93 Works

Microbial biomass measurements from an upland grassland liming experiment [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

D. Johnson, J.R. Leake & D.J. Read
These measurements of soil microbial biomass carbon, soil basal respiration rate and metabolic quotient were taken from an experiment set up at the University of Sheffield, using soil from the NERC Soil Biodiversity site at Sourhope. The work was part of the NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme, which was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute (now the James...

Turbulent fluxes of sensible heat and momentum at an ancient deciduous broadleaved forest in southern England

R. Morrison & J.G. Evans
The dataset contains time series observations of turbulent surface-atmosphere exchanges of sensible heat (H) and momentum (τ) measured at an area of ancient broadleaved deciduous forest in Oxfordshire, UK (Wytham Woods). Turbulent flux densities were monitored from the top of a forest tower using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 2014-06-13 13:00 and 2016-01-04 22:00. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality...

Simulated monthly biological indicators for England and Wales 1964-2012

C.L.R. Laize, L.J. Barker & F.K. Edwards
Monthly time series of simulated de-trended/de-seasonalised biological indicators at 86 bio-monitoring sites in England and Wales based on the modelled response of these indicators to discharge (represented by a standardised streamflow index, SSI) at 76 paired gauging stations. The biological indicators include: (i) Average Score per Taxon (ASPT) (ii) Lotic-invertebrate Index for Flow Evaluation (LIFE) calculated at family-level (LIFE Family) (iii) LIFE calculated at species-level (LIFE Species). The simulation spans the period 1964-2012.

Sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) data for the UK (2013-2015)

R.I. Smith, A.J. Dore, Y.S. Tang & J.R. Stedman
These datasets provide Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 5x5 kilometre (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2013 to 2015. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are...

A 'Reference Site' in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone: radionuclide and stable element data, and estimated dose rates

N.A. Beresford, S. Gaschak, C.L. Barnett, A. Maksimenko, E. Guliaichenko, C. Wells & J.S. Chaplow
Data comprise radionuclide activity concentrations, stable element concentrations and both radionuclide and stable element concentration ratios for vegetation and wildlife samples collected in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (CEZ) in 2014. Estimated absorbed dose rates for wildlife in the CEZ are also presented. Samples of soil, wild grass, earthworms, bees and other insects, small mammals, pine trees and frogs were collected in May and June 2014; frogspawn was collected in April 2015. Data were used to...

Earthworm and botanical data from the Sweethope mesocosm experimental site, Sourhope, Scotland, 2001 [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

C.A. Spring, H.O. Bishop, M. Pawlett, C.H. Robinson, I.C. Grieve, J.A. Chudek, D.W. Hopkins, J. A. Harris & D.A. Davidson
This dataset comprises botanical composition and earthworm species and abundance data, sampled from a mesocosm experiment (named Sweethope) in October 2001. The mesocosm site replicated the layout of the main experimental plots at the NERC Soil Biodiversity site at Sourhope, Scotland and was established to avoid contaminating the main Sourhope plots. The NERC Soil Biodiversity Thematic Programme was established in 1999 and was centred upon the intensive study of a large field experiment located at...

Elemental and radionuclide concentrations for several vegetation species from a site in Extremadura, Spain

C.L. Barnett, C. Wells, S. Thacker, A.J. Lawlor, J.M. Corrales Vázquez, M.D. Wood & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise elemental and radionuclide concentrations in freeze-dried Mediterranean plants, seeds and oven dried soil. The samples were collected in June 2014 along a transect located in the Monfragüe National Park which is within the province of Cáceres, western Spain (start: N 33° 49' 47.2'', W 006° 01' 55.4'', end: N 390 49'46.8'', W 0060 02' 05.1'' (geocentric World Geodetic System 1984 (GPS WG 884)). Thirty plant species (Agrostis pourretii; Campanula rapunculus; Taraxacum sp.; Taraxacum...

