71 Works

An animal without a mitochondrial genome: the salmon parasite Henneguya salminicola (Cnidaria: Myxozoa)

Dorothée Huchon, Dayana Yahalomi, Stephen D. Atkinson, Moran Neuhof, E. Sally Chang, Hervé Philippe, Paulyn Cartwright & Jerri L. Bartholomew
Although aerobic respiration is a hallmark of eukaryotes, a few unicellular lineages, growing in hypoxic environments, have secondarily lost this ability. In the absence of oxygen, the mitochondria of these organisms have lost all or parts of their genomes and evolved into mitochondria related organelles (MROs). There has been debate regarding the presence of MROs in animals. Using deep sequencing approaches, we discovered that a member of the Cnidaria, the myxozoan Henneguya salminicola, has no...

Data for Analysis of Keystone Predation - trait based or driven by extrinsic processes?

Bruce Menge, Melissa Foley, Matthew Robart, Erin Richmond, Mae Noble & Francis Chan
Keystone predation can be a determinant of community structure, including species diversity, but factors underlying “keystoneness” have been minimally explored. Using the system in which the original keystone, the sea star Pisaster ochraceus, was discovered, we focused on two potential (but overlapping) determinants of keystoneness: intrinsic traits or state variables of the species (e.g., size, density), and extrinsic environmental parameters (e.g., prey productivity) that may provide conditions favorable for keystone predator evolution. Using a comparative-experimental...

Data from: Climate drives the geography of marine consumption by changing predator communities

Matthew Whalen, Ross Whippo & Emmett Duffy
The global distribution of primary production and consumption by humans (fisheries) is well-documented, but we have no map linking the central ecological process of consumption within food webs to temperature and other ecological drivers. Using standardized assays that span 105° of latitude on four continents, we show that rates of bait consumption by generalist predators in shallow marine ecosystems are tightly linked to both temperature and the composition of consumer assemblages. Unexpectedly, rates of consumption...

Data from: Biogeography of ocean acidification: differential field performance of transplanted mussels to upwelling-driven variation in carbonate chemistry

Bruce Menge, Francis Chan, Jeremy Rose, Eric Sanford, Peter Raimondi, Carol Blanchette & Tarik Gouhier
Ocean acidification (OA) represents a serious challenge to marine ecosystems. Laboratory studies addressing OA indicate broadly negative effects for marine organisms, particularly those relying on calcification processes. Growing evidence also suggests OA combined with other environmental stressors may be even more deleterious. Scaling these laboratory studies to ecological performance in the field, where environmental heterogeneity may mediate responses, is a critical next step toward understanding OA impacts on natural communities. We leveraged an upwelling-driven pH...

Data from: Big fishery, big data, and little crabs: using genomic methods to examine the seasonal recruitment patterns of early life stage Dungeness crab (Cancer magister) in the California current ecosystem

Elizabeth Lee
The California Current Ecosystem (CCE) is a dynamic marine ecosystem from which many socioeconomically important fisheries species are harvested. Here, a genotypingby-sequencing (GBS) approach was used to examine genomic variation in an early life stage (megalopae) of the Dungeness crab (Cancer magister), which constitutes the most valuable single-species commercial fishery in the CCE. Variation in abundance and timing of megalopae recruitment has been extensively studied for over two decades in Coos Bay, Oregon, United States....

Data from: Increased diversity and concordant shifts in community structure of coral-associated Symbiodiniaceae and bacteria subjected to chronic human disturbance

Danielle Claar, Jamie McDevitt-Irwin, Melissa Garren, Rebecca Vega Thurber, Ruth Gates & Julia Baum
Coral-associated bacteria and endosymbiotic algae (Symbiodiniaceae spp.) are both vitally important for the biological function of corals. Yet little is known about their co-occurrence within corals, how their diversity varies across coral species, or how they are impacted by anthropogenic disturbances. Here, we sampled coral colonies (n = 472) from seven species, encompassing a range of life history traits, across a gradient of chronic human disturbance (n = 11 sites on Kiritimati (Christmas) atoll) in...

