1,445 Works

SPA: a peptide antagonist that acts as a cell-penetrating peptide for drug delivery

Jingjing Song, Sujie Huang, Zhengzheng Zhang, Bo Jia, Huan Xie, Ming Kai & Wei Zhang
Although cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) has been proven to be efficient transporter for drug delivery, ideal peptide vectors for tumor therapy are still being urgently sought. Peptide antagonists have attracted substantial attention as targeting molecules because of their high tumor accumulation and antitumor activity compared with agonists. SPA, a derivative of substance P, is a potent antagonist that exhibits antitumor activity. Based on the amino acid composition of SPA, we speculate that it can translocate across...

Longitudinal analysis of the antibody repertoire of a Zika virus-infected patient revealed dynamic changes in antibody response

Xuefeng Niu, Qihong Yan, Zhipeng Yao, Fan Zhang, Linbing Qu, Chunlin Wang, Chengrui Wang, Hui Lei, Chaoming Chen, Renshan Liang, Jia Luo, Qian Wang, Lingzhai Zhao, Yudi Zhang, Kun Luo, Longyu Wang, Hongkai Wu, Tingting Liu, Pingchao Li, Zhiqiang Zheng, Yee Joo Tan, Liqiang Feng, Zhenhai Zhang, Jian Han, Fuchun Zhang … & Ling Chen
The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that causes neonatal abnormalities and other disorders. Antibodies to the ZIKV envelope (E) protein can block infection. In this study, next-generation sequencing (NGS) of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) mRNA transcripts was combined with single-cell PCR cloning of E-binding monoclonal antibodies for analysing antibody response in a patient from the early stages of infection to more than one year after the clearance of the virus. The patient's IgH...

Improved solubility, dissolution rate, and oral bioavailability of main biflavonoids from Selaginella doederleinii extract by amorphous solid dispersion

Bing Chen, Xuewen Wang, Yanyan Zhang, Kangping Huang, Hao Liu, Dafen Xu, Shaoguang Li, Qicai Liu, Jianyong Huang, Hong Yao & Xinhua Lin
Amentoflavone, robustaflavone, 2″,3″-dihydro-3′,3‴-biapigenin, 3′,3‴-binaringenin, and delicaflavone are five major hydrophobic components in the total biflavonoids extract from Selaginella doederleinii (TBESD) that display favorable anticancer properties. The purpose of this study was to develop a new oral delivery formulation to improve the solubilities, dissolution rates, and oral bioavailabilities of the main ingredients in TBESD by the solid dispersion technique. Solid dispersions of TBESD with various hydrophilic polymers were prepared, and different technologies were applied to select...

Developing a scale to measure the social distance between tourism community residents

Min Chen, Jinhe Zhang, Jinkun Sun, Chang Wang & Jinhua Yang
Social distance is an important tool for evaluating the degree of intimacy between individuals that has been applied in various disciplines. However, while increasing attention has been paid to this topic, little effort has been invested in understanding the construct of social distance between tourism community residents. The purpose of this study was to develop a scale that would assist in understanding and evaluating the social distance between tourism community residents. First, focus group interviews,...

Super-dominant pathobiontic bacteria in the nasopharyngeal microbiota as causative agents of secondary bacterial infection in influenza patients

Tian Qin, Taoran Geng, Haijian Zhou, Yang Han, Hongyu Ren, Zhifeng Qiu, Xudong Nie, Tiekuan Du, Junrong Liang, Pengcheng Du, Wei Jiang, Taisheng Li & Jianguo Xu
The source of secondary lower respiratory tract bacterial infections in influenza patients is not fully understood. A case–control study was conducted during the 2017–2018 influenza epidemic period in Beijing, China. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 52 virologically confirmed influenza patients and 24 healthy medical staff. The nasopharyngeal microbiota taxonomic composition was analysed using high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene V3–V4 regions. The super-dominant pathobiontic bacterial genus (SDPG) was defined as that accounting for >50%...

Trends in prevalence and incidence of scabies from 1990 to 2017: findings from the global Burden of disease study 2017

Wei Zhang, Yujiao Zhang, Lina Luo, Wenyong Huang, Xiaoping Shen, Xian Dong, Wen Zeng & Hongguang Lu
Scabies remains a significant public health concern globally, affecting people of all ages, races, and socioeconomic groups. The epidemic characteristics of scabies are yet unravelled, especially in high-income countries and elderly population. In this study, we sought to investigate incidence and prevalence and their trends of scabies worldwide from 1990 to 2017 via the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2017. The prevalence and incidence of scabies tend to a moderate increase after age 70....

