46 Works

О возможном генезисе стихотворения В. Ф. Ходасевича \"Друзья, друзья! Быть может, скоро...\"

Елена Закрыжевская
В статье рассматривается стихотворение В. Ф. Ходасевича «Друзья, друзья! Быть может, скоро...» (1921) в контексте балетного искусства, любителем и знатоком которого был поэт. Делаются некоторые предположения о пушкинском происхождении балетной темы, а также производится попытка связать образы стихотворения Ходасевича с образами балета П. И. Чайковского «Щелкунчик». Ключевые слова: стиховедение, В. Ф. Ходасевич, «Тяжелая лира», А. С. Пушкин, П. И. Чайковский, балет, «Щелкунчик», А. А. Горский, Н. Н. Берберова. The article examines one of the poems...

Натуралистический нарратив о неврастении и дегенерации и русский символистский роман: О влиянии сборника А. В. Амфитеатрова «Психопаты» на роман Ф. Сологуба «Мелкий бес»

Дмитрий Зайцев
Статья посвящена анализу взаимосвязей традиции литературного натурализма и русского символистского романа. Как мы покажем, роман Ф. Сологуба «Мелкий бес» создавался под влиянием натуралистического нарратива о неврастении и дегенерации, в качестве примера которого выбран сборник рассказов А. В. Амфитеатрова «Психопаты». Ключевые слова: натурализм, символизм, неврастения, дегенерация, Ф. Сологуб, А. В. Амфитеатров.

Digital core simulator - a promising method for developming hard-to-recover oil reserves technology

V.B. Betelin, V.A. Galkin, A.V. Shpilman & N.N. Smirnova
Territory of Russia, which occupies 12.8% of the Earth's territory, contains 12-13% of the forecast resources, and about 12% of the discovered oil reserves. Russia's proven oil reserves amount to approximately 13.9 billion tons of oil as of January 1, 2017 (~101 billion barrels). Oil recovery factor for proved reserves is ~17%. The increase of oil recovery factor represents a huge stockpile for raising the level of oil production in the country at low costs....

Личность и поэзия А. С. Пушкина в контексте литературно-критических работ Вл. С. Соловьева о русской поэзии

Ангелина Балабаева
В статье рассматривается концептуальное значение фигуры А. С. Пушкина для представлений Вл. С. Соловьева об истории русской поэзии. Пушкинская поэзия в построениях Соловьева становится основой для формирования литературной родословной поэтов и поиска новых путей развития поэзии. Ключевые слова: Вл. С. Соловьев, А. С. Пушкин, литературная критика, русская поэзия XIX века, философия.

Phylogeny and biogeography of the northern temperate genus Dracocephalum s.l. (Lamiaceae)

Ya-Ping Chen, Turginov Turdimatovich, Maxim Nuraliev, Predrag Lazarević, Bryan Drew & Chun-Lei Xiang
The northern temperate genus Dracocephalum consists of approximately 70 species mainly distributed in the steppe-desert biomes of Central and West Asia and the alpine region of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP). Previous work has shown that Dracocephalum is not monophyletic and might include Hyssopus and Lallemantia. This study attempts to clarify the phylogenetic relationships, diversification patterns, and the biogeographical history of the three genera (defined as Dracocephalum s.l.). Based on a sampling of 66 taxa comprising...

Basic income as a tool to support aggregate demand

Askar Akaev, Alexander Petryakov, Nauryz Baizakov & Zoltán Zéman
The developed economies of the world are now facing new challenges, the main of which are: the degree of human participation in the production process, in which it will not be an “appendage” of new intelligent systems; prevention of further social and economic polarization of society; development of new economic tools to mitigate the negative effects of extensive digitalization of production and services. This paper shows that conditional basic income as a macroeconomic policy tool...

The Kartarpur Pilgrimage Corridor: Negotiating the ‘Line of Mutual Hatred’

Anna V. Bochkovskaya, Lomonosov Moscow State University Anna V. Bochkovskaya, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Eurasian pollen data from 21 kiloannum to the present

A. Binney. H., A. Lozhkin, P Anderson, A. Andreev, E. Bezrukova, T. Blyakharchuk, V. Jankovska, I. Khazhina, S. Krivonogov, K. Kremenetski, E. Novenko, N. Ryabogina, N. Solovieva & V. Zernitzkaya
This dataset contains fossil and modern pollen data collated during a workshop held in the UK in 2008 as part of the NERC (Quantifying and Understanding the Earth System) QUEST programme. The 96 sampling sites are located from 24°E (western Ukraine and Belarus) to easternmost Siberia, and lie north of latitude 40°N. The sample ages range from 21ka to present and are assigned to 1,000 year time slices. The dataset has been checked for consistent...

