14 Works

Pig as a reservoir of CRISPR type TST4 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium monophasic variant during 2009–2017 in China

Xiaolei Xie, Zhenyu Wang, Kai Zhang, Yang Li, Yachen Hu, Zhiming Pan, Xiang Chen, Qiuchun Li & Xinan Jiao
CRISPR-based typing was performed to subtype isolates of S. Typhimurium and its monophasic variant Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- from humans and animals between 2009 and 2017 in China. CRISPR typing classified all isolates into two lineages and four sub-lineages. All isolates from Lineage II and Lineage IB-1 were Salmonella Typhimurium. All of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i: – isolates were distributed in Lineage IA and Lineage IB-2, which all belonged to ST34 by MLST typing. Only Lineage IB-2 contained ST34...

Pig as a reservoir of CRISPR type TST4 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium monophasic variant during 2009–2017 in China

Xiaolei Xie, Zhenyu Wang, Kai Zhang, Yang Li, Yachen Hu, Zhiming Pan, Xiang Chen, Qiuchun Li & Xinan Jiao
CRISPR-based typing was performed to subtype isolates of S. Typhimurium and its monophasic variant Salmonella 4,[5],12:i:- from humans and animals between 2009 and 2017 in China. CRISPR typing classified all isolates into two lineages and four sub-lineages. All isolates from Lineage II and Lineage IB-1 were Salmonella Typhimurium. All of Salmonella 4,[5],12:i: – isolates were distributed in Lineage IA and Lineage IB-2, which all belonged to ST34 by MLST typing. Only Lineage IB-2 contained ST34...

Mass ratio effects underlie ecosystem responses to environmental change

Melinda Smith, Sally Koerner, Alan Knapp, Meghan Avolio, Francis Chaves, Elsie Denton, John Dietrich, David Gibson, Jesse Gray, Ava Hoffman, David Hoover, Kimberly Komatsu, Andrea Silletti, Kevin Wilcox, Qiang Yu & John Blair
1. Random species loss has been shown experimentally to reduce ecosystem function, sometimes more than other anthropogenic environmental changes. Yet, controversy surrounds the importance of this finding for natural systems where species loss is non-random. 2. We compiled data from 16 multi-year experiments located at a single site in native tallgrass prairie. These experiments included responses to 11 anthropogenic environmental changes, as well as non-random biodiversity loss - either the removal of uncommon/rare plant species...

Data from: Inferring HIV-1 transmission networks and sources of epidemic spread in Africa with deep-sequence phylogenetic analysis

Oliver Ratmann, M. Kate Grabowski, Matthew Hall, Tanya Golubchik, Chris Wymant, Lucie Abeler-Dörner, David Bonsall, Anne Hoppe, Andrew Leigh Brown, Tulio De Oliveira, Astrid Gall, Paul Kellam, Deenan Pillay, Joseph Kagaayi, Godfrey Kigozi, Thomas C. Quinn, Maria J. Wawer, Oliver Laeyendecker, David Serwadda, Ronald H. Gray, Christophe Fraser, &
To prevent new infections with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in sub-Saharan Africa, UNAIDS recommends targeting interventions to populations that are at high risk of acquiring and passing on the virus. Yet it is often unclear who and where these ‘source’ populations are. Here we demonstrate how viral deep-sequencing can be used to reconstruct HIV-1 transmission networks and to infer the direction of transmission in these networks. We are able to deep-sequence virus from...

Data from: Cardiac and skeletal muscle effects in the randomized HOPE-Duchenne trial

Michael Taylor, John Jefferies, Barry Byrne, Joao Lima, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Mohammad R. Ostovaneh, Raj Makkar, Bryan Goldstein, Rachel Ruckdeschel Smith, James Fudge, Konstantinos Malliaras, Brian Fedor, Jeff Rudy, Janice M. Pogoda, Linda Marbán, Deborah D. Ascheim, Eduardo Marbán & Ronald G. Victor
Objective: To assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of intracoronary allogeneic cardiosphere-derived cells (CAP-1002) in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Methods: The Halt Cardiomyopathy Progression (HOPE)-Duchenne trial is a phase I/II, randomized, controlled, open-label trial (NCT02485938). Patients with DMD >12 years old, with substantial myocardial fibrosis, were randomized (1:1) to usual care (control) or global intracoronary infusion of CAP-1002 (75 million cells). Participants were enrolled at 3 US medical centers between January and August...

Data from: Lower carotid revascularization rates after stroke in ethnic minority-serving US hospitals

Roland Faigle, Lisa A. Cooper & Rebecca F. Gottesman
Objective: We sought to determine whether the use of carotid revascularization procedures after stroke due to carotid stenosis differs between minority-serving hospitals and hospitals serving predominantly white patients. Methods: We identified ischemic stroke cases due to carotid disease, identified by ICD9-CM codes, from 2007-2011 in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. The use of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) was recorded. Hospitals with ≥40% ethnic minority patients (minority-serving hospitals) were compared to hospitals with...

Delivery of mesenchymal stem cells-derived extracellular vesicles with enriched miR-185 inhibits progression of OPMD

Lin Wang, Panpan Yin, Jiaqi Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zheng Sun, Yu Zhou & Xiaobing Guan
Oral leukoplakia is one of the most common oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and its malignant transformation to oral cancer is highly associated with chronic inflammation. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosome-delivered microRNAs modulate inflammatory responses and alleviate irritations that predisposes to cancer. We previously reported that microRNA-185 (miR-185) was significantly decreased in the buccal tissue of patients with oral cancer. In this study, we utilized genetically modified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived EVs with high...

