62 Works

Data from: Abundance of small mammals correlates with their elevational range sizes and elevational distributions in the subtropics

Zhixin Wen, Yongjie Wu, Jilong Cheng, Tianlong Cai, Yuanbao Du, Deyan Ge, Lin Xia & Qisen Yang
The idea that a positive abundance-range size relationship (ARR) is pervasive in nature has been challenged by recent studies focused on montane and island vertebrate assemblages. However, because some of these studies used species’ local abundance and regional or global range size in examining the ARRs, the negative and neutral trends reported are questionable. Here, by relating species’ mean abundance along elevational gradients to elevational range size, we examined the ARRs of non-flying small mammals...

Daily Tourist Volume

Li Cheng
It is the daily tourist volume of Jiuzhai Valley National park, China

Enhanced Heterogenous Hydration of SO2 Through Immobilization of Pyridinic-N on Carbon Materials

Wanglai Cen, Longhua Zou, Ping Yan, Peng Lu, Dongyao Chen & Wei Chu
Carbon materials doped with nitrogen has long been utilized for SO2 removal from flue gases for the benefits of environment. The role of water is generally regarded as hydration of SO3 which is formed through the oxidization of SO2. However, the hydrolysis of SO2, especially on the surface of N doped carbon materials, was almost ignored. In this study, the hydrolysis of SO2 was investigated in detail on the pyridinic nitrogen (PyN) doped graphene (GP)...

Data from: Allopatric divergence and hybridization within Cupressus chengiana (Cupressaceae), a threatened conifer in the northern Hengduan Mountains of western China

Jialiang Li, Richard Ian Milne, Dafu Ru, Jibin Miao, Wenjing Tao, Lei Zhang, Jingjing Xu, Jianquan Liu & Kangshan Mao
Having a comprehensive understanding of population structure, genetic differentiation and demographic history is important for the conservation and management of threatened species. High‐throughput sequencing (HTS) provides exciting opportunities to address a wide range of factors for conservation genetics. Here, we generated HTS data and identified 266,884 high‐quality single nucleotide polymorphisms from 82 individuals of Cupressus chengiana , to assess population genomics across the species' full range, comprising the Daduhe River (DDH), Minjiang River (MJR) and...

Data from: Pternopetalum porphyronotum sp. nov. (Apiaceae) from Sichuan, China

Yan Zhong, Bin Wang, Jia-Zhen Zhang & Jin-Bo Tan
Pternopetalum porphyronotum, a new species from Dafengding Nature Reserve, Sichuan Province, China, is proposed. Diagnostic morphological characters, full description and detailed illustration are given based on the type material. A comparison between this new species and the two most similar congeners are presented.

Data from: Reticulate evolution within a spruce (Picea) species complex revealed by population genomic analysis

Yongshuai Sun, Richard J. Abbott, Zhiqiang Lu, Kangshan Mao, Lei Zhang, Xiaojuan Wang, Dafu Ru & Jianquan Liu
The role of reticulation in the rapid diversification of organisms is attracting greater attention in evolutionary biology. Here, we report a population genomics approach to test the role of hybridization and introgression in the evolution of the Picea likiangensis species complex. Based on 84,793 SNPs detected in transcriptomes of 82 trees collected from 35 localities, we identified 18 hybrids (including backcrosses) distributed within the range boundaries of the four taxa. Coalescent simulations, for each pair...

Population genetic assessment of newly discovered, extremely small populations of Xanthocyparis Vietnamensis from southwestern China

Yu-Liang Jiang, Tsam Ju, Linda Neaves, Jia-Liang Li, Wei-Ning Tan, Yu-Song Huang, Yan Liu & Kang-Shan Mao
Xanthocyparis vietnamensis is an endangered species that is currently restricted to karst montane areas in southwestern China and Vietnam. This rare conifer was first recorded in 2002 from northern Vietnam and then in 2013 from Guangxi, China, yet little is known about its genetic diversity and population structure. We developed expressed sequence tag microsatellite markers (EST-SSR) for X. vietnamensis. Illumina HiSeq data were used to reconstruct the transcriptome of this species by de novo assembly....

