61 Works

Inclusion of Ethnoracial Groups & Gender Identities in MDMA-Assisted Therapy Trials for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review

Anya Ragnhildstveit, Ryan Khan, Lisa Bass, Alyssa Weinrich, Naz Uzun, Seham Albalawi, Victoria Curry, Matthew Snyder, Madeline Brendle, Miriam Barth, Paul Seli, Michael Gaffrey, Reid Robison, Darron Smith & Lynnette Averill
This systematic review aims to examine the inclusion of ethnoracial groups and gender identities in trials investigating 3,4-methyl​enedioxy​methamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Differences in participant recruitment strategies and clinical outcomes will additionally be explored.

Scoping Review of the use of Photovoice in Nursing Education

Paige Synesael, Jennie De Gagne, Leila Ledbetter & Margaret Graton
Photovoice, defined as “a communication and learning process, centered on the conception of knowledge in which people identify, portray, and enhance their community through photographs,” has grown in popularity in recent years (Bost & Wingenbach, 2018, p. 85). Since its inception in the 1990s, photovoice has been traditionally used to inform community-based research, allowing participants to contribute to data collection and analysis in creative ways (Capous-Desyllas & Bromfield, 2018; Catalini & Minkler, 2010; Wang &...

Data from: Network analysis of sea turtle movements and connectivity: a tool for conservation prioritization

Connie Y. Kot, Susanne Åkesson, Joanna Alfaro-Shigueto, Diego Fernando Amorocho Llanos, Marina Antonopoulou, George H. Balazs, Warren R. Baverstock, Janice M. Blumenthal, Annette C. Broderick, Ignacio Bruno, Ali Fuat Canbolat, Paolo Casale, Daniel Cejudo, Michael S. Coyne, Corrie Curtice, Sarah DeLand, Andrew DiMatteo, Kara Dodge, Daniel C. Dunn, Nicole Esteban, Angela Formia, Mariana M. P. B. Fuentes, Ei Fujioka, Julie Garnier, Matthew H. Godfrey … & Patrick N. Halpin
Aim: Understanding the spatial ecology of animal movements is a critical element in conserving long-lived, highly mobile marine species. Analysing networks developed from movements of six sea turtle species reveals marine connectivity and can help prioritize conservation efforts. Location: Global. Methods: We collated telemetry data from 1,235 individuals and reviewed the literature to determine our dataset’s representativeness. We used the telemetry data to develop spatial networks at different scales to examine areas, connections, and their...

Facemasks: Perceptions and use in an ED population during COVID-19

Vidya Eswaran, Anna Marie Chang, R Gentry Wilkerson, Kelli O'Laughlin, Brian Chinnock, Stephanie Eucker, Brigitte Baumann, Nancy Anaya, Daniel Miller, Adrianne Haggins, Jesus Torres, Erik Anderson, Stephen Lim, Martina Caldwell, Ali Raja & Robert Rodriguez
Study Objective: Facemask use is associated with reduced transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Most surveys assessing perceptions and practices of mask use miss the most vulnerable racial, ethnic, and socio-economic populations. These same populations have suffered disproportionate impacts from the pandemic. The purpose of this study was to assess beliefs, access, and practices of mask wearing across 15 urban emergency department (ED) populations. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study of ED patients from...


Sara Lipshutz, Clara Howell, Aaron Buechlein, Rusch Douglas, Kimberly Rosvall & Elizabeth Derryberry
In a rapidly warming world, exposure to high temperatures may impact fitness, but the gene regulatory mechanisms that link sublethal heat to sexually selected traits are not well understood, particularly in endothermic animals. Our experiment used zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata), songbirds that experience extreme temperature fluctuations in their native Australia. We exposed captive males to an acute thermal challenge (43°C) compared with thermoneutral (35°C) and lower (27°C) temperatures. We found significantly more heat dissipation behaviors...

Phylogenomic analyses highlight innovation and introgression in the continental radiations of Fagaceae across the Northern Hemisphere

Baosheng Wang & Paul Manos
Northern Hemisphere forests changed drastically in the early Eocene with the diversification of the oak family (Fagaceae). Cooling climates over the next 20 million years fostered the spread of temperate biomes that became increasingly dominated by oaks and their chestnut relatives. Here we investigate the timing and pattern of major macroevolutionary events and ancient genome-wide signatures of hybridization across Fagaceae. An unparalleled transformation of forest dynamics began with the rapid diversification of major lineages within...

Characterizing North American Ipomoea grandifolia (Convolvulaceae), a member of Ipomoea series batatas

Irene Liao, Avery Fulford, Kate Ostevik & Mark Rausher
Species in the genus Ipomoea are often difficult to identify due to their similar morphologies and their ability to hybridize with one another. An undescribed North American Ipomoea morphotype in series Batatas, referred here as Ipomoea Carolina morphotype, was found to be morphologically, genetically, and reproductively isolated from other locally co-occurring Ipomoea species. A previous phylogenetic analysis that included a broader sampling of species in Ipomoea series Batatas suggested that Ipomoea Carolina morphotype may be...

