138 Works

Evaluating spatially explicit sharing-sparing scenarios for multiple environmental outcomes

Tom Finch, Brett Day, Dario Massimino, John Redhead, Rob Field, Andrew Balmford, Rhys Green & Will Peach
1. Understanding how to allocate land for the sustainable delivery of multiple, competing objectives is a major societal challenge. The land sharing-sparing framework presents a heuristic for understanding the trade-off between food production and biodiversity conservation by comparing region-wide land use scenarios which are equivalent in terms of overall food production. 2. Here, for two contrasting regions of lowland England (The Fens and Salisbury Plain), we use empirical data and predictive models to compare a...

Snow water equivalent estimates using cosmic-ray neutron sensors in the United Kingdom (2014-2019)

J.R. Wallbank, S.J. Cole, R.J. Moore, S.R. Anderson & E.J. Mellor
This dataset provides daily estimates of the Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) using data from 46 COSMOS-UK sites across the United Kingdom. One set of estimates is derived from the cosmic ray neutron sensor and provides an estimate of the average SWE within the sensor’s large (>100m) footprint. Other SWE estimates are based on either a snowmelt model, or, for certain sites, either a snow depth sensor or a buried 'SnowFox' neutron sensor. Additionally, daily neutron...

Modelled average percentage yield loss due to ozone damage for four global staple crops (2010-2012)

K. Sharps, G. Mills, D. Simpson, H. Pleijel, M. Frei, K. Burkey, L. Emberson, J. Uddling, M. Broberg, Z. Feng, K. Kobayashi & M. Agrawal
Modelled average percentage yield loss due to ground-level ozone pollution (per 1 degree by 1 degree grid cell) are presented for the crops maize (Zea mays), rice (Oryza sativa), soybean (Glycine max) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) for the period 2010-2012. Data are on a global scale, based on the distribution of production for each crop, according to the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s (FAO) Global Agro-Ecological Zones (GAEZ) crop production data for the year 2000. Modelled...

Measured and modelled dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations, and measured chlorophyll concentration, for UK freshwaters and freshwater mesocosms, 2014-2015

J. Adams, E. Tipping, H. Feuchtmayr, H.T. Carter & P. Keenan
This dataset includes measured DOC concentration, and modelled DOC concentration derived from UV-visible absorbance spectra. We also include measured chlorophyll concentration, pH and conductivity. The natural water samples were collected from freshwater ecosystems in the UK, and site names and locations. Samples were also collected at set intervals throughout the year, from mesocosm experiments simulating natural lake ecosystems. Data on measured and modelled DOC concentration, chlorophyll concentration, pH and conductivity for the mesocosms sampled, are...

Deposition and concentration of nitrogen and sulphur for protected sites in the UK (2015-2017)

B. Bealey, C. Martin Hernandez, P.E. Levy & J.R. Stedman
This dataset provides deposition values of sulphur and nitrogen deposition and concentration values for ammonia (NH3), sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) on the UK nature conservation protected sites, averaged over the years 2015 to 2017. The dataset also includes calculated minimum, maximum and gridded average values for each site. Protected nature sites covered are: (i) Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) (ii) Special Protection Areas (SPA) (iii) Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). The...

Campanula rotundifolia cytotype, distribution and first flowering dates v2

J. Wilson, A. Perry, J.R. Shepherd, M. Duran-Castillo, C.E. Jeffree & S. Cavers
Data were collected to determine the geographic distribution of different cytotypes of Campanula rotundifolia L. Most sampling concentrated on Britain and Ireland, but samples from mainland Europe, the Russian Federation and North America were also analysed. Following these observations, a common garden study of tetraploid, pentaploid and hexaploid cytotypes representative of Britain and Ireland was set up at a CEH Edinburgh (where the local cytotype is tetraploid), to determine whether climatic factors were limiting the...

Soil aggregate stability data from arable and grassland in Countryside Survey, Great Britain 2007

A.M. Keith, M.R. Cave, B.A. Dodd, S.M. Smart, G. Turner, A.M. Tye & C.M. Wood
This dataset consists of Particle Size Distribution (PSD) measurements made on 419 archived topsoil samples and derived aggregate stability metrics from arable and grassland habitats across Great Britain in 2007. Laser granulometry was used to measure PSD of 1–2 mm aggregates before and after sonication and the difference in their Mean Weight Diameter (MWD) used to indicate aggregate stability. The samples were collected as part of the Countryside Survey monitoring programme, a unique study or...

Landscape point feature data from the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme, Wales 2013-2016

L.C. Maskell, S. Astbury, A. Burden, B.A. Emmett, A. Garbutt, A. Goodwin, P. Henrys, S. Jarvis, L.R. Norton, A. Owen, K. Sharps, S.M. Smart, B. Williams, C.M. Wood & S.M. Wright
This data set consists of records of point landscape features and associated attributes from sites across Wales, collected between 2013 and 2016. Data are presented as records of features such as trees, ponds and buildings with associated species and condition measures where applicable. Features were surveyed within a set of up to 300 x 1km squares across Wales (not all sites contained point features), collected as part of the Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (GMEP)....

CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides 2012-2017 (England, Scotland and Wales)

S.G. Jarvis, J.W. Redhead, P.A. Henrys, H.A. Risser, B.M. Da Silva Osório & R.F. Pywell
CEH Land Cover plus: Pesticides maps annual average pesticide applications across England, Wales and Scotland. The product provides application estimates for 162 different active ingredients including herbicides, insecticides, molluscicides and fungicides. It is produced at a 1km resolution with units of kg active ingredient applied per year, averaged between 2012 and 2017. Pesticide application rates (kg/km2/yr) are calculated for each of the crops grown in each 1km square, using information from CEH Land Cover® Plus:...

Marsh Tit (Poecile palustris) territory surveys in English woods during 2002-2020

R.K. Broughton, M. Maziarz & S.A. Hinsley
The dataset records the annual number of occupied Marsh Tit breeding territories in 74 individual woods and woodland patches in 14 English counties for variable periods between 2002 and 2020. Different woods were surveyed from between one spring period and for up to 17 annual springs. Territory counts were derived from a standard highly-repeatable survey methodology or from more intensive population studies that produced high quality results. Marsh Tits are a small (10 g) songbird...

National Plant Monitoring Scheme survey data (2015-2019)

O.L. Pescott, K.J. Walker, J. Day, F. Harris & D.B. Roy
This data resource provides plot-level plant occurrence data for the first five years (2015-2019) of the National Plant Monitoring Scheme (covering the UK, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man). Data consist of individual observations of plants, and other habitat characteristics, at the metre-scale; observations are accompanied by percentage cover information recorded according to the Domin frequency-abundance scale commonly used in plant community ecology. Other information provided includes the plot type (size, shape, according...

Land Cover Map 2018 (20m classified pixels, N. Ireland)

R.D. Morton, C.G. Marston, A.W. O’Neil & C.S. Rowland
This is the 20m classified pixels dataset for the UKCEH Land Cover Map of 2018(LCM2018) representing Northern Ireland. It describes Northern Ireland's land cover in 2018 using UKCEH Land Cover Classes, which are based on UK Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. This dataset is the Random Forest classification result from classifying a 20m pixel raster containing multi-season spectral information combined with context layers, which help to resolve spectral confusion. It is provided as a 2-band,...

Land Cover Map 2018 (land parcels, N. Ireland)

R.D. Morton, C.G. Marston, A.W. O’Neil & C.S. Rowland
This is the land parcels (polygon) dataset for the UKCEH Land Cover Map of 2018(LCM2018) representing Northern Ireland. It describes Northern Ireland's land cover in 2018 using UKCEH Land Cover Classes, which are based on UK Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. This dataset was derived from the corresponding LCM2018 20m classified pixels dataset. All further LCM2018 datasets for Northern Ireland are derived from this land parcel product. A range of land parcel attributes are provided....

Land Cover Map 2019 (25m rasterised land parcels, GB)

R. D. Morton, C. G. Marston, A. W. O’Neil & C. S. Rowland
This is the 25m rasterised land parcels dataset for the UKCEH Land Cover Map of 2019(LCM2019) representing Great Britain. It describes Great Britain's land cover in 2019 using UKCEH Land Cover Classes, which are based on UK Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. This dataset was derived by rasterising the corresponding LCM2019 land parcels dataset into 25m pixels. It is provided as a 3-band, 8-bit integer raster. The first band is the UKCEH Land Cover Class...

Land Cover Map 2019 (25m rasterised land parcels, N. Ireland)

R. D. Morton, C. G. Marston, A. W. O’Neil & C. S. Rowland
This is the 25m rasterised land parcels dataset for the UKCEH Land Cover Map of 2019(LCM2019) representing Northern Ireland. It describes Northern Ireland's land cover in 2019 using UKCEH Land Cover Classes, which are based on UK Biodiversity Action Plan broad habitats. This dataset was derived by rasterising the corresponding LCM2019 land parcels dataset into 25m pixels. It is provided as a 3-band, 8-bit integer raster. The first band is the UKCEH Land Cover Class...

Wheat yield resilience metrics for sample 10km x 10km grid cells in England, 2008-2017

J.W. Redhead, T.H. Oliver, B.A. Woodcock & R.F. Pywell
Data on resilience of wheat yields in England, derived from the annual Defra Cereals and Oilseeds production survey of commercial farms. The data presented here are summarised over a ten-year time-series (2008-2017) at 10km x10km grid cell (hectad) resolution. The data give the mean yield, relative yield, yield stability and resistance to an extreme event (the poor weather of 2012), for all hectads with at least one sampled farm holding in each year of the...

