53 Works

Data from: Basking behavior predicts the evolution of heat tolerance in Australian rainforest lizards

Martha M. Muñoz, Gary M. Langham, Matthew C. Brandley, Dan Rosauer, Stephen E. Williams, Craig Moritz & Dan F. Rosauer
There is pressing urgency to understand how tropical ectotherms can behaviorally and physiologically respond to climate warming. We examine how basking behavior and thermal environment interact to influence evolutionary variation in thermal physiology of multiple species of lygosomine rainforest skinks from the Wet Tropics of northeastern Queensland, Australia (AWT). These tropical lizards are behaviorally specialized to exploit canopy or sun, and are distributed across steep thermal clines in the AWT. Using phylogenetic analyses, we demonstrate...

Data from: The impacts of oil palm on recent deforestation and biodiversity loss

Varsha Vijay, Stuart L. Pimm, Clinton N. Jenkins & Sharon J. Smith
Palm oil is the most widely traded vegetable oil globally, with demand projected to increase substantially in the future. Almost all oil palm grows in areas that were once tropical moist forests, some of them quite recently. The conversion to date, and future expansion, threatens biodiversity and increases greenhouse gas emissions. Today, consumer pressure is pushing companies toward deforestation-free sources of palm oil. To guide interventions aimed at reducing tropical deforestation due to oil palm,...

Data from: Costs of resistance and correlational selection in the multiple-herbivore community of Solanum carolinense

Michael Joseph Wise & Mark D. Rausher
Although a central assumption of most plant-defense theories is that resistance is costly, fitness costs have proven difficult to detect in the field. One useful, though labor-intensive, method to detect costs is to quantify stabilizing selection acting on resistance in field populations. Here, we report on an experimental field study of Solanum carolinense in which we employed a quadratic phenotypic-selection analysis on 12 types of resistance (defined operationally as one minus the proportion of tissue...

Data from: Temporally and spatially partitioned behaviours of spinner dolphins: implications for resilience to human disturbance

Julian A. Tyne, David W. Johnston, Fredrik Christiansen & Lars Bejder
Selective forces shape the evolution of wildlife behavioural strategies and influence the spatial and temporal partitioning of behavioural activities to maximize individual fitness. Globally, wildlife is increasingly exposed to human activities which may affect their behavioural activities. The ability of wildlife to compensate for the effects of human activities may have implications for their resilience to disturbance. Resilience theory suggests that behavioural systems which are constrained in their repertoires are less resilient to disturbance than...

Data from: The evolution of intrinsic reproductive isolation in the genus Cakile (Brassicaceae)

Charles G. Willis & Kathleen Donohue
In theory, adaptive divergence can increase intrinsic post-zygotic reproductive isolation (RI), either directly via selection on loci associated with RI, or indirectly via linkage of incompatibility loci with loci under selection. To test this hypothesis, we measured RI at five intrinsic post-zygotic reproductive barriers between 18 taxa from the genera Cakile and Erucaria (Brassicaceae). Using a comparative framework, we tested whether the magnitude of RI was associated with genetic distance, geographic distance, ecological divergence, and...

Data from: A keystone mutualism underpins resilience of a coastal ecosystem to drought

Christine Angelini, John N. Griffin, Johan Van De Koppel, Leon P. M. Lamers, Alfons J. P. Smolders, Marlous Derksen-Hooijberg, Tjisse Van Der Heide & Brian R. Silliman
Droughts are increasing in severity and frequency, yet the mechanisms that strengthen ecosystem resilience to this stress remain poorly understood. Here, we test whether positive interactions in the form of a mutualism between mussels and dominant cordgrass in salt marshes enhance ecosystem resistance to and recovery from drought. Surveys spanning 250 km of southeastern US coastline reveal spatially dispersed mussel mounds increased cordgrass survival during severe drought by 5- to 25-times. Surveys and mussel addition...

