41 Works

Data from: Seed perishability determines the caching behaviour of a food-hoarding bird

Eike Lena Neuschulz, Thomas Mueller, Kurt Bollmann, Felix Gugerli & Katrin Böhning-Gaese
1. Many animals hoard seeds for later consumption and establish seed caches that are often located at sites with specific environmental characteristics. One explanation for the selection of non-random caching locations is the avoidance of pilferage by other animals. Another possible hypothesis is that animals choose locations that hamper the perishability of stored food, allowing the consumption of unspoiled food items over long time periods. 2. We examined seed perishability and pilferage-avoidance as potential drivers...

Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.)

Christian Kehlmaier, Eva Graciá, Patrick D. Campbell, Margaretha D. Hofmeyr, Silke Schweiger, Albert Martínez-Silvestre, Walter Joyce & Uwe Fritz
The five extinct giant tortoises of the genus Cylindraspis belong to the most iconic species of the enigmatic fauna of the Mascarene Islands that went largely extinct after the discovery of the islands. To resolve the phylogeny and biogeography of Cylindraspis, we analysed a data set of 45 mitogenomes that includes all lineages of extant tortoises and eight near-complete sequences of all Mascarene species extracted from historic and subfossil material. Cylindraspis is an ancient lineage...

Zur sächsischen Provenienz einer ungefassten Amethyst­schale aus der Wiener Kunstkammer (Inventarnummer KK 1697)

Ulf Kempe, Klaus Thalheim & Michael Wagner
In der Kunstkammer des Kunsthistorischen Museums in Wien wird unter der Inventarnummer KK 1697 eine ungefasste Amethystschale aufbewahrt, die bisher unter Nutzung stilistischer Kriterien in das 17. Jahrhundert datiert wurde und heute auf einem im 19. Jahrhundert gefertigten, gedrechselten hölzernem Fuß präsentiert wird. Eine nähere Begutachtung des Amethystes der Schale zeigt, dass es sich hierbei um das größte bisher bekannte geschnittene Objekt aus sogenanntem „Purschensteiner Amethyst“, einem historischen sächsischen Schmuckstein, handelt. Ein Vergleich der Inventare...

Macrobenthic Cumacea collected by epibenthic sledge from the Amundsen Sea in March 2008 and from the Prince Gustav Channel and Duse Bay, Eastern Antarctic Peninsula in March 2018

Katrin Linse, Laura Steib, Angelika Brandt & Davide Di Franco
In 2008 RRS James Clark Ross investigated the marine benthic biodiversity in Amundsen Sea and in 2018 the marine benthic biodiversity of the Prince Gustav Channel (PGC) area and the macrobenthic cumacean fauna (Peracarida, Crustacea) collected by epibenthic sledge (EBS) has been assessed for species richness, abundance and assemblage composition. In total 4431 cumacean specimens assigned to 58 morphospecies and 5 families were identified. To set the cumacean dataset into a wider context, published cumacean...

Macrobenthic Mollusca from Prince Gustav Channel and Duse Bay, Eastern Antarctic Peninsula collected by epibenthic sledge in March 2018

Katrin Linse & Madeline Anderson
In 2018 RRS James Clark Ross investigated the marine benthic biodiversity of the Prince Gustav Channel area and the macrobenthic molluscan fauna collected by epibenthic sledge (EBS) has been assessed for species richness, abundance and assemblage composition as well as for functional traits. In total 20,307 mollusc specimens assigned to 50 morphospecies and 4 classes (Solenogastres, Bivalvia, Gastropoda and Scaphopoda) were identified. Assemblage analyses across the Prince Gustav Channel area did not show apparent pattern...

Data from: Disentangling the effects of key innovations on the diversification of Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae)

Daniele Silvestro, Georg Zizka & Katharina Schulte
The evolution of key innovations, novel traits that promote diversification, is often seen as major driver for the unequal distribution of species richness within the tree of life. In this study, we aim to determine the factors underlying the extraordinary radiation of the subfamily Bromelioideae, one of the most diverse clades among the neotropical plant family Bromeliaceae. Based on an extended molecular phylogenetic data set, we examine the effect of two putative key innovations, that...