Pervasive mitonuclear coadaptation underlies fast development in interpopulation hybrids of a marine crustacean

Kin-Lan Han & Felipe Barreto
Cellular energy production requires coordinated interactions between genetic components from the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. This coordination results in coadaptation of interacting elements within populations. Interbreeding between divergent gene pools can disrupt coadapted loci and result in hybrid fitness breakdown. While specific incompatible loci have been detected in mutiple eukaryotic taxa, the extent of the nuclear genome that is influenced by mitonuclear coadaptation is not clear in any species. Here, we used F2 hybrids between...

FaSTMECH Modelling results for seven different flow levels in Oak Creek, Corvallis Oregon

Catalina Segura & Scott Katz

Agrivoltaics align with Green New Deal goals while supporting investment in the US’ rural economy S1 - Methods

Kyle Proctor, Ganti Murthy & Chad W. Higgins
This Jupyter Notebook is intended to accompany the publication "Agrivoltaics align with Green New Deal goals while supporting investment in the US’ rural economy".This reduced-order economic analysis estimates the total construction, operation, and energy storage costs of wide scale implementation of Agrivoltaic Systems in the United States. Additionally, estimates are made for potential job creation, emissions reduction, and total required land area of these systems. The jupyter notebook contains the full calculation used for the...

Late Season Productivity, Carbon, and Nutrient Dynamics in a Changing Arctic

Miguel Goni

Stream metabolism and suspended sediment concentration data from two streams in the Oregon Coast Range

Catalina Segura, Samantha Cargill & Dana Warren

Land-use in the Willamette Valley from 2004-2017

Bogdan Strimbu, George Mueller-Warrant & Kristin Trippe
The Willamette Valley, bounded on the west by the Coast Range and on the east by the Cascade Mountains, is the largest river valley completely confined to Oregon. The fertile valley soils combined with a temperate, marine climate create ideal agronomic conditions for seed production. Historically, seed cropping systems in the Willamette Valley have focused on the production of grass and forage seeds. In addition to growing over two-thirds of the nation’s cool-season grass seed,...

A program for finding some reduced spherical pictures

Matthias C. Merzenich

Modeling of an Urban Radiocesium Pathway from Catchment to Wastewater Treatment Sludge - Dataset

George MH NG
This archive is a compilation of SWMM input files and STELLA models, augmented by R scripts to perform various processing for sensitivity analysis, data import / export, plot generation and computation of various summary outputs. Part I is the sensitivity analysis of a SWMM model representative of the case study in Urso et al (2013). An extended Fourier Amplitude Sensitivity Testing (eFAST) work flow for this SWMM model is implemented in R script. Part II...

River restoration practitioner survey on engineering design for climate change

Desirée Tullos
An online survey of river restoration practitioners, engineers, and researchers was conducted to examine current practices and perspectives on how climate change is integrated into engineering designs for river restoration. Seventy-six responses were submitted to the survey. While the responses came from a wide range of demographies, respondents were most commonly men, age 35-44, with professional degrees working as practitioners in consulting firms. The most frequent respondents work in engineering or engineering geomorphology in the...

Private Prison News Project: Article Data from New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, and Houston Chronicle, 1985-2008

Pamela Oliver & Brett C. Burkhardt

Data from: Addressing incomplete lineage sorting and paralogy in the inference of uncertain salmonid phylogenetic relationships

Matthew Campbell, Thaddaeus Buser, Michael Alfaro & J. Andres Lopez
Recent and continued progress in the scale and sophistication of phylogenetic research has yielded substantial advances in knowledge of the tree of life; however, segments of that tree remain unresolved and continue to produce contradicting or unstable results. These poorly resolved relationships may be the product of methodological shortcomings or of an evolutionary history that did not generate the signal traits needed for its eventual reconstruction. Relationships within the euteleost fish family Salmonidae have proven...

Patterns of annual and seasonal immune investment in a temporal reproductive opportunist

Elizabeth Schultz, Christian Gunning, Jamie Cornelius, Dustin Reichard, Kirk Klasing & Thomas Hahn
Historically, investigations of how organismal investments in immunity fluctuate in response to environmental and physiological changes have focused on seasonally breeding organisms that confine reproduction to seasons with relatively unchallenging environmental conditions and abundant resources. The red crossbill, Loxia curvirostra, is a songbird that can breed opportunistically if conifer seeds are abundant, on both short, cold, and long, warm days, providing an ideal system to investigate environmental and reproductive effects on immunity. In this study,...

