5 Works

Data from: Condition-dependent trade-off between weapon size and immunity in males of the European earwig

Maximilian Körner, Fanny Vogelweith, Susanne Foitzik & Joël Meunier
Investigating the expression of trade-offs between key life-history functions is central to our understanding of how these functions evolved and are maintained. However, detecting trade-offs can be challenging due to variation in resource availability, which masks trade-offs at the population level. Here, we investigated in the European earwig Forficula auricularia whether (1) weapon size trades off with three key immune parameters – hemocyte concentration, phenoloxidase and prophenoloxidase activity - and whether (2) expression and strength...

Data from: Ancient symbiosis confers desiccation resistance to stored grain pest beetles

Tobias Engl, Nadia Eberl, Carla Gorse, Theresa Krüger, Thorsten H.P. Schmidt, Rudy Plarre, Cornel Adler & Martin Kaltenpoth
Microbial symbionts of insects provide a range of ecological traits to their hosts that are beneficial in the context of biotic interactions. However, little is known about insect symbiont-mediated adaptation to the abiotic environment, e.g. temperature and humidity. Here we report on an ancient clade of intracellular, bacteriome-located Bacteroidetes symbionts that are associated with grain and wood pest beetles of the phylogenetically distant families Silvanidae and Bostrichidae. In the saw-toothed grain beetle Oryzaephilus surinamensis, we...

Data from: Chironomus riparius (Diptera) genome sequencing reveals the impact of minisatellite transposable elements on population divergence

Ann-Marie Oppold, Hanno Schmidt, Marcel Rose, Sören Lukas Hellman, Florian Dolze, Fabian Ripp, Bettina Weich, Urs Schmidt-Ott, Erwin Schmidt, Robert Kofler, Thomas Hankeln & Markus Pfenninger
Active transposable elements (TEs) may result in divergent genomic insertion and abundance patterns among conspecific populations. Upon secondary contact, such divergent genetic backgrounds can theoretically give rise to classical Dobzhansky-Muller incompatibilities (DMI), thus contributing to the evolution of endogenous genetic barriers and eventually cause population divergence. We investigated differential TE abundance among conspecific populations of the non-biting midge Chironomus riparius and evaluated their potential role in causing endogenous genetic incompatibilities between these populations. We focussed...

Data from: Surrounding pathogens shape maternal egg care but not egg production in the European earwig

Janina M.C. Diehl & Joël Meunier
Pathogens are ubiquitous in nature and typically entail major fitness costs in their hosts. These costs can be particularly important when individuals exhibit poor immune defenses, as it is often the case during early developmental stages. Hence, selection should favor parental strategies limiting the risks of pathogen exposure and infection in their offspring. In this study, we investigated 1) whether females of the European earwig Forficula auricularia avoid areas contaminated with spores of the entomopathogenic...

Data from: Age, pathogen exposure, but not maternal care shape offspring immunity in an insect with facultative family life

Fanny Vogelweith, Maximilian Körner, Susanne Foitzik & Joël Meunier
Background: To optimize their resistance against pathogen infection, individuals are expected to find the right balance between investing into the immune system and other life history traits. In vertebrates, several factors were shown to critically affect the direction of this balance, such as the developmental stage of an individual, its current risk of infection and/or its access to external help such as parental care. However, the independent and/or interactive effects of these factors on immunity...

Registration Year

  • 2017
    5

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    5

Affiliations

  • University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
    5
  • Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre
    1
  • University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna
    1
  • University of Chicago
    1
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    1
  • Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology
    1
  • Federal Institute For Materials Research and Testing
    1
  • Goethe University Frankfurt
    1