89 Works

Data from: Indirect effects of parasitism: costs of infection to other individuals can be greater than direct costs borne by the host

Hanna M. V. Granroth-Wilding, Sarah J. Burthe, Sue Lewis, Katherine A. Herborn, Emi A. Takahashi, Francis Daunt & Emma J. A. Cunningham
Parasitic infection has a direct physiological cost to hosts but may also alter how hosts interact with other individuals in their environment. Such indirect effects may alter both host fitness and the fitness of other individuals in the host's social network, yet the relative impact of direct and indirect effects of infection are rarely quantified. During reproduction, a host's social environment includes family members who may be in conflict over resource allocation. In such situations,...

Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Hydrometric Areas without Coastline

F. Kral, M. Fry & H. Dixon
This dataset is part of Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) of the UK, a set of geographical reference units for hydrological purposes including river flow measurement and hydrometric data collection. Hydrometric Areas are either integral river catchments having one or more outlets to the sea or tidal estuary, or they may include several contiguous river catchments having topographical similarity but separate tidal outlets. Hydrometric Areas are the coarsest units of the IHU in terms of spatial...

Integrated Hydrological Units of the United Kingdom: Catchments

F. Kral, M. Fry & H. Dixon
This dataset is part of Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) of the UK, a set of geographical reference units for hydrological purposes including river flow measurement and hydrometric data collection. This dataset was derived from the Integrated Hydrological Terrain Model. A Catchment represents the full area upstream from a Section outlet, which is a cell upstream of a confluence of two watercourses with known names. While Sections do not overlap, Catchments can overlap because one Catchment...

High-resolution global topographic index values

T.R. Marthews, S.J. Dadson, B. Lehner, S. Abele & N. Gedney
The topographic index is a hydrological quantity describing the propensity of the soil at landscape points to become saturated with water as a result of topographic position (i.e. not accounting for other factors such as climate that also affect soil moisture but are accounted for separately). Modern land surface models require a characterisation of the land surface hydrological regime and this parameter allows the use of the TOPMODEL hydrological model to achieve this .This Geographic...

Standardised Precipitation Index time series for Integrated Hydrological Units Hydrometric Areas (1961-2012)

M. Tanguy, F. Kral., M. Fry, C. Svensson & J. Hannaford
Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) data for Integrated Hydrological Units (IHU) Hydrometric Areas (Kral et al. [1]). SPI is a drought index based on the probability of precipitation for a given accumulation period as defined by McKee et al. [2]. SPI is calculated for different accumulation periods: 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24 months. Each of these is in turn calculated for each of the twelve calendar months. Note that values in monthly (and for longer...

Countryside Survey mapped estimates of Broad Habitat area change in Great Britain between 1998 and 2007

C.J. Barr, M.J. Brown, R.G.H. Bunce, P.D. Carey, K. Chandler, A. Crowe, M.K. Gillespie, D.C. Howard, L.C. Maskell, L.R. Norton, R.J. Scott, W.A. Scott, S.M. Smart, R.C. Stuart, J.W. Watkins, C.M. Wood & S.M. Wright
This dataset consists of change data for areas of Broad Habitats across Great Britain between 1998 and 2007. The data are national estimates generated by analysing the sample data from up to 591 1km squares and scaling up to a national level. The data are summarized as percentage increase or decrease in habitat area per Land Class (areas of similar environmental characteristics) and are in a vector format. The sample sites are chosen from a...

Cumbrian Lakes plankton and fish data (1940 to 2013)

S.J. Thackeray, M.M. De Ville, J.M. Fletcher, J.B. James, S.C. Maberly, E.B. Mackay & I.J. Winfield
This dataset consists of phyto- and zooplankton counts, chlorophyll concentration and fish catch data from the Cumbrian Lakes (Blelham Tarn, Esthwaite Water, Windermere north and south basins). The data span the years 1940 to 2013 but time series vary in length among different species and sites, and fish data are only available from Windermere. The original data were initially collected by the Freshwater Biological Association (FBA) but have been collected by CEH and its predecessor...

Crustacean zooplankton data from Loch Leven, 1972-2007

I.D.M. Gunn, D.G. George, D. Johnson, D.H. Jones & L. May
The dataset comprises densities of the major crustacean zooplankton taxa collected from Loch Leven, a large shallow lake in the lowlands of Scotland, between 1972-2007. Data are provided as numbers of individuals per litre for each taxa. The data were collected by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and its predecessor bodies, as part of the Loch Leven long-term monitoring programme. Methods of collection varied over the period of collection with samples generally collected at...

