872 Works

Data from: Environmental heterogeneity decreases reproductive success via effects on foraging behaviour

Alice Trevail, Jonathan Green, Jonathan Sharples, Jeff Polton, Peter Miller, Francis Daunt, Ellie Owen, Mark Bolton, Kendrew Colhoun, Stephen Newton, Gail Robertson & Samantha Patrick
Environmental heterogeneity shapes the uneven distribution of resources available to foragers, and is ubiquitous in nature. Optimal foraging theory predicts that an animal’s ability to exploit resource patches is key to foraging success. However, the potential fitness costs and benefits of foraging in a heterogeneous environment are difficult to measure empirically. Heterogeneity may provide higher quality foraging opportunities, or alternatively could increase the cost of resource acquisition because of reduced patch density or increased competition....

Data from: Comparing life histories across taxonomic groups in multiple dimensions: how mammal-like are insects?

Adam Thomas Bakewell, Katie E. Davis, Nick J. B. Isaac, Robert P. Freckleton & Peter J. Mayhew
Explaining variation in life histories remains a major challenge because they are multi-dimensional and there are many competing explanatory theories and paradigms. An influential concept in life history theory is the 'fast-slow continuum', exemplified by mammals. Determining the utility of such concepts across taxonomic groups requires comparison of the groups' life histories in multidimensional space. Insects display enormous species richness and phenotypic diversity, but testing hypotheses like the 'fast-slow continuum' has been inhibited by incomplete...

Evaluating spatially explicit sharing-sparing scenarios for multiple environmental outcomes

Tom Finch, Brett Day, Dario Massimino, John Redhead, Rob Field, Andrew Balmford, Rhys Green & Will Peach
1. Understanding how to allocate land for the sustainable delivery of multiple, competing objectives is a major societal challenge. The land sharing-sparing framework presents a heuristic for understanding the trade-off between food production and biodiversity conservation by comparing region-wide land use scenarios which are equivalent in terms of overall food production. 2. Here, for two contrasting regions of lowland England (The Fens and Salisbury Plain), we use empirical data and predictive models to compare a...

Data from: Indirect effects of parasitism: costs of infection to other individuals can be greater than direct costs borne by the host

Hanna M. V. Granroth-Wilding, Sarah J. Burthe, Sue Lewis, Katherine A. Herborn, Emi A. Takahashi, Francis Daunt & Emma J. A. Cunningham
Parasitic infection has a direct physiological cost to hosts but may also alter how hosts interact with other individuals in their environment. Such indirect effects may alter both host fitness and the fitness of other individuals in the host's social network, yet the relative impact of direct and indirect effects of infection are rarely quantified. During reproduction, a host's social environment includes family members who may be in conflict over resource allocation. In such situations,...

Data from: Contrasting drivers of reproductive ageing in albatrosses

Hannah Froy, Sue Lewis, Daniel H. Nussey, Andrew G. Wood & Richard A. Phillips
1.Age-related variation in reproductive performance is ubiquitous in wild vertebrate populations and has important consequences for population and evolutionary dynamics. 2.The ageing trajectory is shaped by both within-individual processes, such as improvement and senescence, and by the among-individual effects of selective appearance and disappearance. To date, few studies have compared the role of these different drivers among species or populations. 3.In this study, we use nearly 40 years of longitudinal monitoring data to contrast the...

Data from: Isotopic methods for non-destructive assessment of carbon dynamics in shrublands under long-term climate change manipulation

Louise C. Andresen, Maria T. Dominguez, Sabine Reinsch, Andy R. Smith, Inger Kappel Schmidt, Per Ambus, Claus Beier, Pascal Boeckx, Roland Bol, Giovanbattista De Dato, Bridget A. Emmett, Marc Estiarte, Mark H. Garnett, György Kröel-Dulay, Sharon L. Mason, Cecilie S. Nielsen, Josep Penuelas, Albert Tietema & Andrew R. Smith
1.Long-term climate change experiments are extremely valuable for studying ecosystem responses to environmental change. Examination of the vegetation and the soil should be non-destructive to guarantee long-term research. In this paper, we review field methods using isotope techniques for assessing carbon dynamics in the plant-soil-air continuum, based on recent field experience and examples from a European climate change manipulation network. 2.Eight European semi-natural shrubland ecosystems were exposed to warming and drought manipulations. One field site...

