35 Works

Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) of critical loads of acidity and nutrient nitrogen by acid and nitrogen deposition for the UK, 2014-2016

E.C. Rowe
This data resource consists of two files: (a) 1x1 km resolution Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) data summarising the exceedances of acidity critical loads for eight habitats; (b) 1x1 km resolution AAE data summarising the exceedances of nutrient nitrogen critical loads for thirteen habitats. The data provide information on the amount of excess acid or nitrogen deposition above the critical load values set to protect acid- and nitrogen-sensitive habitats in the UK. The AAE has been...

Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) of critical loads of acidity and nutrient nitrogen by acid and nitrogen deposition for the UK, 2015-2017

E.C. Rowe
This data resource consists of two files: (a) 1x1 km resolution Average Accumulated Exceedance (AAE) data summarising the exceedances of acidity critical loads for eight habitats; (b) 1x1 km resolution AAE data summarising the exceedances of nutrient nitrogen critical loads for thirteen habitats. The data provide information on the amount of excess acid or nitrogen deposition above the critical load values set to protect acid- and nitrogen-sensitive habitats in the UK. The AAE has been...

Nitrogen oxide and ozone concentrations, pollinator visitation frequencies and yield metrics of Brassica nigra in fumigation rings, Sonning, UK, 2018-2019

J.M.W. Ryalls, L.M. Bromfield, B. Langford, N. Mullinger, E. Nemitz, C. Pfrang & R.D. Girling
The dataset contains concentrations of nitrogen oxides (NO and NO2, collectively NOx) and ozone (O3), frequencies of insect pollinators and flower visits and yield metrics of Brassica nigra plants collected from within eight field-based fumigation rings located at the University of Reading's Sonning Farm, UK.

Cumbrian Lakes Monitoring thermal stratification timing 1951 – 2017

E.B. Mackay, M.A. Clarke, B.A. Dodd, H. Feuchtmayr, J.M. Fletcher, J.B James, S.C. Maberly, G. Rhodes & S.J. Thackeray
The dataset contains the day of year for the onset and end of thermal stratification and its total length in Blelham Tarn, Esthwaite Water, Windermere, north basin and Windermere, south basin between 1951 and 2017. This work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council award number NE/R016429/1 as part of the UK-SCAPE programme delivering National Capability.

Alpine grassland soil microbial and biogeochemical data from a climate change and shrub expansion experiment in Tyrol, Austria, July 2019

A.A.D. Broadbent, M. Bahn, W.J. Pritchard, L. Newbold, T. Goodall, A. Guinta, H.S.K. Snell, I. Cordero, A. Michas, H.K. Grant, D.X. Soto, R. Kaufmann, M. Schloter, R.I. Griffiths & R.D. Bardgett
Data comprise soil microbial and biogeochemical data collected during a climate and vegetation change experiment conducted across three valleys in Tyrol, in the Austrian Alps. Sites were located near the villages of Obergurgl (lat., long. = 46.844833, 11.023783; mean elevation = 2279m), Soelden (46.978367, 10.972217, mean elevation = 2469m) and Vent (46.863217, 10.896800, mean elevation = 2472m). Soil microbial data include phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analyses, and bacterial (16S Small subunit ribosomal RNA) and fungal...

Eddy covariance measurements of carbon dioxide, energy and water fluxes at a conservation managed fen, Wicken Sedge Fen, Cambridgeshire, UK, 2009 to 2010

J. Kelvin, M. Acreman, R.J. Harding & R. Morrison
This dataset contains time series observations of land surface-atmosphere exchanges of net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE), sensible heat (H) and latent heat (LE), and momentum (τ) measured at the Wicken Sedge Fen, a conservation managed lowland fen (site code: EF-LN) in the Cambridgeshire Fens, UK. Turbulent flux densities (fluxes) were monitored using the micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) technique between 2009-03-20 to 2009-12-31, and 2010-04-09 to 2011-01-16. The dataset includes ancillary weather and soil physics...