Plant-pollinator interactions database for construction of potential networks

J.W. Redhead, C.F. Coombes, H.J. Dean, R. Dyer, T.H. Oliver, M.J.O. Pocock, S.L. Rorke, A.J. Vanbergen, B.A. Woodcock & R.F. Pywell
Plant-pollinator interactions database derived from biological recording data, unpublished experimental data and published interactions in books and papers. The database covers all recorded interactions for bees, hoverflies and butterflies in mainland GB. Interactions were inferred from biological recording metadata by algorithmically screening for text matching a valid scientific or vernacular plant name (or a widely used synonym or abbreviation of either), followed by manual data cleaning. These data were compiled for the construction of multiple...

Water discharge data for Trout Beck, Cumbria 1961-1980

S. Rennie
This dataset contains daily water discharge data from Trout Beck in the Moor House-Upper Teesdale National Nature Reserve in the northern Pennines, Cumbria, UK. Data were automatically recorded at a gauging station located on a weir on the Trout Beck and collated by a variety of staff at the Moor House Research Station on behalf of the Wear and Tees River Board and the National Rivers Authority.

Tree, vegetation and soil information from an ecological survey of semi-natural woodlands in the English Lake District, 1969

R.G.H Bunce, A.H.F. Brown, M.W. Shaw, E.J. White, A. Gardiner, J.E.A. Procter, J.S. Birkett, J. McAllister, C. Smith, J. Parrington, J. Wrigley & C.M. Wood
The data contains details about plant species, trees, shrubs and soils, collected using standardized survey methods from within a selection of 48 semi-natural woodlands in the English Lake District. Nearly 300 plots were surveyed from sites across the north west of England, selected objectively from different woodland group types identified in the Lake District. The survey was carried out by the Nature Conservancy in 1969.

Environmental Change Network (ECN) Wytham deer exclosure experiment: 1997-2008

S. Rennie, M. Morecroft, D. Pallett, S. Schafer & M. Taylor
The Environmental Change Network (ECN) coarse-grain and woodland protocols were used to assess the vegetation within the deer exclosure plots at the ECN Wytham site. In the ECN coarse-grain protocol, 2m x 2m plots are randomly selected on the site. Species presence is recorded in each of the 25 40cm x 40cm cells within the plots. In the ECN woodland protocol seedlings, diameter at breast height (dbh), tree height and dominance are recorded in 10m...

Impacts of experimental drought and plant trait diversity on floral resources and pollinator visitation

B.B. Phillips, R.F. Shaw, M. Holland, E.L. Fry, R.D. Bardgett, J.M. Bullock & J.L. Osborne
The floral resources provided to pollinators by different sown plant experimental plant communities were assessed under ambient and experimental drought conditions. The dataset includes the abundance and diversity of floral resources in all plant communities and more detailed information on the nectar quality and quantity provided by three focal plant species. Pollinator visit surveys were carried out on selected plots. These data can be linked to the related 'Ecosystem functions and vegetation data for Winklebury...

Measurements of carbon-14 transfer from plants to soil within mesh cores [NERC Soil Biodiversity Programme]

D. Johnson, J.R. Leake & D.J. Read
This dataset includes measurements of carbon-14 transfer from plants to soil within mesh cores. Measurements were taken in roots, shoots, soil and from respiration. Mesh cores were either static or rotated to provide plus and minus mycorrhizal mycelial systems. Carbon-14 was traced through cores as respiration using KOH (Potassium hydroxide) traps. The experiment was carried out at the University of Sheffield using soil from the NERC Soil Biodiversity site in Scotland. The work was part...