Data from: The genetic architecture of local adaptation and reproductive isolation in sympatry within the Mimulus guttatus species complex

Kathleen G. Ferris, Laryssa L. Barnett, Benjamin K. Blackman & John H. Willis
The genetic architecture of local adaptation has been of central interest to evolutionary biologists since the modern synthesis. In addition to classic theory on the effect size of adaptive mutations by Fisher, Kimura and Orr, recent theory addresses the genetic architecture of local adaptation in the face of ongoing gene flow. This theory predicts that with substantial gene flow between populations local adaptation should proceed primarily through mutations of large effect or tightly linked clusters...

Data from: Chimpanzee females queue but males compete for social status

Steffen Foerster, Mathias Franz, Carson M. Murray, Ian C. Gilby, Joseph T. Feldblum, Kara K. Walker & Anne E. Pusey
Dominance hierarchies are widespread in animal social groups and often have measureable effects on individual health and reproductive success. Dominance ranks are not static individual attributes, however, but instead are influenced by two independent processes: 1) changes in hierarchy membership and 2) successful challenges of higher-ranking individuals. Understanding which of these processes dominates the dynamics of rank trajectories can provide insights into fitness benefits of within-sex competition. This question has yet to be examined systematically...

Data from: Blood transcriptomes reveal novel parasitic zoonoses circulating in Madagascar's lemurs

Peter A. Larsen, Corinne E. Hayes, Cathy V. Williams, Randall E. Junge, Josia Razafindramanana, Vanessa Mass, Hajanirina Rakotondrainibe & Anne D. Yoder
Zoonotic diseases are a looming threat to global populations, and nearly 75% of emerging infectious diseases can spread among wildlife, domestic animals and humans. A ‘One World, One Health’ perspective offers us an ideal framework for understanding and potentially mitigating the spread of zoonoses, and the island of Madagascar serves as a natural laboratory for conducting these studies. Rapid habitat degradation and climate change on the island are contributing to more frequent contact among humans,...

Data from: Parasite infection alters nitrogen cycling at the ecosystem scale

John Mischler, Pieter T. J. Johnson, Valerie J. McKenzie & Alan R. Townsend
Despite growing evidence that parasites often alter nutrient flows through their hosts and can comprise a substantial amount of biomass in many systems, whether endemic parasites influence ecosystem nutrient cycling, and which nutrient pathways may be important, remains conjectural. A framework to evaluate how endemic parasites alter nutrient cycling across varied ecosystems requires an understanding of: (1) parasite effects on host nutrient excretion, (2) ecosystem nutrient limitation, (3) effects of parasite abundance, host density, host...

Data from: Remotely sensed data informs red list evaluations and conservation priorities in southeast Asia

Binbin V. Li, Alice C. Hughs, Clinton N. Jenkins, Natalia Ocampo-Peñuela, Stuart L. Pimm & Alice C. Hughes
The IUCN Red List has assessed the global distributions of the majority of the world’s amphibians, birds and mammals. Yet these assessments lack explicit reference to widely available, remotely-sensed data that can sensibly inform a species’ risk of extinction. Our first goal is to add additional quantitative data to the existing standardised process that IUCN employs. Secondly, we ask: do our results suggest species of concern—those at considerably greater risk than hitherto appreciated? Thirdly, these...

Data from: Global and regional priorities for marine biodiversity protection

Clinton N. Jenkins & Kyle S. Van Houtan
The ocean holds much of the planet's biodiversity, yet < 4% of the ocean is within protected areas. On land, the protecting of areas with low biodiversity and under little threat, rather than biodiversity hotspots, is a well-known problem. Prudence suggests that we not repeat this pattern in the ocean. Here we assessed patterns of global marine biodiversity by evaluating the protections of 4352 species for which geographic ranges are known, and mapping priority areas...