COVID-19 first lockdown as a window into language acquisition: associations between caregiver-child activities and vocabulary gains

Natalia Kartushina, Nivedita Mani, Aslı Aktan-Erciyes, Khadeejah Alaslani, Naomi Aldrich, Alaa Almohammadi, Haifa Alroqi, Lucy Anderson, Elena Andonova, Suzanne Aussems, Mireille Babineau, Mihaela Barokova, Christina Bergmann, Cara Cashon, Stephanie Custode, Alex de Carvalho, Nevena Dimitrova, Agnieszka Dynak, Rola Farah, Christopher Fennell, Anne-Caroline Fiévet, Michael Frank, Margarita Gavrilova, Hila Gendler-Shalev & Shannon Gibson
The COVID-19 pandemic, and the resulting closure of daycare centers worldwide, led to unprecedented changes in children’s learning environments. This period of increased time at home with caregivers, with limited access to external sources (e.g., daycares) provides a unique opportunity to examine the associations between the caregiver-child activities and children’s language development. The vocabularies of 1742 children aged 8-36 months across 13 countries and 12 languages were evaluated at the beginning and end of the...

Differential activation of c-Fos and Egr1 during development of the mouse visual cortex

Alexander Lazutkin, Anna Ivanova, Pavel Rogozin, Grigori Enikolopov & Konstantin Anokhin
Critical periods (CP) in brain development are associated with profound changes in gene expression cascades. Here we examine the expression of the immediate early genes c-Fos and Egr1 at different stages of mouse visual cortex (VC) development. Mice 11, 25, and 50 days of age were maintained under standard light-dark conditions, deprived of light for 5 days, or deprived of light for 5 days and then exposed to light for 90 min. Their brains were...

Digital research materials of spectral data for the article: [3+2]-Cycloaddition of azomethine ylides to 5-methylidene-3-aryl-2-сhalcogen-imidazolones: Access to dispiro indolinone-pyrrolidine-imidazolones

Elena Beloglazkina
Digital research materials of NMR spectral data for the article "[3+2]-Cycloaddition of azomethine ylides to 5-methylidene-3-aryl-2-сhalcogen-imidazolones: access to dispiro indolinone-pyrrolidine-imidazolones" submitted to the Royal Society Open Science. NMR spectra were recorded on Bruker Avance 400 and Agilent MR-400 spectrometers in DMSO-d6 and C6D6. Chemical shifts were measured relative to residual solvent signals and referenced in parts per million to TMS. Original fid files are presented, which can be opened, for example, using the ASD Labs...

Data from: Colonizing the wild west: low diversity of complete mitochondrial genomes in western North Pacific killer whales suggests a founder effect

Olga A. Filatova, Ekaterina A. Borisova, Ilya G. Meshchersky, Maria D. Logacheva, Nataliia V. Kuzkina, Olga V. Shpak, Phillip A. Morin, Erich Hoyt & Ilya G Meschersky
In the North Pacific, fish-eating R-type “resident” and mammal-eating T-type “transient” killer whales do not interbreed and differ in ecology and behavior. Full-length mitochondrial genomes (about 16.4 kbp) were sequenced and assembled for 12 R-type and 14 T-type killer whale samples from different areas of the western North Pacific. All R-type individuals had the same haplotype, previously described for R-type killer whales from both eastern and western North Pacific. However, haplotype diversity of R-type killer...

Data from: Isotopic evidence for oligotrophication of terrestrial ecosystems

Joseph M. Craine, Andrew J. Elmore, Lixin Wang, Julieta Aranibar, Marijn Bauters, Pascal Boeckx, Brooke E. Crowley, Melissa A. Dawes, Sylvain Delzon, Alex Fajardo, Yunting Fang, Lei Fujiyoshi, Alan Gray, Rossella Guerrieri, Michael J. Gundale, David J. Hawke, Peter Hietz, Mathieu Jonard, Elizabeth Kearsley, Tanaka Kenzo, Mikhail Makarov, Sara Marañón-Jiménez, Terrence P. McGlynn, Brenden E. McNeil, Stella G. Mosher … & Katarzyna Zmudczyńska-Skarbek
Human societies depend on an Earth System that operates within a constrained range of nutrient availability, yet the recent trajectory of terrestrial nitrogen (N) availability is uncertain. Examining patterns of foliar N concentrations ([N]) and isotope ratios (15N) from more than 42,000 samples acquired over 37 years, here we show that foliar [N] declined by 8% and foliar 15N declined by 0.8 – 1.9 ‰. Examining patterns across different climate spaces, foliar 15N declined across...