Data for: Combining range and phenology shifts offers a winning strategy for boreal Lepidoptera

Maria Hällfors, Maria Hällfors, Juha Pöyry, Janne Heliölä, Ilmari Kohonen, Mikko Kuussaari, Reima Leinonen, Reto Schmucki, Pasi Sihvonen & Marjo Saastamoinen
Species can adapt to climate change by adjusting in situ or by dispersing to new areas, and these strategies may complement or enhance each other. Here, we investigate temporal shifts in phenology and spatial shifts in northern range boundaries for 289 Lepidoptera species by using long-term data sampled over two decades. While 40% of the species neither advanced phenology nor moved northward, nearly half (45%) used one of the two strategies. The strongest positive population...

Monthly ammonia air concentration from Cuilcagh in Ireland/Northern Ireland, 2020

A. Stephens, A. Iwanicka, N. Van Dijk, R. Grimes & S. Gray
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements from a set of ALPHA (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) sampler sites in the area surrounding Cuilcagh in Ireland and Northern Ireland in 2020. The purpose of these measurements was to observe the impact of local ammonia levels on vegetation. Local site operator duties were completed by Ulster Wildlife Trust and analysis is completed by UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Edinburgh. The sites around Cuilcagh were started...

No severe genetic bottleneck in a rapidly range-expanding bumblebee pollinator

Ryan Edward Brock, Liam Crowther, David Wright, David Richardson, Claire Carvell, Martin Taylor & Andrew Bourke
Genetic bottlenecking can limit the success of populations colonising new ranges. However, successful colonisations can occur despite bottlenecking, a phenomenon known as the genetic paradox of invasion. Eusocial Hymenoptera such as bumblebees (Bombus spp.) should be particularly vulnerable to genetic bottlenecking, since homozygosity at the sex-determining locus leads to costly diploid male production. The Tree Bumblebee (B. hypnorum) has rapidly colonised the UK since 2001 and has been highlighted as exemplifying the genetic paradox of...

Tree and shrub vegetation surveys in Monks Wood National Nature Reserve, Cambridgeshire, England, 2005-2006

R.K. Broughton, P.E. Bellamy & S.A Hinsley
Vegetation surveys from 35 transects in 2005 and 34 transects in 2006, focusing on tree and shrub abundance and sizes, in Monks Wood National Nature Reserve (Cambridgeshire, England). The transects were located in occupied territories of Marsh Tits, and also unoccupied areas of the wood used as controls, in order to sample the birds' habitat. However, the surveys also provide representative and widespread sampling of the overall woodland. The surveys include all woody tree and...

Calcium and magnesium concentrations in plants used as human and animal foods derived from global literature

J.S. Chaplow, N.A. Beresford & C.L. Barnett
The data comprise collated data on calcium and magnesium (milligrams per kilogram dry mass) in plants used as human and animal food (including fruit, vegetables, grasses, nuts and seeds) from global literature published between 1982 and 2019. Where reported strontium values are also included. Each data point is referenced.

Net ecosystem carbon dioxide (CO2) exchange and meteorological observations collected at peatlands across Wales, Scotland and England, 2008-2020

R. Morrison, H.M. Cooper, R. Artz, A. Burden, N. Callaghan, M. Coyle, A.M.J. Cumming, S. Dixon, C. Helfter, J. Kaduk, P. Levy, N. McNamara, S. Oakley, S.E. Page, M. Rayment, L.M. Ridley, F. Worrall & C.D. Evans
This dataset contains time series observations of land surface-atmosphere net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange (NEE) and supporting micrometeorological observations collected at 13 peatland eddy covariance (EC) flux observation sites located across Wales, Scotland and England. Sites were active at different timescales between 2008 and 2020. The dataset represents a subset of the variables measured at each site. The full range of variables monitored at each location can be accessed via EIDC records and/or by contacting...

Nitrous oxide emission factors of mineral fertilisers in the UK and Ireland (1999-2019)

N. Cowan
Data from 38 experimental sites across the UK and Ireland were collated resulting in 623 separate mineral fertiliser N2O emission factors (EF) estimates derived from field measurements. Data were either i) extracted from published studies in which one aim of the experimentation was to explicitly measure N2O and report EFs after a mineral fertiliser application, or ii) raw data were used from the Agricultural and Environmental Data Archive (AEDA). To find the published data, a...

