19 Works

Review of: Ailing in Place

Jerry Paulson & Jennifer A. Mallow
The Journal of Appalachian Health is committed to reviewing published media that relate to contemporary concepts affecting the health of Appalachia. The Appalachian environmental inequities and the health disparities we face have a direct effect on our experience of illness. Dr. Jerome Paulson reviews the book Ailing in Place: Environmental Inequities and Health Disparities in Appalachia.

Characterization of Salix nigra floral insect community and activity of three native Andrena bees

Stephen DiFazio, Sandra Simon, Ken Keefover-Ring, Yong-Lak Park, Gina Wimp & Julianne Grady
Salix nigra (black willow) is a widespread tree that hosts many species of polylectic hymenopterans and oligolectic bees of the genus Andrena. The early flowering of S. nigra makes it an important nutritive resource for insects emerging from hibernation. However, since S. nigra is dioecious, not all insect visits will lead to successful pollination. Using both visual observation and pan-trapping we characterized the community of insects that visited S. nigra flowers and assessed differences among...

America Contacts Congress: Providing Access to U.S. Congressional Correspondence Data

Danielle Emerling
$27,000 to complete a feasibility study that will assess and plan for the future collaborative technical infrastructure for an open-source congressional correspondence data access tool, to improve how libraries process and provide access to large data sets with sensitive information and how scholars and the public use data related to Americans’ civic engagement.

Appalachian Caregiver Perspectives on Childhood Gun Safety in the Home

Dannell Boatman
Background: Childhood gun injuries pose a critical public health challenge. For children, unintentional gun injury deaths primarily occur in the home where parents or other adult guardians, referred to as caregivers hereafter, are responsible for safety. While the American Academic of Pediatrics recommends not having guns in areas where children live and play, firearms are often viewed as normative and fill an important role in many homes. This is particularly true in more rural areas,...

Data from: Botany is the root and the future of invasion biology

Nicholas Kooyers, Brittany Sutherland, Craig Barrett, James Beck, Michael McKain, Maribeth Latvis & Erin Sigel
This dataset was used to create Figure 1 within the linked On the Nature of Things article. The article describes how botanists have historically contributed to the field of invasion biology and why botanists should be an important contributor in the coming years. To make this point, we compared the relative frequencies of google ngrams containing the words 'invasive species', 'invasive plants', or the sum of frequencies from several different animal taxa including: ‘invasive insects’,...

Diabetes Knowledge, Behaviors, and Perceptions of Risk in Rural West Virginia Counties

Ranjita Misra, Sara Farjo, Renee McGinnis, Megan Adelman Elavsky, Summer Kuhn & Catherine Morton-McSwain
Introduction: A little less than half of American adults have diabetes or pre-diabetes. In 2016, West Virginia (WV) had the highest percentage (15.2%) of adults with diagnosed diabetes in the U.S. Purpose: In partnership with the Health Sciences and Technology Academy (HSTA), a cross-sectional study was preformed to assess knowledge, behaviors, and perceptions of diabetes risk. Methods: Data was collected by trained HSTA students and teachers who lived in rural counties in WV. Information was...

Establishing Peer Recovery Support Services to Address the Central Appalachian Opioid Epidemic

Stephen M. Davis, Amanda Stover, Herb Linn, Jon Dower, Dan McCawley, Erin Winstanley & Judith Feinberg
Introduction: Central Appalachia has been disproportionately affected by the opioid epidemic and overdose fatalities. We developed West Virginia Peers Enhancing Education, Recovery, and Survival (WV PEERS), a program based on peer recovery support, to engage individuals using opioids and link them with a range of services. Methods: Community partners providing services to individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) were identified and collaborations were formalized using a standardized memorandum of understanding. The program was structured to...

Case Study of a Comprehensive Team-Based Approach to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening

Lauren E. Wright, Adam Baus, Andrea Calkins, Holly Hartman-Adams, Mary E. Conn, Susan Eason & Stephenie Kennedy-Rea
Introduction: Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men and women in West Virginia. In addition, 51% of all colorectal cancers diagnosed in West Virginia from 2012 to 2016 were detected at either regional (31%) or distant (20%) stages indicating a need for improved early detection. Methods: West Virginia University Cheat Lake Physicians participated in the West Virginia Program to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening, a program of Cancer Prevention and Control...

Data from: Stranger than a scorpion: a reassessment of Parioscorpio venator, a problematic arthropod from the Llandoverian Waukesha Lagerstätte

Evan Anderson, James Schiffbauer, Sarah Jacquet, James Lamsdell, Joanne Kluessendorf & Donald Mikulic
A relatively uncommon arthropod of the Waukesha lagerstätte, Parioscorpio venator, is redescribed as an arthropod bearing a combination of characters that defy ready classification. Diagnostic features include sub-chelate ‘great appendages’, a lack of antennae, multiramous anterior trunk appendages, filamentous fan-like rear trunk appendages, and apparently thin and poorly preserved pleural fields. Phylogenetic analysis resolves this organism as basal to crown-group Mandibulata and Chelicerata, but its exact placement is inconclusive. Thus, we compare its morphology to...