Data from: The Automated Root Exudate System (ARES): a method to apply solutes at regular intervals to soils in the field

Luis Lopez-Sangil, Charles T. George, Eduardo Medina-Barcenas, Ali J. Birkett, Catherine Baxendale, Laetitia M. Bréchet, Eduard Estradera-Gumbau, Emma J. Sayer & Charles George
1) Root exudation is a key component of nutrient and carbon dynamics in terrestrial ecosystems. Exudation rates vary widely by plant species and environmental conditions but our understanding of how root exudates affect soil functioning is incomplete, in part because there are few viable methods to manipulate root exudates in situ. To address this, we devised the Automated Root Exudate System (ARES), which simulates increased root exudation by applying small amounts of labile solutes at...

Data from: Isotopic evidence for oligotrophication of terrestrial ecosystems

Joseph M. Craine, Andrew J. Elmore, Lixin Wang, Julieta Aranibar, Marijn Bauters, Pascal Boeckx, Brooke E. Crowley, Melissa A. Dawes, Sylvain Delzon, Alex Fajardo, Yunting Fang, Lei Fujiyoshi, Alan Gray, Rossella Guerrieri, Michael J. Gundale, David J. Hawke, Peter Hietz, Mathieu Jonard, Elizabeth Kearsley, Tanaka Kenzo, Mikhail Makarov, Sara Marañón-Jiménez, Terrence P. McGlynn, Brenden E. McNeil, Stella G. Mosher … & Katarzyna Zmudczyńska-Skarbek
Human societies depend on an Earth System that operates within a constrained range of nutrient availability, yet the recent trajectory of terrestrial nitrogen (N) availability is uncertain. Examining patterns of foliar N concentrations ([N]) and isotope ratios (15N) from more than 42,000 samples acquired over 37 years, here we show that foliar [N] declined by 8% and foliar 15N declined by 0.8 – 1.9 ‰. Examining patterns across different climate spaces, foliar 15N declined across...

Data from: Increasing temperature, not mean temperature, is a cue for avian timing of reproduction

Sonja Verena Schaper, Alistair S. Dawson, Peter J. Sharp, Phillip Gienapp, Samuel P. Caro, Marcel E. Visser & Alistair Dawson
Timing of reproduction in temperate zone birds is strongly correlated with spring temperature, with an earlier onset of breeding in warmer years. Females adjust their laying between years to be synchronized with local food sources and thereby optimize reproductive output. However, climate change currently disrupts the link between predictive environmental cues and spring phenology. To investigate direct effects of temperature on the decision to lay, and its genetic basis, we used pairs of Great Tits...

Data from: Evolutionary significance of the invasion of introduced populations into the native range of Meconopsis cambrica

Francisco J Valtueña, Christopher D Preston & Joachim W Kadereit
The long history of the deliberate or accidental, human-mediated dispersal of flowering plants has led to the introduction of foreign genotypes of many species into areas of Europe hitherto occupied by potentially distinct native populations. Studies of the genetic and evolutionary consequences of such changes are handicapped by the difficulty of identifying the surviving native populations of many species in the absence of clear morphological differences. We investigated the relationship between putative native and introduced...

Land Cover Map 2007 (vector, GB)

R.D. Morton, C. Rowland, C. Wood, L. Meek, G. Marston, G. Smith, R. Wadsworth & I. Simpson
LCM2007 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image data covering the entire United Kingdom. The map updates and upgrades the Land Cover Map of Great Britain (LCMGB) 1990 and LCM2000. Like the earlier 1990 and 2000 products, LCM2007 is derived from a computer classification of satellite scenes obtained mainly from Landsat, IRS and SPOT sensors. It also covers Northern Ireland and incorporates information derived from other ancillary datasets. LCM2007 was classified using a nomenclature...