Nectar consumption, metabolic rate and activity datasets for bumblebees exposed to ecologically relevant radiation dose rates

J. Burrows, D. Copplestone, N.A. Beresford, K. Raines & M. Tinsley
This dataset contains information on the volume of nectar consumed, metabolic rate and activity of bumblebees that were exposed to environmentally relevant dose rates of ionising radiation at the University of Stirling. Data is for two connected experiments collected via direct observation in a laboratory setting. The first experiment investigates variables during and after 10-days of radiation exposure and the second investigates these variables under a dose rate gradient. Funding for this work was via...

Daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil data (2013-2019) [COSMOS-UK]

S. Stanley, V. Antoniou, A. Askquith-Ellis, L.A. Ball, E.S. Bennett, J.R. Blake, D.B. Boorman, M. Brooks, M. Clarke, H.M. Cooper, N. Cowan, A. Cumming, J.G. Evans, P. Farrand, M. Fry, O.E. Hitt, W.D. Lord, R. Morrison, G.V. Nash, D. Rylett, P.M. Scarlett, O.D. Swain, M. Szczykulska, J.L. Thornton, E.J. Trill … & B. Winterbourn
This dataset contains daily and sub-daily hydrometeorological and soil observations from COSMOS-UK (cosmic-ray soil moisture) monitoring network from October 2013 to the end of 2019. These data are from 51 sites across the UK recording a range of hydrometeorological and soil variables. Each site in the network records the following hydrometeorological and soil data at 30 minute resolution: Radiation (short wave, long wave and net), precipitation, atmospheric pressure, air temperature, wind speed and direction, humidity,...

Soil metrics and vegetation data from pasture fed livestock farms across Great Britain, 2018

L.R. Norton, M. Wagner, C.M. Wood, A. Pinder, M. Brentegani, A. Hunt, H. Risser & B.A. Dodd
This set of data includes records of vegetation species and characteristics, soil quality metrics and aspects of farm management relating to a single field on each sampled farm. Data were collected in 2018, from farms across Great Britain belonging to the Pasture Fed Livestock Association (PFLA). The data were collected by the UK Centre of Ecology & Hydrology, during a project funded by the BBSRC, seeking to evidence the impacts of pasture fed livestock approaches...

Aquatic carbon and greenhouse gas concentrations in headwater streams draining from natural, drained and restored peatland catchments in the Flow Country, Scotland, September 2008-August 2010

A. Pickard, K.J. Dinsmore, M.F. Billett & M. Branagan
The dataset contains aquatic carbon and dissolved greenhouse gas data collected from 6 headwater stream sampling sites within the UK’s largest tract of blanket bog, the Flow Country of N. Scotland. The streams drain from catchments under different peatland management regimes: natural non-drained peatland, drained peatland, and restored peatland (achieved via ditch blocking). Sites were sampled on an approximately fortnightly basis between September 2008 and August 2010. Data were obtained via collection of water and...

A land use map of Peninsular Malaysia for the year 2018 (25m grid)

A. Kaelin, J. Miller, B. Rehan, P. Sayers, E. Stewart, H. Houghton-Carr & B. Hasan-Basri
Gridded land use map of Peninsular Malaysia with a resolution of approximate 25 meters for the year 2018. The map includes nine different classes: 1) non-paddy agriculture, 2) paddy fields, 3) rural residential, 4) urban residential, 5) commercial/institutional, 6) industrial/infrastructure, 7) roads, 8) urban and 9) others. The land use map was created as part of the project “Malaysia - Flood Impact Across Scales”. The project is funded under the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund ‘Understanding of...