Review of: The Cancer Crisis in Appalachia: Kentucky Students Take Action

Stephenie Kennedy-Rea
The Journal of Appalachian Health is committed to reviewing published media that relates to contemporary concepts affecting the health of Appalachia. With cancer mortality rates higher in rural and Appalachian communities, a focus on how cancer impacts our families and communities is more important than ever. Dr. Stephenie Kennedy-Rea reviews the book The Cancer Crisis in Appalachia: Kentucky Students Take Action.

Addressing Diabetes Distress in Self-Management Programs

Ranjita Misra, Samantha Shawley-Brzoska, Raihan Khan, Brenna Kirk, Sijin Wen & Usha Sambamoorthi
Background: West Virginia ranks 1st nationally in the prevalence of hypertension (HTN; 43.8%) and diabetes (16.2%). Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are distressed over physical and psychological burden of disease self-management. Methods: This study investigated the effectiveness of an intervention to reduce diabetes distress and outcomes [glycemic control, blood pressure (BP)] among T2DM adults with comorbid HTN. Participants were randomized to a 12-week diabetes and hypertension self-management program versus a 3-month wait-listed control...

Perceived Ability to Treat Opioid Use Disorder in West Virginia

Ashley Brianna Sheppard, Jonathan C. Young, Stephen Davis & Garrett E. Moran
Introduction: Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is an evidence-based therapy for opioid use disorder (OUD) that has not been fully implemented in rural areas due to patient, provider, and logistical barriers. Limited information is available on provider perceptions of barriers to MAT in rural Central Appalachia which has very high rates of OUD compared to the rest the United States. Purpose: Determine perceived barriers for potential prescribers to using MAT, including buprenorphine, as part of treatment for...

Chemical analyses and insect interactions of an easO mutant of Metarhizium brunneum

Daniel Panaccione & Chey Steen
Several fungi, including the plant root symbiont and insect pathogen Metarhizium brunneum, produce lysergic acid amides via a branch of the ergot alkaloid pathway. Lysergic acid amides include important pharmaceuticals and pharmaceutical lead compounds and have potential ecological significance, making knowledge of their biosynthesis relevant. Many steps in the biosynthesis of lysergic acid amides have been determined, but terminal steps in the synthesis of lysergic acid α-hydroxyethylamide (LAH)––by far the most abundant lysergic acid amide...

Effects of Sleep Duration on Falls in a West Virginia Population-Based study, BRFSS, 2018

R. Constance Wiener & Christopher Waters
Introduction: West Virginia is a state in which most counties are rural, as well as a state with multiple health disparities among its population. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of sleep duration and falls for non-institutionalized West Virginia adults, aged 40 years and above, using the National Sleep Foundation’s definition of “may be appropriate” and “not recommended” sleep durations for specific ages. Methods: Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) 2018...

America Contacts Congress: Providing Access to U.S. Congressional Correspondence Data

Danielle Emerling
This is the slide presentation from the 2018 LYRASIS Leaders Summit documenting the West Virginia University Catalyst Fund project - Access to US Congressional Correspondence Data. A recording of the presentation can be found at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IO8h_8WheBs.

Long-term changes in occurrence, relative abundance, and reproductive fitness of bat species in relation to arrival of White-nose Syndrome in West Virginia, USA

Catherine Johnson, Donald Brown, Chris Sanders & Craig Stihler
White-nose syndrome (WNS) is a disease caused by the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans which has resulted in the deaths of millions of bats across eastern North America. To date, hibernacula counts have been the predominant means of tracking the spread and impact of this disease on bat populations. However, an understanding of the impacts of WNS on demographic parameters outside the winter season is critical to conservation and recovery of bat populations impacted by this disease....

Appalachia

Lauri Andress & Keri Valentine
As the website Understanding and Dismantling Racism: Crowdsourcing a Pathway Model in Appalachia explains, we are seeking assistance in refining a pathway model that elucidates institutional racism from the unique standpoint of Appalachia. We think that Appalachia has a distinctive cultural toolkit that shapes its orientation on issues. Our goal is to use crowdsourcing to harness this unique Appalachian ethos to refine the Pathway model on Institutional Racism based on comments, edits, questions, and ideas...

Triple Negative Breast Cancer in an Appalachian Region

Gina Sizemore & Toni Marie Rudisill
Introduction: Triple negative breast cancer is an aggressive breast cancer with decreased five-year survival, increased risk for recurrence, and higher risk for metastases. Unlike other breast cancers, it has no targeted treatment and has heterogeneous genetics which make classification and treatment difficult. Purpose: The purpose of our research was to compare triple negative breast cancer to non-triple negative breast cancer to identify key epidemiologic factors that might lead to improved basic science directives for biomarkers,...

Review of: Appalachians for Medicaid Website

Kendra Barker
The Journal of Appalachian Health is committed to reviewing published media that relates to contemporary concepts affecting the health of Appalachia. Access to care and the health disparities we face have a direct effect on our experience of illness. Dr. Kendra Barker reviews the website: Appalachians for Medicaid.

Registration Year

  • 2021
    19

Resource Types

  • Journal Article
    10
  • Dataset
    5
  • Text
    2
  • Other
    1
  • Report
    1

Affiliations

  • West Virginia University
    19
  • Wichita State University
    1
  • West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
    1
  • South Dakota State University
    1
  • University of New Hampshire
    1
  • University of Louisiana at Lafayette
    1
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
    1
  • James Madison University
    1
  • Georgetown University
    1
  • University of Missouri
    1