Utilizing content-knowledge questionnaires to assess study eligibility and detect deceptive responding

Justin C. Strickland & William W. Stoops
Background: Deceptive responding during eligibility screening presents a significant concern for assessing inclusion/exclusion criteria. This problem is compounded in settings for which biomarkers or other objective verification (e.g., urinalysis) are not feasible.Objectives: Introduce and describe content-knowledge questionnaires as an objective method for collaterally assessing study eligibility.Methods: Participants (N = 3772; 66.1% female) recruited using the crowdsourcing resource Amazon Mechanical Turk (mTurk) completed a Cannabis Knowledge Questionnaire (CKQ). The CKQ contained four-items indexing knowledge of typical...

Utilizing content-knowledge questionnaires to assess study eligibility and detect deceptive responding

Justin C. Strickland & William W. Stoops
Background: Deceptive responding during eligibility screening presents a significant concern for assessing inclusion/exclusion criteria. This problem is compounded in settings for which biomarkers or other objective verification (e.g., urinalysis) are not feasible.Objectives: Introduce and describe content-knowledge questionnaires as an objective method for collaterally assessing study eligibility.Methods: Participants (N = 3772; 66.1% female) recruited using the crowdsourcing resource Amazon Mechanical Turk (mTurk) completed a Cannabis Knowledge Questionnaire (CKQ). The CKQ contained four-items indexing knowledge of typical...

Current Population Surveys: March Individual-Level Extracts, 1968-1992

Robert Moffitt
The data files in this collection are individual-level extracts derived from the Current Population Survey's March Annual Demographic files for the years 1968 to 1992. Each record contains information about an individual, the household in which the individual resides, and the family and the spouse of the individual. In addition to the standard monthly labor force data, these files contain supplemental data on work experience, migration, income, and noncash income sources such as food stamps,...

Data from: Testing conceptual models of early plant succession across a disturbance gradient

Cynthia C. Chang, Charles B. Halpern, Joseph A. Antos, Meghan L. Avolio, Abir Biswas, James E. Cook, Roger Del Moral, Dylan G. Fischer, Andrés Holz, Robert J. Pabst, Mark E. Swanson & Donald B. Zobel
1.Studies of succession have a long history in ecology, but rigorous tests of general, unifying principles are rare. One barrier to these tests of theory is the paucity of longitudinal studies that span the broad gradients of disturbance severity that characterize large, infrequent disturbances. The cataclysmic eruption of Mount St. Helens (Washington, USA) in 1980 produced a heterogeneous landscape of disturbance conditions, including primary to secondary successional habitats, affording a unique opportunity to explore how...

Data from: INTREPAD: a randomized trial of naproxen to slow progress of presymptomatic Alzheimer disease

Pierre-Francois Meyer, Jennifer Tremblay-Mercier, Jeannie Leoutsakos, Cecile Madjar, Marie-Elyse Lafaille-Magnan, Melissa Savard, Pedro Rosa-Neto, Judes Poirier, Pierre Etienne & John Breitner
Objective: Evaluate the safety and efficacy of low-dose naproxen for prevention of progression in pre-symptomatic AD among cognitively intact persons at-risk. Methods: INTREPAD, a two-year double-masked pharmaco-prevention trial, enrolled 195 AD family history-positive elderly (mean age 63 years) screened carefully to exclude cognitive disorder. These were randomized 1:1 to naproxen sodium 220mg twice-daily or placebo. Multimodal imaging, neurosensory, cognitive and (in ~50%) CSF biomarker evaluations were performed at Baseline, 3, 12, and 24 months. A...

Data from: Red and orange flags for secondary headaches in clinical practice: SNNOOP10 list

Thien Phu Do, Angelique Remmers, Henrik Winther Schytz, Christoph Schankin, Sarah E. Nelson, Mark Obermann, Jakob Møller Hansen, Alexandra J. Sinclair, Andreas R. Ganteinbein & Guus G. Schoonman
A minority of headache patients have a secondary headache disorder. The medical literature presents and promotes red flags to increase the likelihood of identifying a secondary etiology. In this review, we aim to discuss the incidence and prevalence of secondary headaches as well as the data on sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of red flags for secondary headaches. We review the following red flags: (1) systemic symptoms including fever; (2) neoplasm history; (3) neurologic deficit...

Delivery of mesenchymal stem cells-derived extracellular vesicles with enriched miR-185 inhibits progression of OPMD

Lin Wang, Panpan Yin, Jiaqi Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Zheng Sun, Yu Zhou & Xiaobing Guan
Oral leukoplakia is one of the most common oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and its malignant transformation to oral cancer is highly associated with chronic inflammation. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) or exosome-delivered microRNAs modulate inflammatory responses and alleviate irritations that predisposes to cancer. We previously reported that microRNA-185 (miR-185) was significantly decreased in the buccal tissue of patients with oral cancer. In this study, we utilized genetically modified mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived EVs with high...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    14

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    12
  • Text
    2

Affiliations

  • Johns Hopkins University
    14
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    4
  • Zhejiang University
    4
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    4
  • Sichuan University
    4
  • Fudan University
    4
  • Henan University
    2
  • Minzu University of China
    2
  • North West Agriculture and Forestry University
    2
  • Shanghai University of Sport
    2