Data from: Phylogenetic niche conservatism and variations in species diversity-climate relationships

Qinggang Wang, Yaoqi Li, Dongting Zou, Xiangyan Su, Hongyu Cai, Ao Luo, Ke Jiang, Xiaoling Zhang, Xiaoting Xu, Nawal Shrestha & Zhiheng Wang
Although contemporary climate has been identified as one of the major determinants of large-scale species diversity patterns, its effect on species diversity greatly varies among clades. Understanding the drivers of the variation in species diversity-climate relationships (DCRs) across clades, which is critical for developing general mechanisms underlying the effects of climate on species diversity patterns, remains a current challenge. Using newly compiled distribution data of 914 Rosaceae species in China and a dated genus-level phylogeny,...

Data from: Genetic diversity and differentiation of the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) population in western Sichuan, China, based on the second exon of the major histocompatibility complex class II DQB (MhcMamu-DQB1) alleles

Yong-Fang Yao, Qiu-Xia Dai, Jing Li, Qing-Yong Ni, Ming-Wang Zhang & Huai-Liang Xu
Background: Rhesus macaques living in western Sichuan, China, have been separated into several isolated populations due to habitat fragmentation. Previous studies based on the neutral or nearly neutral markers (mitochondrial DNA or microsatellites) showed high levels of genetic diversity and moderate genetic differentiation in the Sichuan rhesus macaques. Variation at the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) loci is widely accepted as being maintained by balancing selection, even with a low level of neutral variability in some...

Data from: Taylor's Power Law and its decomposition in urban facilities

Liang Wu, Chi Gong & Xin Yan
As one of the few generalities in ecology, Taylor's power law admits a power function relationship $V=aM^{b}$ between the variance $V$ and mean number $M$ of organisms in a quadrat. We examine the spatial distribution data of seven urban service facilities in 37 major cities in China, and find that Taylor's law is validated among all types of facilities. Moreover, Taylor's law is robust if we shift the observation window or vary the size of...

Data from: Diploid hybrid origin of Ostryopsis intermedia (Betulaceae) in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau triggered by Quaternary climate change

Bingbing Liu, Richard J. Abbott, Zhiqiang Lu, Bin Tian & Jianquan Liu
Despite the well known effects that Quaternary climate oscillations had on shaping intraspecific diversity, their role in driving homoploid hybrid speciation is less clear. Here we examine their importance in the putative homoploid hybrid origin and evolution of Ostryopsis intermedia, a diploid species occurring in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP), a biodiversity hotspot. We investigated interspecific relationships between this species and its only other congeners, O. davidiana and O. nobilis, based on four sets of nuclear...

Data from: Demographic expansion and genetic load of the halophyte model plant Eutrema salsugineum

Xiao-Juan Wang, Quan-Jun Hu, Xin-Yi Guo, Kun Wang, Da-Fu Ru, Dmitry A. German, Elizabeth A. Weretilnyk, Richard J. Abbott, Martin Lascoux & Jian-Quan Liu
Eutrema salsugineum is a widely distributed species, which provide a good model to study long-distance dispersal and accumulation of deleterious mutations. Based on population genomic data, we clarified demographic history of E. salsugineum and showed how deleterious alleles accumulated.

Data from: Fe3O4 nanoparticle coated mushroom source biomaterail for Cr(VI) polluted liquid treatment and mechanism research

Can Wang, Huakang Liu, Zizhao Liu, Yufeng Gao, Bin Wu & Heng Xu
Agrocybe cylindracea substrate-Fe3O4 (ACS-Fe3O4), a Fe3O4 nanoparticle coated biomaterial derived from agriculture waste from mushroom cultivating, was investigated to remove the hexavalent chromium ions (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solution. After modification, the material surface become uneven with polyporous and crinkly structure, improving the Cr-accommodation ability in a sound manner. Optimized by Taguchi method, Cr(VI) removal efficiency was up to 73.88% with 240min, 40°C, pH 3, Cr(VI) at 200 mg L-1, dosage at 12 g L-1, rpm...

