78 Works

Data from: Environmental heterogeneity decreases reproductive success via effects on foraging behaviour

Alice Trevail, Jonathan Green, Jonathan Sharples, Jeff Polton, Peter Miller, Francis Daunt, Ellie Owen, Mark Bolton, Kendrew Colhoun, Stephen Newton, Gail Robertson & Samantha Patrick
Environmental heterogeneity shapes the uneven distribution of resources available to foragers, and is ubiquitous in nature. Optimal foraging theory predicts that an animal’s ability to exploit resource patches is key to foraging success. However, the potential fitness costs and benefits of foraging in a heterogeneous environment are difficult to measure empirically. Heterogeneity may provide higher quality foraging opportunities, or alternatively could increase the cost of resource acquisition because of reduced patch density or increased competition....

Data from: Comparing life histories across taxonomic groups in multiple dimensions: how mammal-like are insects?

Adam Thomas Bakewell, Katie E. Davis, Nick J. B. Isaac, Robert P. Freckleton & Peter J. Mayhew
Explaining variation in life histories remains a major challenge because they are multi-dimensional and there are many competing explanatory theories and paradigms. An influential concept in life history theory is the 'fast-slow continuum', exemplified by mammals. Determining the utility of such concepts across taxonomic groups requires comparison of the groups' life histories in multidimensional space. Insects display enormous species richness and phenotypic diversity, but testing hypotheses like the 'fast-slow continuum' has been inhibited by incomplete...

Plant and soil responses to simulated summer drought in 2013 on Colt Park grassland restoration experiment

A.J. Cole, R.I. Griffiths, S.E. Ward, J. Whitaker, N.J. Ostle & R.D. Bardgett
Data comprise measurements of plant biomass and community composition, soil microbial community composition, greenhouse gas emissions and soil carbon and nitrogen pools from a drought experiment superimposed on a the long-term Colt Park grassland restoration experiment in northern England. Rainfall was manipulated using rain-out shelters on experimental grassland plots where fertiliser application and seed addition have been managed to enhance plant species diversity. The scientific purpose was to test the hypothesis that management aimed at...

Farm scale evaluations of herbicide tolerant genetically modified crops - maize

R.J. Scott, P. Baker, D. Bell, S. Bennett, C. Birchall, C.W.H. Boffey, D.A. Bohan, D.R. Brooks, E.L. Browne, G.T. Champion, S.J. Clark, R.E. Daniels, A.J.G. Dewar, A.M. Dewar, C.M. Fairfax, L.G. Firbank, B.H. Garner, A.J. Haughton, C. Hawes, L.A. Haylock, M.S. Heard, M.O. Hill, S.L. Horne, S.E. Hulmes, N.S. Mason … & M.W. Young
This dataset consists of a range of ecological measurements collected from a set of arable fields, each sown with a combination of genetically modified and conventional maize crops. Measurements include species counts in the following areas: weed seedbank, vegetation in the crop, field edge vegetation, invertebrates. The data were collected as part of the Farm Scale Evaluations (FSEs), a four-year programme of research by independent researchers aimed at studying the effect that the management practices...

Vegetation and soil data recorded at Parsonage Down National Nature Reserve in 1970, 1990 and 2016

L.E. Ridding, P. Hawes, R. Walls, T. Wells, R. Cox, J. Williamson, M.G. Pereira, S.A. Thacker, P.O. Keenan & R.F. Pywell
This dataset contains vascular plant species abundance, average sward height, and soil analysis data from Parsonage Down National Nature Reserve (NNR), in southern England, in 1970, 1990 and 2016. Vascular plant species abundance and average sward height were recorded for each quadrat located along one of four transects. The transects were located in a CG2 Festuca ovina – Avenula pratensis grassland which dominates the majority of the site. Soil samples were also taken from various...