Grid-to-Grid model estimates of daily mean river flow for gauged catchments in Great Britain (1960 to 2015): observed driving data [MaRIUS-G2G-MORECS-daily]

V.A. Bell, A.C. Rudd, A.L. Kay & H.N. Davies
This dataset is a model output, from the Grid-to-Grid hydrological model driven by observed climate data (CEH-GEAR rainfall and MORECS potential evaporation). It provides daily mean river flow (m3/s) for 260 catchments, for the period 1960 to 2015. The catchments correspond to locations of NRFA gauging stations (http://nrfa.ceh.ac.uk/). The data were produced as part of MaRIUS (Managing the Risks, Impacts and Uncertainties of drought and water Scarcity), which was a UK NERC-funded research project (2014-2017)...

Bird Vocalisation Activity (BiVA) database: annotated soundscapes from the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone

P. Kendrick, L. Barçante, N.A. Beresford, S. Gashchak & M.D. Wood
Data comprise audio files captured using a Wildlife Acoustics SM3 Songmeter located on an overgrown unpaved road close to several abandoned houses with deciduous trees (including fruit trees in former gardens) in the abandoned village of Buryakovka in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone, Ukraine. A single continuous recording of twelve hours of audio from midday until midnight on the 25th June 2015 was manually annotated by an expert (using Raven Pro interactive sound analysis software). The...

Data from: Bacterial communities associated with honeybee food stores are correlated with land use

Philip Donkersley, Glenn Rhodes, Roger W. Pickup, Kevin C. Jones & Kenneth Wilson
Microbial communities, associated with almost all metazoans, can be inherited from the environment. Although the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) gut microbiome is well documented, studies of the gut focus on just a small component of the bee microbiome. Other key areas such as the comb, propolis, honey, and stored pollen (bee bread) are poorly understood. Furthermore, little is known about the relationship between the pollinator microbiome and its environment. Here we present a study of...

Data from: The diversity of population responses to environmental change

Fernando Colchero, Owen R. Jones, Dalia A. Conde, Dave Hodgson, Felix Zajitschek, Benedikt R. Schmidt, Aurelio F. Malo, Susan C. Alberts, Peter H. Becker, Sandra Bouwhuis, Anne M. Bronikowski, Kristel M. De Vleeschouwer, Richard J. Delahay, Stefan Dummermuth, Eduardo Fernández-Duque, John Frisenvænge, Martin Hesselsøe, Sam Larson, Jean-Francois Lemaitre, Jennifer McDonald, David A.W. Miller, Colin O'Donnell, Craig Packer, Becky E. Raboy, Christopher J. Reading … & Chris J. Reading
The current extinction and climate change crises pressure us to predict population dynamics with ever-greater accuracy. Although predictions rest on the well-advanced theory of age-structured populations, two key issues remain poorly-explored. Specifically, how the age-dependency in demographic rates and the year-to-year interactions between survival and fecundity affect stochastic population growth rates. We use inference, simulations, and mathematical derivations to explore how environmental perturbations determine population growth rates for populations with different age-specific demographic rates and...

Data from: Biodiversity in species, traits and structure determines carbon stocks and uptake in tropical forests

Masha T. Van Der Sande, Lourens Poorter, Lammert Kooistra, Patricia Balvanera, Kirsten Thonicke, Jill Thompson, Eric J. M. M. Arets, Nashieli Garcia Alaniz, Laurence Jones, Francisco Mora, Tuyeni H. Mwampamba, Terry Parr & Marielos Peña-Claros
Impacts of climate change require that society urgently develops ways to reduce amounts of carbon in the atmosphere. Tropical forests present an important opportunity, as they take up and store large amounts of carbon. It is often suggested that forests with high biodiversity have large stocks and high rates of carbon uptake. Evidence is, however, scattered across geographic areas and scales, and it remains unclear whether biodiversity is just a co‐benefit or also a requirement...

Registration Year

  • 2018
    93

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    93

Affiliations

  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    70
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    67
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    10
  • Bangor University
    9
  • University of Exeter
    8
  • Lancaster University
    5
  • Newcastle University
    4
  • University of Reading
    4
  • University of Aberdeen
    3
  • University of Sheffield
    3