11 Works

Dataframe from: Diversity of European habitat types is correlated with geography more than climate and human pressure

Marco Cervellini, Michele Di Musciano, Piero Zannini, Simone Fattorini, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Emiliano Agrillo, Fabio Attorre, Pierangela Angelini, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Laura Casella, Richard Field, Jan-Christopher Fischer, Piero Genovesi, Samuel Hoffmann, Severin D.H. Irl, Juri Nascimbene, Duccio Rocchini, Manuel Steinbauer, Ole R. Vetaas & Alessandro Chiarucci
We generated this dataframe to model EU habitat richness at continental scale as a function of geographical, climate and anthropogenic variables (please, see Material and Method section in the published paper version for all the details). We found geographical variables were by far the most strongly correlated with habitat richness, followed by climate. However, anthropogenic variables gained importance when consindering their interactions, with important implications for conservation planning.

Macroevolutionary analyses provide new evidence of phasmid wings evolution as a reversible process

Andrea Luchetti, Giobbe Forni & Jacopo Martelossi
The concept that complex ancestral traits can never be re-acquired after their loss is still widely accepted, despite phylogenetic and molecular approaches suggesting instances where phenotypes may have been lost throughout the evolutionary history of a clade and subsequently reverted back in derived lineages. One of the first and most notable examples of such a process is wing evolution in phasmids; this polyneopteran order of insects, which comprises stick and leaf insects, has played a...

A comparative study on the stability of the furfural molecule on the low index Ni, Pd and Pt surfaces

Alveena Z. Khan, Jacob Alitt, Rhiannon Germaney, Ikutaro Hamada, Peter P. Wells, Nikolaos Dimitratos, C. Richard A. Catlow, Alberto Villa & Arunabhiram Chutia
We present a comparative density functional theory investigation of the furfural (Ff ) molecule on the low index Ni, Pd and Pt surfaces to understand its geometrical and electronic properties to gain mechanistic insights into the experimentally measured catalytic reactivities of these metal catalysts. We show that the number of metal d-states, which hybridize with the nearest C and O p-orbitals of the Ff molecule, can be used to explain the stability of the Ff...

Cross-biome synthesis of source versus sink limits to tree growth

Antoine Cabon, Steven A. Kannenberg, Flurin Babst, Dennis Baldocchi, Soumaya Belmecheri, Nicolas Delpierre, Rossella Guerrieri, Justin Maxwell, Shawn McKenzie, Chritoforos Pappas, Adrian Rocha, Paul Szejner, Masahito Ueyama, Danielle Ulrich, Caroline Vincke, Jingshu Wei, David Woodruff, Altaf Arain, Rick Meinzer, David J. P. Moore, Steven L. Voelker, William R. L. Anderegg & Frederick C. Meinzer
Uncertainties surrounding tree carbon allocation to growth are a major limitation to projections of forest carbon sequestration and response to climate change. The prevalence and extent to which carbon assimilation (source) or cambial activity (sink) mediate wood production are fundamentally important and remain elusive. We quantified source-sink relations across biomes by combining eddy-covariance gross primary production with extensive on-site and regional tree ring observations. We found widespread temporal decoupling between carbon assimilation and tree growth,...

Classi dirigenti nell'Italia unita: tra gruppi e territori

Mario De Prospo
[Italiano]: Quest’opera nasce a partire dagli interventi presentati nel corso del seminario di ricerca della Società Italiana per lo Studio della Storia Contemporanea (SISSCO) dal titolo Classi dirigenti e territori in età contemporanea. Asimmetrie tra centri e periferie, continuità e discontinuità. Il caso italiano (1861-2015), organizzato tra fine 2016 e inizio 2017, con il coordinamento del Centro di ricerca “Guido Dorso” per lo studio del pensiero meridionalistico di Avellino. Il volume è stato concepito come un’opportunità per...