Soil chemical and physical properties from a digestate (winter wheat trial) experiment at North Wyke and Henfaes Farm, UK (2017)

S. Reinsch, I. Lebron, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, A.M. Carswell, H. Carter, D.R. Chadwick, J.M. Cotton, H. Guyatt, R. Harvey, A. Hunt, D.L. Jones, P.O. Keenan, A.J. Lawlor, M.R. Marshall, T.H. Misselbrook, M. Patel, A.P. Pinder, M.G. Pereira, K.S. Saunders, B. Tanna, N. Thompson & B.A. Emmett
The data consist of soil physicochemical and biological data for three soil depths (0-15, 15-30 and 30-60 cm) from a winter wheat field experiment located at two research sites in the United Kingdom. Soil samples were collected between April 2017 and August 2017. Extractions and measurements were carried out thereafter. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon and Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales. At each site measurements were...

Gridded estimates of daily and monthly areal rainfall for the United Kingdom (1890-2017) [CEH-GEAR]

M. Tanguy, H. Dixon, I. Prosdocimi, D.G. Morris & V.D.J. Keller
1 km gridded estimates of daily and monthly rainfall for Great-Britain and Northern Ireland (together with approximately 3000 km2 of catchment in the Republic of Ireland) from 1890 to 2017. The rainfall estimates are derived from the Met Office national database of observed precipitation. To derive the estimates, monthly and daily (when complete month available) precipitation totals from the UK rain gauge network are used. The natural neighbour interpolation methodology, including a normalisation step based...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: site location data 2017

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides the details of all sites which have been monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS). Data includes the location within the UK, the length and width of the line transect on each site, and how long the transect has been monitored. The UKBMS started in 1976 with fewer than 50 sites (a small number of pilot sites started from 1973). The number of sites monitored each year has increased...

Tree trait, insect herbivore abundance and powdery mildew infection data (2018) from a tree diversity experiment in south-west France

E. Field, B. Castagneyrol, M. Gibbs, H. Jactel, N. Barsoum, K. Schonrogge & A. Hector
This data set consists of data collected from one field season (2018) from the ORPHEE tree diversity experiment run by INRA Bordeaux in SW France. Data was collected on tree traits (tree height, shoot length), abundance of leaf miners, damage by leaf chewers, and leaf damage by oak powdery mildew, a foliar fungal pathogen. Data was collected from plots differing in tree species richness and drought treatment.

Standardised counts of bacteria, fungi and micro eukaryotes abundances across geo-linked sampling locations on grassland, UK (2016)

R.I. Griffiths, J. Puissant & T.I. Goodall
The data consist of standardised counts of taxon abundances (bacteria, fungi and micro eukaryotes) from soil samples collected from paired intensive and extensive grassland systems, including low and high pH parent soils, from 32 sites across the United Kingdom. The samples were collected during winter and spring 2015-2016 from sites across the UK. DNA were extracted and taxonomic marker genes assessed using high-throughput DNA sequencing techniques to yield information about the genetic diversity and abundance...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: species trends 2018

M.S. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
This dataset provides linear trends, over varying time periods, for the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS) collated Indices of individual butterfly species across the UK. The main statistical values derived from a linear regression (slope, standard error, P-value) are presented for the entire time series for each species (1976 to 2018), for the last 20 years, and for the last decade. In addition a trend class, based on slope direction and its significance, and a...

Blelham Tarn: Ecological and chemical lake profiles, and inflow and outflow chemistry 2016-17

E. Gray, I.D. Jones, E.B. Mackay, J.A. Elliott & A.M. Folkard
This dataset consists of physical, chemical and ecological water quality variables collected at Blelham Tarn during 2016-2017. Profiles for the following variables were collected on a weekly scale during the stratified period of the lake and fortnightly or monthly timescales outside of the stratified period; light, chlorophyll a (phytoplankton biomass proxy), temperature, specific conductivity, phycocyanin (cyanobacteria pigment), pH and oxygen (mg/l and percentage saturation). The secchi depth was also collected at the same sampling frequency....

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at an organically managed grassland, Berkshire, UK, 2017 to 2019

R. Morrison, H. Cooper, A. Cumming, P. Scarlett, J. Thornton & J.B. Winterbourn
This dataset contains time series observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at an area of organically managed grassland located on the Berkshire Downs, UK. Turbulent flux densities were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 1st January 2017 and 31st July 2019. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric...

