148 Works

Data from: Calculating structural complexity in phylogenies using ancestral ontologies

Martín J. Ramírez & Peter Michalik
Complexity is an important aspect of evolutionary biology, but there are many reasonable concepts of complexity, and its objective measurement is an elusive matter. Here we develop a simple measure of complexity based on counts of elements, incorporating the hierarchical information as represented in anatomical ontologies. Neomorphic and transformational characters are used to identify novelties and individuated morphological regions, respectively. By linking the characters to terms in an anatomical ontology a node-driven approach is implemented,...

Data from: How diverse is Mitopus morio? Integrative taxonomy detects cryptic species in a small-scale sample of a widespread harvestman

Wolfgang Arthofer, Hannes Rauch, Barbara Thaler-Knoflach, Karl Moder, Christoph Muster, Birgit C. Schlick-Steiner & Florian M. Steiner
Mitopus morio is a widespread harvestman species occurring in most of Europe and in moderate and cold-moderate zones of Asia and North America. The species is characterized by extreme variability in body size and leg length. As leg length is correlated with habitat temperature, M. morio has been considered as an example of Allen's rule. Recently, observations for a single location in Tyrol, Austria, indicated the absence of mating between short- and long-legged individuals. This...

Data from: The program STRUCTURE does not reliably recover the correct population structure when sampling is uneven: sub-sampling and new estimators alleviate the problem

Sébastien J. Puechmaille
Inferences of population structure and more precisely the identification of genetically homogeneous groups of individuals are essential to the fields of ecology, evolutionary biology, and conservation biology. Such population structure inferences are routinely investigated via the program STRUCTURE implementing a Bayesian algorithm to identify groups of individuals at Hardy-Weinberg and linkage equilibrium. While the method is performing relatively well under various population models with even sampling between subpopulations, the robustness of the method to uneven...

Data from: Trait variation in response to varying winter temperatures, diversity patterns and signatures of selection along the latitudinal distribution of the widespread grassland plant Arrhenatherum elatius

Stefan G. Michalski, Andrey V. Malyshev & Juergen Kreyling
Across Europe, genetic diversity can be expected to decline toward the North because of stochastic and selective effects which may imply diminished phenotypic variation and less potential for future genetic adaptations to environmental change. Understanding such latitudinal patterns can aid provenance selection for breeding or assisted migration approaches. In an experiment simulating different winter temperatures, we assessed quantitative trait variation, genetic diversity, and differentiation for natural populations of the grass Arrhenatherum elatius originating from a...

Data from: Indirect genetic effects and sexual conflicts: Partner genotype influences multiple morphological and behavioural reproductive traits in a flatworm

Lucas Marie-Orleach, Nadja Vogt-Burri, Pierick Mouginot, Aline Schlatter, Dita B. Vizoso, Nathan W. Bailey & Lukas Schärer
The expression of an individual's phenotypic traits can be influenced by genes expressed in its social partners. Theoretical models predict that such indirect genetic effects (IGEs) on reproductive traits should play an important role in determining the evolutionary outcome of sexual conflict. However, empirical tests of (i) whether reproductive IGEs exist, (ii) how they vary among genotypes, and (iii) whether they are uniform for different types of reproductive traits are largely lacking. We addressed this...

Contribution of genetic versus plastic responses to adaptive patterns in a widespread butterfly along a latitudinal cline

Franziska Günter, Michaël Beaulieu, Kasimir Freiberg, Ines Welzel, Nia Toshkova, Anamarija Žagar, Tatjana Simčič & Klaus Fischer
Understanding how organisms adapt to complex environments is a central goal of evolutionary biology and ecology. This issue is of special interest in the current era of rapidly changing climatic conditions. Here, we investigate clinal variation and plastic responses in life history, morphology, and physiology in the butterfly Pieris napi along a pan-European gradient by exposing butterflies raised in captivity to different temperatures. We found clinal variation in body size, growth rates and concomitant development...