Data from: Conditional fetal and infant killing by male baboons

Matthew N. Zipple, Jackson H. Grady, Jacob B. Gordon, Lydia D. Chow, Elizabeth A. Archie, Jeanne Altmann & Susan C. Alberts
Sexually selected feticide—the death of infants in utero as a result of male behaviour—has only rarely been described or analysed, although it is presumed to be favoured by the same selective pressures that favour sexually selected infanticide. To test this hypothesis, we measured the frequency of feticide and infanticide by male baboons of the Amboseli basin in Kenya, and examined which characteristics of a male and his environment made him more likely to commit feticide...

Data from: Next-generation polyploid phylogenetics: rapid resolution of hybrid polyploid complexes using PacBio single-molecule sequencing

Carl J. Rothfels, Kathleen M. Pryer & Fay-Wei Li
Difficulties in generating nuclear data for polyploids have impeded phylogenetic study of these groups. We describe a high-throughput protocol and an associated bioinformatics pipeline (PURC: “Pipeline for Untangling Reticulate Complexes”) that is able to generate these data quickly and conveniently, and demonstrate its efficacy on accessions from the fern family Cystopteridaceae. We conclude with a demonstration of the downstream utility of these data by inferring a multilabeled species tree for a subset of our accessions....

Data from: Incomplete control and concessions explain mating skew in male chimpanzees

Joel Bray, Anne E. Pusey & Ian C. Gilby
Sexual selection theory predicts that because male reproductive success in mammals is limited by access to females, males will attempt to defend access to mates and exclude rivals from mating. In mammals, dominance rank is correlated with male reproductive success; however, the highest-ranking (alpha) male rarely monopolizes reproduction completely. To explain why, incomplete control models propose that alpha males simply cannot control other males' access to mates. If true, then dominance rank should be a...

Data from:Intraspecific variability improves environmental matching, but does not increase ecological breadth along a wet-to-dry ecotone

Rachel M. Mitchell, Justin P. Wright & Gregory M. Ames
It is widely assumed that higher levels of intraspecific variability in one or more traits should allow species to persist under a wider range of environmental conditions. However, few studies have examined whether species that exhibit high variability are found in a wider range of environmental conditions, and whether variability increases the ability of a species to adapt to prevailing ecological gradients. We used four plant functional traits, specific leaf area (SLA), leaf dry matter...

Data from: Incorporating explicit geospatial data shows more species at risk of extinction than the current Red List

Natalia Ocampo-Peñuela, Clinton N. Jenkins, Varsha Vijay, Binbin V. Li & Stuart L. Pimm
The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List classifies species according to their risk of extinction, informing global to local conservation decisions. Unfortunately, important geospatial data do not explicitly or efficiently enter this process. Rapid growth in the availability of remotely sensed observations provides fine-scale data on elevation and increasingly sophisticated characterizations of land cover and its changes. These data readily show that species are likely not present within many areas within the...

Data from: Genomic characterization of the evolutionary potential of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus droebachiensis facing ocean acidification

Daniel E. Runcie, Narimane Dorey, David A. Garfield, Meike Stumpp, Sam Dupont & Gregory A. Wray
Ocean acidification (OA) is increasing due to anthropogenic CO2 emissions and poses a threat to marine species and communities worldwide. To better project the effects of acidification on organisms’ health and persistence, an understanding is needed of the 1) mechanisms underlying developmental and physiological tolerance and 2) potential populations have for rapid evolutionary adaptation. This is especially challenging in nonmodel species where targeted assays of metabolism and stress physiology may not be available or economical...

Data from: Competing influences on morphological modularity in biomechanical systems: a case study in mantis shrimp

Philip S. L. Anderson, Danielle C. Smith & S. N. Patek
Andersonetal2016_Evo&Dev_dataZip file containing the raw tps and centroid size files used for morphometric analyses in the paper.