CEH Land Cover plus: Fertilisers 2010-2015 (England)

B. Osório, J.W. Redhead, S.G. Jarvis, L. May & R.F. Pywell
This product consists of maps of predicted average annual application rates of three different inorganic chemical fertilisers – nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) - in England across a six-year period (2010-2015). The estimates, along with their respective estimates of uncertainty, are provided at a 1 km x 1 km resolution. These data were modelled from Defra British Survey of Fertiliser Practice (BSFP) data using a spatial interpolation procedure. Different uses and potential applications...

Ground beetle (Carabidae) associations with UK Land Cover Map habitats

J. Chetcuti, W.E. Kunin & J.M. Bullock
The data are the habitat association (phi coefficient of association) of ground beetles (Carabidae) in Great Britain. The analysis used all 100 m carabid records from the NBN Atlas website for the analysis. The habitats are those from the CEH Land Cover Map 2015 (LCM2015) and for each beetle species each habitat has a score between 1 and -1 representing association through to disassociation and a p-value giving significance of the association score. The recommended...

Greenhouse gas emissions, nitrogen use efficiency and biomass from inorganic fertiliser additions to grassland at North Wyke and Henfaes, UK (2016)

A.M. Carswell, R. Shaw, A.R. Sánchez-Rodríguez, J.M. Cotton, D.R. Chadwick, D.L. Jones, T.H. Misselbrook, K.S. Saunders, J. Hunt & S. Reinsch
The data consists of nitrogen (N) offtake, N emissions and soil N parameters, and herbage quality parameters from a three-cut silage plot trial located at two grassland sites within the UK collected between April and October 2016. The sites were Rothamsted Research at North Wyke in Devon and Bangor University at Henfaes Research Station in North Wales. At each site measurements were taken from 16 plots, organised within a randomised complete block design. Fertiliser was...

Energy and carbon dioxide fluxes, meteorology and soil physics observed at INCOMPASS land surface stations in India, 2016 to 2017

R. Morrison, S.S. Angadi, H.M. Cooper, J.G. Evans, G. Rees, M. Sekhar, C. Taylor, S.N. Tripathi & A.G. Turner
Eddy covariance (EC) observations of surface-atmosphere exchanges of sensible heat and latent heat, momentum and net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange were measured at thirty minute resolution at three Land Surface Stations in India. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics observations, as well as variables describing atmospheric turbulence and the quality of the turbulent flux observations. Meteorological observations include: the net radiation and its incoming and outgoing short- and long-wave components, air temperature, barometric...

Insect species richness for each plant species and insect-plant interactions from the Database of Insects and their Food Plants [DBIF]

R. Padovani, L. Ward, R.M. Smith, M J.O. Pocock & D.B. Roy
This dataset consists of 4,397 insect species associated with 679 native plant species, 120 archaeophytes, and 223 neophytes from the Database of Insects and their Food Plants (DBIF). The DBIF details approximately 60,000 interactions between phytophagous insect (and mite) species and plants recorded in Great Britain over the last century, based on a wide variety of sources, including entomological journals and field guides. The data here represents a reduced subset of the full DBIF (13,277...

Water quality survey of streams across Wales: runoff from forested and felled catchments draining a range of soil types

C. Neal, B. Reynolds, R. J. Wilkinson, T. Hill, M. Neal, S. Hill & M.L. Harrow
This data provides the results of a survey of the water quality of small streams draining forested and felled catchments across Wales. The water quality measurements are extensive, including analysis of major, minor, trace and ultra-trace elements together with nutrient and standard water quality measures such as pH and Gran alkalinity. Opportunistic sampling was undertaken with the aid for Forest Enterprise staff to sample sites at periods of both dry and very wet weather in...