Individual heath area estimates for land cover types in Dorset: 1978-2005

R.J. Rose, J.M. Bullock, R.T. Clarke, J.E. Cordingley & A.C. Newton
This dataset is a census of the heathland and associated vegetation from Dorset, UK. The Dorset heathlands are situated in South West England, and are generally associated with free-draining and acidic soils overlying Tertiary sands and gravels. The heathlands comprise a mosaic of different vegetation types, characterised by dwarf shrub communities dominated by members of the Ericaceae (e.g. Calluna vulgaris, Erica spp.), together with areas of mire, grassland, scrub and woodland. Unless they are managed...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site location data 2014

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
This dataset provides the details of all sites which have been monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Data includes the location within the UK, the length and width of the line transect on each site, and how long the transect has been monitored. The UKBMS started in 1976 with fewer than 50 sites. The number of sites monitored each year has increased to over a thousand since 2008. There is turnover...

Land Cover Map 2000 (25m raster, GB)

R.M. Fuller, G.M. Smith, J.M. Sanderson, R.A. Hill, A.G Thomson, R. Cox, N.J. Brown, R.T Clarke, P. Rothery & F.F. Gerard
This dataset consists of a 25m resolution raster version of the Land Cover Map 2000 for Great Britain. Each 25m pixel represents a 25m area of land cover target class, broadly representing Broad Habitats (see below). The dataset is part of a series of data products produced by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology known as LCM2000. LCM2000 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image data covering the entire United Kingdom. The map updates...

Land Cover Map 2000 (1km dominant aggregate class, N.Ireland)

R.M. Fuller, G.M Smith, J.M. Sanderson, R.A. Hill, A.G Thomson, R Cox, N.J Brown, R.T Clarke, P. Rothery & F.F. Gerard
This dataset consists of a 1km resolution raster version of the Land Cover Map 2000 for Northern Ireland. Each 1km pixel represents the dominant aggregate class across the 1km area. The aggregate classes are aggregations of the target classes, broadly representing Broad Habitats (see below). The dataset is part of a series of data products produced by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology known as LCM2000. LCM2000 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image...

Land Cover Map 2000 (1km dominant aggregate class, GB)

R.M. Fuller, G.M. Smith, J.M. Sanderson, R.A. Hill, A.G. Thomson, R. Cox, N.J. Brown, R.T. Clarke, P. Rothery & F.F. Gerard
This dataset consists of a 1km resolution raster version of the Land Cover Map 2000 for Great Britain. Each 1km pixel represents the dominant aggregate class across the 1km area. The aggregate classes are aggregations of the target classes, broadly representing Broad Habitats (see below). The dataset is part of a series of data products produced by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology known as LCM2000. LCM2000 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image...

Land Cover Map 2000 (1km dominant target class, N.Ireland)

R.M. Fuller, G.M. Smith, J.M. Sanderson, R.A. Hill, A.G. Thomson, R. Cox, N.J. Brown, R.T. Clarke, P. Rothery & F.F. Gerard
This dataset consists of a 1km resolution raster version of the Land Cover Map 2000 for Northern Ireland. Each 1km pixel represents the dominant target class (or 'sub class') across the 1km area. The target classes broadly represent Broad Habitats (see below). The dataset is part of a series of data products produced by the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology known as LCM2000. LCM2000 is a parcel-based thematic classification of satellite image data covering the...

Terrestrial habitat, vegetation and soil data from Shetland, 1974

R.G.H. Bunce, P.A. Bassett & C.M. Wood
Terrestrial habitat, vegetation and soil data from a survey of Shetland, carried out in the summer of 1974 by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology. Nearly 1000 x 200m2 plots were surveyed from across the islands, selected on the basis of a stratified sampling strategy. Details about plant species, soils, habitat types and major biota present were collected using standardized survey methods. This survey was part of a larger project to assess the status and value...

UK Environmental Change Network (ECN) rabbit and deer data: 1993-2012

S. Rennie, J. Adamson, R. Anderson, C. Andrews, J. Bater, N. Bayfield, K. Beaton, D. Beaumont, S. Benham, V. Bowmaker, C. Britt, R. Brooker, D. Brooks, J. Brunt, G. Common, R. Cooper, S. Corbett, N. Critchley, P. Dennis, J. Dick, B. Dodd, N. Dodd, N. Donovan, J. Easter, E. Eaton … & M. Whittaker
Rabbit and deer data from the UK Environmental Change Network (ECN) terrestrial sites. These data are collected by transect at ECN's terrestrial sites using a standard protocol. The protocol uses an index method based on dropping counts (of deer, rabbits - and where appropriate sheep and Grouse) to estimate relative abundance. They represent twice-yearly continuous records from 1993 to 2012. ECN is the UK's long-term environmental monitoring programme. It is a multi-agency programme sponsored by...