О влиянии «Кандида» Вольтера и «Тристрама Шенди» Лоренса Стерна на «Нос» Н. В. Гоголя и «Село Степанчиково» Ф. М. Достоевского

Елена Петрова
Статья посвящена проблеме влияния полемики Л. Стерна и Вольтера на повесть Н. В. Гоголя и пародирующую ее повесть Ф. М. Достоевского. В исследовании поднимается вопрос о восприятии романа Лоренса Стерна «Тристрам Шенди» Гоголем и Достоевским в том числе и как сатиры на «Кандида» Вольтера и подспудно — на любовно-авантюрные романы грече-ского типа. Ключевые слова: Л. Стерн, Вольтер, Н. В. Гоголь, Ф. М. Достоевский, пародия, литературная традиция, сатира, травестия, сюжетная схема, рецеп-ция, интертекст. The article is...

От культа Ленина к культу Сталина: Стратегии деперсонификации ленинского образа в некрологической лирике в связи с его вытеснением сталинским quasi‒мифом

Дмитрий Цыганов
В статье предпринимается попытка рассмотрения корпуса некрологической лирики («траурного дискурса») 1924 года в связи с протекавшим в 30‒50-е годы процессом трансформации культа вождя и перехода от культа В. Ленина к культу И. Сталина. Отдельное внимание уделяется вопросам, связанным с переосмыслением статуса ленинского тела, а также стратегиям деперсонификации и эмблематизации ленинского образа. На основе литературного и историко‒культурного материала нами моделируется вероятная траектория вытеснения образа Ленина сталинским quasi‒мифом и относительная хронология последующего оформления этого мифа в качестве...

Data from: Intercontinental genetic structure and gene flow in Dunlin (Calidris alpina), a potential vector of avian influenza

Mark P. Miller, Susan M. Haig, Thomas D. Mullins, Luzhang Ruan, Bruce Casler, Alexei Dondua, H. River Gates, J. Matthew Johnson, Steve Kendall, Pavel S. Tomkovich, Diane Tracy, Olga P. Valchuk & Richard B. Lanctot
Waterfowl (Anseriformes) and shorebirds (Charadriiformes) are the most common wild vectors of influenza A viruses. Due to their migratory behavior, some may transmit disease over long distances. Migratory connectivity studies can link breeding and nonbreeding grounds while illustrating potential interactions among populations that may spread diseases. We investigated Dunlin (Calidris alpina), a shorebird with a subspecies (C. a. arcticola) that migrates from nonbreeding areas endemic to avian influenza in eastern Asia to breeding grounds in...

Data from: Shedding light on a cryptic cavernicole: a second species of Zenkevitchia Birstein (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Typhlogammaridae) discovered via molecular techniques

Dmitry A. Sidorov, Andrey A. Gontcharov, Dmitry M. Palatov, Steven J. Taylor, Alexander A. Semenchenko, Steven Taylor & Dmitry Palatov
The Abkhazian region, in the southern foothills of the Caucasus Mountain Range, comprises a unique natural environment containing numerous subterranean habitats with relict and endemic lineages of obligate stygofauna. We aimed to assess the molecular phylogenetic relationships of Typhlogammaridae species from Balkan and Transcaucasian caves using the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) in hopes of discovering previously undetected biodiversity. Our results showed molecular divergence within the genus Zenkevitchia Birstein, with two distinct groups located...

Data from: Candidate genes for colour and vision exhibit signals of selection across the pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) breeding range

Paula K. Lehtonen, Toni Laaksonen, Aleksandr V. Artemyev, Eugen Belskii, Paul R. Berg, Christiaan Both, Laura Buggiotti, Stanislav Bureš, Malcolm D. Burgess, Andrey V. Bushuev, Indrikis Krams, Juan Moreno, Marko Mägi, Andreas Nord, Jaime Potti, Pierre-Alain Ravussin, Glenn Peter Sætre, Paivi Sirkiä, Wolfgang Winkel & Craig R. Primmer
The role of natural selection in shaping adaptive trait differentiation in natural populations has long been recognized. Determining its molecular basis, however, remains a challenge. Here, we search for signals of selection in candidate genes for colour and its perception in a passerine bird. Pied flycatcher plumage varies geographically in both its structural and pigment-based properties. Both characteristics appear to be shaped by selection. A single-locus outlier test revealed two of fourteen loci to exhibit...

Relict permafrost features identification in landscape and deposits of Borisoglebsk Upland, Central European Russia

Ekaterina V. Garankina , Vasily A. Lobkov , Ilya G. Shorkunov & Vladimir R. Belyaev
Relict permafrost features (RPF) indicated by specific patterns of soil, sedimentary and landform structure are characteristic of Central Russian Plain watersheds. Paleocryogenic polygonal networks appear in a pattern of semi-regular spots, blocks and polygons on the surface usually associated with pseudomorphs of ice wedges or sand casts in correlated deposits. This research aimed at distinguishing RPF in sedimentary structure and its correlation with the modern and paleolandscape structure of 3 ha watershed area exposed in...

