5 Works

Climate seasonality drives ant-plant-herbivore interactions via plant phenology in an extrafloral nectary-bearing plant community

Eduardo Calixto, Letícia Novaes, Danilo Santos, Denise Lange, Xoaquín Moreira & Kleber Del-Claro
Interactions between ants and plants bearing extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) are among the most common mutualisms in Neotropical regions. Plants secrete extrafloral nectar, a carbohydrate-rich food that attracts ants, which in return protect plants against herbivores. This ant-plant mutualism is subjected to temporal variation, in which abiotic factors can drive the establishment and frequency of such mutualistic interaction. However, studies investigating how abiotic factors (e.g., climate) directly and indirectly influence ant-plant-herbivore interactions are incipient. In this...

Effects of soil salinity on the expression of direct and indirect defences in wild cotton (Gossypium hirsutum)

Luis Abdala-Roberts, Teresa Quijano-Medina, Ted Turlings, Paula Sosenski, Luca Grandi, Jose Cervera & Xoaquin Moreira
Previous studies have reported effects of abiotic factors on herbivore-induced plant defences based on effects on single plant traits. However, plants commonly express multiple defences simultaneously and these traits are often correlated. Thus, a fuller understanding of abiotic-context dependency in plant defence requires measuring multiple traits and addressing their patterns of correlated expression. We evaluated the effects of soil salinity on the induction of direct (phenolic compounds, gossypol gland density) and indirect (volatile organic compounds,...

Ontogenetic consistency in oak defence syndromes

Xoaquín Moreira
1. Plant species allocate resources to multiple defensive traits simultaneously, which often leads to so-called defence syndromes, i.e. suites of traits that are co-expressed. While reports of ontogenetic variation in plant defences are commonplace, no research to date has tested for ontogenetic shifts in defence syndromes. In addition, we still know little about how ecological and evolutionary factors concurrently shape plant defence syndromes via ontogeny. 2. We tested for ontogenetic variation in plant defence syndromes...

Leaf functional traits and insular colonization: subtropical islands as a melting pot of trait diversity in a widespread plant lineage

Carlos Garcia-Verdugo, Pedro Monroy, Francisco I. Pugnaire, Joana Jura-Morawiec, Xoaquín Moreira & Jaume Flexas
Aim: One of the main goals of functional biogeography is to examine distribution patterns of trait diversity, and islands provide excellent study cases for this emerging field. We tested the hypothesis that multiple dispersals from a common mainland pool would promote functional similarity among island systems when environmental conditions are similar, but also novel phenotypic traits related to colonization history and exploitation of new habitats. Location: Mediterranean Basin and Macaronesian islands Methods: We used the...

Constitutive and induced phenolics and volatiles in Quercus pyrenaica

Andrea Galmán, Luis Abdala-Roberts, Pola Wartalska, Felisa Covelo, Gregory Röder, Mark A. Szenteczki, Xoaquín Moreira & Sergio Rasmann
With this dataset, we studied elevational gradients and their underlying climatic factors in constitutive and induced phenolics and volatile organic compounds in Oak trees. Oak defences were measured in leaves in a field study. The dataset includes data for 18 populations of Quercus pyrenaica spanning a 1300 m elevational gradient (from 370 to 1614 m) with their correspondence coordinates. In each population we sampled six saplings that were randomly assigned to one of two treatments:...

Registration Year

  • 2020
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • Misión Biológica de Galicia
    5
  • University of Neuchâtel
    2
  • Autonomous University of Yucatán
    2
  • Federal University of Technology – Paraná
    1
  • Polish Academy of Sciences
    1
  • Estacion Experimental de Zonas Aridas
    1
  • Pablo de Olavide University
    1
  • University of Sao Paulo
    1
  • University of the Balearic Islands
    1
  • Federal University of Uberlândia
    1