Land Cover Map 2007 (vector, N. Ireland)

R.D. Morton, C. Rowland, C.M. Wood, L. Meek, G. Marston, G. Smith, R. Wadsworth & I. Simpson
LCM2007 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image data covering the entire United Kingdom. The map updates and upgrades the Land Cover Map of Great Britain (LCMGB) 1990 and LCM2000. Like the earlier 1990 and 2000 products, LCM2007 is derived from a computer classification of satellite scenes obtained mainly from Landsat, IRS and SPOT sensors. It also covers Northern Ireland and incorporates information derived from other ancillary datasets. LCM2007 was classified using a nomenclature...

Future flows climate data

C. Prudhomme, S. Dadson, D. Morris, J. Williamson, G. Goodsell, S. Crooks, L. Boolee, H. Davies, G. Buys & T. Lafon
Future Flows Climate (FF-HadRM3-PPE) is an 11-member ensemble climate projection for Great Britain at a 1-km resolution spanning from 1950 to 2098. It was specifically developed for hydrological application and contain daily time series of Available Precipitation, which is the precipiated water available to hydrological processes after delays due to snow and ice storage are accounted for; and monthly reference Potential Evapotranspiration calculated using the FAO56 method. Future Flows Climate is derived from the Hadley...

Future flows hydrology data

T. Haxton, S. Crooks, C.R. Jackson, A.K.A.P. Barkwith, J. Kelvin, J. Williamson, J.D. Mackay, L. Wang, H. Davies, A. Young & C. Prudhomme
Future Flows Hydrology (FF-HydMod-PPE) is an 11-member ensemble projections of river flow and groundwater levels time series for 283 catchments and 24 boreholes in Great Britain. It is derived from Future Flows Climate, an 11-member 1-km bias-corrected and downscaled climate projection products based on the SRES A1B emission scenario. River Flows data are at a daily time step: Groundwater Levels data are at a monthly time step. Future Flows Hydrology span from 1951 to 2098....

ITE Land Classification of Great Britain 1990

R.G.H. Bunce, C.J. Barr, R.T. Clarke, D.C. Howard & A.M.J. Lane
The Land Classification 1990 is a classification of Great Britain into a set of 32 environmental strata, termed land classes, to be used as a basis for ecological survey, originally developed by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) in the late 1970s. The strata were created from the multivariate analysis of 75 environmental variables, including climatic data, topographic data, human geographical features and geology data. The Land Classification can be used to stratify a wide...

ITE Land Classification of Great Britain 1998

R.G.H Bunce, C.J. Barr, R.T. Clarke, D.C. Howard & A.M.J. Lane
The Land Classification 1998 is a classification of Great Britain into a set of 40 environmental strata, termed land classes, to be used as a basis for ecological survey, originally developed by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) in the late 1970s and building upon a previous 1990 version. The strata were created from the multivariate analysis of 75 environmental variables, including climatic data, topographic data, human geographical features and geology data. The Land Classification...

Plynlimon research catchment high-frequency hydrochemistry data

C. Neal, J. Kirchner & B. Reynolds
This dataset includes rainfall, river and stream hydro-chemistry data from the River Hafren (Severn). The dataset represents high-frequency (7 hourly) monitoring of stream hydrochemistry at both the Lower and Upper Hafren site from 2007-2009, as well as rainfall hydrochemistry near the Carreg Wen meteorological site. Data for over 50 chemical determinands are presented alongside data for some in-situ measurements such as water temperature. Full descriptions of the analytical methods used for each determinand is included....