Gulf of Maine genotypes for 'Species identification based on a semi-diagnostic marker: evaluation of a simple conchological test for distinguishing blue mussels Mytilus edulis L. and M. trossulus Gould'

Sarah Kingston, Vadim Khaitov, Julia Marchenko, Marina Katolikova, Risto Väinölä, David Carlon, Michael Gantsevich & Petr Strelkov
These are genotype calls for Gulf of Maine samples associated with the paper 'Species identification based on a semi-diagnostic marker: evaluation of a simple conchological test for distinguishing blue mussels Mytilus edulis L. and M. trossulus Gould'.

Data from: Transcriptome-based phylogeny of endemic Lake Baikal amphipod species flock: fast speciation accompanied by frequent episodes of positive selection

Sergey A. Naumenko, Maria D. Logacheva, Nina V. Popova, Anna V. Klepikova, Aleksey A. Penin, Georgii A. Bazykin, Anna E. Etingova, Nikolai S. Mugue, Alexey S. Kondrashov & Lev Y. Yampolsky
Endemic species flocks inhabiting ancient lakes, oceanic islands and other long-lived isolated habitats are often interpreted as adaptive radiations. Yet molecular evidence for directional selection during species flocks radiation is scarce. Using partial transcriptomes of 64 species of Lake Baikal (Siberia, Russia) endemic amphipods and two non-endemic outgroups, we report a revised phylogeny of this species flock, and analyze evidence for positive selection within the endemic lineages. We confirm two independent invasions of amphipods into...

Data from: Interspecific transfer of parasites following a range-shift in Ficedula flycatchers

William Jones, Katarzyna Kulma, Staffan Bensch, Mariusz Cichoń, Anvar Kerimov, Miloš Krist, Toni Laaksonen, Juan Moreno, Pavel Munclinger, Fred Slater, Eszter Szöllősi, Marcel E. Visser, Anna Qvarnström & Fred M. Slater
Human-induced climate change is expected to cause major biotic changes in species distributions and thereby including escalation of novel host-parasite associations. Closely related host species that come into secondary contact are especially likely to exchange parasites and pathogens. Two competing theories, the Enemy Release Hypothesis, where invading hosts escape their original parasites; and the Novel Weapon Hypothesis, where invading hosts bring new parasites that have detrimental effects on native hosts, have been described to predict...

Data from: Extensive phenotypic diversification coexists with little genetic divergence and a lack of population structure in the White Wagtail subspecies complex (Motacilla alba)

Georgy A. Semenov, Evgeniy A. Koblik, Yaroslav A. Red'kin & Alexander V. Badyaev
Geographically clustered phenotypes often demonstrate consistent patterns in molecular markers, particularly mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) traditionally used in phylogeographic studies. However distinct evolutionary trajectories among traits and markers can lead to their discordance. First, geographic structure in phenotypic traits and nuclear molecular markers can be co-aligned but inconsistent with mtDNA (mito-nuclear discordance). Alternatively, phenotypic variation can have little to do with patterns in neither mtDNA nor nuclear markers. Disentangling between these distinct patterns can provide insight...

Data from: Bursts of amino acid replacements in protein evolution

Anastasia V. Stolyarova, Georgii A. Bazykin, Tatiana V. Neretina & Alexey S. Kondrashov
Evolution can occur both gradually and through alternating episodes of stasis and rapid changes. However, the prevalence and magnitude of fluctuations of the rate of evolution remains obscure. Detecting a rapid burst of changes requires a detailed record of past evolution, so that events that occurred within a short time interval can be identified. Here, we use the phylogenies of the Baikal Lake amphipods and of Catarrhini, which contain very short internal edges facilitating this...

Data from: Peculiar macrophagous adaptations in a new Cretaceous pliosaurid

Valentin Fischer, Maxim S. Arkhangelsky, Ilya M. Stenshin, Gleb N. Uspensky, Nikolay G. Zverkov & Roger B. J. Benson
During the Middle and Late Jurassic, pliosaurid plesiosaurs evolved gigantic body size and a series of craniodental adaptations that have been linked to the occupation of an apex predator niche. Cretaceous pliosaurids (i.e. Brachaucheninae) depart from this morphology, being slightly smaller and lacking the macrophagous adaptations seen in earlier forms. However, the fossil record of Early Cretaceous pliosaurids is poor, concealing the evolution and ecological diversity of the group. Here, we report a new pliosaurid...

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