Data from: Tuning Geometric Morphometrics: an R tool to reduce information loss caused by surface smoothing

Antonio Profico, Alessio Veneziano, Alessandro Lanteri, Paolo Piras, Gabriele Sansalone & Giorgio Manzi
The application of Geometric Morphometrics has remarkably increased since 3D imaging techniques have become widespread, such as high-resolution computerised tomography, laser scanning and photogrammetry. Acquisition, 3D rendering and simplification of virtual objects produce faceting and topological artefacts, which can be counteracted by applying decimation and smoothing algorithms. Nevertheless, smoothing algorithms can have detrimental effects. This work aims at developing a method to assess the amount of information loss or recovery after the application of 3D...

Data from: Point of impact: the effect of size and speed on puncture mechanics

Philip S. L. Anderson, Jeff LaCosse & Mark Pankow
The use of high-speed puncture mechanics for prey capture has been documented across a wide range of organisms, including vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs and cnidarians. These examples span four phyla and seven orders of magnitude difference in size. The commonality of these puncture systems offers an opportunity to explore how organisms at different scales and with differentmaterials,morphologies and kinematics performthe same basic function. However, there is currently no framework for combining kinematic performance with cutting mechanics...

Data from: Multiplexed shotgun genotyping resolves species relationships within the North American genus Penstemon

Carolyn A. Wessinger, Craig C. Freeman, Mark E. Mort, Mark D. Rausher & Lena C. Hileman
Premise of the study: Evolutionary radiations provide opportunities to examine large-scale patterns in diversification and character evolution, yet are often recalcitrant to phylogenetic resolution due to rapid speciation events. The plant genus Penstemon has been difficult to resolve using Sanger sequence-based markers, leading to the hypothesis that it represents a recent North American radiation. The present study demonstrates the utility of multiplexed shotgun genotyping (MSG), a style of Restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RADseq), to infer...

Data from: Female and male life tables for seven wild primate species

Anne M. Bronikowski, Marina Cords, Susan C. Alberts, Jeanne Altmann, Diane K. Brockman, Linda M. Fedigan, Anne Pusey, Tara Stoinski, Karen B. Strier & William F. Morris
We provide male and female census count data, age-specific survivorship, and female age-specific fertility estimates for populations of seven wild primates that have been continuously monitored for at least 29 years: sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi) in Madagascar; muriqui (Brachyteles hypoxanthus) in Brazil; capuchin (Cebus capucinus) in Costa Rica; baboon (Papio cynocephalus) and blue monkey (Cercopithecus mitis) in Kenya; chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) in Tanzania; and gorilla (Gorilla beringei) in Rwanda. Using one-year age-class intervals, we computed point...

Data from: A collection of non-human primate computed tomography scans housed in MorphoSource, a repository for 3D data

Lynn E. Copes, Lynn M. Lucas, James D. Thostenson, Hopi E. Hoekstra & Douglas M. Boyer
A dataset of high-resolution microCT scans of primate skulls (crania and mandibles) and certain postcranial elements was collected to address questions about primate skull morphology. The sample consists of 489 scans taken from 431 specimens, representing 53 species of most Primate families. These data have transformative reuse potential as such datasets are necessary for conducting high power research into primate evolution, but require significant time and funding to collect. Similar datasets were previously only available...

Data from: The effects of quantitative fecundity in the haploid stage on reproductive success and diploid fitness in the aquatic peat moss Sphagnum macrophyllum

Matthew G. Johnson & A. Jonathan Shaw
A major question in evolutionary biology is how mating patterns affect the fitness of offspring. However, in animals and seed plants it is virtually impossible to investigate the effects of specific gamete genotypes. In bryophytes, haploid gametophytes grow via clonal propagation and produce millions of genetically identical gametes throughout a population. The main goal of this research was to test whether gamete identity has an effect on the fitness of their diploid offspring in a...

Registration Year

  • 2016

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  • Duke University
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • North Carolina State University
  • University of Washington
  • University of Florida
  • Arizona State University
  • Instituto de Pesquisas Ecológicas
  • Stanford University School of Medicine
  • University of North Carolina
  • University of Cambridge