Data from: Bat overpasses: an insufficient solution to restore habitat connectivity across roads

Fabien Claireau, Yves Bas, Sébastien J. Puechmaille, Jean-François Julien, Benjamin Allegrini & Christian Kerbiriou
1. Roads have many negative effects on wildlife, including their role in habitat fragmentation. Habitat fragmentation affects bats during their daily movements between roosts and foraging areas. As bats are protected in Europe, developers must implement specific mitigation measures that are hierarchically structured to achieve a null net impact. However, very few specific mitigation measures have been undertaken specifically for bats. Bat overpasses are among proposed improvements intended to reduce the impact of roads, but...

Long-term study shows that increasing body size in response to warmer summers is associated with a higher mortality risk in a long-lived bat species

Carolin Mundinger, Alexander Scheuerlein & Gerald Kerth
Change in body size is one of the universal responses to global warming, with most species becoming smaller. While small size in most species corresponds to low individual fitness, small species typically show high population growth rates in cross-species comparisons. It is unclear, there- fore, how climate-induced changes in body size ultimately affect population persistence. Unravelling the relationship between body size, ambient temperature and individual survival is especially important for the conservation of endangered long-lived...

Data for: Growing faster, longer or both? Modelling plastic response of Juniperus communis growth phenology to climate change

Jan Tumajer, Allan Buras, Jesús Julio Camarero, Marco Carrer, Rohan Shetti, Martin Wilmking, Jan Altman, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda & Jiří Lehejček
Aim: Plant growth and phenology plastically respond to changing climatic conditions both in space and time. Species-specific levels of growth plasticity determine biogeographical patterns and the adaptive capacity of species to climate change. However, a direct assessment of spatial and temporal variability in radial-growth dynamics is complicated, as long records of cambial phenology do not exist. Location: 16 sites across European distribution margins of Juniperus communis L. (the Mediterranean, the Arctic, the Alps and the...

Phylogenetic diversity rankings in the face of extinctions: The robustness of the fair proportion index

Mareike Fischer, Andrew Francis & Kristina Wicke
Planning for the protection of species often involves difficult choices about which species to prioritize, given constrained resources. One way of prioritizing species is to consider their "evolutionary distinctiveness'', i.e. their relative evolutionary isolation on a phylogenetic tree. Several evolutionary isolation metrics or phylogenetic diversity indices have been introduced in the literature, among them the so-called Fair Proportion index (also known as the "evolutionary distinctiveness" score). This index apportions the total diversity of a tree...

Comparing the psychometric properties of EQ-5D-3L and EQ-5D-5L proxy ratings by informal caregivers and a health professional for people with dementia

Bernhard Michalowsky, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Wiebke Mohr, Anika Rädke & Feng Xie
Abstract Background Assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among persons with dementia poses several challenges due to cognitive decline and limited perception. As a result, proxy ratings by family members or health professionals are used. The EQ-5D is the most commonly used generic and preference-based HRQoL instrument. Methodological drawbacks of the three-level version (EQ-5D-3L) prompted the development of the five-level version (EQ-5D-5L) by expanding the range in the domains. However, no comparison of the psychometric...

Additional file 2 of Metabolic engineering enables Bacillus licheniformis to grow on the marine polysaccharide ulvan

Theresa Dutschei, Marie-Katherin Zühlke, Norma Welsch, Tom Eisenack, Maximilian Hilkmann, Joris Krull, Carlo Stühle, Stefan Brott, Alexandra Dürwald, Lukas Reisky, Jan-Hendrik Hehemann, Dörte Becher, Thomas Schweder & Uwe T. Bornscheuer
Additional file 2: Table S6. Summary of the proteomic results.

Metabolic engineering enables Bacillus licheniformis to grow on the marine polysaccharide ulvan

Theresa Dutschei, Marie-Katherin Zühlke, Norma Welsch, Tom Eisenack, Maximilian Hilkmann, Joris Krull, Carlo Stühle, Stefan Brott, Alexandra Dürwald, Lukas Reisky, Jan-Hendrik Hehemann, Dörte Becher, Thomas Schweder & Uwe T. Bornscheuer
Abstract Background Marine algae are responsible for half of the global primary production, converting carbon dioxide into organic compounds like carbohydrates. Particularly in eutrophic waters, they can grow into massive algal blooms. This polysaccharide rich biomass represents a cheap and abundant renewable carbon source. In nature, the diverse group of polysaccharides is decomposed by highly specialized microbial catabolic systems. We elucidated the complete degradation pathway of the green algae-specific polysaccharide ulvan in previous studies using...