Data from: A complex pattern of post-divergence expansion, contraction, introgression and asynchronous responses to Pleistocene climate changes in two Dipelta sister species from western China

Bin Tian, Yi Fu, Richard Milne, Kangshan Mao, Yong-Shuai Sun, Xiangguang Ma & Hang Sun
The well-known vicariance and dispersal models dominate in understanding the allopatric pattern for related species and presume the simultaneous occurrence of speciation and biogeographic events. However, the formation of allopatry may postdate the species divergence. We examined this hypothesis using DNA sequence data from 3 chloroplast fragments and 5 nuclear loci of Dipelta floribunda and D. yunnanensis, two shrub species with the circum Sichuan Basin distribution, combining the climatic niche modeling approach. The best-fit model...

Data from: Agreements between industry and academia on publication rights: a retrospective study of protocols and publications of randomized clinical trials

Benjamin Kasenda, Erik Von Elm, John J. You, Anette Blümle, Yuki Tomonaga, Ramon Saccilotto, Alain Amstutz, Theresa Bengough, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Mihaela Stegert, Kelechi K. Olu, Kari A. O. Tikkinen, Ignacio Neumann, Alonso Carrasco-Labra, Markus Faulhaber, Sohail M. Mulla, Dominik Mertz, Elie A. Akl, Dirk Bassler, Jason W. Busse, Ignacio Ferreira-González, Francois Lamontagne, Alain Nordmann, Viktoria Gloy, Heike Raatz … & Matthias Briel
Background: Little is known about publication agreements between industry and academic investigators in trial protocols and the consistency of these agreements with corresponding statements in publications. We aimed to investigate (i) the existence and types of publication agreements in trial protocols, (ii) the completeness and consistency of the reporting of these agreements in subsequent publications, and (iii) the frequency of co-authorship by industry employees. Methods and Findings: We used a retrospective cohort of randomized clinical...

Blow to the Northeast? Intraspecific differentiation of Populus davidiana suggests a northeastward skew of a phylogeographic break boundary in East Asia

Xiaoyan Fan, Xinya Song & Richard I. Milne
Aim: There is increasing interest in the role that biological traits, and historical and biogeographic processes, play in the formation of phylogeographic patterns. An arid belt that once existed in northern China might have affected many plants, but this has yet to be untested in an arid-tolerant, wind-dispersed species. Here we tested how intrinsic and extrinsic factors have affected the phylogeography of Populus davidiana. Location: East Asia Methods: Genetic variation was surveyed across 40 populations...

Flying over phylogeographic breaks by wind: Quaternary evolutionary history of a mountain aspen in southwestern China

Jieshi Tang
The role of phylogeographic break and wind direction in the formation of plant genetic pattern has aroused increasing interest. Two phylogeographic breaks, MSD and TKL, existed in the Sino-Japanese floristic region have affected many plants, but there was no landscape genetic research across these two phylogeographic breaks. Here, we tested the internal and external factors that influence the phylogeographic pattern of Populus rotundifolia. Genetic variation was surveyed across 49 populations (567 individuals) covering the Chinese...

Sinocarum muliense (Apiaceae), a new species from Sichuan, China

Lingjian Gui
Sinocarum muliense (Apiaceae), is proposed as a new species from Sichuan, southwest China. Here is the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences of Sinocarum used in the manuscript.

Seasonal elevational patterns and the underlying mechanisms of avian diversity and community structure on the eastern slope of Mt. Gongga

He Xingcheng
This dataset contains bird survey data (Appedenix 2) and bird trait data (Appedenix 1) in the paper: “He et al. (2022) Seasonal elevational patterns and the underlying mechanisms of avian diversity and community structure on the eastern slope of Mt. Gongga. Diversity and Distributions”. Main results of the paper are that TD, PD and FD showed similar hump-shaped elevational patterns in both seasons. In the breeding season, TD, PD and FD for small-ranged species, were...

