78 Works

Data from: Comparing life histories across taxonomic groups in multiple dimensions: how mammal-like are insects?

Adam Thomas Bakewell, Katie E. Davis, Nick J. B. Isaac, Robert P. Freckleton & Peter J. Mayhew
Explaining variation in life histories remains a major challenge because they are multi-dimensional and there are many competing explanatory theories and paradigms. An influential concept in life history theory is the 'fast-slow continuum', exemplified by mammals. Determining the utility of such concepts across taxonomic groups requires comparison of the groups' life histories in multidimensional space. Insects display enormous species richness and phenotypic diversity, but testing hypotheses like the 'fast-slow continuum' has been inhibited by incomplete...

Data from: Environmental heterogeneity decreases reproductive success via effects on foraging behaviour

Alice Trevail, Jonathan Green, Jonathan Sharples, Jeff Polton, Peter Miller, Francis Daunt, Ellie Owen, Mark Bolton, Kendrew Colhoun, Stephen Newton, Gail Robertson & Samantha Patrick
Environmental heterogeneity shapes the uneven distribution of resources available to foragers, and is ubiquitous in nature. Optimal foraging theory predicts that an animal’s ability to exploit resource patches is key to foraging success. However, the potential fitness costs and benefits of foraging in a heterogeneous environment are difficult to measure empirically. Heterogeneity may provide higher quality foraging opportunities, or alternatively could increase the cost of resource acquisition because of reduced patch density or increased competition....

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at an organically managed grassland, Berkshire, UK, 2017 to 2019

R. Morrison, H. Cooper, A. Cumming, P. Scarlett, J. Thornton & J.B. Winterbourn
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at an area of organically managed grassland located on the Berkshire Downs, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 1st January 2017 and 31st July 2019. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site location data 2017

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides the details of all sites which have been monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Data includes the location within the UK, the length and width of the line transect on each site, and how long the transect has been monitored. The UKBMS started in 1976 with fewer than 50 sites (a small number of pilot sites started from 1973). The number of sites monitored each year has increased...

Tree trait, insect herbivore abundance and powdery mildew infection data (2018) from a tree diversity experiment in south-west France

E. Field, B. Castagneyrol, M. Gibbs, H. Jactel, N. Barsoum, K. Schonrogge & A. Hector
This data set consists of data collected from one field season (2018) from the ORPHEE tree diversity experiment run by INRA Bordeaux in SW France. Data was collected on tree traits (tree height, shoot length), abundance of leaf miners, damage by leaf chewers, and leaf damage by oak powdery mildew, a foliar fungal pathogen. Data was collected from plots differing in tree species richness and drought treatment.

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: species trends 2018

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides linear trends, over varying time periods, for the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS) collated Indices of individual butterfly species across the UK. The main statistical values derived from a linear regression (slope, standard error, P-value) are presented for the entire time series for each species (1976 to 2018), for the last 20 years, and for the last decade. In addition a trend class, based on slope direction and its significance, and a...

Soil chemical and physical properties from a digestate (winter wheat trial) experiment at North Wyke and Henfaes Farm, UK (2017)

S. Reinsch, I. Lebron, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, A.M. Carswell, H. Carter, D.R. Chadwick, J.M. Cotton, H. Guyatt, R. Harvey, A. Hunt, D.L. Jones, P.O. Keenan, A.J. Lawlor, M.R. Marshall, T.H. Misselbrook, M. Patel, A.P. Pinder, M.G. Pereira, K.S. Saunders, B. Tanna, N. Thompson & B.A. Emmett
The data consist of soil physicochemical and biological data for three soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-60 cm) from a winter wheat field experiment located at two research sites in the United Kingdom. Soil samples were collected between April 2017 and August 2017. Extractions and measurements were carried out thereafter. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon and Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales. At each site measurements were...

Farm scale evaluations of herbicide tolerant genetically modified crops - maize

R.J. Scott, P. Baker, D. Bell, S. Bennett, C. Birchall, C.W.H. Boffey, D.A. Bohan, D.R. Brooks, E.L. Browne, G.T. Champion, S.J. Clark, R.E. Daniels, A.J.G. Dewar, A.M. Dewar, C.M. Fairfax, L.G. Firbank, B.H. Garner, A.J. Haughton, C. Hawes, L.A. Haylock, M.S. Heard, M.O. Hill, S.L. Horne, S.E. Hulmes, N.S. Mason … & M.W. Young
This dataset consists of a range of ecological measurements collected from a set of arable fields, each sown with a combination of genetically modified and conventional maize crops. Measurements include species counts in the following areas: weed seedbank, vegetation in the crop, field edge vegetation, invertebrates. The data were collected as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs), a four-year programme of research by independent researchers aimed at studying the effect that the management practices...

Plant and soil responses to simulated summer drought in 2013 on Colt Park grassland restoration experiment

A.J. Cole, R.I. Griffiths, S.E. Ward, J. Whitaker, N.J. Ostle & R.D. Bardgett
Data comprise measurements of plant biomass and community composition, soil microbial community composition, greenhouse gas emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen pools from a drought experiment superimposed on a the long-term Colt Park grassland restoration experiment in northern England. Rainfall was manipulated using rain-out shelters on experimental grassland plots where fertiliser application and seed addition have been managed to enhance plant species diversity. The scientific purpose was to test the hypothesis that management aimed at...

