860 Works

Diet of common guillemot and razorbill at East Caithness, Buchan Ness to Collieston Coast and Isle of May in 2017

F. Daunt, T. Morley, M.A. Newell, S. Wanless & M.P. Harris
This dataset contains prey items of common guillemot Uria aalge and razorbill Alca torda observed during the 2017 breeding season at East Caithness Special Protection Area, Buchan Ness to Collieston Coast Special Protection Area and Isle of May National Nature Reserve, off the east coast of Scotland. Full details are provided in the supporting documentation.

Environmental Change Network (ECN) Wytham deer exclosure experiment: 1997-2008

S. Rennie, M. Morecroft, D. Pallett, S. Schafer & M. Taylor
The Environmental Change Network (ECN) coarse-grain and woodland protocols were used to assess the vegetation within the deer exclosure plots at the ECN Wytham site. In the ECN coarse-grain protocol, 2m x 2m plots are randomly selected on the site. Species presence is recorded in each of the 25 40cm x 40cm cells within the plots. In the ECN woodland protocol seedlings, diameter at breast height (dbh), tree height and dominance are recorded in 10m...

Monthly global methane emissions from natural wetlands modelled by JULES with dynamic vegetation (1980-2014) v1.0

E. Comyn-Platt, G.D. Hayman, J. McNorton & N. Gedney
This dataset is a model output from the JULES land surface model driven with the Watch Forcing Data methodology applied to Era-Interim (WFDEI) data. It provides monthly global methane emissions from natural wetlands on 0.5 x 0.5 degree grid between 1980-2014. It includes the following variables: - fch4_wetl: modelled methane flux from natural wetland, in mg CH4 m-2 day-1 - fwetl: fraction of wetland - cs: soil carbon in each of these four soil carbon...

Water discharge data for Trout Beck, Cumbria 1961-1980

S. Rennie
This dataset contains daily water discharge data from Trout Beck in the Moor House-Upper Teesdale National Nature Reserve in the northern Pennines, Cumbria, UK. Data were automatically recorded at a gauging station located on a weir on the Trout Beck and collated by a variety of staff at the Moor House Research Station on behalf of the Wear and Tees River Board and the National Rivers Authority.

A 'Reference Site' in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone: radionuclide and stable element data, and estimated dose rates

N.A. Beresford, S. Gaschak, C.L. Barnett, A. Maksimenko, E. Guliaichenko, C. Wells & J.S. Chaplow
Data comprise radionuclide activity concentrations, stable element concentrations and both radionuclide and stable element concentration ratios for vegetation and wildlife samples collected in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) in 2014. Estimated absorbed dose rates for wildlife in the CEZ are also presented. Samples of soil, wild grass, earthworms, bees and other insects, small mammals, pine trees and frogs were collected in May and June 2014; frogspawn was collected in April 2015. Data were used to...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of daily mean river flow for gauged catchments in Great Britain (1960 to 2015): observed driving data [MaRIUS-G2G-MORECS-daily]

V.A. Bell, A.C. Rudd, A.L. Kay & H.N. Davies
This dataset is a model output, from the Grid-to-Grid hydrological model driven by observed climate data (CEH-GEAR rainfall and MORECS potential evaporation). It provides daily mean river flow (m3/s) for 260 catchments, for the period 1960 to 2015. The catchments correspond to locations of NRFA gauging stations (http://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/). The data were produced as part of MaRIUS (Managing the Risks, Impacts and Uncertainties of drought and water Scarcity), which was a UK NERC-funded research project (2014-2017)...

Historic reconstructions of daily river flow for 303 UK catchments (1891-2015)

K.A. Smith, M. Tanguy, J. Hannaford & C. Prudhomme
This dataset is model output from the GR4J lumped catchment hydrology model. It provides 500 model realisations of daily river flow, in cubic metres per second (cumecs, m3/s), for 303 UK catchments for the period between 1891-2015. The modelled catchments are part of the National River Flow Archive (NRFA) (https://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/) and provide good spatial coverage across the UK. These flow reconstructions were produced as part of the Research Councils UK (RCUK) funded Historic Droughts and...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of monthly mean flow and soil moisture for Great Britain: weather@home2 (climate model) driving data [MaRIUS-G2G-WAH2-monthly]

V.A. Bell, A.C. Rudd, A.L. Kay & H.N. Davies
This dataset is a model output, from the Grid-to-Grid hydrological model driven by weather@home2 climate model data. It provides a 100-member ensemble of monthly mean flow (m3/s) and soil moisture (mm water/m soil) on a 1 km grid for the following time periods: historical baseline (HISTBS: 1900-2006), near-future (NF: 2020-2049) and far-future (FF: 2070-2099). It also includes a baseline period (BS: 1975-2004). To aid interpretation, two additional spatial datasets are provided: - Digitally-derived catchment areas...

