries

Antonella De Robbio, Inmaculada Subirats-Coll & Fernanda Peset
E-LIS ePrints for Library and Information Science is an international digital repository for Library and Information Science (LIS) Open Archives Initiative compliant. This 21th International Conference is focused on open science this year and “Grey literature by definition seeks to make publications produced on all levels of government, academics, and business openly accessible different from those controlled by commercial publishing.” (http://www.textrelease.com/gl21conference.html) Thematic open access repositories as arXiv or E-LIS have years hosting this kind of...

Abstracting and Indexing as an enabling interface between open science and grey literature – The approach of the Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts service

Tamsin Vicary & Ian Pettman
We examine the role of one Abstracting and Indexing (A&I) service (Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts - ASFA) as an interface between open science and grey literature. As an A&I service known for its coverage of grey literature, ASFA is evolving its technologies and partnerships to capitalize on the opportunities presented by Open Science. A Grey Literature strategy was implemented to ensure ASFA made the necessary changes to its monitoring, recording and reporting of grey...

What goes up must come down: Publications from developing countries in the Aquatic Commons

Maria Kalentsits & Armand Gribling
During 2010-2012, the Fisheries and Aquaculture Branch Library (FBL) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) was involved in a project that included the selection, digitizing, web-optimization, creation of metadata, and uploading into the Aquatic Commons (AC) digital repository of grey literature published by, amongst others, issuing agencies in several African countries, and a regional project in Asia - the STREAM Initiative. Furthermore, links to these full text online versions have...

A 130-year global inventory of methane emissions from livestock: trends, patterns, and drivers

Lei Zhang, Hanqin Tian, Hao Shi, Shufen Pan, Jinfeng Chang, Shree R.S. Dangal, Xiaoyu Qin, Siyuan Wang, Francesco N. Tubiello, Josep G. Canadell & Robert B. Jackson
Livestock contributes approximately one-third of global anthropogenic methane (CH4) emissions. Quantifying the spatial and temporal variations of these emissions is crucial for climate change mitigation. Although country-level information is reported regularly through national inventories and global databases, spatially-explicit quantification of century-long dynamics of CH4 emissions from livestock has been poorly investigated. Using the Tier 2 method adopted from the 2019 Refinement to 2006 IPCC guidelines, we estimated CH4 emissions from global livestock at a spatial...

Data from: Biocomplexity in populations of European anchovy in the Adriatic Sea

Paolo Ruggeri, Andrea Splendiani, Giulia Occhipinti, Tatiana Fioravanti, Alberto Santojanni, Iole Leonori, Andrea De Felice, Enrico Arneri, Gabriele Procaccini, Gaetano Catanese, Vjekoslav Tičina, Angelo Bonanno, Paola Nisi Cerioni, Massimo Giovannotti, William Stewart Grant, Vincenzo Maputo Barucchi & Vincenzo Caputo Barucchi
The sustained exploitation of marine populations requires an understanding of a species' adaptive seascape so that populations can track environmental changes from short- and long-term climate cycles and from human development. The analysis of the distributions of genetic markers among populations, together with correlates of life-history and environmental variability, can provide insights into the extent of adaptive variation. Here, we examined genetic variability among populations of mature European anchovies (n = 531) in the Adriatic...

Data from: Genetic origin, admixture and population history of aurochs (Bos primigenius) and primitive European cattle

Maulik R. Upadhyay, Wei Chen, Johannes A. Lenstra, C. R. J. Goderie, David E. MacHugh, Stephen D. E. Park, David A. Magee, Donato Matassino, Ferdinando Ciani, Hendrik-Jan Megens, J. A. M. Van Arendonk, Martien A. M. Groenen, European Cattle Genetic Diversity Consortium & Richard P. M. A. Crooijmans
The domestication of taurine cattle initiated ~10 000 years ago in the Near East from a wild aurochs (Bos primigenius) population followed by their dispersal through migration of agriculturalists to Europe. Although gene flow from wild aurochs still present at the time of this early dispersion is still debated, some of the extant primitive cattle populations are believed to possess the aurochs-like primitive features. In this study, we use genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms to assess...

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