Vyrnwy research catchment hydrochemistry

B. Reynolds, C. Neal & J. Kirchner
This dataset includes weekly data from monitoring of stream, rainfall and groundwater hydrochemistry in the Vyrnwy research catchment between 1994 and 2001. Data for over 50 chemical determinands are presented alongside data for some in-situ measurements such as water temperature. Full descriptions of the analytical methods used for each determinand is included. Intensive and long-term monitoring within the catchments underpins a wealth of hydrological and hydro-chemical research; other linked datasets include river flow, meteorology and...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2012

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

Woodlands survey tree diameter data 1971-2001

K.J. Kirby, S.M. Smart, H.I.J. Black, R.G.H. Bunce, P.M. Corney, R.J. Smithers & M.W. Shaw
The dataset consists of diameter at breast height (DBH) measurements taken from trees and shrubs recorded in plots in 103 woodland sites surveyed across Great Britain in 1971 and again over the growing seasons of 2000, 2002 and 2003 (referred to as '2001 survey'), using exactly the same field methods. Data were collected under projects managed by The Nature Conservancy (in 1971) and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (in 2001).

Woodlands survey soil data 1971-2001

K.J. Kirby, S.M. Smart, H.I.J. Black, R.G.H. Bunce, P.M. Corney, R.J. Smithers & M.W. Shaw
The dataset consists of pH, Loss on ignition (Soil organic matter) measurements and soil group information taken from soil samples from plots in 103 woodland sites surveyed across Great Britain in 1971 and again over the growing seasons of 2000, 2002 and 2003 (referred to as '2001 survey'), using exactly the same field methods. Data were collected under projects managed by The Nature Conservancy (in 1971) and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (in 2001).

Countryside Survey 1990 vegetation plot data

C.J. Barr, R.G.H. Bunce, M.K. Gillespie, C.J. Hallam, D.C. Howard, L.C. Maskell, M.J. Ness, L.R. Norton, R.J. Scott, S.M. Smart, R.C. Stuart & C.M. Wood
This dataset consists of plant species presence and abundance in different sizes and types of plots from 508 1km x 1km square sites surveyed across Great Britain in 1990. Many of the plots are repeated from surveys in 1978 and were surveyed again in 1998 and 2007. General information about the plot was recorded including plot number and type as well as species presence and (usually) cover. Data were collected under the Countryside Survey long...

Countryside Survey 1978 vegetation plot data

C.J. Barr, R.G.H. Bunce, S.M. Smart & H.A. Whittaker
This dataset consists of plant species presence and abundance in different sizes and types of plots from 256 1km x 1km square sites surveyed across Great Britain in 1978. Many of the plots were repeated in 1990, 1998 and 2007. General information about the plot was recorded including plot number and type as well as species presence and (usually) cover. Data were collected under the Countryside Survey long term monitoring project managed by the Centre...

Daily micro-meteorological data from Climoor fieldsite in Clocaenog Forest

A. Sowerby & B.A. Emmett
This dataset contains daily micro-meteorological data from the experimental plots at the Climoor field site in Clocaenog forest, NE Wales. It runs from 15/7/1999 until 31/12/2013, and contains air temperature, soil temperature at 2 depths (5 and 20cm) as well as soil moisture. The dataset has been quality checked, and incorrect or missing values removed, data has not been infilled.

Root data from Climoor fieldsite in Clocaenog Forest

A. Sowerby & B.A. Emmett
This dataset includes all measurements of roots from the Climoor fieldsite in the Clocaenog Forest. The data spans three periods: 2003-2004, 2008 and 2011. In 2003 and 2004, 5cm x 15cm plastic root cores were measured, and roots manually picked out the soil. In 2008, root biomass was determined by sieving and washing. In 2011, root biomass, density and length was also determined using sieving and washing. However, the methods used in each of the...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    15
  • 2020
    138
  • 2019
    78
  • 2018
    93
  • 2017
    154
  • 2016
    131
  • 2015
    89
  • 2014
    111
  • 2013
    34
  • 2012
    13

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    865
  • Other
    7

Affiliations

  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    648
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    633
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    71
  • Rothamsted Research
    49
  • Bangor University
    43
  • The James Hutton Institute
    41
  • Forest Research
    40
  • ADAS
    35
  • Rothamsted Research, North Wyke
    35
  • Butterfly Conservation
    35