Acylation of the antimicrobial peptide CAMEL for cancer gene therapy

Jingjing Song, Panpan Ma, Sujie Huang, Juanli Wang, Huan Xie, Bo Jia & Wei Zhang
Obtaining ideal gene delivery vectors is still a major goal in cancer gene therapy. CAMEL, a short hybrid antimicrobial peptide, can kill cancer cells by membrane lysis. In this study, we constructed a series of non-viral vectors by attaching fatty acids with different chain lengths to the N-terminus of CAMEL. Our results showed that the cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of acyl-CAMEL started to significantly increase from a chain length of 12 carbons. C18-CAMEL was...

L-lysine potentiates aminoglycosides against Acinetobacter baumannii via regulation of proton motive force and antibiotics uptake

Wanyan Deng, Tiwei Fu, Zhen Zhang, Xiao Jiang, Jianping Xie, Hang Sun, Peng Hu, Hong Ren, Peifu Zhou, Qi Liu & Quanxin Long
Acinetobacter baumannii, a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen, is a leading cause of hospital- and community-acquired infections. Acinetobacter baumannii can rapidly acquire diverse resistance mechanisms and undergo genetic modifications that confer resistance and persistence to all currently used clinical antibiotics. In this study, we found exogenous L-lysine sensitizes Acinetobacter baumannii, other Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and a Gram-positive bacterium (Mycobacterium smegmatis) to aminoglycosides. Importantly, the combination of L-lysine with aminoglycosides killed clinically isolated multidrug-resistant...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

High neutralizing antibody titer in intensive care unit patients with COVID-19

Li Liu, Kelvin Kai-Wang To, Kwok-Hung Chan, Yik-Chun Wong, Runhong Zhou, Ka-Yi Kwan, Carol Ho-Yan Fong, Lin-Lei Chen, Charlotte Yee-Ki Choi, Lu Lu, Owen Tak-Yin Tsang, Wai-Shing Leung, Wing-Kin To, Ivan Fan-Ngai Hung, Kwok-Yung Yuen & Zhiwei Chen
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has a wide spectrum of disease severity from mild upper respiratory symptoms to respiratory failure. The role of neutralizing antibody (NAb) response in disease progression remains elusive. This study determined the seroprevalence of 733 non-COVID-19 individuals from April 2018 to February 2020 in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and compared the neutralizing antibody (NAb) responses of eight COVID-19 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with those of 42...

Retracted article: Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
We, the Editors and Publisher of the journalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry, have retracted the following article: Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia (2020) Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model, Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, DOI: 10.1080/13813455.2020.1854309 Since publication, the authors informed the Publisher and Editor that the authors had not received ethics approval from the Institutional Animal...

Puerarin induces apoptosis in prostate cancer cells via inactivation of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway

Jianjun Li, Chuan Xiong, Pan Xu, Qiang Luo & Ronggui Zhang
In this study, we examined the antitumor effects of Puerarin (PEU) on androgen-independent (DU145 and PC-3) and androgen-dependent (LNCaP) prostate cancer cells, and explored its potential mechanisms. Supplement with PEU (2.5 μM, 5 μM, and 10 μM) exhibited a marked inhibitory effect against the growth of DU145 and PC-3 cells, especially beyond 24 h, whereas there is only slight growth inhibitory effect on LNCaP cells at the high concentration of 10 μM at 72 h....

High anal swab viral load predisposes adverse clinical outcomes in severe COVID-19 patients

Haibo Li, Lili Ren, Lulu Zhang, Yeming Wang, Li Guo, Conghui Wang, Yan Xiao, Ying Wang, Jian Rao, Xinming Wang, Ying Liu, Chaolin Huang, Xiaoying Gu, Guohui Fan, Hui Li, Binghuai Lu, Bin Cao & Jianwei Wang
To identify the association between the kinetics of viral load and clinical outcome in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, a retrospective study was performed by involved 188 hospitalized severe COVID-19 patients in the LOTUS China trial. Among the collected 578 paired throat swab (TS) and anal swab (AS) samples, viral RNA was detected in 193 (33.4%) TS and 121 (20.9%) AS. A higher viral RNA load was found in TS than that of AS,...