Discovery of thermostable fluorescently responsive glucose biosensors by structure-assisted function extrapolation

Homme Hellinga & Malin Allert
Accurate assignment of protein function from sequence remains a fascinating and difficult challenge. The periplasmic binding protein (PBP) superfamily present an interesting case of function prediction, because they are both ubiquitous in prokaryotes, and they tend to diversify through gene duplication “explosions” that can lead to large numbers of paralogs in a genome. An engineered version of the moderately thermostable glucose-binding PBP from Escherichia coli has been used successfully as a reagentless fluorescent biosensor both...

Long-distance dependencies in birdsong syntax

William Searcy, Jill Soha, Susan Peters & Stephen Nowicki
Songbird syntax is generally thought to be simple, lacking in particular long-distance dependencies in which one element affects choice of another occurring considerably later in the sequence. Here we test for long-distance dependencies in the sequences of songs produced by song sparrows (Melospiza melodia). Song sparrows sing with eventual variety, repeating each song type in a consecutive series termed a “bout.” We show that in switching between song types, song sparrows follow a “cycling rule,”...

Cyberincivility among Adolescents: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Evidence

Joy Kim, Jennie De Gagne, Jihye Scroggins & Leila Ledbetter
The purpose of this qualitative review is to explore adolescents’ experiences and perspectives regarding cyberincivility.

Influence of Advice

Jack Soll, Asa Palley & Christina Rader

Sports Vision Scoping Review

Liam Lochhead & Lawrence Appelbaum
We are writing a scoping review with the goal to map, characterize and categorize the emerging field of sports vision. Most of the literature tends to be vision research with athletes as the subject population, but sports vision also encompasses neuroscience, technology, and eye care that are helpful to boost and directly impact athletic performance. We aim to include any peer-reviewed articles, meta-analyses and systematic reviews, books, and PhD theses that report on vision, attention,...

Are There Two Types of Middle People - Study 1

David Kamper, Paul Seli, Paul Seli, Cory Clark, Shauna Bowes, Shauna Bowes, Alexander Landry & Daniel Smilek
Previous findings have found that those individuals who self-identify as more moderate and/or centrist in political ideology interpret policy issues with more nuanced and complex lexical terminology than their more extreme counterparts. This has largely been attributed to a moderate’s stronger ability to consider counterfactuals and counterarguments to divisive social and political issues. Nonetheless, much of this work has engaged with elite population samples with high-information subjects who are able to consider the positive and...

Heterogeneous genetic structure in eastern North American peatmosses (Sphagnum)

Aaron M. Duffy, Mariana Ricca, Sean Robinson, Blanka Aguero, Matthew G. Johnson, Hans K. Stenoien, Kjell Ivar Flatberg, Kristian Hassel & A. Jonathan Shaw
Bryophytes generally have broad geographic ranges that suggest high dispersal ability. The aim of this study was to test hypotheses about dispersal limitation, as indicated by isolation by distance (IBD), in four spore producing species of the moss genus Sphagnum (S. carolinianum, S. missouricum, S. macrophyllum, S. pylaesii), and to assess whether plants in the southern United States harbor high levels of unique alleles and/or other indicators of exceptional genetic diversity. IBD was detected in...

Data from: Dynamic body acceleration as a proxy to predict the cost of locomotion in bottlenose dolphins

Austin Allen, Andrew Read, K. Alex Shorter, Joaquin Gabaldon, Ashley Blawas, Julie Rocho-Levine & Andreas Fahlman
Estimates of the energetic costs of locomotion (COL) at different activity levels are necessary to answer fundamental eco-physiological questions and to understand the impacts of anthropogenic disturbance to marine mammals. We combined estimates of energetic costs derived from breath-by-breath respirometry with measurements of overall dynamic body acceleration (ODBA) from biologging tags to validate ODBA as a proxy for COL in trained common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). We measured resting metabolic rate (RMR); mean individual RMR...

Data and code from: Correlates of individual participation in boundary patrols by male chimpanzees

Anthony Massaro, Ian Gilby, Nisarg Desai, Alexander Weiss, Joseph Feldblum, Anne Pusey & Michael Wilson
Group territory defense poses a collective action problem: individuals can free-ride, benefiting without paying the costs. Individual heterogeneity has been proposed to solve such problems, as individuals high in reproductive success, rank, fighting ability, or motivation may benefit from defending territories even if others free-ride. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed 30 years of data from chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the Kasekela community, Gombe National Park, Tanzania (1978-2007). We examined the extent to which individual...

Data from: A data-driven geospatial workflow to map species distributions for conservation assessments

Ruben Dario Palacio, Pablo Jose Negret, Jorge Veláquez-Tibatá & Andrew P Jacobson
We developed a geospatial workflow that refines the distribution of a species from its extent of occurrence (EOO) to area of habitat (AOH) within the species range map. The range maps are produced with an inverse distance weighted (IDW) interpolation procedure using presence and absence points derived from primary biodiversity data (GBIF and eBird hotspots respectively). Here we provide sample data to run the geospatial workflow for nine forest species across Mexico and Central America.