Enteric virus concentrations and chemical properties of wastewater, water, sediment and shellfish samples collected along the Conwy River and estuary, North Wales (2016-2017)

K. Farkas, D.M. Cooper, J.E. McDonald, S.K. Malham & D.L. Jones
This dataset contains pH, turbidity, conductivity and viral concentration information in river and estuarine water, wastewater, sediment and mussel samples collected in the Conwy River and estuary. The aim of data collection was to monitor wastewater contamination in the freshwater-marine continuum. Samples were collected by trained members of staff from Bangor University at four weekly between March 2016 and August 2017. Treated and untreated wastewater samples were collected at four wastewater treatment plants along the...

Elemental and radionuclide concentrations for several vegetation species from a site in Extremadura, Spain

C.L. Barnett, C. Wells, S. Thacker, A.J. Lawlor, J.M. Corrales Vázquez, M.D. Wood & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise elemental and radionuclide concentrations in freeze-dried Mediterranean plants, seeds and oven dried soil. The samples were collected in June 2014 along a transect located in the Monfragüe National Park which is within the province of Cáceres, western Spain (start: N 33° 49' 47.2'', W 006° 01' 55.4'', end: N 390 49'46.8'', W 0060 02' 05.1'' (geocentric World Geodetic System 1984 (GPS WG 884)). Thirty plant species (Agrostis pourretii; Campanula rapunculus; Taraxacum sp.; Taraxacum...

Groundwater temperatures and levels from a field experiment in the Conwy Valley, North Wales, UK (2013-2015)

M.R. Marshall, H.C. Glanville & D.M. Cooper
Data showing groundwater temperature and levels from bore holes are presented. The data were collected from a field experiment in the Conwy catchment between December 2013 and June 2015. Data were recorded by pressure transducers installed in the bore holes. The data were collected by trained members of staff from Bangor University and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. The samples were taken to estimate the hydraulic pathways and velocities through an experimental hillslope. The...

Time series of microbial carbon release from soil as carbon dioxide under different nitrogen and phosphorus treatments with a high glucose concentration added as a carbon source in the Conwy catchment, North Wales, UK (2016)

H.C. Glanville, L.L. De Sosa, M.R. Marshall, D.M. Cooper & D.L. Jones
Time series data of carbon release in disintegrations per minute are presented for different nitrogen and phosphorus treatments with a high glucose concentration substrate added as a carbon source to soil samples from six depths (0-15, 15-30, 50-100, 100-150, 150-200 and 250-300 centimetres). Soil cores were collected from a field experiment in the Conwy catchment in July 2016 and returned the laboratories of the School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University. A high...

Earthworm and botanical data from the Sweethope mesocosm experimental site, Sourhope, Scotland, 2001 [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

C.A. Spring, H.O. Bishop, M. Pawlett, C.H. Robinson, I.C. Grieve, J.A. Chudek, D.W. Hopkins, J. A. Harris & D.A. Davidson
This dataset comprises botanical composition and earthworm species and abundance data, sampled from a mesocosm experiment (named Sweethope) in October 2001. The mesocosm site replicated the layout of the main experimental plots at the NERC Soil Biodiversity site at Sourhope, Scotland and was established to avoid contaminating the main Sourhope plots. The NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at...

Impacts of experimental drought and plant trait diversity on floral resources and pollinator visitation

B.B. Phillips, R.F. Shaw, M. Holland, E.L. Fry, R.D. Bardgett, J.M. Bullock & J.L. Osborne
The floral resources provided to pollinators by different sown plant experimental plant communities were assessed under ambient and experimental drought conditions. The dataset includes the abundance and diversity of floral resources in all plant communities and more detailed information on the nectar quality and quantity provided by three focal plant species. Pollinator visit surveys were carried out on selected plots. These data can be linked to the related 'Ecosystem functions and vegetation data for Winklebury...

Plant-pollinator interactions database for construction of potential networks

J.W. Redhead, C.F. Coombes, H.J. Dean, R. Dyer, T.H. Oliver, M.J.O. Pocock, S.L. Rorke, A.J. Vanbergen, B.A. Woodcock & R.F. Pywell
Plant-pollinator interactions database derived from biological recording data, unpublished experimental data and published interactions in books and papers. The database covers all recorded interactions for bees, hoverflies and butterflies in mainland GB. Interactions were inferred from biological recording metadata by algorithmically screening for text matching a valid scientific or vernacular plant name (or a widely used synonym or abbreviation of either), followed by manual data cleaning. These data were compiled for the construction of multiple...

Turbulent fluxes of sensible heat and momentum at an ancient deciduous broadleaved forest in southern England

R. Morrison & J.G. Evans
The dataset contains time series observations of turbulent surface-atmosphere exchanges of sensible heat (H) and momentum (τ) measured at an area of ancient broadleaved deciduous forest in Oxfordshire, UK (Wytham Woods). Turbulent flux densities were monitored from the top of a forest tower using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 2014-06-13 13:00 and 2016-01-04 22:00. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality...