Data from: Population structure of mycobionts and photobionts of the widespread lichen Cetraria aculeata

Fernando Fernández-Mendoza, Stephanie Domaschke, Miguel Ángel García, Patrick Jordan, María P Martín & Christian Printzen
Lichens are symbioses between fungi (mycobionts) and photoautotrophic green algae or cyanobacteria (photobionts). Many lichens occupy large distributional ranges covering several climatic zones. So far, little is known about the large scale phylogeography of lichen photobionts and their role in shaping the distributional ranges of lichens. We studied south polar, temperate and north polar populations of the widely distributed fruticose lichen Cetraria aculeata. Based on DNA sequences from three loci for each symbiont we compared...

Genetic admixture despite ecological segregation in a North African sparrow hybrid zone (Aves, Passeriformes, Passer domesticus x Passer hispaniolensis)

Martin Päckert, Abdelkrim Belkacem, Hannes Wolfgramm, Oliver Gast, David Canal, Gabriele Giacalone, Mario Lo Valvo, Melita Vamberger, Michael Wink, Jochen Martens & Heiko Stuckas
Under different environmental conditions hybridization between the same species might result in different patterns of genetic admixture. Particularly, species pairs with large distribution ranges and long evolutionary history may have experienced several independent hybridization events over time in different zones of overlap. In birds, the diverse hybrid populations of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus) and the Spanish sparrow (P. hispaniolensis) provide a striking example. Throughout their range of sympatry, these two species do not regularly...

Data from: ‘In and out of’ the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the Himalayas: centers of origin and diversification compared across five clades of Eurasian montane and alpine passerine birds

Martin Päckert, Adrien Favre, Jan Schnitzler, Jochen Martens, Yue-Hua Sun, Dieter Thomas Tietze, Frank Hailer, Ingo Michalak & Patrick Strutzenberger
Encompassing some of the major hotspots of biodiversity on Earth, large mountain systems have long held the attention of evolutionary biologists. The region of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) is considered a biogeographic source for multiple colonization events into adjacent areas including the northern Palearctic. The faunal exchange between the QTP and adjacent regions could thus represent a one-way street (‘out of’ the QTP). However, immigration into the QTP region has so far received only little...

D1.1 Report on life sciences use cases and user stories

Heli Fitzgerald, Aino Juslén, Sabine von Mering, Mareike Petersen, Niels Raes, Sharif Islam, Frederik Berger, Tea Katharina von Bonsdorff-Salminen, Rui Figueira, Elspeth Haston, Eva Häffner, Laurence Livermore, Veljo Runnel, Sofie De Smedt, Sarah Vincent & Claus Weiland

D1.2 Report on Earth sciences use cases and user stories

Sabine von Mering, Mareike Petersen, Heli Fitzgerald, Aino Juslén, Niels Raes, Sharif Islam, Frederik Berger, Tea Katharina von Bonsdorff-Salminen, Rui Figueira, Elspeth Haston, Eva Häffner, Laurence Livermore, Veljo Runnel, Sofie De Smedt, Sarah Vincent & Claus Weiland

Additional file 2 of A haplotype-resolved genome assembly of the Nile rat facilitates exploration of the genetic basis of diabetes

Huishi Toh, Chentao Yang, Giulio Formenti, Kalpana Raja, Lily Yan, Alan Tracey, William Chow, Kerstin Howe, Lucie A. Bergeron, Guojie Zhang, Bettina Haase, Jacquelyn Mountcastle, Olivier Fedrigo, John Fogg, Bogdan Kirilenko, Chetan Munegowda, Michael Hiller, Aashish Jain, Daisuke Kihara, Arang Rhie, Adam M. Phillippy, Scott A. Swanson, Peng Jiang, Dennis O. Clegg, Erich D. Jarvis … & Yury V. Bukhman
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 1. TOGA status of 18430 ancestral placental mammal genes in muroid rodent genome assemblies. Supplementary Table 2. Positively selected genes and their mutation tolerance in humans according to gnomAD.

Data from: Evaluation of candidate DNA barcoding loci for economically important timber species of the mahogany family (Meliaceae)

Alexandra N Muellner, Hendrike Schaefer & Renaud Lahaye
There has been considerable debate regarding locus choice for DNA barcoding land plants. This is partly attributable to a shortage of comparable data from proposed candidate loci on a common set of samples. In this study, we evaluated main candidate plastid regions (rpoC1, rpoB, accD) and additional plastid markers (psbB, psbN, psbT exons and the trnS-trnG spacer) as well as the nuclear ribosomal spacer region (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) in a group of land plants belonging to the...