A Comparison of Causal Mediation Methods of Observational and Experimental Global Health Data

Joe Egger
Mediation analysis aims to assess the mechanisms of action of exposures, such as medical or public health interventions. Understanding why interventions work can help us to effectively adapt and target our interventions. The DGHI Research Design & Analysis Core (RDAC) has seen an increase in requests to support research that seeks to estimate mediated pathways in global health. There are two modern methods for conducting a mediation analysis: a regression-based approach using a potential outcomes...

Belief in COVID Conspiracies

Nina Bartmann
We will examine the role of perspective taking on individuals' beliefs in COVID-19 and other conspiracy theories.

Revisiting the quantity theory of money in Euro Area: the case of Greece

Serdar Ongan, Ismet Gocer & Ayse Ongan
This study revisits the Quantity Theory of Money for Greece from the perspective of potentially nonlinear relations between the variables of the equation of exchange. Therefore, this methodological approach makes this study different from previous empirical studies, which were constructed on the assumption of linear relations in this equation. To this aim, for the first time, the nonlinear ARDL model is applied for testing the QTM for a specific country. This model decomposes the variables...

Inclusion of Ethnoracial Groups & Gender Identities in Ketamine Trials for Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Systematic Review

Matthew Snyder, Anya Ragnhildstveit, Alyssa Weinrich, Chasity Mayo, , Seham Albalawi, Lisa Bass, River August, Madeline Brendle, Lynnette Averill, Michael Gaffrey, Paul Seli & Reid Robison
This systematic review aims to examine the inclusion of ethnoracial groups and gender identities in trials investigating ketamine/esketamine for treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Participant recruitment strategies and clinical outcomes will additionally be explored.

Using the Area of Habitat to assess the extent of protection of India's birds

Ashwin Warudkar, Naman Goyal, Varun Kher, Vinay KL, Ritobroto Chanda, Raja Bandi, Clinton Jenkins, & Stuart Pimm
India hosts multiple global biodiversity hotspots while being one of the most populous countries in the world. Here, we examine how well India has protected its avifauna, based on the fraction of their ranges falling within “protected areas.” India has protected 5% of its land this way. The issue is whether India has done better than expected in protecting its threatened species. To this end, we assessed 99 Near Threatened, Threatened, and small-ranged species by...

A Longitudinal Examination of Household Chaos as a Potential Moderator between Caregiver-Adolescent Discrepancies in Reports of Parenting and Adolescent Substance Use

Sarah Kwiatek, Erin Davisson, Hoyle Lab & Center for the Study of Adolescent Risk and Resilience C-StARR
Study of the longitudinal relationship between discrepancies in caregiver and adolescent reports of parenting and adolescents' substance use, with adolescent reports of household chaos as a potential moderator.

Hemotological and morphometric measurements from geladas

Kenneth L. Chiou, Mareike C. Janiak, India A. Schneider-Crease, Sharmi Sen, Ferehiwot Ayele, Idrissa S. Chuma, Sascha Knauf, Alemayehu Lemma, Anthony V. Signore, Anthony M. D’Ippolito, Belayneh Abebe, Abebaw Azanaw Haile, Fanuel Kebede, Peter J. Fashing, Nga Nguyen, Colleen McCann, Marlys L. Houck, Jeffrey D. Wall, Andrew S. Burrell, Christina M. Bergey, Jeffrey Rogers, Jane E. Phillips-Conroy, Clifford J. Jolly, Amanda D. Melin, Jay F. Storz … & Noah Snyder-Mackler
Primates have adapted to numerous environments and lifestyles but very few species are native to high elevations. Here, we investigated high-altitude adaptations in the gelada (Theropithecus gelada), a monkey endemic to the Ethiopian Plateau. We examined genome-wide variation in conjunction with measurements of haematological and morphological traits. Our new gelada reference genome is highly intact and assembled at chromosome-length levels. Unexpectedly, we identified a chromosomal polymorphism in geladas that could potentially contribute to reproductive barriers...

Improving landscape-scale productivity estimates by integrating trait-based models and remotely-sensed foliar-trait and canopy-structural data

Daniel Wieczynski, Sandra Diaz, Sandra Duran, Nikolaos Fyllas, Norma Salinas, Roberta Martin, Alexander Shenkin, Miles Silman, Gregory Asner, Lisa Bentley, Yadvinder Malhi, Brian Enquist & Van Savage
Assessing the impacts of anthropogenic degradation and climate change on global carbon cycling is hindered by a lack of clear, flexible, and easy-to-use productivity models along with scarce trait and productivity data for parameterizing and testing those models. We provide a simple solution: a mechanistic framework (RS-CFM) that combines remotely-sensed foliar-trait and canopy-structural data with trait-based metabolic theory to efficiently map productivity at large spatial scales. We test this framework by quantifying net primary productivity...

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Text
  • Dataset
  • Journal Article
  • Other
  • Output Management Plan


  • Duke University
  • University of Washington
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • Arizona State University
  • University of Minnesota
  • Wildlife Conservation Society
  • SUNY Oneonta
  • Norwegian University of Science and Technology
  • Pontifical Catholic University of Peru
  • Northwestern University