Tree, vegetation and soil information from an ecological survey of semi-natural woodlands in the English Lake District, 1969

R.G.H Bunce, A.H.F. Brown, M.W. Shaw, E.J. White, A. Gardiner, J.E.A. Procter, J.S. Birkett, J. McAllister, C. Smith, J. Parrington, J. Wrigley & C.M. Wood
The data contains details about plant species, trees, shrubs and soils, collected using standardized survey methods from within a selection of 48 semi-natural woodlands in the English Lake District. Nearly 300 plots were surveyed from sites across the north west of England, selected objectively from different woodland group types identified in the Lake District. The survey was carried out by the Nature Conservancy in 1969.

Simulated monthly biological indicators for England and Wales 1964-2012

C.L.R. Laize, L.J. Barker & F.K. Edwards
Monthly time series of simulated de-trended/de-seasonalised biological indicators at 86 bio-monitoring sites in England and Wales based on the modelled response of these indicators to discharge (represented by a standardised streamflow index, SSI) at 76 paired gauging stations. The biological indicators include: (i) Average Score per Taxon (ASPT) (ii) Lotic-invertebrate Index for Flow Evaluation (LIFE) calculated at family-level (LIFE Family) (iii) LIFE calculated at species-level (LIFE Species). The simulation spans the period 1964-2012.

Sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) data for the UK (2013-2015)

R.I. Smith, A.J. Dore, Y.S. Tang & J.R. Stedman
These datasets provide Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 5x5 kilometre (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2013 to 2015. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are...

Microbial biomass measurements from an upland grassland liming experiment [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

D. Johnson, J.R. Leake & D.J. Read
These measurements of soil microbial biomass carbon, soil basal respiration rate and metabolic quotient were taken from an experiment set up at the University of Sheffield, using soil from the NERC Soil Biodiversity site at Sourhope. The work was part of the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, which was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute (now the James...

Measurements of carbon-14 transfer from plants to soil within mesh cores [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

D. Johnson, J.R. Leake & D.J. Read
This dataset includes measurements of carbon-14 transfer from plants to soil within mesh cores. Measurements were taken in roots, shoots, soil and from respiration. Mesh cores were either static or rotated to provide plus and minus mycorrhizal mycelial systems. Carbon-14 was traced through cores as respiration using KOH (Potassium hydroxide) traps. The experiment was carried out at the University of Sheffield using soil from the NERC Soil Biodiversity site in Scotland. The work was part...

Bird Vocalisation Activity (BiVA) database: annotated soundscapes from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone

P. Kendrick, L. Barçante, N.A. Beresford, S. Gashchak & M.D. Wood
Data comprise audio files captured using a Wildlife Acoustics SM3 Songmeter located on an overgrown unpaved road close to several abandoned houses with deciduous trees (including fruit trees in former gardens) in the abandoned village of Buryakovka in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, Ukraine. A single continuous recording of twelve hours of audio from midday until midnight on the 25th June 2015 was manually annotated by an expert (using Raven Pro interactive sound analysis software). The...

Ammonia measurements from passive samplers at Ballynahone Bog field site (2014-2017)

S. Tang, A. Stephens & A. Crory
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements from a set of ALPHA (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) sampler sites at Ballynahone National Nature Reserve, a designated Area of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI), Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Ramsar (wetland of international importance designated under the Ramsar Convention) site in Northern Ireland. The park is an ammonia sensitive peatland ecosystem managed locally by Ulster Wildlife Trust (UWT). The data were originally collected due to concern...

Data from: Pollen flow in fragmented landscapes maintains genetic diversity following stand-replacing disturbance in a neotropical pioneer tree, Vochysia ferruginea Mart.

Andrew J. Lowe, Sam J. Davies, Stephen Cavers, Bryan Finegan, Andrew White & Martin F. Breed
In forests with gap disturbance regimes, pioneer tree regeneration is typically abundant following stand-replacing disturbances, whether natural or anthropogenic. Differences in pioneer tree density linked to disturbance regime can influence pollinator behaviour and impact on mating patterns and genetic diversity of pioneer populations. Such mating pattern shifts can manifest as higher selfing rates and lower pollen diversity in old growth forest populations. In secondary forest, where more closely related pollen donors occur, an increase in...

Data from: Reproductive performance of resident and migrant males, females and pairs in a partially migratory bird

Hannah Grist, Francis Daunt, Sarah Wanless, Sarah J. Burthe, Mark A. Newell, Mike P. Harris & Jane M. Reid
1. Quantifying among-individual variation in life-history strategies, and associated variation in reproductive performance and resulting demographic structure, is key to understanding and predicting population dynamics and life-history evolution. Partial migration, where populations comprise a mixture of resident and seasonally-migrant individuals, constitutes a dimension of life-history variation that could be associated with substantial variation in reproductive performance. However, such variation has rarely been quantified due to the challenge of measuring reproduction and migration across a sufficient...

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