A multi-species approach to manage effects of land cover and weather on upland game birds

Alexander Schindler, David Haukos, Christian Hagen & Beth Ross
Loss and degradation of grasslands in the Great Plains region has resulted in major declines in abundance of grassland bird species. To ensure future viability of grassland bird populations, it is crucial to evaluate specific effects of environmental factors among species to determine drivers of population decline and develop effective conservation strategies. We used threshold models to quantify effects of land cover and weather changes on lesser and greater prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus and T. cupido,...

Heat shock improves random spore analysis in diverse strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Molly Burke, Kaitlin McHugh & Ian Kutch
Random spore analysis (RSA) is a classic method in yeast genetics that allows high-throughput purification of recombinant haploid spores following specific crosses. RSA typically involves a number of steps to induce sporulation, purge vegetative cells that fail to sporulate, and disrupt the ascus walls of sporulated cells to release haploid spores. These steps generally require expensive chemicals and/or enzymes that kill diploid cells but have few effects on spores. In the fission yeast Schizosaccharomcyes pombe,...

Data from: Patterns of annual and seasonal immune investment in a temporal reproductive opportunist

Elizabeth Schultz, Christian Gunning, Jamie Cornelius, Dustin Reichard, Kirk Klasing & Thomas Hahn
Historically, investigations of how organismal investments in immunity fluctuate in response to environmental and physiological changes have focused on seasonally breeding organisms that confine reproduction to seasons with mild environmental conditions and abundant resources. The red crossbill, Loxia curvirostra, is a songbird that can breed opportunistically if conifer seeds are abundant, on both short, cold, and long, warm days, providing an ideal system to investigate interactions between immunity, reproduction, and environmental fluctuations. In this study,...

Data from: Depth dependent dive kinematics suggest cost-efficient foraging strategies by tiger sharks

Samantha Andrzejaczek, Adrian Gleiss, Karissa Lear, Charitha Pattiaratchi, Taylor Chapple & Mark Meekan
Tiger sharks Galeocerdo cuvier are a keystone, top-order predator that are assumed to engage in cost-efficient movement and foraging patterns. To investigate the extent to which patterns of oscillatory diving by these animals conform to these patterns, we used a biologging approach to model their cost of transport. High-resolution biologging tags with tri-axial sensors were deployed on 21 tiger sharks at Ningaloo Reef for durations of 5-48 hours. Using overall dynamic body acceleration (ODBA) as...

Describing Grey Literature Again: A Survey of Collection Policies

Heather Lehman & Janet Webster
At Oregon State University, we are exploring the differences between collections formed by digitizing existing materials on our shelves and those created by identifying and acquiring digital objects beyond our library. One example is the proposed Tsunami Digital Library (TDL) that would support a growing research program with users needing access to diverse information, much of it grey. The TDL is conceptualized as an information portal designed to coordinate the access and distribution of Internet...

Data from: Passive acoustic monitoring effectively detects Northern Spotted Owls and Barred Owls over a range of forest conditions

Leila S. Duchac, Damon B. Lesmeister, Katie M. Dugger, Zachary J. Ruff & Raymond J. Davis
Passive acoustic monitoring using autonomous recording units (ARUs) is a fast-growing area of wildlife research especially for rare, cryptic species that vocalize. Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) populations have been monitored since the mid-1980s using mark-recapture methods. To evaluate an alternative survey method, we used ARUs to detect calls of Northern Spotted Owls and Barred Owls (S. varia), a congener that has expanded its range into the Pacific Northwest and threatens Northern Spotted Owl...

Data for Runups of unusual size: rogueness and variability of swash

Gabriel García-Medina, H. Tuba Ozkan-Haller, Peter Ruggiero, Robert A. Homan & Chuan Li
This repository item contains the files needed to reproduce the results reported in the published work entitled "Runups of unusual size: rogueness and variability of swash" in the Journal of Geophysical Research. As described in the publication, the results described within it pertain to simulations of wave runup for various configurations of beaches using various idealized surface gravity wave conditions. All discussed results pertain to a model-generated data set using the publically-available code "funwavec" for...

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  • 2020
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  • Oregon State University
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  • University of Pretoria
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