Genomic processes underlying rapid adaptation of a natural Chironomus riparius population to unintendedly applied experimental selection pressures

Markus Pfenninger & Quentin Foucault
Evolve and Resquence (E&R) studies are a useful tool to study genomic processes during rapid adaptation, e.g. in the framework of adaptive responses to global climate change. We applied different thermal regimes to a natural Chironomus riparius (Diptera) population in an E&R framework to infer its evolutionary potential for rapid thermal adaptation. We exposed two replicates to three temperatures each (14°C, 20°C and 26°C) for more than two years, the experiment thus lasting 22, 44...

Data from: High throughput sequencing combined with null model tests reveals specific plant-fungi associations linked to seedling establishment and survival

Dominik Merges, Miklós Bálint, Imke Schmitt, Peter Manning & Eike Lena Neuschulz
1. Plant-fungal interactions are important for plant community assembly, but quantifying these relationships remains challenging. High throughput sequencing of fungal communities allows us to identify plant-fungal associations at a high level of resolution, but often fails to provide information on taxonomic and functional assignment of fungi. 2. We transplanted seeds of Pinus cembra across an elevational gradient (1850-2250 m a.s.l.) and identified environmental factors and known fungal associates important for seedling establishment and survival. We...

Einstellung der gedruckten Version geowissenschaftliche Mitteilungen aus den Senckenberg Naturhistorischen Sammlungen Dresden zum 31.12.2020

Jan-Michael Lange

Current use of geological resources under the view of sustainability - examples from the UNESCO Global Geopark Harz . Braunschweiger Land . Ostfalen

Henning Zellmer & Volker Wilde
When it comes to the mining and use of local geological raw materials, a reflexive, sometimes undifferentiated social rejection arises. The ore, hydrocarbon and coal consumption have now been reduced through recycling and the use of alternative energies or have been replaced by imported products. The last open-cast lignite mine in Schöningen was closed in 2016, the last Harz ore mine in Bad Grund in 1992 and the last iron ore mining in the Salzgitter...

Additional file 2 of A haplotype-resolved genome assembly of the Nile rat facilitates exploration of the genetic basis of diabetes

Huishi Toh, Chentao Yang, Giulio Formenti, Kalpana Raja, Lily Yan, Alan Tracey, William Chow, Kerstin Howe, Lucie A. Bergeron, Guojie Zhang, Bettina Haase, Jacquelyn Mountcastle, Olivier Fedrigo, John Fogg, Bogdan Kirilenko, Chetan Munegowda, Michael Hiller, Aashish Jain, Daisuke Kihara, Arang Rhie, Adam M. Phillippy, Scott A. Swanson, Peng Jiang, Dennis O. Clegg, Erich D. Jarvis … & Yury V. Bukhman
Additional file 2: Supplementary Table 1. TOGA status of 18430 ancestral placental mammal genes in muroid rodent genome assemblies. Supplementary Table 2. Positively selected genes and their mutation tolerance in humans according to gnomAD.

A haplotype-resolved genome assembly of the Nile rat facilitates exploration of the genetic basis of diabetes

Huishi Toh, Chentao Yang, Giulio Formenti, Kalpana Raja, Lily Yan, Alan Tracey, William Chow, Kerstin Howe, Lucie A. Bergeron, Guojie Zhang, Bettina Haase, Jacquelyn Mountcastle, Olivier Fedrigo, John Fogg, Bogdan Kirilenko, Chetan Munegowda, Michael Hiller, Aashish Jain, Daisuke Kihara, Arang Rhie, Adam M. Phillippy, Scott A. Swanson, Peng Jiang, Dennis O. Clegg, Erich D. Jarvis … & Yury V. Bukhman
Abstract Background The Nile rat (Avicanthis niloticus) is an important animal model because of its robust diurnal rhythm, a cone-rich retina, and a propensity to develop diet-induced diabetes without chemical or genetic modifications. A closer similarity to humans in these aspects, compared to the widely used Mus musculus and Rattus norvegicus models, holds the promise of better translation of research findings to the clinic. Results We report a 2.5 Gb, chromosome-level reference genome assembly with...

