14 Works

Data from: Elevational differences in developmental plasticity determine phenological responses of grasshoppers to recent climate warming

Lauren B. Buckley, César R. Nufio, Evan M. Kirk & Joel G. Kingsolver
Annual species may increase reproduction by increasing adult body size through extended development, but risk being unable to complete development in seasonally limited environments. Synthetic reviews indicate that most, but not all, species have responded to recent climate warming by advancing the seasonal timing of adult emergence or reproduction. Here, we show that 50 years of climate change have delayed development in high-elevation, season-limited grasshopper populations, but advanced development in populations at lower elevations. Developmental...

Data from: Reproductive isolation with a learned trait in a structured population

Douhan Justin Yeh & Maria R. Servedio
Assortative mating displays and/or preferences can be affected by learning across a wide range of animal taxa, but the specifics of how this learning affects speciation with gene flow are not well understood. We use population genetic models with trait learning to investigate how the identity of the tutor affects the divergence of a self-referent phenotype-matching trait. We find that oblique learning (learning from unrelated individual of the previous generation) and maternal learning mask sexual...

Data from: Genotypic distribution and hepatic fibrosis among HIV/HCV co-infected individuals in Southern China: a retrospective cross-sectional study

Kali Zhou, Fengyu Hu, Charles Wang, Min Xu, Yun Lan, Jamie P. Morano, Stanley M. Lemon, Joseph D. Tucker & Weiping Cai
Background: End-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection are increasingly common causes of death among HIV-infected individuals. However, there are few clinical investigations of HIV/HCV co-infected individuals from low and middle-income nations. Here, we compare the epidemiology of HCV-infected and HIV/HCV co-infected individuals in Southern China and examine hepatic fibrosis scores in co-infected individuals. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of treatment-naïve HIV/HCV co-infected and HCV mono-infected subjects....

Data from: Evolutionary rescue and the coexistence of generalist and specialist competitors: an experimental test

Lisa M. Bono, Catherine L. Gensel, David W. Pfennig, Christina L. Burch & Catharine L. Gensel
Competition for resources is thought to play a critical role in both the origins and maintenance of biodiversity. Although numerous laboratory evolution experiments have confirmed that competition can be a key driver of adaptive diversification, few have demonstrated its role in the maintenance of the resulting diversity. We investigate the conditions that favor the origin and maintenance of alternative generalist and specialist resource-use phenotypes within the same population. Previously, we confirmed that competition for hosts...

Data from: Environmental optimality, not heterogeneity, drives regional and local species richness in lichen epiphytes

Jessica R. Coyle & Allen H. Hurlbert
Aim: We evaluate the scale dependence of species richness–environment relationships with a continent-wide analysis of lichen epiphyte communities. Specifically, our goals are to assess: (1) the dependence of local richness on regional processes, (2) whether species richness is primarily influenced by heterogeneity in environmental conditions or the central tendency of those conditions, and (3) whether the relative influence of these different aspects of the environment differs between local communities and regional species pools. Location: Forests...

Data from: Using the Phenoscape Knowledgebase to relate genetic perturbations to phenotypic evolution

Prashanti Manda, James P. Balhoff, Hilmar Lapp, Paula Mabee & Todd J. Vision
The abundance of phenotypic diversity among species can enrich our knowledge of development and genetics beyond the limits of variation that can be observed in model organisms. The Phenoscape Knowledgebase (KB) is designed to enable exploration and discovery of phenotypic variation among species. Because phenotypes in the KB are annotated using standard ontologies, evolutionary phenotypes can be compared with phenotypes from genetic perturbations in model organisms. To illustrate the power of this approach, we review...

Data from: What factors influence where researchers deposit their data? A survey of researchers submitting to data repositories

Shea Swauger & Todd J. Vision
In order to better understand the factors that most influence where researchers deposit their data when they have a choice, we collected survey data from researchers who deposited phylogenetic data in either the TreeBASE or Dryad data repositories. Respondents were asked to rank the relative importance of eight possible factors. We found that factors differed in importance for both TreeBASE and Dryad, and that the rankings differed subtly but significantly between TreeBASE and Dryad users....

Data from: The effects of sexual selection on trait divergence in a peripheral population with gene flow

Maria R. Servedio & Reinhard Bürger
The unique aspects of speciation and divergence in peripheral populations have long sparked much research. Unidirectional migration, received by some peripheral populations, can hinder the evolution of distinct differences from their founding populations. Here we explore the effects that sexual selection, long hypothesized to drive the divergence of distinct traits used in mate choice, can play in the evolution of such traits in a partially isolated peripheral population. Using population genetic continent-island models, we show...