CEH Land Cover plus: Fertilisers 2010-2015 (England)

B. Osório, J.W. Redhead, S.G. Jarvis, L. May & R.F. Pywell
This product consists of maps of predicted average annual application rates of three different inorganic chemical fertilisers – nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) - in England across a six-year period (2010-2015). The estimates, along with their respective estimates of uncertainty, are provided at a 1 km x 1 km resolution. These data were modelled from Defra British Survey of Fertiliser Practice (BSFP) data using a spatial interpolation procedure. Different uses and potential applications...

Standardised counts of bacteria, fungi and micro eukaryotes abundances across geo-linked sampling locations on grassland, UK (2016)

R.I. Griffiths, J. Puissant & T.I. Goodall
The data consist of standardised counts of taxon abundances (bacteria, fungi and micro eukaryotes) from soil samples collected from paired intensive and extensive grassland systems, including low and high pH parent soils, from 32 sites across the United Kingdom. The samples were collected during winter and spring 2015-2016 from sites across the UK. DNA were extracted and taxonomic marker genes assessed using high-throughput DNA sequencing techniques to yield information about the genetic diversity and abundance...

Blelham Tarn: Ecological and chemical lake profiles, and inflow and outflow chemistry 2016-17

E. Gray, I.D. Jones, E.B. Mackay, J.A. Elliott & A.M. Folkard
This dataset consists of physical, chemical and ecological water quality variables collected at Blelham Tarn during 2016-2017. Profiles for the following variables were collected on a weekly scale during the stratified period of the lake and fortnightly or monthly timescales outside of the stratified period; light, chlorophyll a (phytoplankton biomass proxy), temperature, specific conductivity, phycocyanin (cyanobacteria pigment), pH and oxygen (mg/l and percentage saturation). The secchi depth was also collected at the same sampling frequency....

Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2017) [CEH-GEAR]

M. Tanguy, H. Dixon, I. Prosdocimi, D.G. Morris & V.D.J. Keller
1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2017. The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitation. To derive the estimates, monthly and daily (when complete month available) precipitation totals from the UK rain gauge network are used. The natural neighbour interpolation methodology, including a normalisation step based...

Vegetation and soil data recorded at Parsonage Down National Nature Reserve in 1970, 1990 and 2016

L.E. Ridding, P. Hawes, R. Walls, T. Wells, R. Cox, J. Williamson, M.G. Pereira, S.A. Thacker, P.O. Keenan & R.F. Pywell
This dataset contains vascular plant species abundance, average sward height, and soil analysis data from Parsonage Down National Nature Reserve (NNR), in southern England, in 1970, 1990 and 2016. Vascular plant species abundance and average sward height were recorded for each quadrat located along one of four transects. The transects were located in a CG2 Festuca ovina – Avenula pratensis grassland which dominates the majority of the site. Soil samples were also taken from various...

CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides 2012-2016 (England and Wales)

S.G. Jarvis, P.A. Henrys, J.W. Redhead, B.M. Da Silva Osório & R.F. Pywell
This data product maps pesticide applications across England and Wales. It is produced at a 1km resolution with units of kg active ingredient applied per year. Pesticide application rates (kg/km2/yr) are calculated for each of the crops grown in each 1km square, with the total application calculated by multiplying the estimated rates by the area of each crop in the square. The product provides application estimates for 129 different active ingredients including herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides...

Elemental concentrations (Ca, Cs, K, Mg, Sr) in a range of crops and associated soils from the UK and Spain

C.L. Barnett, C. Wells, N.A. Beresford, J. Guillén, F.M. Gómez Polo, S. Thacker, A.J. Lawlor & P.O. Keenan
Data comprise elemental concentrations of Ca, Cs, K, Mg, Sr, NH4-N and NPOC (Non-Purgeable Organic Carbon) measured by ICPMS (Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry), ICPOES (Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy) or high temperature combustion catalytic oxidation. Samples include a range of freeze-dried crops (grass, radish, potato, strawberry, lettuce, courgette, chard) relevant to the human food chain, soil, soil pore waters and irrigation water. All samples were obtained following two plant growth studies conducted at...

Ammonia measurements from passive samplers at Fenn's, Whixall, Wem & Cadney Mosses SAC (2018)

S. Tang, A. Stephens, P.O. Keenan, T. Binoti & R. Duff
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements at three sites on Fenn’s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses SSSI on the border of Wrexham County Borough (North Wales) and Shropshire (West Midlands). The ammonia measurements are taken from a set of ALPHA (R) (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) samplers from July to December in the year 2018. The sites were established in order to monitor ammonia during implementation of Site Nitrogen Action Plan (SNAP), as...