Association study of hypertension susceptibility genes ITGA9, MOV10, and CACNB2 with preeclampsia in Chinese Han population

Qian Xin, Gang Xin, Li Li, Wenjuan Sun, Wen Jiang, Jue Wang, Yun Luan, Ying Zhang, Ling Cheng, Shuhong Duan, Fanzhen Hong, Qinghong Ji & Weihong Ma
Preeclampsia (PE) is a disorder that occurs during the pregnancy and could affect the maternal and perinatal mortality as well as morbidity. The aim of our study is to investigate the associations between the hypertension susceptibility genes ITGA9, MOV10 and CACNB2 with PE in Chinese Han population. A case–control study including 178 PE patients and 202 healthy controls was conducted to assess the associations between three loci (ITGA9 rs155524, MOV10 rs2932538 and CACNB2 rs4373814) and...

Autophagy enhances the replication of Peste des petits ruminants virus and inhibits caspase-dependent apoptosis in vitro

Bo Yang, Qinghong Xue, Xuefeng Qi, Xueping Wang, Peilong Jia, Shuying Chen, Ting Wang, Tianxia Xue & Jingyu Wang
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an acute and highly contagious disease in small ruminants that causes significant economic losses in developing countries. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that both autophagy and apoptosis are important cellular mechanisms for maintaining homeostasis, and they participate in the host response to pathogens. However, the crosstalk between apoptosis and autophagy in host cells during PPRV infection has not been clarified. In this study, autophagy was induced upon...

Replacing the 238th aspartic acid with an arginine impaired the oligomerization activity and inflammation-inducing property of pyolysin

Wenlong Zhang, Haili Wang, Bing Wang, Yue Zhang, Yunhao Hu, Bo Ma & Junwei Wang
Trueperella pyogenes (T. pyogenes) is an important opportunistic pathogen. Pyolysin (PLO) importantly contributes to the pathogenicity of T. pyogenes. However, the relationship between the structure and function and the virulence of PLO is not well documented. In the current study, recombinant PLO (rPLO) and three rPLO mutants were prepared. rPLO D238R, a mutant with the 238th aspartic acid replaced with an arginine, showed impairment in oligomerization activity on cholesterol-containing liposome and pore-forming activity on sheep...

Replacing the 238th aspartic acid with an arginine impaired the oligomerization activity and inflammation-inducing property of pyolysin

Wenlong Zhang, Haili Wang, Bing Wang, Yue Zhang, Yunhao Hu, Bo Ma & Junwei Wang
Trueperella pyogenes (T. pyogenes) is an important opportunistic pathogen. Pyolysin (PLO) importantly contributes to the pathogenicity of T. pyogenes. However, the relationship between the structure and function and the virulence of PLO is not well documented. In the current study, recombinant PLO (rPLO) and three rPLO mutants were prepared. rPLO D238R, a mutant with the 238th aspartic acid replaced with an arginine, showed impairment in oligomerization activity on cholesterol-containing liposome and pore-forming activity on sheep...

Hemolysis in human erythrocytes by Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin requires activation of P2 receptors

Jie Gao, Wenwen Xin, Jing Huang, Bin Ji, Shan Gao, Liang Chen, Lin Kang, Hao Yang, Xin Shen, Baohua Zhao & Jinglin Wang
Epsilon-toxin (ETX) is produced by types B and D strains of Clostridium perfringens, which cause fatal enterotoxaemia in sheep, goats and cattle. Previous studies showed that only a restricted number of cell lines are sensitive to ETX and ETX-induced hemolysis has not previously been reported. In this study, the hemolytic ability of ETX was examined using erythrocytes from 10 species including murine, rabbit, sheep, monkey and human. We found that ETX caused hemolysis in human...

Research articleHemolysis in human erythrocytes by Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin requires activation of P2 receptors

Jie Gao, Wenwen Xin, Jing Huang, Bin Ji, Shan Gao, Liang Chen, Lin Kang, Hao Yang, Xin Shen, Baohua Zhao & Jinglin Wang
Epsilon-toxin (ETX) is produced by types B and D strains of Clostridium perfringens, which cause fatal enterotoxaemia in sheep, goats and cattle. Previous studies showed that only a restricted number of cell lines are sensitive to ETX and ETX-induced hemolysis has not previously been reported. In this study, the hemolytic ability of ETX was examined using erythrocytes from 10 species including murine, rabbit, sheep, monkey and human. We found that ETX caused hemolysis in human...