Bootstrapped local regression (LOESS) for soil depth profile comparison

A.M. Keith, P.A. Henrys, R.L. Rowe & N.P. McNamara
This is an application providing code for the non-parametric comparison of soil depth profiles, and testing for significant differences between soil depth profiles, using bootstrapped Loess (local) regressions (BLR). The BLR approach was developed to be able to compare and test for significant differences in potentially non-linear depth profiles of soil properties across land use transitions, which does not need to meet any parametric distribution assumptions, and is intended to be generally applicable regardless of...

Climate hydrology and ecology research support system potential evapotranspiration dataset for Great Britain (1961-2012) [CHESS-PE]

E.L. Robinson, E. Blyth, D.B. Clark, J. Finch & A.C. Rudd
1km resolution gridded potential evapotranspiration over Great Britain for the years 1961-2012. This dataset contains time series of two potential evapotranspiration variables. The first is potential evapotranspiration (PET) (mm/day) calculated using the Penman-Monteith equation [1] for FAO-defined well-watered grass [2]. The second is potential evapotranspiration with interception correction (PETI) (mm/day), which adds a correction for interception by a well-watered grass on days in which there is rainfall. Both PET and PETI are calculated using the...

Hydraulics data for the River Lambourn at Boxford, 2008 to 2014

P. Rameshwaran, C. Roberts, G.H. Old & P. Naden
A range of hydraulics data including stages and discharges were collected for the River and Leat at Boxford between 01/04/2008 and 30/09/2014. The River Lambourn is a tributary of the River Thames, the principal river in the south-east of England. The CEH River Lambourn Observatory comprises a 600 m reach of river and 24 acres of associated water meadows at Boxford, Berkshire. Data include: 1. River flow gauging using Electro-magnetic Current Meter (ECM); 2. Leat...

Land Classification of Shetland 1974

R.G.H. Bunce & P.A. Bassett
The Land Classification of Shetland is a classification of the Shetland Isles into a set of 16 environmental strata, termed land classes, to be used as a basis for ecological survey, originally developed by the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology (ITE) in 1974. The strata were created from the multivariate analysis of 150 environmental variables, including topographic data, geographical features and geology data. The Land Classification can be used to stratify a wide range of ecological...

Abundance of plant taxa on Norwood Farm, Somerset during 2007 and 2008

D.M. Evans, M.J.O. Pocock, J. Brooks & J. Memmott
Estimates of plant abundance (for leaf area, floral units and seed abundance, mass and energy) obtained from field-based sampling as part of a study of ecological interactions (food webs and plant-pollinator networks) on a single farm (Norwood Farm, Somerset, UK: 51.3128N 2.3206W) during 2007 and 2008. During the study, Norwood Farm was managed as an organic farm at relatively low intensity. The work was was supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council [grant...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: species trends 2014

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
This dataset provides linear trends, over varying time periods, for the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS) Collated Indices of individual butterfly species across the UK. The main statistical values derived from a linear regression (slope, standard error, P-value) are presented for the entire time series for each species (1976 to 2014), for the last 20 years, and for the last decade. In addition a trend class, based on slope direction and its significance, and a...

Land Cover Map 1990 (1km dominant target class, GB)

R.M. Fuller, G.B. Groom, A.R. Jones & A.G. Thomson
The Land Cover Map of Great Britain 1990 (1km dominant target class, GB), is a raster digital dataset, providing classification of land cover types into 25 classes, at a 1km resolution. The dataset consists of a 1km grid with a full set of the 25 target classes (or 'sub' classes). Each 1km contains the dominant habitat class, derived from a higher resolution (25m) dataset. The map was produced using supervised maximum likelihood classifications of Landsat...

UK Environmental Change Network (ECN) stream water discharge data: 1993-2012

S. Rennie, J. Adamson, R. Anderson, C. Andrews, J. Bater, N. Bayfield, K. Beaton, D. Beaumont, S. Benham, V. Bowmaker, C. Britt, R. Brooker, D. Brooks, J. Brunt, G. Common, R. Cooper, S. Corbett, N. Critchley, P. Dennis, J. Dick, B. Dodd, N. Dodd, N. Donovan, J. Easter, E. Eaton … & M. Whittaker
Stream water discharge data from the UK Environmental Change Network (ECN) terrestrial sites. The data (stage and discharge) are collected by loggers at ECN's terrestrial sites (where a stream is present) using a standard protocol. They represent continuous 15-minutely records from 1993 to 2012. The sites at which these data are collected are: Glensaugh, Moor House-Upper Teesdale, Sourhope, Wytham and Y Wyddfa (Snowdon). ECN is the UK's long-term environmental monitoring programme. It is a multi-agency...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2014

M. Botham, D. Roy, T. Brereton, I. Middlebrook & Z. Randle
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across monitored sites in the UK, calculated from data collected by the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Collated indices are calculated annually for each individual butterfly species that has been recorded on five or more sites in that year. Based on this criterion collated indices have been calculated for the entire UKBMS time series from 1976 to the current year for the majority of species. For...

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