Modelled annual average production loss due to ozone damage for four global staple crops 2010-2012

K. Sharps, G Mills, D. Simpson, H. Pleijel, M. Frei, K. Burkey, L. Emberson, J. Uddling, M. Broberg, Z. Feng, K. Kobayashi & M. Agrawal
Modelled annual average production loss (thousand tonnes per 1 degree by 1 degree grid cell) due to ground-level ozone pollution is presented for the crops maize (Zea mays), rice (Oryza sativa), soybean (Glycine max) and wheat (Triticum aestivum), for the period 2010-2012. Data are on a global scale, based on the distribution of production for each crop, according to the Food and Agriculture Organisation’s (FAO) Global Agro-Ecological Zones (GAEZ) crop production data for the year...

United Kingdom Butterfly Monitoring Scheme: collated indices 2019

M. Botham, T. Brereton, S. Harris, C. Harrower, I. Middlebrook, Z. Randle & D.B. Roy
Collated indices are a relative measure of butterfly abundance across sites monitored as part of the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. Data from all survey sites (standard UKBMS transects, Wider Countryside Survey transects and targeted species surveys such as timed, larval web and egg counts) are used in the calculation of these indices. The statistics are presented as log10 values. These values are centred round an arbitrary value of 2 as a mean for the time...

Sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) data for the UK 2016-2018

P.E. Levy, C. Martin Hernandez, R.I. Smith, A.J. Dore, Y.S. Tang & J.R. Stedman
These datasets provide Concentration Based Estimated Deposition (CBED) values of sulphur and nitrogen atmospheric deposition for 5x5 kilometres (km) grid squares of the UK averaged over the years 2016 to 2018. The data consist of deposition values for sulphur, oxidised nitrogen and reduced nitrogen, and base cations. Total deposition is the sum of four components calculated separately: wet deposition, dry deposition of gases, dry deposition of particulate matter and cloud droplet deposition. Habitat-specific data are...

Land Cover Map 1990 (1km dominant aggregate class, N. Ireland)

C.S. Rowland, C.G. Marston, R.D. Morton & A.W. O’Neil
This dataset consists of the 1km raster, dominant aggregate class version of the Land Cover Map 1990 (LCM1990) for Northern Ireland. The 1km dominant coverage product is based on the 1km percentage product and reports the aggregated habitat class with the highest percentage cover for each 1km pixel. The 10 aggregate classes are groupings of the 21 target classes, which are based on the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) Broad Habitats, which encompass the entire...

Land Cover Map 1990 (1km percentage aggregate class, N. Ireland)

C.S. Rowland, C.G. Marston, R.D. Morton & A.W. O’Neil
This dataset consists of the 1km raster, percentage aggregate class version of the Land Cover Map 1990 (LCM1990) for Northern Ireland. The 1km percentage product provides the percentage cover for each of 10 aggregated land cover classes for 1km x 1km pixels. This product contains one band per aggregated habitat class (producing a 10 band image). The 10 aggregate classes are groupings of the 21 target classes, which are based on the Joint Nature Conservation...

Growth and physiological measurements of Leontodon hispidus and Succisa pratensis after ozone exposure and elevated nitrogen input from an ozone field release system, North Wales, 2016-2018

A.J. Holder, F. Hayes, K. Sharps & H. Harmens
The data presented are growth and physiological measurements from an ozone exposure experiment, during which grassland forbs, Leontodon hispidus and Succisa pratensis were exposed to low, medium and high ozone treatments over three growing seasons, using an outdoor Free Air Ozone Enrichment system, and with and without the addition of nitrogen during the first year. The plants were planted in April 2016 and were exposed to Low, Medium and High ozone treatments over three growing...

State tagging application for environmental data quality assurance

C.-H.M. Tso
This R application is an implementation of state tagging approach for improved quality assurance of environmental data. The application returns state-dependent prediction intervals on input data. The states are determined based on clustering of auxiliary inputs (such as meteorological data) made on the same day. The method provides contextual information to assess the quality of observational data and is applicable to any point-based, daily time series observational data. To use this application, the user will...

Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in eggs of the northern gannet (Morus bassanus) from two UK colonies, 1977-2014

M.G. Pereira, S. Lacorte Bruguera, L.A. Walker & R.F. Shore
Data comprise concentrations of Perfluorinated compounds in the eggs of the marine sentinel species the Northern gannet (Morus bassanus), from colonies in Ailsa Craig in the Irish Sea (eastern Atlantic), and Bass Rock in the North Sea, United Kingdom. The study reports concentrations of eight perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and three perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSs), for 1977-2014. The data is part of the Predatory Bird Monitoring Scheme (PBMS).

Phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen concentrations in UK soil mineral fractions, 2013-2014

J. Adams, E. Tipping, S.A. Thacker & J.N. Quinton
This dataset includes soil mass, organic phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen concentrations for light and heavy fractions, obtained from soils collected from UK habitats. The dataset includes 20 soils, collected from the Ribble, Avon and Conwy catchments in the North West, South and North Wales respectively. Samples were split into light and heavy fractions using a physicochemical fractionation method. The dataset also includes recoveries of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus as a measure of the efficacy of...

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  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
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