Rilievo con laser scanning terrestre dei vulcani di fango della Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano

Arianna Pesci, Fabiana Loddo, Giordano Teza, Nicola Cenni, Massimo Bacchetti, Antonello Piombo, Serena Venturoli & Marzia Conventi
Mud volcanoes are mud emissions generated by the rising gas from deep hydrocarbon deposits. The extruded material is mainly composed of methane, fossil salt water and clays, and results deposited on the ground forming cones and pools. The Salse di Nirano reserve is one of the oldest and ancient example of geological protected area, in Italy and in Europe. In this technical report it is widely described the terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) measurement campaign performed...

A deglacial hazard cascade exemplified by the landslide, tsunami and outburst flood at Elliot Creek, Southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia, Canada

Marten Geertsema, Brian Menounos, Gemma Bullard, Jonathan Carrivick, John Clague, Chunli Dai, Davide Donati, Goran Ekstrom, Jennifer Jackson, Patrick Lynett, Manuele Pichierri, Andy Pon, Dan Shugar, Doug Stead, Justin Del Bel Belluz, Pierre Friele, Ian Giesbrecht, Derek Heathfield, Tom Millard, Sasha Nasonova, Andrew Schaeffer, Brent Ward, Darren Blaney, Erik Blaney, Camille Brillon … & Meghan Sharp
We describe and model the evolution of a recent landslide and outburst flood in the southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia, Canada. About 18 Mm3 of rock descended 1000 m from a steep valley wall and traveled across the toe of a glacier before entering a 0.6 km2 glacier lake and producing a >100-m high wave. Water overtopped the lake outlet and scoured a 10-km long channel before depositing debris on a 2 km2 fan below...

Habitats as predictors in species distribution models: Shall we use continuous or binary data?

Lukáš Gábor, Petr Keil, Alejandra Zarzo-Arias, Charles Marsh, Petra Šímová, Duccio Rocchini, Marco Malavasi, Bartak & Vitezslav Moudry
The representation of a land cover type (i.e., habitat) within an area is often used as an explanatory variable in species distribution models. However, it is possible that a simple binary presence/absence of the suitable habitat might be the most important determinant of the presence/absence of some species and, thus, be a better predictor of species occurrence than the continuous parameter (area). We hypothesize that the binary predictor is more suitable for relatively rare habitats...

Countering misinformation in and from the newsroom: How digital platforms redefine journalistic practice and the democratic role of news media

Eva Mayerhöffer, Marinella Belluati, Brooks DeCillia, Leen d’Haenens, Alice Fubini, Wai Han Lo, Enrique Núñez-Mussa, Jón Gunnar Ólafsson & Rossella Rega

A ten-year (2009-2018) database of cancer mortality rates in Italy

Arianna Di Paola, Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, Alfonso Monaco, Alena Velichevskaya, Nicola Amoroso & Roberto Bellotti
A ten-year (2009-2018) database on cancer mortality rates (in the form of Standardized Mortality Ratios, SMR) for 23 cancer macro-types, as defined by the International ICD-10 classification system, is presented. SMR was computed over Italy at municipal, provincial, and regional scale. Our aim is to make easily accessible a comprehensive, ready-to-use and openly accessible source of data on the most updated status of cancer mortality in Italy for local and national stakeholders, researchers and policy...

Positional errors in species distribution modelling are not overcome by the coarser grains of analysis

Lukáš Gábor, Walter Jetz, Muyang Lu, Duccio Rocchini, Anna Cord, Marco Malavasi, Alejandra Zarzo-Arias, Vojtěch Barták & Vítězslav Moudrý
The performance of species distribution models is known to be affected by the analysis grain and the positional error of species occurrences. Coarsening of the spatial analysis grain has been suggested to compensate for positional errors. Nevertheless, this way of dealing with positional errors has never been thoroughly tested. With increasing use of fine-scale environmental data in predictive models developed for conservation and climate change studies it is increasingly important to test this assumption. Species...

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