Tracing microtubule centerlines in serial section electron tomography requires microtubules to be stitched across sections, that is lines from different sections need to be aligned, endpoints need to be matched at section boundaries to establish a correspondence between neighboring sections, and corresponding lines need to be connected across multiple sections. We present computational methods for these tasks: 1) An initial alignment is computed using a distance compatibility graph. 2) A fine alignment is then computed...
Data from: Genome dynamics of hybrid Saccharomyces cerevisiae during vegetative and meiotic divisionsAbhishek Dutta, , Ajith V. Pankajam, Parijat Chakraborty, Nahush Bhat, Lars M. Steinmetz & Nishant K. Thazath
Mutation and recombination are the major sources of genetic diversity in all organisms. In the baker's yeast, all mutation rate estimates are in homozygous background. We determined the extent of genetic change through mutation and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in a heterozygous Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome during successive vegetative and meiotic divisions. We measured genome wide LOH and base mutation rates during vegetative and meiotic divisions in a hybrid (S288c/YJM789) S. cerevisiae strain. The S288c/YJM789 hybrid...
Data from: Structural reorganization of the chromatin remodeling enzyme Chd1 upon engagement with nucleosomesRamasubramanian Sundaramoorthy, Amanda L. Hughes, Vijender Singh, Nicola Wiechens, Daniel P. Ryan, Hassane El-Mkami, Maxim Petoukhov, Dmitri I. Svergun, Barbara Treutlein, Salina Quack, Monika Fischer, Jens Michaelis, Bettina Böttcher, David G. Norman & Tom Owen-Hughes
The yeast Chd1 protein acts to position nucleosomes across genomes. Here, we model the structure of the Chd1 protein in solution and when bound to nucleosomes. In the apo state, the DNA-binding domain contacts the edge of the nucleosome while in the presence of the non-hydrolyzable ATP analog, ADP-beryllium fluoride, we observe additional interactions between the ATPase domain and the adjacent DNA gyre 1.5 helical turns from the dyad axis of symmetry. Binding in this...
Data from: Signals from the brain and olfactory epithelium control shaping of the mammalian nasal capsule cartilageMarketa Kaucka, Julian Petersen, Marketa Tesarova, Bara Szarowska, Maria Eleni Kastriti, Meng Xie, Anna Kicheva, Karl Annusver, Maria Kasper, Orsolya Symmons, Leslie Pan, Francois Spitz, Jozef Kaiser, Maria Hovorakova, Tomas Zikmund, Kazunori Sunadome, Michael P. Matise, Hui Wang, Ulrika Marklund, Hind Abdo, Patrik Ernfors, Pascal Maire, Maud Wurmser, Andrei S. Chagin, Kaj Fried … & Igor Adameyko
Facial shape is the basis for facial recognition and categorization. Facial features reflect the underlying geometry of the skeletal structures. Here we reveal that cartilaginous nasal capsule (corresponding to upper jaw and face) is shaped by signals generated by neural structures: brain and olfactory epithelium. Brain-derived Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) enables the induction of nasal septum and posterior nasal capsule, whereas the formation of a capsule roof is controlled by signals from the olfactory epithelium. Unexpectedly,...
Data from: A chemical-genomic screen of neglected antibiotics reveals illicit transport of kasugamycin and blasticidin SAnthony L. Shiver, Hendrik Osadnik, George Kritikos, Bo Li, Nevan Krogan, Athanasios Typas & Carol A. Gross
Fighting antibiotic resistance requires a deeper understanding of the genetic factors that determine the antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria. Here we describe a chemical-genomic screen in Escherichia coli K-12 that was designed to discover new aspects of antibiotic resistance by focusing on a set of 26 antibiotics and other stresses with poorly characterized mode-of-action and determinants of resistance. We show that the screen identifies new resistance determinants for these antibiotics including a common signature from two...
Data from: Recruitment dynamics of ESCRT-III and Vps4 to endosomes and implications for reverse membrane buddingManuel Alonso Y. Adell, Simona M. Migliano, Srigokul Upadhyayula, Yury S. Bykov, Simon Sprenger, Mehrshad Pakdel, Georg F. Vogel, Gloria Jih, Wesley Skillern, Reza Behrouzi, Markus Babst, Oliver Schmidt, Michael W. Hess, John A.G. Briggs, Tomas Kirchhausen, David Teis & John AG Briggs
The ESCRT machinery mediates reverse membrane scission. By quantitative fluorescence lattice light-sheet microscopy, we have shown that ESCRT-III subunits polymerize rapidly on yeast endosomes, together with the recruitment of at least two Vps4 hexamers. During their 3-45 second lifetimes, the ESCRT-III assemblies accumulated 75-200 Snf7 and 15-50 Vps24 molecules. Productive budding events required at least two additional Vps4 hexamers. Membrane budding was associated with continuous, stochastic exchange of Vps4 and ESCRT-III components, rather than steady...
Transcription factors bind low-affinity DNA sequences for only short durations. It is not clear how brief, low-affinity interactions can drive efficient transcription. Here we report that the transcription factor Ultrabithorax (Ubx) utilizes low-affinity binding sites in the Drosophila melanogaster shavenbaby (svb) locus and related enhancers in nuclear microenvironments of high Ubx concentrations. Related enhancers colocalize to the same microenvironments independently of their chromosomal location, suggesting that microenvironments are highly differentiated transcription domains. Manipulating the affinity...
3D time-lapse imaging of nucleoporins
European Molecular Biology Laboratory8
European Molecular Biology Laboratory4
Howard Hughes Medical Institute1
University of Pennsylvania1
University of California System1
University of North Carolina1
Zuse Institute Berlin1
University of St Andrews1
University of Ulm1