7 Works

Data from: Differential responses of marine communities to natural and anthropogenic changes

Michal Kowalewski, Jacelyn M. Wittmer, Troy A. Dexter, Alessandro Amorosi & Daniele Scarponi
Responses of ecosystems to environmental changes vary greatly across habitats, organisms, and observational scales. The Quaternary fossil record of the Po Basin demonstrates that marine communities of Northern Adriatic reemerged unchanged following the most recent glaciation, which lasted ~100,000 years. The Late Pleistocene and Holocene interglacial ecosystems were both dominated by the same species, species turnover rates approximated predictions of resampling models of a homogenous system, and comparable bathymetric gradients in species composition, sample-level diversity,...

Data from: How much would it cost to monitor farmland biodiversity in Europe?

Ilse R. Geijzendorffer, Stefano Targetti, Manuel K. Schneider, Dick J. Brus, Philippe Jeanneret, Robert H. G. Jongman, Martin Knotters, Davide Viaggi, Siyka Angelova, Michaela Arndorfer, Debra Bailey, Katalin Balzacs, András Báldim, Marion M. B. Bogers, Robert G.H. Bunce, Jean-Philippe Choisis, Peter Dennis, Sebastian Eiter, Wendy Fjellstad, Jürgen F. Friedel, Tiziano Gomiero, Arjan Griffioen, Max Kainz, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Gisela Lüscher … & András Báldi
To evaluate progress on political biodiversity objectives, biodiversity monitoring provides information on whether intended results are being achieved. Despite scientific proof that monitoring and evaluation increase the (cost) efficiency of policy measures, cost estimates for monitoring schemes are seldom available, hampering their inclusion in policy programme budgets. Empirical data collected from 12 case studies across Europe were used in a power analysis to estimate the number of farms that would need to be sampled per...

Data from: Choosy wolves? Heterozygote advantage but no evidence of MHC-based disassortative mating

Marco Galaverni, Romolo Caniglia, Pietro Milanesi, Silvana Lapalombella, Elena Fabbri & Ettore Randi
A variety of nonrandom mate choice strategies, including disassortative mating, are used by vertebrate species to avoid inbreeding, maintain heterozygosity and increase fitness. Disassortative mating may be mediated by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC), an important gene cluster controlling immune responses to pathogens. We investigated the patterns of mate choice in 26 wild-living breeding pairs of gray wolf (Canis lupus) that were identified through noninvasive genetic methods and genotyped at 3 MHC class II and...

Data from: Early replication dynamics of sex-linked mitochondrial DNAs in the doubly uniparental inheritance species Ruditapes philippinarum (Bivalvia Veneridae)

Davide Guerra, Fabrizio Ghiselli, Liliana Milani, Sophie Breton & Marco Passamonti
Mitochondrial homoplasmy, which is maintained by strictly maternal inheritance and a series of bottlenecks, is thought to be an adaptive condition for metazoans. Doubly uniparental inheritance (DUI) is a unique mode of mitochondrial transmission found in bivalve species, in which two distinct mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) lines are present, one inherited through eggs (F) and one through sperm (M). During development, the two lines segregate in a sex- and tissue-specific manner: females lose M during embryogenesis,...

Data from: Genetic architecture of adaptation to novel environmental conditions in a predominantly selfing allopolyploid plant

Sergei Volis, Danara Ormanbekova, Kanat Yermekbayev, Saule Abugalieva, Yerlan Turuspekov & Irina Shulgina
Genetic architecture of adaptation is traditionally studied in the context of local adaptation, viz. spatially varying conditions experienced by the species. However, human made changes in the natural environment pose a new context to this issue, i.e. adaptation to an environment that is new for the species. In this study, we used crossbreeding to analyze genetic architecture of adaptation to conditions not currently experienced by the species but with high probability of encounter in the...

Data from: How a haemosporidian parasite of bats gets around: the genetic structure of a parasite, vector and host compared

Fardo Witsenburg, Laura Clément, Ludovic Dutoit, Adrià López-Baucells, Jorge Palmeirim, Dino Scaravelli, Martin Ševčík, Nicolas Salamin, Jérôme Goudet, Philippe Christe & Igor Pavlinić
Parasite population structure is often thought to be largely shaped by that of its host. In the case of a parasite with a complex life cycle, two host species, each with their own patterns of demography and migration, spread the parasite. However, the population structure of the parasite is predicted to resemble only that of the most vagile host species. In this study we tested this prediction in the context of a vector-transmitted parasite. We...

Data from: Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

Juliane Liepe, Hermann-Georg Holzhütter, Elena Bellavista, Peter M. Kloetzel, Michael P. H. Stumpf & Michele Mishto
Proteasomal protein degradation is a key determinant of protein half-life and hence of cellular processes ranging from basic metabolism to a host of immunological processes. Despite its importance the mechanisms regulating proteasome activity are only incompletely understood. Here we use an iterative and tightly integrated experimental and modelling approach to develop, explore and validate mechanistic models of proteasomal peptide-hydrolysis dynamics. The 20S proteasome is a dynamic enzyme and its activity varies over time because of...

Registration Year

  • 2015
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Affiliations

  • University of Bologna
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  • Charité
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  • University of Padua
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  • Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics
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  • Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
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  • Estonian University of Life Sciences
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  • Aberystwyth University
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  • University of Montreal
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  • University of Extremadura
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  • University of Toulouse
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