Data from: Complex histories of repeated gene flow in Cameroon crater lake cichlids cast doubt on one of the clearest examples of sympatric speciation

Christopher Herbert Martin, Joseph S. Cutler, John P. Friel, Cyrille T. Dening, Graham Coop & Peter C. Wainwright
One of the most celebrated examples of sympatric speciation in nature are monophyletic radiations of cichlid fishes endemic to Cameroon crater lakes. However, phylogenetic inference of monophyly may not detect complex colonization histories involving some allopatric isolation, such as double invasions obscured by genome-wide gene flow. Population genomic approaches are better suited to test hypotheses of sympatric speciation in these cases. Here we use comprehensive sampling from all four sympatric crater lake cichlid radiations in...

Data from: The mouse universal genotyping array: from substrains to subspecies

Andrew Parker Morgan, Chen-Ping Fu, Chia-Yu Kao, Catherine E. Welsh, John P. Didion, Liran Yadgary, Leeanna Hyacinth, Martin T. Ferris, Timothy A. Bell, Darla R. Miller, Paola Giusti-Rodriguez, Randal J. Nonneman, Kevin D. Cook, Jason K. Whitmire, Lisa E. Gralinski, Mark P. Keller, Alan D. Attie, Gary A. Churchill, Petko Petkov, Patrick F. Sullivan, Jennifer R. Brennan, Leonard McMillan & Fernando Pardo-Manuel De Villena
Genotyping microarrays are an important resource for genetic mapping, population genetics, and monitoring of the genetic integrity of laboratory stocks. We have developed the third generation of the Mouse Universal Genotyping Array (MUGA) series, GigaMUGA, a 143,259-probe Illumina Infinium II array for the house mouse (Mus musculus). The bulk of the content of GigaMUGA is optimized for genetic mapping in the Collaborative Cross and Diversity Outbred populations, and for substrain-level identification of laboratory mice. In...

Data from: Natural selection on floral morphology depends on climate

Diane R. Campbell & John M. Powers
Climate has the potential to influence evolution, but how it influences the strength or direction of natural selection is largely unknown. We quantified the strength of selection on four floral traits of the subalpine herb Ipomopsis sp. in 10 years that differed in precipitation, causing extreme temporal variation in the date of snowmelt in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. The chosen floral traits were under selection by hummingbird and hawkmoth pollinators, with hawkmoth abundance highly variable...

Data from: Hybridization in the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup: incomplete isolation among the three species of the yakuba complex

David A. Turissini, Geoffrey Liu, Jean R. David & Daniel R. Matute
In the Drosophila melanogaster subgroup, the yakuba species complex, D. yakuba, D. santomea and D. teissieri have identical mitochondrial genomes in spite of nuclear differentiation. The first two species can be readily hybridized in the laboratory, and produce fertile females and sterile males. They also form hybrids in natural conditions. Nonetheless, the third species, D. teissieri, was thought to be unable to produce hybrids with either D. yakuba or D. santomea. This in turn posed...

Data from: Mainland size variation informs predictive models of exceptional insular body size change in rodents

Paul A. P. Durst & V. Louise Roth
The tendency for island populations of mammalian taxa to diverge in body size from their mainland counterparts consistently in particular directions is both impressive for its regularity and, especially among rodents, troublesome for its exceptions. However, previous studies have largely ignored mainland body size variation, treating size differences of any magnitude as equally noteworthy. Here, we use distributions of mainland population body sizes to identify island populations as ‘extremely’ big or small, and we compare...

Data from: Habitat context influences nitrogen removal by restored oyster reefs

Ashley R. Smyth, Michael F. Piehler & Jonathan H. Grabowski
1. Like many ecosystem functions in marine and terrestrial environments, nutrient processing varies dramatically over small spatial scales, making efforts to apply findings within and across ecosystems challenging. In estuaries, information on the influence of habitat context on sediment nutrient cycling is lacking even though this is an important estuarine function with high societal value. 2. We collected triplicate intact sediment cores from restored oyster reefs located in different habitat contexts (adjacent to salt marshes,...

Registration Year

  • 2015
    14

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    14

Affiliations

  • University of North Carolina
    14
  • Duke University
    2
  • National Evolutionary Synthesis Center
    1
  • University of South Dakota
    1
  • University of Washington
    1
  • University of California System
    1
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
    1
  • Jackson Laboratory
    1
  • National Sanitation Foundation International
    1
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    1