Hemolysis in human erythrocytes by Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin requires activation of P2 receptors

Jie Gao, Wenwen Xin, Jing Huang, Bin Ji, Shan Gao, Liang Chen, Lin Kang, Hao Yang, Xin Shen, Baohua Zhao & Jinglin Wang
Epsilon-toxin (ETX) is produced by types B and D strains of Clostridium perfringens, which cause fatal enterotoxaemia in sheep, goats and cattle. Previous studies showed that only a restricted number of cell lines are sensitive to ETX and ETX-induced hemolysis has not previously been reported. In this study, the hemolytic ability of ETX was examined using erythrocytes from 10 species including murine, rabbit, sheep, monkey and human. We found that ETX caused hemolysis in human...

Predictive factors associated with disease recurrence in patients with severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: a retrospective study of 118 cases

Ting Wang, Weixiao Zhou, Ruoan Jiang, Jianbo Lai, Peiyue Jiang, Xinning Chen & Baohua Li
To compare the clinical characteristics of pregnant women and perinatal outcomes with or without recurrent severe intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (sICP), and identify possible factors associated with disease recurrence. A retrospective study of 164,603 deliveries was performed to identify pregnant women diagnosed with sICP in the previous pregnancy from January 2012 to December 2020. Eligible patients were divided into two subgroups according to the status of disease recurrence in the second pregnancy: recurrent severe ICP...

MiR-30a-5p frequently downregulated in prostate cancer inhibits cell proliferation via targeting PCLAF

Hu Zhao, Xiaofeng Lai, Wei Zhang, Hehuan Zhu, Shenhang Zhang, Weizhen Wu, Shuiliang Wang, Minying Tang, Zhen Deng & Jianming Tan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have vastly expanded our view of RNA world in intracellular signal regulating networks. Here, we functionally characterized a normally highly expressed miRNA, miR-30a-5p (MIMAT0000087), which exhibits downregulated expression profiles in prostate cancer samples. MiR-30a-5p knockdown and overexpression in PC-3 cell line alters cell proliferation supporting a tumour suppressor role. We also discovered that PCLAF is the direct target of miR-30a-5p. Notably, PC-3 cell proliferation is inhibited by miR-30a-5p/PCLAF axis. miR-30a-5p represents a novel...

Transcriptional dynamics of transposable elements when converting fibroblast cells of Macaca mulatta to neuroepithelial stem cells

Dahai Liu, Li Liu, Kui Duan, Junqiang Guo, Shipeng Li, Zhigang Zhao, Xiaotuo Zhang, Nan Zhou & Yun Zheng
Abstract Background Transposable elements (TE) account for more than 50% of human genome. It has been reported that some types of TEs are dynamically regulated in the reprogramming of human cell lines. However, it is largely unknown whether some TEs in Macaca mulatta are also regulated during the reprogramming of cell lines of monkey. Results Here, we systematically examined the transcriptional activities of TEs during the conversion of Macaca mulatta fibroblast cells to neuroepithelial stem...

The safety and tolerability of alkaloids from Alstonia scholaris leaves in healthy Chinese volunteers: a single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase I clinical trial

Zhong-Ping Gou, Yun-Li Zhao, Lin-Ling Zou, Ying Wang, Shi-Qing Shu, Xiao-Hong Zhu, Li Zheng, Qi Shen, Zhu Luo, Jia Miao, Yong-Sheng Wang, Xiao-Dong Luo & Ping Feng
Capsule of alkaloids from the leaf of Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br. (Apocynaceae) (CALAS) is a new investigational botanical drug (No. 2011L01436) for bronchitis, post-infectious cough and asthma. To observe the clinical safety and tolerability of CALAS. Subjects were assigned to eight cohorts, and each received randomly CALAS or placebo in one of single ascending dose (SAD) of 8, 40, 120, 240, 360, 480, or in one of multiple ascending dose (MAD) of 40 or 120...

L-lysine potentiates aminoglycosides against Acinetobacter baumannii via regulation of proton motive force and antibiotics uptake

Wanyan Deng, Tiwei Fu, Zhen Zhang, Xiao Jiang, Jianping Xie, Hang Sun, Peng Hu, Hong Ren, Peifu Zhou, Qi Liu & Quanxin Long
Acinetobacter baumannii, a Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen, is a leading cause of hospital- and community-acquired infections. Acinetobacter baumannii can rapidly acquire diverse resistance mechanisms and undergo genetic modifications that confer resistance and persistence to all currently used clinical antibiotics. In this study, we found exogenous L-lysine sensitizes Acinetobacter baumannii, other Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and a Gram-positive bacterium (Mycobacterium smegmatis) to aminoglycosides. Importantly, the combination of L-lysine with aminoglycosides killed clinically isolated multidrug-resistant...

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