Topsoil physico-chemical properties from the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme, Wales 2013-2016

D.A. Robinson, S. Astbury, G. Barrett, A. Burden, H. Carter, B.A. Emmett, A. Garbutt, C. Giampieri, J. Hall, P. Henrys, S. Hughes, A. Hunt, S. Jarvis, D.L. Jones, P. Keenan, I. Lebron, D. Nunez, A. Owen, M. Patel, M.G. Pereira, F. Seaton, K. Sharps, B. Tanna, N. Thompson, B. Williams … & C.M. Wood
This data set includes a range of physico-chemical properties measured from topsoil within a wide range of land use types across Wales, collected as part of the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (GMEP). The properties included are: soil organic matter (loss on ignition (LOI)), derived carbon concentration, total soil organic carbon (SOC), nitrogen, total soil phosphorous, Olsen-phosphorous (within improved land only), pH, electrical conductivity, soil bulk density of fine earth, fine earth volumetric water content...

National Plant Monitoring Scheme survey data (2015-2018)

O. Pescott, K. Walker, J. Day, F. Harris & D. Roy
This data resource provides plot-level plant occurrence data for the first four years (2015-2018) of the National Plant Monitoring Scheme (covering the UK, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man). Data consist of individual observations of plants, and other habitat characteristics, at the metre-scale; observations are accompanied by percentage cover information recorded according to the Domin frequency-abundance scale commonly used in plant community ecology. Other information provided includes the plot type (size, shape, according...

UK moth trends from Rothamsted Insect Survey light-trap network (1968 to 2016)

C.A. Harrower, J.R. Bell, D. Blumgart, M.S. Botham, R. Fox, N.J.B. Isaac, D.B. Roy & C.R. Shortall
The dataset contains national trends for 432 species of moths (mostly macro-moths) estimated using the moth data collected by Rothamsted Insect Survey (RIS) from their national light-trap network between the years 1968 and 2016. The trends were calculated using a Generalised Abundance Index (GAI) model. The trends are presented as year coefficients from the statistical model, Annual Growth Rates (AGR), and the total percentage changes over the whole time series. For each trend metric 95%...

Calluna vulgaris root length and fungal colonisation data from the Climoor long-term climate change experiment in Clocaenog forest, UK (2015)

N. White, F.M. Seaton, S. Reinsch, A.R. Smith, M.R. Brooks & B.A. Emmett
This dataset contains root length, biomass and fungal colonisation data for Calluna vulgaris from control, drought and warming treated soils from the long term climate change experiment in Clocaenog forest. Soil samples were collected from the climate change experiment in Northeast Wales during April 2015. Roots were separated from the soil, their length and biomass measured and then analysed using microscopy for Ericoid mycorrhizae (ErM) and dark septate endophyte (DSE) colonisation of Calluna vulgaris. The...

Thames catchment hydrometric and water quality data 2013-17

J. Miller & M. Hutchins
Urban water quality and hydrometric data for a range of urban developments in in the south of England. Water quality has been obtained from fortnightly-monthly sampling of river water using a Manta 2 sonde, and includes the parameters: ammonium, DO, pH, specific conductivity, temperature and turbidity. Rainfall was measured using a number of 2mm tipping bucket raingauges across the urban sites and through QC deriving a 15min time series of rainfall in millimetres for each...

Global data for soil water, groundwater and riverine freshwater dissolved organic radiocarbon

J.L. Adams, E. Tipping, P. Keenan, R.C. Helliwell, N. Pedentchouk, S. Buckingham, E. Gjessing, P. Ascough, C.L. Bryant & M.H. Garnett
This dataset includes dissolved organic radiocarbon content and dissolved organic carbon concentration data for river waters around the globe. The riverine dataset contains already published (n=1163) and new (n=101) data between the years 1962 – 2015. Soil solution data (n=139) from North American and European natural and semi-natural ecosystems are also included, which cover the period 1988 – 2008. Groundwater data containing 49 data points from boreholes in Europe and North America are also provided....

Registration Year

  • 2019

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Rothamsted Research
  • Bangor University
  • Butterfly Conservation
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • British Trust for Ornithology
  • University of Edinburgh
  • Lancaster University
  • University of York