Data from: Computer simulations show that Neanderthal facial morphology represents adaptation to cold and high energy demands, but not heavy biting

Stephen Wroe, William C.H. Parr, Justin A. Ledogar, Jason Bourke, Samuel P. Evans, Luca Fiorenza, Stefano Benazzi, Jean-Jacques Hublin, Chris Stringer, Ottmar Kullmer, Michael Curry, Todd C. Rae, Todd R. Yokley & William C. H. Parr
Three adaptive hypotheses have been forwarded to explain the distinctive Neanderthal face: 1) an improved ability to accommodate high anterior bite forces, 2) more effective conditioning of cold and/or dry air, and, 3) adaptation to facilitate greater ventilatory demands. We test these hypotheses using three-dimensional models of Neanderthals, modern humans, and a close outgroup (H. heidelbergensis), applying finite element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This is the most comprehensive application of either approach...

Data from: A comprehensive analysis of autocorrelation and bias in home range estimation

Michael J. Noonan, Marlee A. Tucker, Christen H. Fleming, Tom S. Akre, Susan C. Alberts, Abdullahi H. Ali, Jeanne Altmann, Pamela C. Antunes, Jerrold L. Belant, Dean Beyer, Niels Blaum, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, , Rogerio De Paula Cunha, Jasja Dekker, Jonathan Drescher-Lehman, Nina Farwig, Claudia Fichtel, Christina Fischer, Adam T. Ford, Jacob R. Goheen, René Janssen, Florian Jeltsch, Matthew Kauffman, Peter M. Kappeler … & Justin M. Calabrese
Home range estimation is routine practice in ecological research. While advances in animal tracking technology have increased our capacity to collect data to support home range analysis, these same advances have also resulted in increasingly autocorrelated data. Consequently, the question of which home range estimator to use on modern, highly autocorrelated tracking data remains open. This question is particularly relevant given that most estimators assume independently sampled data. Here, we provide a comprehensive evaluation of...

Data for: Sodium addition increases leaf herbivory and fungal damage across four grasslands

Ellen Welti
1. Sodium (Na) is an essential element for all animals, but not plants. Soil Na supplies vary geographically. Animals that primarily consume plants thus have the potential to be Na limited and plants that uptake Na may be subject to higher rates of herbivory, but their high Na content also may attract beneficial partners such as pollinators and seed dispersers. 2. To test for the effects of Na biogeochemistry on herbivory, we conducted distributed Na...

Do all roads lead to resistance? State road density is the main impediment to gene flow in a flagship species inhabiting a severely fragmented anthropogenic landscape

Katharina Westekemper, Annika Tiesmeyer, Katharina Steyer & Carsten Nowak
The wildcat population in Germany is currently estimated between 6,000 and 15,000 individuals, and the European wildcat serves as an umbrella species due to its diverse habitat demands. Our study took place in the core range of the European wildcat in Germany, covering an area of ca. 186.000 km², and we used genotypes of 975 pure-bred wildcat individuals. Data were largely based on non-invasively sampled hair, but also included tissue, saliva, faeces and blood samples...

taricha_granulosa_supplementary_data

Oskar Schröder

Macrobenthic Isopoda collected by epibenthic sledge from the southern Weddell Sea in 2012, South Orkney Islands in 2016, Prince Gustav Channel in 2018 and Eastern Antarctic Peninsula in 2019

Davide Di Franco, Angelika Brandt & Katrin Linse
In 2012 RRS James Clark Ross investigated the marine benthic biodiversity of the southern Weddell Sea (JR275), in 2016 the marine benthic biodiversity of the South Orkney Islands (JR15005) and in 2018 the marine benthic biodiversity of the Prince Gustav Channel area. In 2019 RV Polarstern investigated the marine benthic biodiversity of the eastern Antarctic Peninsula (PS119). During all expeditions macrobenthic isopod fauna (Peracarida, Crustacea) was collected by a total of 37 epibenthic sledge (EBS)...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    11
  • 2021
    9
  • 2020
    6
  • 2019
    5
  • 2018
    4
  • 2016
    1
  • 2014
    2
  • 2013
    1
  • 2011
    1
  • 2010
    1

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    28
  • Text
    11
  • Collection
    2

Affiliations

  • Senckenberg Nature Research Society
    30
  • Senckenberg Society for Nature Research
    11
  • Goethe University Frankfurt
    9
  • Cleveland State University
    6
  • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
    6
  • National Human Genome Research Institute
    6
  • Chongqing Medical University
    6
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    6
  • University of Wisconsin–Madison
    5
  • Purdue University West Lafayette
    4