Physiological responses of fen mosses along a nitrogen gradient point to competition restricting their fundamental niches

Izabela Jaszczuk, Wiktor Kotowski, Łukasz Kozub, Juergen Kreyling & Ewa Jabłońska
Nutrient availability determines vegetation patterns and ecological functioning of intact groundwater-fed peatlands (fens). Bryophytes, commonly referred to as ‘brown mosses’, dominate calcareous fens (rich fens), are an integral part of their unique biodiversity and contribute significantly to peat formation and carbon sequestration. Brown mosses are replaced by vascular plants as nutrient availability increases. The decline of brown mosses may either be due to their physiological intolerance of high nutrient levels or to them being outcompeted...

Stay in shape: assessing the adaptive potential of shell morphology and its sensitivity to temperature in the invasive New Zealand Mud Snail Potamopyrgus antipodarum through phenotypic plasticity and natural selection in Europe

Lisa Männer, Carolin Mundinger & Martin Haase
Climate change may force organisms to adapt genetically or plastically to new environmental conditions. Invasive species show a remarkable potential for rapid adaptation. The ovoviviparous New Zealand mud snail (NZMS), Potamopyrgus antipodarum, has successfully established across Europe with two clonally reproducing mitochondrial lineages since its arrival in the first half of the 19th century. Its remarkable variation in shell morphology was shown to be fitness relevant. We investigated the effects of temperature on shell morphology...

Ecological impacts of photosynthetic light harvesting in changing aquatic environments: A systematic literature map

Nils Hendrik Hintz, Brian Schulze, Alexander Wacker & Maren Striebel
Underwater light is spatially as well as temporally variable and directly affects phytoplankton growth and competition. Here we systematically (following the guidelines of PRISMA-EcoEvo) searched and screened the published literature resulting in 640 individual articles. We mapped the conducted research for the objectives of (1) phytoplankton fundamental responses to light, (2) effects of light on the competition between phytoplankton species and (3) effects of climate change induced changes in the light availability in aquatic ecosystems....

Monitoring and management of chronic kidney disease in ambulatory care – analysis of clinical and claims data from a population-based study

Gesine Weckmann, Janine Wirkner, Elisa Kasbohm, Carolin Zimak, Annekathrin Haase, Jean-François Chenot, Carsten Oliver Schmidt & Sylvia Stracke
Abstract Background Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent in the general population, little research has been conducted on CKD management in ambulatory care. Objective was to assess management and quality of care by evaluating CKD coding in ambulatory care, patient diagnosis awareness, frequency of monitoring and whether appropriate patients are referred to nephrology. Methods Clinical data from the population-based cohort Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-START) were matched with claims data of the...

Multivariate analysis of independent determinants of ADL/IADL and quality of life in the elderly

Sebastian Beltz, Simone Gloystein, Thomas Litschko, Sonja Laag & Neeltje van den Berg
Abstract Background This study evaluated the determinants of disability and quality of life in elderly people who participated at the multi-centred RubiN project (Regional ununterbrochen betreut im Netz) in Germany. Methods Baseline data of the subjects aged 70 years and older of the RubiN project were used and only subjects with complete data sets were considered for the ensuing analysis (complete case analysis (CCA)). Disability was examined using the concepts of ADL (activities of daily...

Additional file 4 of Multivariate analysis of independent determinants of ADL/IADL and quality of life in the elderly

Sebastian Beltz, Simone Gloystein, Thomas Litschko, Sonja Laag & Neeltje van den Berg
Additional file 4. Bivariate Analysis of WHOQOL-BREF, WHOQOL-OLD.

Under contract and in good health: a multigroup cross-lagged panel model of time use and health-related quality of life in working-age men and women

Laura Altweck, Samuel Tomczyk & Silke Schmidt
Abstract Background Self-reported time-use in relation to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been widely studied, yet less is known about the directionality of the association and how it compares across genders when controlling for sociodemographic confounders. Methods This study focused on the working population of the most recent waves (2013–2018) of the Core-Study of the German Socio-Economic Panel (N = 30,518, 46.70% female, M = 39.24 years). It examined the relationship between three time-use...