Passive sampler ammonia measurements indoors and outdoors at a rural dwelling in South Lanarkshire, 2019-2020

A. Stephens, A. Iwanicka & R. Storeton-West
This dataset consists of ammonia (NH3) measurements at two sites in a rural location in South Lanarkshire. The sites are located in a dwelling, one site is inside and the other is outside in the garden area . The garden backs onto grassland which is part of a large dairy farm. The ammonia measurements are taken from a set of UKCEH ALPHA® (Adapted Low-cost Passive High Absorption) samplers from November 2018 to January 2021. Samplers...

Vadose zone nitrate contained within cave drip waters and speleothems

Peter Wynn, Scott Ambler, Imke Grefe, David Soto & Helen Grant
This data set contains a record of nitrate concentrations and isotopic composition present within the drip waters and speleothem carbonate deposits of Cueva-cubío del Llanío, northern Spain. Data were collected between 2018 to 2020, and specifically address the nitrate composition of the cave drip waters, pool waters, rocks, soil, vegetation and contemporary speleothem carbonate. Calculations are also undertaken to assess the partitioning of nitrate between cave drip water and speleothem carbonate deposits. Data pertaining to...

Bryophyte microecosystem experiment

Adam Vanbergen, Claire Boissieres, Alan Gray & Daniel Chapman
Ecosystems face multiple, potentially interacting, anthropogenic pressures that can modify biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Using a bryophyte-microarthropod microecosystem we tested the combined effects of habitat loss, episodic heat-shocks and an introduced non-native apex predator on ecosystem function (chlorophyll fluorescence as an indicator of photosystem II function) and microarthropod communities (abundance and body size). Photosynthetic function was degraded by the sequence of heat-shock episodes, but unaffected by microecosystem patch size or top-down pressure from the introduced...

Fuzzy changepoint application to evaluate numerical model ability to capture important shifts in environmental time series

M.J. Hollaway
This application is an implementation of a Fuzzy changepoint based approach to evaluate how well numerical models capture local scale temporal shifts in environmental time series. A changepoint in a time series represents a change in the statistical properties of the time series (either mean, variance or mean and variance in this case). These can often represent important local events of interest that numerical models should accurately capture. The application detects the locations of changepoints...

Live-trapping surveys of small mammals on arable field margins on the Hillesden estate in Buckinghamshire (England) during 2005-2011

R.K. Broughton, J.W. Redhead, A. Turk & R.F. Pywell
Data comprise results of systematic live-trapping surveys of small mammals on three types of arable field margin at 30 locations on the Hillesden Estate, Buckinghamshire (UK), for four autumn and four spring periods between 2005 and 2011. Trapping was conducted on standard (cross compliance) field margins, and also on conservation margins (Entry Level Scheme). Data include 3172 trap records of animal captures, including breeding condition, mass (g), and recaptures. Dominant species are Wood Mouse (Apodemus...

Loch Leven monitoring data (water quality, chemistry, crustacean zooplankton), 2019

P.J. Taylor, A. Dobel, I.D.M. Gunn, J.P. Olszewska & L. May
This dataset contains weather conditions, water quality, water chemistry and crustacean zooplankton counts sampled at Loch Leven throughout the year 2019. Loch Leven is a lowland lake in Scotland, United Kingdom. The data were collected as part of a long-term monitoring programme, which began in 1968 and is still underway. Sampling occurs roughly every 2 weeks with laboratory analysis and data processing being performed at the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology Edinburgh site. The...

Soil and vegetation radionuclide activity concentrations and calculated dose rates from the Red Forest, Chernobyl, Ukraine, 2016-2017

C.L. Barnett, S. Gashchak, A. Maksimenko, J.S. Chaplow, M.D. Wood & N.A. Beresford
Data comprise plot details and radionuclide activity concentrations for Sr-90, Cs-137, Am-241, Pu-238, Pu-239 and Pu-240 in ‘grassy’ vegetation and soil. These radionuclide activity concentrations have been used to make estimations of total weighted absorbed doses to grassy vegetation, deciduous trees and bacteria; no dose rate estimates for grassy vegetation have been made for those sites where grassy vegetation was absent. Radiation from the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident killed coniferous trees in a...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Other
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  • UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
  • University of Reading
  • Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
  • University of Sussex
  • Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Gloucestershire