Data from: Ferula paeoniifolia sp. nov. (Apiaceae) from Sichuan, China

Xiangguang Ma, Chenyang Liao, Yi Chen & Hanwen Xu
Ferula paeoniifolia X. G. Ma & C. Y. Liao sp. nov., from Sichuan Province, Southwest China, is described and illustrated. The new species is most similar to F. kingdon-wardii Wolff in morphology, but differs significantly in its ternate-2-pinnate compound leaves comprising much broader leaflets. The key morphological characteristics and nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region were also compared between F. paeoniifolia and its relatives, which revealed a new species to Ferula L.

Data from: A consistent species richness-climate relationship for oaks across the Northern Hemisphere

Xiaoting Xu, Dimitar Dimitrov, Nawal Shrestha, Carsten Rahbek & Zhiheng Wang
Aim: Although the effects of climate on species richness are known, regional processes may lead to different species richness-climate relationships across continents resulting in species richness anomalies, especially for tropical groups. Phylogenetic niche conservatism may also influence species richness-climate relationships of different lineages. Here, we tested whether regional effects also exist for temperate lineages using the genus Quercus. Location: Northern Hemisphere Time period: Present day Major taxa studied: Quercus (Fagaceae) Methods: We used a dated...

Data from: Plastic transcriptomes stabilize immunity to pathogen diversity: the jasmonic acid and salicylic acid networks within the Arabidopsis/Botrytis pathosystem

Wei Zhang, Jason A. Corwin, Daniel Copeland, Julie Feusier, Robert Eshbaugh, Fang Chen, Susanna Atwell & Daniel J. Kliebenstein
To respond to pathogen attack, selection and associated evolution has led to the creation of plant immune system that are a highly effective and inducible defense system. Central to this system are the plant defense hormones jasmonic acid (JA) and salicylic acid (SA) and crosstalk between the two, which may play an important role in defense responses to specific pathogens or even genotypes. Here, we used the Arabidopsis-B. cinerea pathosystem to test how the host's...

Data from: Genome sequencing highlights the dynamic early history of dogs

Adam H. Freedman, Ilan Gronau, Rena M. Schweizer, Diego Ortega-Del Vecchyo, Eunjung Han, Pedro M. Silva, Marco Galaverni, Zhenxin Fan, Peter Marx, Belen Lorente-Galdos, Holly Beale, Oscar Ramirez, Farhad Hormozdiari, Can Alkan, Carles Vilà, Kevin Squire, Eli Geffen, Josip Kusak, Adam R. Boyko, Heidi G. Parker, Clarence Lee, Vasisht Tadigotla, Adam Siepel, Carlos D. Bustamante, Timothy T. Harkins … & John Novembre
To identify genetic changes underlying dog domestication and reconstruct their early evolutionary history, we generated high-quality genome sequences from three gray wolves, one from each of the three putative centers of dog domestication, two basal dog lineages (Basenji and Dingo) and a golden jackal as an outgroup. Analysis of these sequences supports a demographic model in which dogs and wolves diverged through a dynamic process involving population bottlenecks in both lineages and post-divergence gene flow....

Data from: Extraction of lotus fibres from lotus stems under microwave irradiation

Cheng Cheng, Ronghui Guo, Jianwu Lan & Shouxiang Jiang
An efficient technology for preparing lotus fibres under microwave irradiation was developed. The lotus fibres were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry. Lotus fibres prepared are a kind of hollow fibres which are composed of a superfine fibre and an external shell. The effect of the treatment time with hydrogen peroxide under microwave irradiation on components, whiteness, moisture regain, removal rate of impurities, fineness, tensile strength and breaking...

Data from: iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analysis on S100 calcium binding protein A2 in metastasis of laryngeal cancer

Cong Zha, Xue-Hua Jiang, Shi Fang Peng & Xue Hua Jiang
Laryngeal cancer is the most frequent neoplasm in the head and neck region, with the vast majority of tumors originating from squamous cells. The survival rate of patients with laryngeal cancer has not improved substantially over the past 25 years. To acquire further knowledge regarding the molecules responsible for laryngeal cancer oncogenesis and, in turn, to improve target therapy,iTRAQ and mass spectrometry analysis were utilized to detect differences in protein expression from 15 paired laryngeal...

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