Simulated landscape metrics of configuration and Ecosystem Service provision across virtual landscapes, based within River Conwy

D. Masante & A.R.C. Thomas
These data are metrics of landscape configuration and modelled provision of Ecosystem services for a large number of virtual landscapes (c. 7500) superimposed on real topography. The landscapes are made up of patches of woodland interspersed across a grassland, and were generated with the landscapeR package in R. The topography used is from the Conwy catchment, split into 10 sections to enable comparison between topographies. Metrics were generated for each virtual landscape to quantify landscape...

River Tay, Scotland, water chemistry and greenhouse gas measurements 2009-2010

A.E. Pickard, U.M. Skiba, L. Carvalho, K.V. Heal, R.M. Rees & J.F. Harley
This dataset contains concentrations of dissolved organic carbon, dissolved inorganic carbon, nutrients and concentrations of greenhouse gases CO2, CH4 and N2O from nine sites across the River Tay catchment. Water was sampled on a monthly basis between February 2009 and December 2010. The locations of sampling sites were based on existing flow gauging and water sampling sites of the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA).

Dive times and depths of auks (Atlantic puffin, common guillemot and razorbill) from the Isle of May outside the seabird breeding season

R.E. Dunn, S. Wanless, J.A. Green, M.P. Harris & F. Daunt
This dataset contains the dive times (dive start time and dive end time) and depths (maximum depth attained on a dive) of three species of auk from the Isle of May outside the seabird breeding season. Data were collected from 12 Atlantic puffin individuals (Fratercula arctica), 13 common guillemot (Uria aalge) and 13 razorbill (Alca torda). Atlantic puffin data were collected between 19th July 2008 to 3rd December 2008; common guillemot data from 20th July...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a commercial Miscanthus x. giganteus plantation, Lincolnshire, UK, 2013 to 2017

R. Morrison, R. Rowe, H.C. Cooper & N.P. McNamara
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at a at a Miscanthus x. giganteus Greef et Deu (hereafter Miscanthus) plantation in Lincolnshire, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 4 July 2013 and 25 November 2017. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as...

Farm scale evaluations of herbicide tolerant genetically modified crops - beet

R.J. Scott, P. Baker, D. Bell, S. Bennett, C. Birchall, C.W.H. Boffey, D.A. Bohan, D.R. Brooks, E.L. Browne, G.T. Champion, S.J. Clark, R.E. Daniels, A.J.G. Dewar, A.M. Dewar, C.M. Fairfax, L.G. Firbank, B.H. Garner, A.J. Haughton, C. Hawes, L.A. Haylock, M.S. Heard, M.O. Hill, S.L. Horne, S.E. Hulmes, N.S. Mason … & M.W. Young
This dataset consists of a range of ecological measurements collected from a set of arable fields, each sown with a combination of genetically modified and conventional beet crops. Measurements include species counts in the following areas: weed seedbank, vegetation in the crop, field edge vegetation, invertebrates. The data were collected as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs), a four-year programme of research by independent researchers aimed at studying the effect that the management practices...

Biological characteristics, liver metal concentrations, habitat biogeochemistry and habitat contamination sources of UK otters (2006-2017)

A.F. Brand, E.A. Chadwick & R.F. Shore
The dataset details the biological characteristics and concentrations of toxic metals/semi-metals in liver tissue from 278 Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) that died across England and Wales during the period 2006-2017. For each otter carcass, location (National Grid Reference) was recorded. These locations were used to collate data describing spatial variation in stream and soil biochemistry, weather, and potential anthropogenic sources of contaminants in the otter’s habitat from a range of sources. This data was collected...

Secondary exposure to second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides in European polecats (Mustela putorius) in Great Britain 2013 to 2016

K.A. Sainsbury, R.A. McDonald, R.F. Shore, M.G. Pereira, D. Sleep, H. Schofield, E. Croose, A.C. Kitchener & G. Hantke
Data comprise measurements of carcass condition (age, sex, length, mass and fat score), age (from stable isotope analysis of whiskers and Cementum aging of teeth) and rodenticide concentrations (bromadiolone, difenacoum, brodifacoum, flocoumafen and difethialone) in liver tissues for 68 polecats found dead in Great Britain between 2013 and 2016. All carcasses were stored frozen until necropsy examination at the National Museum of Scotland (with support from The Negaunee Foundation). Liver samples were frozen and transferred...

Nitrous oxide fluxes and associated soil measurements from a mixed livestock farm in central Scotland (2012-2013)

N.J. Cowan, P.E. Levy & U.M. Skiba
This data set includes over 500 individual flux measurements of nitrous oxide (N2O) from a mixed livestock farm, carried out in 2012 and 2013 using a high-precision flux chamber method. Measurements of soil properties are also reported for each individual flux measurement. Soil pH, temperature moisture content, bulk density and ammonia and nitrate concentrations (extracted via the KCl method) are reported in the data. The data represents arable and grazed fields (cattle and sheep) as...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    78

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    78

Affiliations

  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    69
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    60
  • Rothamsted Research
    10
  • Bangor University
    8
  • Butterfly Conservation
    8
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    7
  • British Trust for Ornithology
    7
  • University of Edinburgh
    4
  • University of York
    3
  • Met Office
    2