Under contract and in good health: a multigroup cross-lagged panel model of time use and health-related quality of life in working-age men and women

Laura Altweck, Samuel Tomczyk & Silke Schmidt
Abstract Background Self-reported time-use in relation to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been widely studied, yet less is known about the directionality of the association and how it compares across genders when controlling for sociodemographic confounders. Methods This study focused on the working population of the most recent waves (2013–2018) of the Core-Study of the German Socio-Economic Panel (N = 30,518, 46.70% female, M = 39.24 years). It examined the relationship between three time-use...

Additional file 1 of The dynamic changes and sex differences of 147 immune-related proteins during acute COVID-19 in 580 individuals

Guillaume Butler-Laporte, Edgar Gonzalez-Kozlova, Chen-Yang Su, Sirui Zhou, Tomoko Nakanishi, Elsa Brunet-Ratnasingham, David Morrison, Laetitia Laurent, Jonathan Afilalo, Marc Afilalo, Danielle Henry, Yiheng Chen, Julia Carrasco-Zanini, Yossi Farjoun, Maik Pietzner, Nofar Kimchi, Zaman Afrasiabi, Nardin Rezk, Meriem Bouab, Louis Petitjean, Charlotte Guzman, Xiaoqing Xue, Chris Tselios, Branka Vulesevic, Olumide Adeleye … & J Brent Richards
Additional file 1: List of immunity-related proteins measured.

Additional file 4 of The dynamic changes and sex differences of 147 immune-related proteins during acute COVID-19 in 580 individuals

Guillaume Butler-Laporte, Edgar Gonzalez-Kozlova, Chen-Yang Su, Sirui Zhou, Tomoko Nakanishi, Elsa Brunet-Ratnasingham, David Morrison, Laetitia Laurent, Jonathan Afilalo, Marc Afilalo, Danielle Henry, Yiheng Chen, Julia Carrasco-Zanini, Yossi Farjoun, Maik Pietzner, Nofar Kimchi, Zaman Afrasiabi, Nardin Rezk, Meriem Bouab, Louis Petitjean, Charlotte Guzman, Xiaoqing Xue, Chris Tselios, Branka Vulesevic, Olumide Adeleye … & J Brent Richards
Additional file 4: Protein clusters.

Additional file 2 of The dynamic changes and sex differences of 147 immune-related proteins during acute COVID-19 in 580 individuals

Guillaume Butler-Laporte, Edgar Gonzalez-Kozlova, Chen-Yang Su, Sirui Zhou, Tomoko Nakanishi, Elsa Brunet-Ratnasingham, David Morrison, Laetitia Laurent, Jonathan Afilalo, Marc Afilalo, Danielle Henry, Yiheng Chen, Julia Carrasco-Zanini, Yossi Farjoun, Maik Pietzner, Nofar Kimchi, Zaman Afrasiabi, Nardin Rezk, Meriem Bouab, Louis Petitjean, Charlotte Guzman, Xiaoqing Xue, Chris Tselios, Branka Vulesevic, Olumide Adeleye … & J Brent Richards
Additional file 2: Sample code for the generalized additive models.

Additional file 5 of The dynamic changes and sex differences of 147 immune-related proteins during acute COVID-19 in 580 individuals

Guillaume Butler-Laporte, Edgar Gonzalez-Kozlova, Chen-Yang Su, Sirui Zhou, Tomoko Nakanishi, Elsa Brunet-Ratnasingham, David Morrison, Laetitia Laurent, Jonathan Afilalo, Marc Afilalo, Danielle Henry, Yiheng Chen, Julia Carrasco-Zanini, Yossi Farjoun, Maik Pietzner, Nofar Kimchi, Zaman Afrasiabi, Nardin Rezk, Meriem Bouab, Louis Petitjean, Charlotte Guzman, Xiaoqing Xue, Chris Tselios, Branka Vulesevic, Olumide Adeleye … & J Brent Richards
Additional file 5: Inferred protein levels over time.

Registration Year

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Resource Types

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Affiliations

  • University of Greifswald
    147
  • German Centre for Cardiovascular Research
    18
  • Charité - University Medicine Berlin
    14
  • Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
    14
  • SomaLogic (United States)
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  • Johns Hopkins University
    14
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